Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 70, May 1998
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-S53616



‘Liberators behind Barbed Wire’
Under the above title, the Airborne Museum’s annual theme-exhibition was opened on Friday 17 April last. The opening ceremony was conducted by Mr AJ.P. Beekmeijer who, as a Dutch commando, fought in the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944. Mr Beekmeijer was taken prisoner by the Germans on 20 September 1944 and was held in various prison camps in Germany until his freeing on 2 May 1945. The exhibition gives an overall picture of the fate of the prisoners-of-war from the 1st Airborne Division after the Battle of Arnhem. Of the approximately 10,000 British, Polish and Dutch who landed, more than 6,000 ended up in German prisoner-of-war camps. This figure included in excess of 2,000 wounded. Up until now very little attention has been given to the eight months that these POWs spent in German camps. Through tliis exhibition, which runs until 1 November 1998, the Airborne Museum wishes to throw the spotlight on this forgotten group. A ‘Prisoner-of-War’ newspaper containing text and photos about life in the camps has been specially produced for the occasion. Tliis unusual publication was sponsored by the ‘Arnhemse Courant’ and is limited to 15,000 Dutch and 3,000 English copies.

‘Teamwork’ led to interesting exhibition
The ‘Liberators behind Barbed Wire’ exhibition came into being thanks to the efforts of a great many people with the original idea coming from Roland Boekhorst, one of the museum’s conservators. Following an appeal in the Newsletter, an ‘exhibition’ work group was set up comprising Wybo Boersma, Frank Evers, Peter Stolte, Marcel Anker and Haks Walburgh Schmidt, all Friends’ Society members. In the past 6 months tliis group has gathered material, sifted through photographs, written text and compiled the POW newspaper. At the same time a building work group was formed, led by Roland Boekhorst and including Henk van de Brand, Jaap Jansen, Barry Tijssen and Theo Diepenbroek. This group has transformed part of the exhibition room into a camp barrack block, taking care that all work was technically and architecturally authentic.
Paul Geers, Aad Groeneweg and Hans Becher looked after all translations into English and German, and Jook van Slooten translated the POW newspaper into English.
Once again Willem de Ruyter produced the photo prints and the wallpainting was painted by Albert Zieck. Joop Bal and Berry de Reus put the video together after members of the ‘exhibition’ work group had given the required interviews.
Besides those mentioned above, dozens of other people and various museums co-operated by providing photographs, material, clothing, interviews, advice and so on. Visits were even made to the Imperial War Museum in London, the Airborne Forces Museum in Aidershot and the former POW camp in Fallingbostel in Germany as part of the preparatory work. General direction was in the hands of Wybo Boersma who also designed the layout of the exhibition.
(W. Boersma)

The bitilding work group of ‘Liberators behind Barbed Wire’: Theo Diepenbroek, Roland Boekhorst, Barry Tijssen, Jaap Jansen, Henk van de Brand, en Willem de Ruyter.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

Cycle tour
The previous Newsletter included an entry form for the cycle tour due to take place on 13 June. As indicated then, the theme for the day will be ‘the 4th Parachute Brigade’. In the morning the sites visited will take in the landing zones at Wolfheze, the Ginkelse Heide and the Amsterdamseweg. Lunch will be taken at the West-End Motel. After lunch the tour will continue to the Leeren Doedel, the Airborne Cemetery and Oosterbeek Hoog railway station. From there we shall cycle via Johannahoeve to the small tunnel under the railway embankment, where another unusual part of the programme will be revealed. The tour will then carry on to ‘Hackett’s hollow’ alongside the Valkenburglaan. The tour will end at the Airborne Museum.
(Eugene Wijnhoud)

Newsletter copy deadlines
The editors regularly receive short articles from members for inclusion in the Newsletters. These mainly concern announcements about appeals or forthcoming books. This is a satisfactory development and we hope that members will continue to send in their bits and pieces.
Generally speaking the compilation, translation, correction, ‘cutting and pasting’, printing, addressing, packing and sending of the Newsletter requires a period of four to five weeks. The editors always try to ensure that the Newsletters drop on the members’ doormats in plenty of time for theme days or excursions, but due to the late arrival of copy or other delays they are not always successful. In order to minimise this problem it has been decided to introduce copy deadlines, i.e. final dates for the receipt of copy for inclusion in the subsequent Newsletter. These dates are as follows: 15 January: 15 March: 15 July: 15 September.
The general golden rule is: the sooner you get your copy in the better the chance of it being included in the next due Newsletter!
plan developments via the Newsletters.

New book for young people
A new book entitled ‘Krijt onder de Schoenen’ (Chalk beneath the Shoes) was published in February under the auspices of the Friends’ Society. It was written by our member Wim van Houten. He has managed to weave the experiences of his own family into an exciting story about the lot of a student from Leiden who is forced to flee to England at the start of the war. The story brings the (youthful) reader into contact with events and aspects of the Second World war in a readable and historically correct manner. Occupation, resistance, the ‘England voyagers and the training of Dutchmen and women in England, including parachutists and secret agents, are all covered, as are the war in North Africa, at sea, and the battle against German espionage in England. A large part of the book is given over to a description of the hostilities in and around Arnhem. Although written in the form of a story, the historical events are accurately and faithfully portrayed. Thanks to this it is without doubt a well-considered purchase. In view of the educational value that can be attributed to this book, the Airborne
Commemorations Foundation has decided to purchase 500 copies and to distribute them to school libraries in the region. We have also received a large order from PTT-Post (the Dutch telecommunications company and post office). Support from the Foundation for the Raising of Funds for Military War Victims, the Dutch Open Air Museum and the printers Tamminga Siegers has made it possible to offer the book at a price of 12 guilders 50 cents, bringing it well within the financial reach of 12 to 16 year-olds (and older).
The book was presented to the members during the society’s AGM on 4 April 1998.
Eventual interested parties (think of children and grandchildren) can purchase the book at the Airborne Museum.
(C. van Roekel)

Excursion to Normandy in 1999
Will there be an excursion to Normandy? This is the question often heard in recent times by the organisers of the excursions to England and Hamminkeln. The success of these trips abroad has shown that many members are not only interested in operation Market Garden, they would also like to know more about other wartime allied airborne operations. Management has therefore looked into the possibility of an affordable battlefield tour of Normandy.
Negotiations with a travel organisation have been positive and management has already begun the preliminary preparations.
An excursion is intended for May 1999. The next Newsletter will include an entry/booking form which you can use to put your name forward for a place on the tour. We shall keep you informed of

An ‘S-phone’in the Airborne Museum
Member Henk van de Brand was recently given a black case by his neighbour across the road who was about to move house. The case contained webbing carriers and a number of objects resembling radio parts. It was apparently dropped to the Resistance in 1944 and hidden in a shed by her father, a doctor where it remained unused for the rest of the war’ After the war the children played with it occasionally until it was once again forgotten, only recently reappearing in the face of the aforementioned house move. Further investigation proved it to be an ‘S- phone, type 13/Mark IV.
The S-phone is a transmitter-receiver with three functions. It can be used for radio-telephone traffic as a beacon for the guiding of aircraft (homing
beacon) and for the indication of dropping zones (parachute drop spot indicator). The Resistance used it m the last-mentioned mode. The equipment is powered by ten batteries, each in an individual carrier and fitted together in a larger webbing valise. The batteries were still in place in this example but unfortunately battery acid has badly damaged some of the carriers. Otherwise the whole unit is as new. S-phones were also used by the resistance in the Veluwe in addition to the well-known Eureka beacons. As far as we know there is only one other S- phone in the Netherlands, but this is in the hands of a collector and is no longer complete. An example of the special webbing valise for the battery carriers was recently discovered in England. It is hoped that one day an undamaged valise will be found for the unit that was given to Henk van de Brand. Meanwhile Henk has decided to give this unusual piece of equipment to the Airborne Museum on long¬term loan. There, after a thorough maintenance service, the S-phone will be put on show. (W. Boersma)

The ‘S-phone’ Hint the Airborne Museum recently obtained on permanent loan from Mr Henk van de Brand, (photo: W. Boersma)

South Staffords appeal
For many years Society members Alex Junier from Den Haag and Bart Smulders from De Zilk have been collecting information about the role of the 2nd Battalion The South Staffordshire Regiment during the Battle of Arnhem. Eventually, once their research is complete, they intend publishing a book on the subject.
Alex and Bart have already interviewed many veterans and would also like to get in contact with any civilians who, in those days in September 1944, were involved in the struggle in the areas of Arnhem and Oosterbeek where the South Staffs fought. This applies particularly to civilians living at the time of the battle in houses on the Utrechtseweg near the Municipal Museum in Arnhem and in the area around the Old Church in Oosterbeek. They are also looking for anyone who may know something of the events surrounding the death of Lance Sergeant John D. Baskeyfield at the Acacialaan on 20 September 1944.
Those willing to assist in this research into the South Staffords are kindly requested to get in touch with Alex Junier, Van Hogendorpstraat 76, 2515 NW, Den Haag, telephone 070 3893862.

Mr G.I. Schut from Wachtum recently presented the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ with a large box of original documents left by his parents. In 1944 the Schut family lived at no. 29 Cronjeweg, but during the fighting fled to no. 2 Annastraat, the home of Doctor Onderwater. The Voskuil family also sheltered here during the battle (see M. Middlebrook, pages 345 and 346). After the war Mr and Mrs Schut Sr. adopted the grave of Lt-Col Smyth, commander of the 10th Parachute Battalion in 1944, and kept in contact with his widow. They also kept contact with Major Peter Warr who commanded B company of the 10th battalion and was brought wounded to Dr Onderwater’s cellar along with the also wounded Colonel Smyth.
The collection contains correspondence, many ‘Hoog en Laag’ Memorial Editions, invitations and programmes for and of commemorations, Christmas cards from veterans and other items. The box also contained a damaged copy of a fairly rare booklet ‘Oosterbeek, geschonden en vernield; Het Nederlandsch Barbizon’ (Oosterbeek, damaged and destroyed; The Dutch Barbizon) by C. Koning, published in 1945.
We are extremely grateful to Mr Schut for his gift. The museum does not have the cemetery commemoration programmes for the following years: 1951-1954 inc., 1965,1969 and 1974. Who among our readers is prepared to offer these to the museum? Thanking you in anticipation.
(A. Groeneweg)

Tree carving protected
Society member Mr I.R.M. Goedings from Renkum has asked the Municipal College of Burgomaster and Aidermen if an inscription on a beech tree alongside the Hoofdlaan in Oosterbeek can be protected. The words carved into the tree are: ‘1st Airborne Div. Sept. ’44’.
We know for sure that the text was indeed carved in September 1944 thanks to information received from Mr Dolf van der Veen. On 18 September 1944 his 10 year-old brother Ruud was cycling through Oosterbeek. At the Hoofdlaan he saw a British soldier, after having dug his slit trench at the edge of a field, cutting the above text into the trunk of a tree with a black parachutist’s knife.
Fifty-four years after the Battle of Arnhem the inscription is still easily legible, and the council has assured Mr Goedings that the tree will be treated with the greatest of care. However, should it become necessary to fell the tree sometime in the future through old age or any other reason, the section of the trunk bearing the inscription will be saved and handed over to the Airborne Museum.

On IS September 1944 the then 10 year-old Ruud van der Veen watched a British soldier carve an inscription into the trunk of a beech tree along the Hoofdlaan in Oosterbeek. When this photo was taken in May 1997 the text was still easily legible. Both the tree and the witness have indeed become somewhat larger since 1944!
(photo: J. A. van der Veen)

Following the excursion to the headquarters of the 1st Airlanding Brigade (Brigadier Hicks), organised by us in December 1995, we are now busy writing a booklet on the subject. In order to obtain as complete a picture as possible of the situation we are urgently seeking eye-witnesses who offered aid to wounded servicemen and civilians at the Tafelberg, Overzicht and Pietersberg in September 1944. We are also looking for people who sought refuge in the woods at Pietersberg and the Hemelsche Berg (including the area known as ‘de Hel’).
If you think you can help us would you kindly contact the Arnhem Battle Research Group, attention of Peter Vrolijk and Philip Reinders, Tripolihof 31, 3067 MZ, Rotterdam. We can be contacted by ‘phone after 7 pm on 010 4209992. Your assistance would be greatly appreciated (Peter Vrolijk & Philip Reinders)

Operation Market Garden computer game
Over the last fifty-odd years the Battle of Arnhem has become the subject of countless books, articles, documentaries and motion pictures. In more recent times a new medium has been added. Towards the end of last year the computer software giant Microsoft brought the computer game ‘Close Combat 2: A Bridge Too Far’ onto the market. It is not the first game based on the Battle of Arnhem, but it is by far the best!
In it the player commands a range of troops at platoon level, and one can choose the allied or German side. From the allied side, one has to attempt to capture the strategic locations around the bridges at Son, Veghel, Nijmegen, Oosterbeek and Arnhem, and establish a bridgehead over the Rhine. The more deeply the player becomes involved in the game the more apparent it becomes that this is anything but an easy assignment. The 1st British Airborne Division in particular is sorely tested. On top of this the game is in ‘real time’, so the possibilities for quietly contemplating the next tactical move just do not exist.
Microsoft have come up with a game of quality as far as picture, sound, ‘playability’, action content, accuracy, completeness and research are concerned. Minimum PC requirements are: Pentium 90 MHZ processor, 16 MB RAM, Windows 95, quad speed CD-rom drive, about 60 MB free disk space and mouse.
(R. Scheffers, Venlo)

Joe Roberts receives ‘Golden Award’
Member Joe Roberts was presented with a ‘Golden Award’ for his book ‘With Spanners Descending, A History of the Electrical and Mechanical Engineers with 1st Airborne Division: 1942-1945’ at a ceremony in London on 3 November 1997.
The ‘Help the Aged’ organisation awards this prize to people over 65 years of age who have made a worthwhile contribution to society. Joe’s award came in the category ‘Creative Work’.
The Friends’ Society would like to congratulate Joe Roberts on this well-deserved prize!

‘Roll of Honour’ to be reprinted
A reprint of the ‘Roll of Honour, Battle of Arnhem’ is currently being prepared. Additions already received since the previous issue are being included in the new text at the moment.
Any members who may have additions or corrections are kindly asked to get in touch with Mr J.A. Hey, Aad v.d. Leeuwstraat 12, 7552 HS Hengelo, tel. 074 2422271.

Alas, in Ministory number 57, ‘A Stirling at Planken Wambuis’, one of the names mentioned was partially incorrect. ‘Mrs Janet P. Wood’ should have read ‘Mrs Nancy P. Wood’.
Apologies from the editors.

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Editors:Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil, C. van Roekel, G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 71, August 1998
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

Normandy excursion

The plans for an excursion to Normandy announced in the last Newsletter have now taken shape.
The 5-day trip will take place from 26 to 30 May 1999 inclusive. The association considers itself lucky to be able to call on the help of one of our members, Mr Jac. Haegens from Sittard. In the last ten years Mr Haegens has organised many battlefield tours in the region and his knowledge of the history of D-Day and the days following 6 June 1944 borders on the encyclopaedic.
Further information about tire excursion can be found on the application form enclosed with the Dutch edition of this Newsletter.
If you would like to go on this bus trip, your quick response would be greatly appreciated.

A Douglas C-47 Skytrain (known to the British as the Dakota) in the Airborne Museum at Ste. Mere tglise. This is one of the museums that will be visited during the excursion to Normandy in May 1999.
(Photo: Berry de Reus, 1998)

‘Verscheurde Horizon’
(Torn Horizon)
At the end of 1995, Chris van Roekel thought it was time to dedicate a Ministory to the part played by British and Polish army padres during the Battle of Arnhem, there being so little known about the subject. With great determination Chris began gathering, sorting and studying all available information on the topic, and it soon became clear that he had enough information to fill a book. Now, almost three years later, this publication has appeared under the title ‘Verscheurde Horizon, de Airborne Chaplains van Arnhem’ (Tom Horizon, the Airborne Chaplains of Arnhem).
Eighteen British and Polish padres were involved in the area in September 1944; three lost their lives during the fighting. All chaplains were allotted to a specific unit, so their experiences, particularly in the first days of the Battle of Arnhem, are closely linked to the experiences of those units. The longer the fighting in and around the capital of Gelderland continued the more their efforts became concentrated on the countless wounded in the various aid posts, emergency hospitals and hospitals in Arnhem. Eventually a number of chaplains arrived at the hospital in Apeldoom, and subsequently in various prisoner-of-war camps in Germany.
The book deals systematically with tire role fulfilled by these army chaplains in all phases, and their post¬war experiences are also not overlooked. The 140 page book is illustrated with numerous photographs, many previously unpublished.
The ‘Verscheurde Horizon’ is available at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ for 27.50 guilders (25 guilders to Friends’ Society members).

Increase in subscriptions
The Society’s annual subscriptions are to be increased from 1 January 1999 as decided during the AGM on 4 April 1997. In the Netherlands, individual membership will go up to 30 guilders and family membership to 40 guilders. Subscriptions for members in Britain will be 10 pounds sterling, except for Arnhem veterans.A payment form for our members in the Netherlands will be included with the next Newsletter, No. 72. Your prompt payment of subscriptions is kindly requested so that your 1999 membership card can be enclosed with Newsletter No. 73, due out in February 1999. This will help to save on postage costs.
(Erik van de Meiden, treasurer)

Bargain offers
September is ‘Airborne month’: first the Airborne Walk and then the Commemoration, and the society thought it appropriate to reduce the price of some of its sales items for the occasion.
Kate ter Horst’s book ‘Cloud over Arnhem’ will be offered at 12.50 guilders. The price of the poster of the painting by artist Paulus Pieters will be reduced to 2.50 guilders, the Border Regiment badge to 7.50 guilders and the colouring picture for children to 4 guilders.
The poster, colouring picture and Border Regiment badge will only be available at society’s sales stands, for example at the forthcoming Airborne Walk (Saturday 5 September). ‘Cloud over Arnhem’ can be bought at the sales stands and at the Airborne Museum.
(Erik van de Meiden, treasurer)

Battlefield Tour
Forty-eight people took part in the Battlefied Tour held on 6 June 1998 and organised by Wybo Boersma. One third of the participants were Friends’ Society members, one third came from the Documentation Group ’40-’45 with ‘others’ making up the final third.
In view of the excursion’s great success, the Airborne Museum is arranging a similar trip to be held on Saturday 12 September 1998. The programme will be the same as that for 6 June 1998 (see Newsletter No. 69).
The cost of the excursion is 45 guilders per person and applications close on 7 September. More information can be obtained from Wybo Boersma: daytime at the Airborne Museum, tel 026 3337710, evenings at home on 0318 6396633.
(W. Boersma)

Unusual acquisition
Society member M. Verhoef from Arnhem recently presented ‘our’ museum with an unusual British .303 cartridge. He found it last March alongside the Johannahoeveweg.
It seems that the cartridge had been modified and used for the concealment of radio data. This was a mandatory practice laid down in appendix C of the British signals instructions. The bullet was removed from the cartridge case and hollowed out. A message form for pigeons, containing frequencies, slidex and other information, was inserted in the hollow bullet which was then re-fitted to the cartridge case.
The discovered form contained call-sign data from 18 September onwards and probably originates from one of the 4th Parachute Brigade units. Considering the spot where it was found the cartridge could be from 156 Parachute Battalion or from Brigade Headquarters. Unfortunately the information is insufficient to identify the unit to which the call-signs belonged.
Mr Verhoef has given the bullet to the Airborne Museum on long-term loan.
(W. Boersma)

The British cartridge and message form found by Mr M. Verhoef alongside the Johannahoeveweg in March of this year.
(Photo: Roland Bockhorst, April 1998)

Exhibition 1999
Although it seems a long way off, the Airborne Museum is already busy with the organisation of a new exhibition scheduled for the spring of 1999. The chosen subject: Operation Pegasus I and II.
As was the case for tire current exhibition on British and Polish prisoners-of-war, a working group will be formed for the setting up of this exhibition. This will encompass the following activities: the writing of a schedule/plan, the gathering of photographs and other material, the making of a lay-out for the exhibition, the writing of texts, the design of a poster and the recording of (video)interviews with former participants and/or resistance members.
Those interested in becoming part of this working group can contact W. Boersma on the previously indicated telephone numbers.

Appeal for volunteers
The Airborne Museum possesses many films, video and sound recordings relating to the Battle of Arnhem. These archives include official films, video recordings of TV broadcasts, interviews with veterans on video tape and sound tape, radio broadcasts from the Second World War and so on. However, much of it is poorly arranged and documented, making access rather difficult. The Airborne Museum is therefore looking for one or more volunteers to catalogue the film and sound archives. For this the tapes will first have to be viewed and/or listened to and then a description made of the contents of each tape. This is time¬consuming work which the permanent museum staff are never able to get round to.
Anyone willing to help is asked to get in touch with W. Boersma.

Is ‘De Tafelberg’ to be demolished?
Many of our members not living in the Arnhem area will be unaware of the fact, but this frightening question reflects the actual situation.
Various articles on the subject have appeared recently in the local and regional press. It is true: ‘De Tafelberg’, an historic building from the Battle of J Arnhem, refuge for wounded civilians and servicemen in September 1944 and featured in tire 1945 film “Theirs is the Glory’, is on the ‘wanted’ list of a property developer with one aim in mind; demolition and re-development.
Naturally enough this has not escaped the notice of the Friends’ Society, and ‘De Tafelberg’ was an agenda topic at the management meetings held in April and May of this year. On the 20th May it was decided to send a letter to the board of the Airborne Museum Foundation setting out a number of possible plans for the use of ‘De Tafelberg’ and the part the museum might be able to play in these. The most important points are detailed below.
1. We find the newspaper suggestion that the building be used as a cultural/historical museum/centre very appealing.
2. In our view this provides a ‘golden opportunity’ to realise the desired and necessary extension to the museum. Larger objects such as a Bren gun carrier, a Morris truck plus 17 pounder, part of a glider, a Sturmgeschiitz and an 88 mm Flak gun could be exhibited there. An historic walk could be set out between Hartenstein and ‘De Tafelberg’.
3. Other museums and organisations, such as the Local History Society, the Veluwezoom Museum Foundation, the ‘Kneppelhouf Foundation and the Dutch Aircraft Examination Group Foundation’s Air War Museum 1940-1945, could find a home in ‘De Tafelberg’.
4. The building has a large room ideally suited to the holding of lectures and film shows.
5. We realise that this plan would cost money, but which of the proposals in the ‘Plan 21st century’ for the Airborne Museum costs nothing?
6. Let us not get bogged down in an attitude of ‘This simply isn’t possible!’. Reacting attentively and the grasping of this opportunity show a policy of awareness.
7. We urgently request the foundation to investigate this option seriously and from a positive aspect.
That, in essence, is our letter.
Alas, the Society management has to report that up to 21 August, three months after our letter was sent in fact, no reaction has been received from the Foundation, not even a confirmation of receipt or an explanation for the delay in handling the matter. And we are simply showing enthusiasm!
Meanwhile, totally separate from the above issue, the Society has asked the municipal leaders to place the premises at Pietersbergseweg 46 (‘De Tafelberg’) on the municipal monument list. The same request has been made by the Local History Society, the ’Vijf Dorpen in’t Groen’ Association and the Airborne Museum Foundation. The municipal Monument Commission has given the burgomaster and aidermen positive advice on the subject, on the understanding that it refers to the more recent northern section of the building. The council leaders have not yet come to a definite decision, but moves are being made to see that the advice is followed. (C. van Roekel)

Explanation is given at Johannahoeve during the cycle tour held on 13 June 1998.
(Photo: Joost Egberts)

In Memoriam: Ben de Vries
Mr Ben de Vries passed away in April of this year at the age of 81. Towards the end of 1957, career officer De Vries became board member of the ‘Local Museum for the Renkum Municipality, Airborne Museum department’ Foundation. He became chairman of the foundation in June 1965, a position he held until 1978 when he was succeeded by Jhr. mr. H.G. van Holthe tot Echten.
During his long period as board member he carried out a tremendous amount of work for the Airborne Museum, which at that time was housed in the former stables at Kasteel Doorwerth.
Through his extensive contacts with all manner of bodies in England, he was able to acquire much missing equipment for the museum over the years. He was also closely involved in the museum’s modernisation in 1967.
With Ben de Vries’ passing we have lost a remarkable personality who meant a lot to the Airborne Museum.

112th (Wessex) Field Regiment RA, TA, 1938-1946
Most books on the parts played by allied units in the liberation of Western Europe appeared within 10 years of tire end of the war. Then it was relatively easy to produce these publications; events were still fresh in the memory and the majority of those who had been involved in the struggle were still alive.
Now, more than a half century after the war, writing such a book is a little more difficult. It is therefore the more remarkable when the occasional regimental history is published. And such was the case when, last year, the book ‘112th (Wessex) Field Regiment RA, TA, 1938-1946’, by Douglas Goddard, Eric Rankin and James Vigers, arrived on the scene. The authors, all veterans of the 112th, reconstructed the eight-year history of this artillery regiment from official reports and eye-witness accounts. At the time the book was being compiled, 90 of the original 670 men who served with tire regiment were still alive! Much of the book deals with the period from June 1944 to May 1945 when the regiment, equipped with 25-pounder guns, took part in the advance from Normandy to North Germany. Operations in which the regiment was involved include the battle of Odon and fill 112, and operation ‘Bluecoat’ in Normandy, and after ‘Arnhem’ the Seine crossing, the defence of the area around Groesbeek, the ‘Geilenkirchen Offensive’ and operations ‘Veritable’ and ‘Plunder’. A short chapter is given over to Operation Market Garden, when, from 23 September onwards, the regiment provided fire support to the 1st Airborne Division in Oosterbeek, initially from Oosterhout and later from Lienden in the Betuwe.
The book comprises 207 pages and contains maps and photographs. The book is not for sale at the Airborne Museum but can be ordered by sending 15 pounds sterling to Douglas Goddard, Quinnells, 38 The Ridgeway, Wargrave-on-Thames, Berkshire RG10 8AS, United Kingdom. The book will then be sent to you as quickly as possible.

The Annual Air Despatch Memorial Service
This year once again a service will be held at the Air Despatch Memorial situated on the ‘Van Limburg Stirumweg’, 200 metres to the right of the main entrance of the Airborne Cemetery.
The service will commence at 16.00 hrs on Sunday 20 September 1998.
The service is held in memory of the Air Despatchers of the Royal Army Service Corps who gave their lives in valiant attempts to resupply the Airborne forces during the Battle of Arnhem (operation Market Garden 18 – 25 September 1944).
The service is to be conducted by the Rev. Don Irvine (an ex-Air Despatcher) assisted by
Lt Col C. Lawrence and Mr Frank van den Bergh, together with the ‘Aerend Heem Scouting Groep’.

No ‘Muur van Ortner’ (Wall of Ortner) at Arnhem bridge
On Tuesday 30 June 1998, the Arnhem council voted by 21 votes to 16 against the placing of the ‘Muur van Ortner’ on the northern approach to the John Frost Bridge in Arnhem. This brought to an end a long period of discussion between those for and against this work of art. Austrian artist Manfred Ortner’s creation was to consist of a tall steel structure intended to suggest a red, transparent wall.
A questionnaire showed that the majority of the Arnhem population was overwhelmingly against the placing of tire artwork at a spot which had played such a dramatic role in the Battle of Arnhem. Protests against the sculpture were also received from Britain, namely from the Arnhem 1944 Veterans’ Club and from Tony Hibbert, this year’s Leader of the Pilgrimage.

Correction 1
In the previous Ministory (No. 58, ‘Remembering General Sir John Winthrop Hackett’ by C. van Roekel) a photograph appeared with the following caption: ‘During the time in ‘The Hollow’ (a series of depressions in the Bilderberg woods), Staff Captain Jasper Booty took the opportunity of photographing Brigadier John Hackett (r) and Captain B.A.B. Taylor with his personal camera. Captain Taylor was Battery Captain of the 2nd Airlanding Battery, Light Regiment Royal Artillery, (photo: 20 September 1944)’.
A further check in the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ archives showed this caption to be incorrect. It should have read: ‘During the time in a trench close to the Hartenstein, Captain Jasper Booty, Staff Captain of the 4th Parachute Brigade HQ, took the opportunity of photographing Brigadier John Hackett (right) and Lieutenant H.G. Taylor, commander of the Defence platoon, with his personal camera. (Photo 23 September 1944)’.
See also the ‘Photographs’ section in the book ‘The Harvest of Ten Years’.
The above means that an inclusion in ‘Who was Who during the Battle of Arnhem’ (bottom of page 35) will also have to be altered.
(Geert Maassen)

Correction 2
We have received the following correction from Mr Steffen from Huizen.
T read Newsletter No. 69 with interest, particularly the story of Flight Lieutenant David Lord’s Victoria Cross. The article stated that 106 VCs were awarded during the Second World War.
Alas, this number is incorrect. The total number of VCs awarded was 182, of which 81 were posthumous awards. This covers all branches of the armed forces including those from British Commonwealth countries. Thirty Two VCs Were awarded to members of the RAF, including of course David Lord.
For the total of 182 may i refer to page of Taprell Dorling s book ‘Ribbons and Medals’.

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Editors:Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil, C. van Roekel, G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 72, October 1998
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

The Reverend J.G. Morrison during his sermon nt the Airborne Cemetery, Oosterbeek, 20 September ‘1998. To his left is Lieutenant Colonel H.B.M. Wanders, chaplain with the Royal Netherlands Air Force. (Photo: Berry de Reus)

Theme afternoon on 31 October 1998
As announced in the March issue of the Newsletter, this year’s theme afternoon will be held on Saturday 31 October 1998 in the Zalencentrum Lebret, Lebretweg 51, Oosterbeek.
The programme is as follows:
13.30 -14.00 hours: members arrive.
14.00 -14.45 hours: lecture by Mr Wybo Boersma entitled ‘Allied prisoners-of-war during the Battle of Arnhem’.
14.45 -15.15 hours: lecture by Mr Marcel Anker entitled ‘The German prisoner-of-war camp Stalag Xl-B in Fallingbostel’.
15.15 -16.00 hours: BREAK.
16.00 -16.45 hours: the showing of video-filmed interviews with former British prisoners-of-war and films made during the liberation of German prisoner- of-war camps in 1945.
Approx. 17.00 hours: end of the theme afternoon.
The afternoon’s theme is connected with the exhibition currently running (up to and including 1 November 1998) in the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’. The weekend of the theme afternoon will be the last opportunity one will have of visiting the exhibition.

Boat trip on the rivers Rhine and Waal
Next year our museum will be fifty years old. This, and the fact that a year later our Society will be celebrating its 20th birthday, have given the board and the excursion commission sufficient reason to organise a festive boat journey for members, museum staff, family and friends.
This day trip will be held on Sunday 16 May 1999. The boat will depart from the Rijnkade in Arnhem, head for Pannerden, and then follow the Waal until just beyond Nijmegen. The boat will turn at the point where parachutists of the 82nd U.S. Airborne Division made their historic river crossing in September 1944. This crossing eventually led to the capture of the bridges over the Waal at Nijmegen. Everyone taking part will receive a comprehensive excursion guide and expert comment will be given on the events of 54 years ago at various points along the way.
As well as having the unique opportunity of viewing historic locations from the river itself, the journey will also allow you to enjoy the beautiful natural scenery which borders the Rhine and the Waal.
For this special occasion, and this is an exception, one may bring along family, friends and partner.
There is room for about 300 people.’Trippers’ will be given coffee and gateaux on departure, and an ‘expansive’ lunch will be served on board.
The cost of the boat trip is 47.50 guilders per person and you can make a reservation using the form that will be enclosed with the next Newsletter. The form will indicate how and when payment for the trip is to be made and will include other information such as place, time and possibilities for car parking.
So, keep Sunday 16 May 1999 free for a pleasant and educative boat journey.
(On behalf of the excursion commission, C. van Roekel)

Pall bearers carry one of the three coffins to its final resting place in the Airborne Cemetery during the reburial of the remains of British soldiers on IS September 199S. (Photo: Berry de Reus)

Re-interment at the Airborne Cemetery
In January 1994 the remains of two British glider pilots were found during excavation work at Sonnenberg in Oosterbeek. Thanks to the efforts of the Dutch Army’s Recovery and Identification Service in Bussum, the British Military Attache, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and the British Ministry of Defence, it was possible for the remains to be identified. The two glider pilots would appear to be: Sergeant Lawrence Herbert Howes and Sergeant David Thompson, who both died on 20 September 1944.
However, since 1946 grave no 18-A-20 in the Airborne Cemetery has been marked with a headstone bearing the name Lawrence Herbert Howes. It seems that a serious error was made when the body was interred there in 1946. Alas, the British Ministry of Defence will not allow the grave to be opened so that a possible identification of the soldier who lies there can be made. The grave now has a headstone with the inscription ‘A Soldier of the 1939- 1945 War, Known unto God’.
The remains of another British soldier were also discovered in July 1997 in Oosterbeek. This discovery occurred during the laying of telephone cables along the Van Lennepweg, near house no. 14. The soldier was identified as Corporal George Froud of the Border Regiment. He was killed at the spot on 21 September 1944.
The events described above were brought to an impressive conclusion on the afternoon of 18 September 1998. On that afternoon a most unusual two-part ceremony took place at the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek. First, a short service was held at grave number 18-A-20, which is now that of an unknown soldier. This was followed by the final laying to rest with full military honours of Sergeant Howes, Sergeant Thompson and Corporal Froud, with a large number of mourners in attendance. Several family members were also present at the service. What was so extraordinary was the fact that George Froud’s son had only been traced two days previously following an appeal on BBC TV.
The Reverend P.J. Howson, Chaplain to the Forces (Army), conducted the service in a way that deeply moved the entire congregation.

Veterans’ ashes interred
During a short service held on the morning of 18 September 1998, two small caskets containing the ashes of veterans who died earlier this year, Company Sergeant Major George Gatland MBE and Lance Corporal Harold E. Back, were buried at the Airborne Cemetery. The service was led by the Reverend J.G. Morrison MBE, who also conducted the main, general memorial service on Sunday 20 September.
In September 1944 CSM George Gatland was attached to the Support Company of the 11th Parachute Battalion. His aircraft was hit by flak to the west of Wageningen while on the way to the dropping zone at the Ginkelse Heide. Gatland just managed to escape from the aircraft by parachute and later joined up with the rest of the division in Oosterbeek. Every year after the war he was closely involved with the organisation of the commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem.
L/Cpl Harold Back served with the 2nd Parachute Battalion in September 1944. He fought at the bridge where, for the first few days, he and two other soldiers held a strategic position in the attic of Lieutenant Colonel Frost’s headquarters. When the building burned down and they were ordered by Frost to dig-in in the garden, his two comrades were killed.
Back fought on until his ammunition was exhausted, was captured by the Germans and then transported to a camp in Germany. He managed to escape but was recaptured shortly afterwards. He was freed by the Russians in April 1945.

Gift of bench seat from ‘Arnhem Veterans’
Every year since 1945 the schoolchildren of Oosterbeek have laid flowers on the graves in the Airborne Cemetery during the memorial service. As a token of their gratitude, the ‘Arnhem Veterans’ have presented a bench seat in honour of all the ‘Flower Children’. On Friday 18 September 1998, David McPhee, chairman of the ‘Arnhem 1944 Veterans’ Club’, officially handed over the seat which is located at the entrance to the Airborne Cemetery. Renkum Burgomaster Verlinden thanked the veterans on behalf of the children.

Monument to Stirling crew
Ministory no. 57, (included with Newsletter no 69) carried the story of Stirling LJ-883 of 570 Squadron,’ which was shot down on September 23 1944 during a re-supply flight to Arnhem. The aircraft crashed in the woods near Planken Wambuis, between Oosterbeek and Ede. A simple monument has now been placed at the ciash site thanks to the initiative of member Cees van den Bosch, who has been involved in research into this Stirling for many years. The memorial was unveiled on 6 September 1998 by Christine Watkins, sister of the pilot who died, Flying Officer William Kirkham. The monument consists of a wooden block with a text plate bearing such details as the names of the crew.
The Nature Monuments Association, owners of the land, provided all possible assistance in the project. South-West Veluwe forestry supervisor Machiel Bosch was enthusiastic about the idea from the word go, and he helped Cees van den Bosch with the formalities required for the placing of the memorial.

Award of honours
During the traditional reception for the British ambassadress Mrs R. Spencer, held in the Kleyn Hartensteyn restaurant on Sunday 20 September 1998, honours were awarded to three members of our Society.
Mr A. Groeneweg, vice-chairman of the Airborne Museum Foundation, was awarded an OBE in recognition of the work he has carried out over many years for the museum in ‘Huize Hartenstein’.
Mr W.J.M. Duyts received an MBE for his work as secretary of the Airborne Museum Foundation as well as for the important role he has fulfilled for a number of years in the organisation of the annual parachute drop on the Ginkelse Heide by men of the 10th Parachute Battalion. Mr H. Duinhoven also received an MBE for his efforts as chairman of the Netherlands-England Society and for his work for the veterans.

Evacuation remembered
On 18 April 1995, fifty years after the liberation of Arnhem, a plaque was unveiled at the corner of Jansbuitensingel/Apeldoornseweg to commemorate the evacuation of the capital of the Province of Gelderland. This year an official ceremony was held at the monument for the first time, during which flowers were laid by various people including Arnhem Burgomaster P. Scholten.
In all probability this laying of flowers will become an annual event.

Gift of reports from Tony Hibbert
This year’s ‘Leader of the Pilgrimage’ Major Tony Hibbert has presented the Airborne Museum with a complete set of British reports on the Battle of Arnhem. The presentation took place on 17 September 1998. These official reports contain a massive amount of information regarding the planning and execution of the operations at Arnhem in September 1944.
They will be housed in the museum’s library.

On 16 September 199S, Major Tony Hibbert laid a wreath at the monument in Brummen in memory of the British servicemen who were shot there in cold blood by the Germans while attempting to escape on 23 September 1944. Hibbert himself was involved in this attempt, managing to make good his escape and go into hiding. (Photo: Berry de Reus)

Still no sign of Frost’s hunting horn
Almost a year after Mr Oosterwijk presented the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ with Lieutenant Colonel John Frost’s hunting horn (see Newsletter no. 68), this unique artefact has been stolen. The thief broke into the museum during the night of 13/14 August 1998 by breaking a window. He/she then smashed the glass of the latest-acquisitions cabinet and made off with the horn. Alerted by the security system, curator Berry de Reus was quickly on the scene, but the miscreant had flown.
Despite intensive investigation the hunting horn is still missing.

‘Arnhem Sacrifice’
The book ‘Arnhem Sacrifice’ by British society member Colin Cummings recently appeared on the scene. It contains a summary of the logistical data relating to the 1st Airborne Division and the Air Forces that took part in the Battle of Arnhem. It is not so much a reading book as a reference work in the style of ‘Who was Who’ and the ‘Roll of Honour’. Inevitably there is some slight overlapping between the three publications, but the authors have carefully exchanged information and scrupulously ‘fenced off’ their territories.
‘Arnhem Sacrifice’ deals with the following subjects. Chapter 1: The organisation of the Allied Airborne Corps, followed by the structures of the 1st Allied Airborne Army, the 1st British Airborne Division, the brigades, battalions, service units and all other smaller units deployed at Arnhem. The chapter also gives an overview of the command structure of the various units.
Chapter 2 looks at ‘The Air Transport Forces and the Airlift’. This describes both the British and American units. Chapter 3 deals with the decorations that were awarded after ‘Arnhem’. Unusually, this section also names those who were recommended for decorations which were eventually never awarded. Chapter 4 covers the aircraft crews and the despatchers whose efforts during the Battle of Arnhem cost them their lives.
Without wishing to exaggerate I can safely say that this is one of the most worthwhile publications on ‘Arnhem’ that I have ever seen. It is clearly written and extremely informative. In a generous gesture, the author is contributing all sales proceeds to the Airborne Forces Museum (Aidershot), the Museum of Army Flying (Middle Wallop) and the Airborne Museum (Oosterbeek).
‘Arnhem Sacrifice’ is published by Nimbus Publishing, PO Box 3, Yelvertoft, Northampton NN6 6ZE, England. The book comprises 246 pages, costs 54.50 guilders in the Netherlands, and is available from the Airborne Museum.
(C. van Roekel)

‘Pitkin’ guide on Arnhem
Pitkin publishers in England have brought out a battlefield guide to the Battle of Arnhem in collaboration with the Airborne Museum. Pitkin specialises in guides to historic places and this publication about Arnhem was written by Martin M. Evans. It is a charming and colourful booklet which, in 22 pages, tells the history of the battle. Black-and- white and colour photos embellish the text. A number of clear maps enables one to find the various points on the battlefield for oneself.
Thanks in part to its modest price (7.95 guilders) the booklet will certainly prove an attractive purchase for visitors to the museum. It is for sale in the Airborne Museum of course, and English and Dutch versions are available.
(W. Boersma)

‘In the Tracks of Market Garden’
The Market Garden Committee in Den Dungen (Brabant) have recently published a booklet entitled Tn het Spoor van Market Garden, Monumenten en Gedenktekens in Noord Brabant’ (In the Tracks of Market Garden, Monuments and Memorials in North Brabant).
By means of colour photos and accompanying text an overview is given of all the ‘Market Garden’ monuments and memorials in the province in question. This excellent publication contains 64 pages with 55 colour photographs and text in Dutch and English.

De Booys’ photographs on show
A small collection of photographs by the well-known Arnhem photographer De Booys is currently on show in the Municipal Archives in Arnhem. After the Battle of Arnhem the whole western part of the Veluwezoom was evacuated by order of the Germans, and more than 150,000 people were forced to find shelter and accommodation elsewhere. Only a small number of civilians with special permits were allowed to stay behind, such as a group of firemen plus a few people to carry out clearance work in Arnhem or to do various technical tasks.
One of these was Mr PJ. de Booys who, armed with a permit to carry out work on the water supply piping – totally untrue in fact – was relatively free to wander at will around the empty city. German patrols left him unhindered. They probably never would have done so had they known that he carried a camera and, whenever possible, took photos wherever he went. He photographed the ravages of war: empty houses, shot-up vehicles, burnt-out shops, the ruins of the Grote Kerk, and the endless piles of rubble. An astonishing documentation of the destruction of a city.
Even more shocking were the photos of the organised plundering that De Booys risked death to take. Plundering carried out by German soldiers – the ‘Feldwirtschaftskommando 10’, who stole industrial supplies, machines and whole company inventories – and the civil ‘Bergungskommandos’ from Dusseldorf, Westfalen and Essen who, district by district, street by street, systematically looted the empty houses of their contents, which were then shipped off.
This comprehensive and absolutely unique ‘report’ of a war crime made by De Booys, often under the most difficult of circumstances, was included in the evidence used at the Nuerenberg trials in 1946.
De Booys continued with his photography in the battered city even after the liberation. The pictures of the rebuilding process and the gradual return to normal life are interesting. Although these photographs are not unique, they are often very special.
The exhibition of De Booys photos was opened on 17 September last in the presence of the photographer himself, who celebrated his one hundredth birthday on 3 October 1998. It continues until 27 November 1998 and can be visited on workdays between the hours of 10.30 and 16.30 in the Arnhem Municipal Archives, Westervoortsedijk 2 in Arnhem.

Message from the treasurer
As decided at this year’s AGM, Society membership subscriptions are being increased. In the Netherlands individual membership will be 30 guilders and family membership 40 guilders. Members elsewhere in Europe will pay 10 pounds sterling, members outside of Europe 15 pounds, and life membership will cost 125 pounds. Veterans’ subscriptions will remain at 1 pound sterling.
You are kindly requested not to delay in paying your subscriptions. °J
(E. van der Meiden, treasurer)

Download nieuwsbrief


Editors:Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil, C. van Roekel, G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 73, February 1999
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

On 6 September 1998 n simple monument was unveiled al the spot in the Plankett Wambuis woods where Stirling LI- 883 from 570 Squadron was shot down on September 23rd 1944. The unveiling was carried out by Christine Watkins, sister of the pilot who died in the crash, Flying Officer W. Kirkham, mid her husband. On the right is Society member Cees van den Bosch, who instigated the placing of this memorial. See also Newsletters 71 and 72. (Photo: Luc Eitting, Lunteren)

19th General Members Meeting
The management invites you to attend the 19th General Members Meeting and AGM of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum Oosterbeek.
The meeting will be held in the Zalencentrum Lebret, Lebretweg 51, Oosterbeek (tel. 026 3333168) on Saturday 10 April 1999 starting at 2 pm.
The agenda is as follows:
1. Opening
2. Minutes of the General Members Meeting of
4 April 1998
3. General Report 1998
4. Financial Report 1998
5. Audit Committee Report
6. Budget for 1999
7. Election of Officials
8. Appointment of a reserve member to the Audit Committee
9. Questions
10. Closure of the meeting.
Point 4: Financial reports and information are enclosed.
Point 5: The Audit Commission report will be available for perusal half an hour before the meeting begins.
Point 7: Messrs C. van Roekel and E. Wijnhoud have reached the end of their terms of office and have declared themselves available for re-election.
Mr J. Smits will also be stepping down. The board of management have proposed Mr C.C. van den Bosch from Arnhem for a seat on the board.
Article 8 of the Statutes allows for the proposal of alternative candidates. In this case a written nomination should reach the secretary (Sportweg 2, 3871 HH Hoevelaken) at least 10 days before the meeting, signed by a minimum of 10 members and accompanied by a declaration of availability from the candidate. The candidate must be a Society member and adult.

Lecture on Fallingbostel
After the AGM on 10 April, Society member Marcel Anker will give a lecture entitled ‘The German prisoner-of-war camp Stalag XI-B at Fallingbostel’. Many servicemen who fought at Arnhem were imprisoned there.
Marcel Anker originally intended to give this lecture during the theme day held on 31 October last year, but was unable to do so because of unforeseen family circumstances.

Annual report 1998
During the General Members Meeting on 4 April 1998, retiring board members Mrs J.M. de Langen and Mr W.T.B. de Ruyter were re-elected.
Twelve meetings of the board were held and a number of consultations took place with the ‘Publications’ and ‘Events’ work groups. Mr W. Boersma represented the Foundation board at our meetings and his input was very much appreciated.
Membership. We started the year with 1282 members, but sadly 13 Society members passed away during 1998. They were the ladies C.N. van Dijke and T. Klaassen-Keller, and the gentlemen G. van Brenk, M.F. Kelderman, M.A. ten Horn, Ph. Zwijnenberg, G.A. Versteegh, J.A. Jaspers, G. Gatland, R.J. Brough, R. Cook, E.C. Wedgbury and W.G. Fillingham. Eighty-three members were removed from the membership list during 1998 through resignation or non-payment of subscriptions, but thankfully a membership increase of 153 meant we closed the year with a total of 1339 members.
Newsletters. Thanks to the efforts of the editors and the valiant few who are always on hand to get things ready for posting, it was again possible to publish four Newsletters complete with Ministories.
Work groups. Last year the ‘Events’ work group was extremely busy with the organisation of the excursion and the theme day (see below). The ‘Publications’ work group advised on the production of the book ‘Verscheurde Horizon’ (Torn Horizon).
There is still much interest, both here and abroad, in the Schools Project, which provides young folk with information on the Battle of Arnhem. More than 3,000 schoolchildren visited the Airborne Museum within the framework of the Schools Project. The Airborne Commemorations Foundation also cooperated in this educational scheme.
Excursion/Theme Afternoon. The cycle trip held on 13 June with the ‘4th Parachute Brigade’ as its theme was a great success, thanks mainly to the efforts of the ‘Events’ work group. The Theme afternoon held in the Zalencentrum Lebret on 31 October, during which Mr W. Boersma gave a talk on the Allied prisoners-of-war after the Battle of Arnhem, was very well attended.
Unfortunately Mr M. Anker had to postpone his lecture on the German prisoner-of-war camp at Fallingbostel for personal reasons. In its stead Mr Boersma explained one or two things about the Airborne Museum.
The special Battlefield Tour held on 6 June was such a success that there was a repeat performance on 12 September. The tours were organised by Mr Boersma from the Airborne Museum Foundation.
During the year the Airborne Museum received as gifts a WS no.18 Radio Set, a uniform and pieces of equipment, and a contribution towards the cost of an investigation into a future vision for the Airborne Museum.
The books ‘Krijt onder de schoenen’ (Chalk under the shoes) by Society member Mr W. van Houten and ‘Verscheurde Horizon’ (Torn Horizon) by Mr C. van Roekel were our new items for sale. ..
Sales stands were present at the General Members Meeting, the theme afternoon, the Royal Netherlands Air Force Open Days, the Airborne Walk Resistance Day and the Pegasus Walk. Proceeds for the Society amounted to 3,709 guilders and 50 cents.
All in all, 1998 was a good year. (M. de Langen, secretary)

Normandy ‘travellers’, watch out!
Preparations for the trip to Normandy are proceeding apace. Agreements on accommodation bookings have been reached and the programme has been established. At the moment a comprehensive excursion guide is being compiled.
We propose holding a preparatory talk with all participants, which will take place at the Airborne Museum on Friday 7 May at 8 pm. During the talk the programme will be run through and the excursion guides will be handed out. The subject will be introduced with the aid of some video films about D-Day. We hope to see the participants at the above time, date and location.
The outstanding payments for the excursion need to be made before 1 March 1999 so that we can pay the necessary deposits.
(C. van Roekel, on behalf of the Normandy excursion committee)

Unique boat journey on 16 May 1999
Using the application form included with this Newsletter, you can register for a unique boat trip that will take you from Arnhem to beyond Nijmegen and back via the river Rhine, the Pannerden Canal and the river Waal. This exceptional day trip, which does not appear in the normal boat tour operators’ programme, is being offered as part of the celebrations surrounding the approach of our Friends’ Society’s 20th anniversary and the fact that our museum celebrates its 50th birthday this year. As well as passing many places that played a major role in Operation Market Garden, the tour will take you through one of the most beautiful parts of our country and will acquaint you with the international waterways that are so important to our economy. Everyone – non-members included – is welcome! This means you can also reserve places for partner, children and acquaintances on the enclosed application form. But don’t wait too long, and don’t allow this unique opportunity to pass you by!
(C. van Roekel)

50 years Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’
The Airborne Museum was set up in 1.949 It was then part of the Renkum Local History Trust and was initially housed in a wooden barracks in the inner courtyard of the largely destroyed Doorwerth Castle. Some time later the exhibits were moved to the castle’s former stables. A quick calculation tells us that, in 1999, the Airborne Museum will have been in existence for 50 years, and so numerous activities related to this anniversary will be held throughout the year. An overview of events is given below.
10 and 11 April: National Museum Weekend. Guides will lead the ‘Perimeter walk’. Starting times 12.00, 14.00 and 15.00 hours. Distance 5 km.
The guides will provide explanations on the way. Free route map for all participants. A discount will be given on the museum entry charge during that weekend. Any member prepared to act as a guide can make this known at the museum. The battlefield tours will be under the overall direction of Mr A. Groeneweg.
16 April -1 November: ‘Ontsnapt van de Veluwe’ (Escape from the Veluwe).
Exhibition about the escape to safety from the Veluwe by 138 servicemen from the 1st Airborne Division and other allied units, plus a few Dutch civilians, on 22/23 October 1944.
8 May: National Cycling Day. Cyclists following the Tourist Board Cycle Route can visit the Airborne Museum at group rates.
21 May – 20 June: “Invasion ’44 – ’99”. Members of the ’40 – ’45 Documentation Group will be exhibiting material from their collection relating to the Normandy invasion on 6 June 1944.
15 May: The now traditional book fair in the Airborne Museum selling second-hand books and documents concerning the 2nd World War. Those taking part will include the SFAM
(Mr O. Luursema) and members of the ’40 – ’45 Documentation Group.
19 June: Battlefield Tour. Led by guides, a visit will first be made to the Airborne Museum followed by a bus trip and walk over the former battlefields. Starting time, 10 am at the museum. The Battlefield Tour will last until approximately 4.30 pm. Cost, 52.5 guilders including lunch and information folder. There are 47 places available.
(W. Boersma)

Part of Pack Howitzer found
A unique find occurred during a military- archeological investigation near a footpath alongside the Valkenburglaan in Oosterbeek on Saturday 10 October 1998.
While digging, the investigators came across a supply container with crash pad and small board with lights and battery still attached. Other WW II items found near the container included a German 5 cm shell case, bullets, a German pocket torch and a Sten gun magazine. Once the container was removed there appeared to be another sizeable piece of metalwork in the excavations. It turned out to be a piece of cast steel with two handgrips, weighing about 50 kilograms. The experts on hand quickly identified it as the top sleigh of a 75 mm Pack Howitzer.Never before has such a large, complete section of a 75 mm gun been found in Oosterbeek. The guns are best known for the positions they occupied in the meadows and farmland around and about the Old Church in Lower Oosterbeek during the greater part of the Battle of Arnhem.
(Dick Timmerman)
Editors’ note: These guns were used by the 1st Airlanding Light Regiment, Royal Artillery, during the Battle of Arnhem. The two Troops of No. 1 Battery that landed on 17 September 1944 were moved on 18 September from their positions south-east of landing zone ‘Z’ to new positions on the eastern and south-eastern edge of the farmland between the Bilderberg Hotel and Valkenburglaan. Sergeant Dennis Smith of the Army Film and Photographic Unit took two photographs of a gun from one of these units in action in that area.
During the afternoon of 19 September, No. 1 Battery was ordered to leave the Bilderberg and take up new positions in Lower Oosterbeek: A Troop to the north of the Concert Hall and B Troop to the south of the Van Hofwegen laundry near Ploegseweg. There they remained until the end of the battle.

Top sleigh from a 75 mm Pack Howitzer. It was found on 10 October 1998 near a footpath bordering a field between the Bilderberg Hotel and Valkenburglaan in Oosterbeek. (Photo: Dick Timmerman, Arnhem)

Items from Huize De Tafelberg brought to safety
On 1 January 1999, Huize De Tafelberg in Oosterbeek came under new ownership. For fifty years it was owned by the fathers of the Society for African Missions, but they have now sold it. The last inhabitants left for Cadier and Keer in the province of Limburg on 21 December 1998.
Those of you who have ever visited the building will know that photographs and a plaque that hung in the hall recalled the days in September 1944 when the building served as an emergency hospital, and the summer of 1945 when it was used during the shooting of the film ‘Theirs is the Glory’.
Shortly before the last inhabitants left, these unusual souvenirs were removed from De Tafelberg in order to avoid their being stolen, and they are now safely stored in the Airborne Museum.
According to the latest reports there are plans to build 21 luxury apartments on De Tafelberg site. Efforts will be made to ensure retention of the present building’s characteristic front elevation plus the hall and staircase.
When the new apartment complex is completed it is hoped that a place will be found in the building for the plaque and the photographs.

Request for assistance
Brigadier Frank Steers has sent us an appeal from England, the gist of which is as follows:
At the moment an investigation is under way into the Logistic Support of the 1st Airborne Division. Brigadier Steers would like to get in contact with former members of the Royal Army Service Corps (RASC), including from Air Despatch, the Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) and the Army Catering Corps. All information on the above units, however modest, could be of value to this research. He is especially interested in former cooks and others who were involved in the provision of food. Information about these servicemen is difficult to come by because they were attached to the various divisional units.
Anyone who can provide names or has other relevant information can get in touch with Brigadier Frank Steers MBE at 9 Goldfinch Close, Paddock Wood, Kent TNI2 6XW, England. His telephone number is 01264-363582 (from England) and his E-mail address is

‘Gevangen op de Veluwe’ (Trapped on the Veluwe)
The book ‘Gevangen op de Veluwe’ was published in October of last year. It was written by Mr Wolter Noordman from Heerde and is about operation Pegasus 2. This operation took place on 18 November 1944 with the intention of getting a group of nearly 100 allied airmen and airborne soldiers back across the Rhine to their own lines. Most of the airmen had made emergency landings in the Netherlands and the airborne soldiers had been left behind on the Veluwe following the failed Battle of Arnhem. Earlier, on 22 October 1944, a 138 strong group of servicemen escaped across the Rhine at Renkum: this was operation Pegasus 1. For all sorts of reasons Pegasus 2 was a failure. Only seven men succeeded in crossing the Rhine and of the others, seven were killed. About thirty men ended up in German prisoner-of-war camps, some wounded. Those remaining took the opportunity of re-contacting the Resistance.
Mr Noordman spent eight years investigating the background of this operation. He researched 51 escape stories, but since the inclusion of all of them would have resulted in a complicated and unreadable book, he has selected the experiences of eight servicemen who tried to find their way about the Veluwe, including those of pilots and airborne soldiers. The stories are written in such a way that the servicemen’s own words are used. The various experiences overlap one another to a degree and give an excellent picture of the Resistance’s work in Central Holland. A number of well-known names appear in the book, for instance Brigadier Hackett, Captain Noble (RAMC), Tex Banwell and Lieutenant Du Bois (SAS).
A number of men were nevertheless brought back over the Rhine via the Biesbosch and elsewhere following the failure of operation Pegasus 2. ‘Gevangen op de Veluwe’ shows in particular the efforts made by the Veluwe inhabitants in the hiding and re-location of these allied servicemen. Without the help of the Resistance many more of them would undoubtedly have finished up in German POW camps.
The book is lavishly provided with footnotes and contains a comprehensive bibliography, sad to say something that is often lacking in other publications. A book to read beside the open fire in the winter! ‘Gevangen op de Veluwe’ by Wolter Noordman is published by Voorhoeve in Kampen. It comprises 192 pages, is illustrated and costs 29.50 guilders. It is available in bookshops and at the Airborne Museum in Oosterbeek.
(W. Boersma)

Message from the Treasurer
Most members have now paid their subscriptions for 1999 and will find their membership card enclosed with this Newsletter. Those who have not yet paid are kindly, though urgently, requested to do so as soon as possible, otherwise it will be assumed that one is no longer interested in membership of the Society and will result in automatic removal from the membership list.
The subscription fees applicable per 1/1/1999 are given below.
For members in the Netherlands, Individual Membership is 30 guilders, Family Membership is 40 guilders and Life Membership 400 guilders. Payment can be made in the Netherlands into Postbank account number 4403641 under the heading, Vereniging Vrienden Airborne Museum, St. Bernulphusstraat 8, 6861 GS Oosterbeek.
For members in the UK, Individual Membership costs 10 pounds sterling, Family Membership 13 pounds sterling and Life Membership 125 pounds sterling. Payments in England can be made (in pounds sterling) to the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum, Lloyds Bank, Paignton, Devon TQ3 3ER, account number 7136514.
Members elsewhere in Europe pay 35 guilders for Individual Membership and members outside Europe, 50 guilders. They can make their payments in Dutch guilders into account number 53 66 21 128 of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum’ ABN-AMRO BANK, PO Box 46, 6860 AA Oosterbeek, The Netherlands.
(E. van de Meiden, Treasurer)

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Editors:Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil, C. van Roekel, G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 74, May 1999
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

Job and Mnnrten van den Bent were among those present at the opening of the ‘Escape across the Rhine’ exhibition on 16 April 1999. They were closely involved in the organisation of the Pegasus operations in the autumn of 1944. Here they receive a copy of the booklet ‘Ontsnapping over de Rijn’from museum foundation chairman J.W.A.M. Verlinden (second from the right). Far right is Mr Wybo Boersma, the exhibition organiser.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

A word from your new chairman
During the management board meeting of 16 April 1999, the functions within the board were once again re-allocated. The departure of our chairman Jan Smits and the arrival of Cees van den Bosch as new board member made this desirable.
The board is now made up as follows: Chairman; Chris van Roekel: secretary; Mieke de Langen and treasurer; Erik van der Meiden, with the ‘regular’ members being Eugene Wijnhoud (events), Robert Voskuil (Newsletter editor), Wim de Ruijter (photographic work) and Cees van den Bosch (publications).
Thus the honour has fallen to me to assume the leadership of your society for the coming period. This I shall do with pleasure and enthusiasm for a four year term, or shorter if necessity demands, as I made known in both the management board meeting and the AGM held on 10 April last. I do this type of work out of enjoyment, and you can depend on me as long as it continues to be so and as long as my health permits. It is my intention to keep you up to date with our experiences and plans in each Newsletter.
(C. van Roekel)

Jan Smits; chairman for 17 years
Jan Smits became our chairman on 20 March 1982. His calm demeanour, well-balanced judgement, friendliness and involvement were of decisive significance in the tremendous growth experienced by our society. From a small group of enthusiasts we developed into an active society with 1200 members here and abroad. For this we are indebted to Jan.
When, due to ill health, he made known his intention to resign his position, it was decided during the last AGM to make him an Honorary Member. Because of his poor health it was not possible to announce this to him during that members meeting or the recent boat excursion. Robert Voskuil, Wim de Ruijter and the undersigned visited him at his home and told him of this honourable appointment.
(C. van Roekel)

New management board member Cees van den Bosch
Society member Cees van den Bosch (51) from Arnhem was appointed to the management board of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum during the AGM on 10 April 1999. His duties will include representing the board on the Publications Commission.
His interest in the Battle of Arnhem was stimulated by the laying of flowers at the Airborne Cemetery, a ceremony in which he participated during his school years in Oosterbeek.
The role of the Royal Air Force is his particular interest. This interest is not restricted only to aircrew, however, but includes especially the efforts of the Air Despatchers of the Royal Army Service Corps(RASC), who were required to eject the supplies from the aircraft during re-supply missions.
As Dutch member of the British Air Despatch Association he is not only interested in the history of the RASC, he is also captivated by the present-day Royal Logistics Corps.
The cover of the last Newsletter carried a photograph of Cees van den Bosch taken at the unveiling of a small monument raised in memory of the crew of a Stirling supply aircraft that crashed between Arnhem and Ede on 23 September 1944.

Escape across the Rhine
On 16 April 1999, Mr J. Kamminga, Queen’s Commissioner for Gelderland, opened the exhibition entitled ‘Escape across the Rhine’ in the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’. This exhibition gives an insight into operation Pegasus 1 that took place during the night of 22/23 October 1944. During Pegasus 1,138 allied servicemen who were left behind in the Veluwe area after the Battle of Arnhem, made good their escape across the Rhine to the liberated part of the Netherlands. Unfortunately Pegasus 11, in which an attempt was made to get another group of servicemen back across the Rhine, ended in failure. There are many stories on the subject but few photos or artefacts from that time remain. For the exhibition it was therefore decided to re-create a number of scenes from the period. First of all a diorama shows the transport of dropped containers. These contained uniforms and weapons for the servicemen who were in hiding, since those taking part in the escape attempt had to be recognisable as military personnel.
A second diorama shows a discussion between a number of staff officers, held in a house in the Veluwe. The operation was under the command of the British military but assistance from the Veluwe Resistance was absolutely vital.
The third diorama depicts the crossing of the Rhine. Here, use is made of special lighting and sound effects in order to make the scene as realistic as possible.
The dioramas were built by Jaap Jansen, Theo Diepenbroek and Barry Tijssen, every one a volunteer, under the direction of Roland Boekhorst. A number of remarkable pieces are to be seen in the exhibition documentation section. These include a unique German evacuation order to the people of the village of Bennekom dating from October 1944, and probably the only remaining copy of the underground news sheet ‘News of the Underworld’, that was published by Major Tony Hibbert in Brummen. There is also a copy of a British newspaper dated 20 November 1944, which carries a report of operation Pegasus I.
Bal Bedrijfsvideo and Berry de Reus have made a video of the exhibition and an expanded re-print of the booklet ‘Dutch Courage and Pegasus’ has also been produced (see below).
Two students from the Teacher Training College have made this subject an addition to the existing
schools project as part of their final examinations assignment.
The ’Escape across the Rhine’ exhibition is to be seen in the Airborne Museum until 31 October 1999. (W. Boersma)

Three volunteers at work on the ‘Escape across the Rhine’ exhibition. Left to right are Barry Tijssen, who sadly died on 17 February 1999, Jaap Jansen and Theo Diepenbroek.
(Photo: Roland Boekhorst)

Booklet about Pegasus I and II
As an accompaniment to the ‘Escape across the Rhine’ exhibition in the Airborne Museum, a re-print of the recollections of Major Digby Tatham-Warter has been published. The original English publication appeared in 1991 under the title ‘Dutch Courage and Pegasus’, and because it was a limited edition it was very quickly sold out. This time, Dutch (‘Ontsnapping over de Rijn’) and English (‘Escape across the Rhine’) versions of this new, expanded edition are available. The new booklet was compiled by Robert Sigmond and Cees van den Bosch.
Tatham-Warter’s story begins on 21 September 1944, when he was taken prisoner after the battle for the Arnhem bridge was over. He quickly managed to escape and in the weeks that followed was hidden by members of the Ede Resistance. During this period the plans for operation Pegasus I were hatched. The author gives a detailed account of this as well as of his life as an ‘evader’. Operation Pegasus I was an outstanding success, and Tatham-Warter describes the progress of this mass escape across the Rhine in a graphic manner. Besides Tatham-Warter’s personal story, the compilers have included a number of short, general chapters on operations Pegasus 1 and II in the booklet, and a piece on the Pegasus walk, which has been held every year since 1984. ‘Escape across the Rhine’ is illustrated with photographs (including an aerial photo of the crossing point) and a small map This beautifully produced publication comprises 44 pages and is available at the Airborne Museum price 7.50 guilders. ‘

In Memoriam: Barry Tijssen
Barry Tijssen from Oosterbeek passed away on 17 February 1999 at the age of 65. Barry was one of the Airborne Museum’s voluntary staff, and worked at the cash desk as well as in the shop during the last four years. When building of the various exhibitions took place he was one of the technical people who did so much of the behind-the-scenes work. A request made to him was never turned down. We came to value Barry as a much-loved and congenial member of staff. Many people attended Inis funeral service on 22 February.
(W. Boersma)

General Sir John Hackett’s batfledress which, together with other personal possessions, is now on display in the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

New display cabinet dedicated to Sir John Hackett
A display cabinet has been placed in the Airborne Museum exhibiting items connected with General Sir John Hackett, commander of the 4th Parachute Brigade during the Battle of Arnhem. Throughout his later life General Hackett donated diverse objects to the museum. After Inis death Lady Hackett decided that his uniform and various other of his possessions also belonged in the Oosterbeek museum. Among tine exhibits on display in the new cabinet are the battledress and underwear worn by Hackett when he was wounded during the fighting, his red beret and his wristwatch.
Exhibits from the time when Hackett was in hiding in Ede include a false agricultural worker’s identification card in the name of Jan van Dalen (Hackett’s alias while in Ede), a piece of embroidery that hung above his bed in the home of the De Nooij sisters, where he was being hidden, and the ‘Slecht Horend’ (‘Hard of Hearing’) badge that he wore.
From Major Geoffrey Powell the museum obtained a letter containing information about the battle that Hackett wrote in Ede and which was brought back over tire river during operation Pegasus I.
(W. Boersma)

Refreshments room completely renovated
Over the past few months the Airborne Museum’s refreshments room has undergone a total refurbishment. The false ceiling, added during the seventies, was removed, as was the ugly three-ply ‘woodwork’ covering the walls. To everyone’s amazement the removal of the ply-wood revealed the original wood panelling.
The sections of panelling that were missing, probably removed as a result of the hostilities in September 1944 were replaced by panels made in the same style by the contractor and the grey lino has been replaced by a beautiful wooden floor. The classic atmosphere is further enhanced by splendid curtains and an Italian hand-made chandelier. Photos of Huize Hartenstein taken around the turn of the century decorate the walls.
The restoration project was supervised by Wil van Breeschoten, Adriana van Beintema and Henk van de Brand. They can be truly proud of the beautiful end result, which one really has to see for oneself!

‘A Tour of the Arnhem Battlefields’
A new book about the Battle of Arnhem recently appeared on the scene under the above title. It’s author is John Waddy. Major John Waddy commanded B Company of the 156tH Parachute Battalion in September 1944. Because of his encyclopaedic knowledge of the Battle, the author was involved for many years in the organisation of the British Staff College’s battlefield tours. A number of veterans were always invited on these tours and at various points along the excursion route they would tell their own story to the tour participants.
Waddy has now processed these and other stories into a comprehensive excursion guide. First of all he gives a concise overview of the actions that occurred at each of 46 locations spread throughout the former battlefield. The story is then taken up by servicemen who actually fought at the locations in question. The reader and excursionist therefore receives an excellent picture of events in September 1944. Furthermore, the author has included a number of short but extremely clear chapters in the book containing useful background information, such as the operational plans and the order of battle of the various units.
The book is richly illustrated with ground and aerial photographs and a few maps. A large, detailed ordnance survey map is also available with the book.
John Waddy’s ‘A Tour of the Arnhem Battlefields’ is a valuable addition to the continually growing series of books on the Battle of Arnhem. Anyone interested in the subject will be bound to agree after reading this book. Strongly recommended!
The book is published in England by Leo Cooper (ISBN 0 85052 571 3) and costs 12 pounds 95p. It is available from various bookshops in the Netherlands, including the Airborne Museum shop, at 47.50 guilders (inc. the large ordnance survey map).

‘The Tommies are Coming’
In 1987, the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum published the diary, written in September 1944, of a 16 year old Oosterbeek girl. The book was entitled ‘De Tommies Komen’. In it the young girl, Anne-Marie by name, describes life in the days prior to and following the airborne landings of 17 September 1944. The story takes place in the Lower Village of Oosterbeek, close to the Old Church, where heavy fighting went on right up to the end of the battle. There are virtually no other children’s diaries dating from the Battle of Arnhem period, and that makes this booklet unique. The great powers of perception and the simple writing style of the author make this diary extremely readable and interesting for both children and adults.
There has always been a lot of interest for this booklet in the Netherlands, and for a number of years it was given as a gift from the Airborne Commemorations Foundation to the children who took part in the laying of flowers at the Airborne Cemetery during the main memorial service in September.
A limited (100 copies) English version of the story in photo-copied form appeared in 1988. This version sold out many years ago and the Society therefore decided to publish a more professional, printed edition. ‘The Tommies are Coming’ is illustrated with some exceptional photos and comprises 40 pages. It is available from the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ at 17.50 guilders.

Comment on Ministory No. 61
From England we have received the following comment on the Valburg Conference Ministory from Society member Mr FJ. Petrie M.M.
“As a former member of the 43rd Wessex Infantry Division (albeit a mere Sapper Sergeant), I feel the unbalanced comments in Ministory No. 61 concerning our Divisional Commander Major-General Thomas cannot be allowed to pass without a more favourable description of him being presented to your readers. The image projected by Jerzy Dyrda touching upon the military stature of General Thomas does not fit the man who served for three years in France during the 1914-1918 war, was twice wounded, decorated three times for gallantry and who, by the time of ‘Operation Market Garden’, had been in continuous service with the British Army for more than thirty years, gaining the rank of Major-General in 1941.
In the Ministory, a comparison is drawn between the understandably workmanlike look of General Sosabowski (dropped by parachute, well-worn battledress etc) and the “crisply pressed , red-tabbed, almost parade-ground apparel of General Thomas. The impression is given that the complete contrast in the appearance of the two Generals emphasised their differing attitudes and, in the case of General Thomas, his lack of commitment to the task ahead.
General Thomas was a frontline commander at the head of a division that was in the thick of the action from Normandy onwards and which, by the end of hostilities, had suffered more casualties than any other – a total of 12,482. He had a reputation as a ruthless, driving soldier who acquired the nickname “Butcher” for his supposed insensitivity to the losses. He could always be found in the forward areas, standing up in liis Humber armoured car to get a good view of the battlefield, hence the goggles around his faded red hatband.
His active mind even considered that, should the armoured thrust north of Nijmegen falter, a brigade of the Wessex Division would be embarked in a flotilla of Rhine barges and sail up to Arnhem “with 25 pounders lashed to the decks”.
Geoffrey Powell, in liis book ’The Devil’s Birthday’, wrote that to put the Polish Parachute Brigade under the command of 43rd Division was foreseen by some as bound to result in friction between General Sosabowski and General Thomas.
General Sosabowski was known not to be an easy subordinate and to be difficult to work with, wjiilst General Thomas was considered by many to be aloof and austere. As the Commander of 43rd Wessex Division he was a particularly precise man, but liis ability was never in doubt.
On at least two occasions he deputised for General Horrocks as Commander of 30 Corps. His military career culminated when, as Sir Ivor Thomas, he was appointed to the post of Quarter-Master General of the British Army.
Perhaps the true character of General Thomas can best be illustrated by the following story culled from the official history of the Wessex Division.
When the General, with his habitual incisiveness and clarity, was detailing to Brigadier Essame (214 Brigade) liis plans for the attack on Bremerhaven, the Brigade-Major burst in upon them saying, “Sir, the BBC has just announced the unconditional surrender of the German forces opposing Field-Marshall Montgomery in North West Europe”. Crisply, General Thomas retorted “I take my orders from the Corps Commander, not the BBC”. The briefing then continued. He was a true professional.”

Lloyds Bank account number changed
The number of our account with Lloyds Bank in Paignton, Devon TQ3 3ER, has been changed The new account number is 0948513. As in the past your cheques for the payment of subscriptions can be sent to our representative Mr E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road, Paignton, Devon TQ4 7HD.

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Editors:Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil, C. van Roekel, G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 75, August 1999
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

A present for the Airborne Museum to celebrate its Golden Jubilee. Friends’ Society chairman Chris van Roekel presents Foundation chairman Mr J.W.A.M. Verlinden with an antique LEICA camera. The presentation was made during the jubilee boat excursion on 16 May 1999. (Photo: Peter Klomp)

Jubilee boat excursion an outstanding success
The sun shone brightly as if to add to the festive mood as some 250 people boarded a river cruise-ship in Arnhem on Sunday 16 May 1999, intent on enjoying a boat trip on the rivers Rhine and Waal. This special boat excursion had been organised to mark the Airborne Museum’s Golden Jubilee and the approaching 20th anniversary of our Society’s existence. Not only Society members and partners, and others involved with the museum were to be seen; many other interested ‘outsiders’ also made use of the opportunity to go on a day’s ‘cruise’. Proof that the ‘Friends’ excursion group had organised the trip to perfection was indicated, among other things, by the 33-page excursion guide, which contained many photos and maps, and provided comprehensive information on the river banks and hinterlands past which we would be sailing.
With the Airborne flag fluttering at the bow, the vessel set off on the Rhine in an easterly direction, then, via the Pannerden canal to the river Waal. Once on the Waal we sailed on to the point just beyond Nijmegen where, on 20 September 1944, men of the 82nd American Airborne Division crossed the Waal under heavy German fire.
However, attention was not focused entirely on the history of almost 55 years ago: it was clear just from the numerous remains of defensive works still to be seen, that the rivers and their shores had played a major role in sieges and battles down through the centuries. The excursion guide covered these events extensively, augmented where necessary with verbal commentary.
Those less interested in the historical aspects were also well catered for, not least by the beautiful views one could enjoy, and not forgetting the animated conversations that took place, for which there was ample opportunity, assisted if and when required by a drop of whatever one fancied.
The inner man was also well catered for, an excellent lunch being included as part of the boat trip.
The museum’s jubilee was highlighted when Society chairman Chris van Roekel presented the chairman of the Airborne Museum Foundation, Mr J.W.A.M. Verlinden, with a new acquisition for the museum, namely a type Illb LEICA camera complete with telephoto lens. This type of camera was used by German war photographers during the Battle of Arnhem.
Doubtless our Society’s management board received many plaudits for coming up with the idea of such a boat excursion, an excursion attended by many and thoroughly enjoyed by all. Grateful thanks to the organisers!
(Han Kardol)

Excursion to Normandy
On Wednesday morning the 23rd of May, and splendidly on time, 53 members of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum left Oosterbeek for a five-day excursion to Normandy. On the way down our tour guide Jacques Haegens gave a talk about the preparations for D-Day, the landings and the fighting. His explanations were illustrated with video films. By the time we arrived in Bayeux Jacques had added greatly to our knowledge of the subject.
The first excursion day began with a visit to Arromanches where we inspected the remains of the Mulberry harbour, followed by a visit to the D-Day museum. From there we went on to the artillery bunkers and associated observation bunker at Longues-sur-Mer. Then, via the American Cemetery at Laurent-sur-Mer, we arrived at Pointe du Hoc, captured by 2nd Battalion the US Rangers on 6 June 1944. The bomb craters and smashed bunkers made a great impression on those present. On the way to St. Marie du Mont we passed the dropping zones of the 101st American Airborne Division, and Jacques Haegens pointed out the problems that had arisen due to the scattered landings of units from both American Airborne Divisions. After visiting Utah beach and the museum we arrived at the Merderet river, where many photos were taken including several of the beautiful statue of the American parachutist ‘Iron Mike’. We then left for St. Mere Eglise where we looked around the Airborne Museum and the famous church. On the return journey to Bayeux we stopped for a short visit to La Cambe German cemetery.
Friday was a slightly less hectic day, and our guide for the morning was Robert Voskuil. He gave a knowledgeable account of the landings and battles of the 6th British Airborne Division. We visited the Merville battery and the cemetery at Ranville, after which lunch was taken at the Cafc? Gondree, close to Pegasus Bridge. At the bridge Robert Voskuil explained about the landing of three Horsa gliders nearby and the bridge’s subsequent capture and defence. During the talk he also recalled the role of Major John Howard, who died quite recently. In the afternoon we visited Sword and Juno beaches.
Saturday, the last excursion day. In the morning we went first to the huge British cemetery in Bayeux and then on to the ‘Mus6e de Bataille de Normandie’. In the afternoon we visited the Falaise area where a large number of German troops were cut off and surrounded in August 1944. One could have heard a pin drop in St. Lambert sur Dives church as Jacques Haegens told of the breakout from the pocket by the 10th SS Panzer Division ‘Frundsberg’, a unit well-known to us. It was this division that played such a decisive part in Operation Market Garden in September 1944.
According to Jacques it was going too far to suggest that the Battle of Arnhem was already lost at Falaise, but it gave us much food for thought.
A trouble-free return journey saw us back in Oosterbeek on Sunday evening where we could look back on a successful, informative excursion. (Th.C.A. Mensing)
Henk van den Brand honoured
On 29 April 1999, Society member Henk van den Brand was made a Member of the Order of Oranje Nassau. Burgomaster Scholten performed the award ceremony in Arnhem town hall and recounted Henk’s efforts on behalf of ex-marines, for our museum and its Society, and for a number of religious and social institutions. We congratulate Henk and his wife Lies on this well-deserved honour, and are proud to have contributed to it in some small way.
(C. van Roekel)

In memoriam: Fokke Westra
On Saturday 10 July we received the sad news of the sudden death of our respected member Fokke Westra. For years he exercised careful control over the conference room during meetings and other Society events. He was a calm person who went about his work with great thoroughness. We offer his wife and family strength and courage at this dreadfully sad time.
(C. van Roekel)

Photo book of Airborne Commemorations, 1989-1998
To mark the 55th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem, the Airborne Commemorations Foundation, in which our Society participates, will be publishing a beautifully produced book of photographs of the last ten years’ commemorations. The book comprises 64 pages and is of 20 x 15 cm format. There is a colour photo on each page with text in English, Polish and Dutch.
A free copy is available to all our members, but in order to obtain one you have to abide by the following ‘rules’.
1. Host families, members of the Arnhem 1944 Veterans’ Club and a number of other institutions will receive the book from the ‘Lest We Forget’ foundation or from their own organisation. Therefore, they do not need to contact us because the distribution lists are linked and their names do not appear on our list.
2. Members living in the Netherlands should send a strong, stamped (with 2.40 guilders-worth of stamps), self-addressed envelope (approx 25 x 18 cm) to; The Vereniging Vrienden van het Airborne Museum, Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ Oosterbeek. The book will then be sent to you around mid-September in your s/a envelope.
Members in England who are not participating in the 1999 Pilgrimage or are not members of the Arnhem 1944 Veterans’ Club should send a similar envelope (self-addressed and with a min. 75 p stamp) to Mr Banks Middleton, Controller Airborne Forces Security Fund, Browning Barracks, Aidershot Hampshire GU11 2BU. He is taking care of the distribution in England.
Members in other countries can obtain a copy by making this known to the Society in writing. These members are asked to include the cost of postage and packing in their subscriptions for next year (2000).It is certainly not the intention that one should try to obtain more than one copy of this valuable book via us and other bodies. In this we are relying on everyone’s
integrity, because only in the ways described above can we ensure fair distribution of this publication to all interested parties.
If we haven’t received your stamped, self¬addressed envelope by 1 October we shall assume that you are not interested in this beautiful photo book, which is only available through one of the above channels and therefore not from or at the museum.
(C. van Roekel)

Help needed with exhibition
Various members of the Society of Friends are involved in research into aspects of the Battle of Arnhem. In practice it is often difficult to bring the results of such research to the attention of a wider public. Many members also collect objects or documents related to the battle, and these items would perhaps be interesting for others to see. For this reason the Airborne Museum would like to hold an exhibition from 27 November 1999 to 9 January 2000 in which Society members would have the opportunity of showing the results of their investigations and/or parts of their collections. The idea is that the exhibition be compiled by the various Society members themselves. Exhibits could include such things as objects or documents with a story, the history of a particular house that played a major role during the struggle, a specific event that has been researched in detail, information on servicemen who took part in the battle, background information about items of equipment, uniforms, badges, etc, or excavated ‘finds’.
Members who are prepared to assist in the exhibition, either in an organisational capacity or through the provision of material, should contact W. Boersma before 1 October at; Binnenhof 38, 6751 DP Ede, tel: 0318 639633, e-mail:

‘The Gunners at Arnhem’
Last July a book entitled ‘The Gunners at Arnhem’ by Peter Wilkinson MC was published in England. The book deals with the role of the Royal Artillery units in the Battle of Arnhem. The main participants at Arnhem were the 1st Airlanding Light Regiment RA, the 1st Airlanding Anti-Tank Battery RA and the 2nd (Oban) Airlanding Anti- Tank Battery RA. Attention is also given to the 1st Forward Observation Unit (Airborne) RA and to the artillery units of 30 British Corps that provided artillery support to the airborne forces in
Oosterbeek from 21 September 1944 until the withdrawal.
In his book the author gives a summary of the day- to-day activities of the various artillery units. Matter-of-fact descriptions of the progress of the battle are generously interspersed with personal accounts of servicemen who took part.
The author was also able to call on his own experiences because during the battle of Arnhem, Lieutenant Peter Wilkinson was Command Post Officer of No. 3 Battery, 1st Airlanding Light Regiment RA. His Command Post was located in a house in Kerkpad, Oosterbeek, between ‘E’ and ‘F’ Troop positions.
Wilkinson’s book is written in a fast-moving, clear style which makes for easy reading. It contains 176 pages with 7 maps and 53 photographs. The foreword is by Brigadier M.D.K. Dauncey DSO, DL, who, as a Glider Pilot, took part in the defence of the artillery positions around the Old Church in the Benedendorp in Oosterbeek during the Battle of Arnhem.
‘The Gunners at Arnhem’ is published by Spurwing Publishing, PO Box 5273, East Haddon, Northampton NN6 8YN, England. The ISBN no. is 0-9535754-0-3.
In the Netherlands the book can be purchased at the Airborne Museum (price f 37,95). In England it is available at bookshops, including the Airborne Forces Museum shop in Aidershot, at 11 pounds 50 pence. It can also be obtained from; Airborne Forces Promotion Ltd., Browning Barracks, Aidershot, Hampshire GU11 2BU, telephone 01252- 316104, fax 01252-311228. There are no p&p charges for deliveries in England.

‘Blik Omhoog’ Volume III published
On 23 June 1999, Volume III of the book ‘Blik Omhoog’ was presented in Wolfheze. The ‘Blik Omhoog’ series covers the war as experienced in the village of Wolfheze and wide surroundings. For more than ten years the author Cor Janse has been engaged in gathering information on the subject and has interviewed literally hundreds of people. This third book covers the period following the Battle of Arnhem, and subjects dealt with include the evacuation, the experiences of people who stayed behind in Wolfheze, the construction of German defences, the liberation, the village’s recovery and so on. The 4.00-page plus volume III contains a treasure-trove of information and personal recollections, and is liberally illustrated, many of the photographs being previously unpublished. The book costs 45 guilders.
A Supplementary section with index and additions will appear in September, at which point Cor Janse’s wide-ranging project will be finished. The complete series will be looked at in a future edition of the Newsletter.

Exhibition in the town hall
On 4 August 1999, the annual archive exhibition was opened in Oosterbeek town hall. The emphasis this year, partly in connection with the publication of the 4th edition of the ‘Roll of Honour’, is on ‘dead and missing servicemen from the Battle of Arnhem’. The title chosen was T regret to have to inform you’. In many cases this was the opening sentence of the telegram a family would receive if a family member serving with British forces was killed or missing. For the exhibition, the municipal archives were greatly assisted by the ‘Arnhem Battle Research Group’ (Philip Reinders from Rheden and Peter Vrolijk from Rotterdam), and by Alex Junier from The Hague. Hans Timmerman from Arnhem provided material, documents and photos relating to German servicemen who died. Exceptional within this section is the information made available by Dr. Lothar Dinkel from Heilbronn in Germany regarding his brother who, as a Wehrmacht soldier, was killed on 22 September 1944 near Ploegseweg in Oosterbeek.
The exhibition in the town hall runs until Friday 1 October 1999.

Ou 4 August 1999 the organisers of the Oosterbeek town hall exhibition were photographed by Berry de Reus; Hans Timmerman, Philip Reinders, Peter Vrolijk, and Alex junier.

Appeal for information on German dead
For some years Society member Hans Timmerman, employed in the Gelderland Documentation Centre at Arnhem Library, has been compiling information on German servicemen who were killed during the Battle of Arnhem and were buried in the municipality of Renkum. As far as is known this concerns 479 dead, whose field graves were to be found in gardens, woods, cemeteries and at roadsides. In 1945 the Council Works Service exhumed the remains from these field graves and removed them to the German cemetery at Zijpendaal in Arnhem where they were reinterred.
Hans Timmerman would like to get in touch with any civilians who were involved, in whatever capacity, in the burying of German soldiers in 1944 and in the clearance of German field graves after the war. He is also looking for people who could indicate the location of former field graves or may have photographs of the same.
Anyone with information on the above subject is kindly asked to contact Hans Timmerman at; Mr D. van Ruyvenpad 1, 6814 NA Arnhem, telephone 026 4430904.

Pegasus Walk
On 23 October next the 16th Pegasus Walk will be held in the Bennekom area. The major part of the walk will follow the route taken on the night of 22/23 October 1944 during operation Pegasus I, in which a substantial number of allied servicemen managed to escape across the Rhine with the help of the Dutch Resistance. For more information and

Airborne Battle Wheels
This year Airborne Battle Wheels Oosterbeek (ABWO) will be organising their fourth successive annual meet at the Bilderberg campsite in Oosterbeek. Because of the 55th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem this year’s event will have a special tint, and the programme will differ from that of previous years. The ABWO campsite will be open to participants from Tuesday 15 September. On Friday afternoon there will be a demonstration of 75 mm howitzers at Westerbouwing. On Saturday, after the parachute drop on Ginkel Heath, the ‘Race to the Bridge’ will be held, organised by Rob van Meet. This is a journey featuring authentic army vehicles from the 1940-1945 period. Following the race, at about 4 pm, the vehicles will be on display outside the Airborne Museum.
On Sunday afternoon the ABWO will be co-organisers of the ‘Tour of Honour’, a tour through all the villages in the Renkum municipality involving a huge number of military vehicles. This tour for the veterans will surely be the highpoint of the week’s commemorations. This also applies in particular to its sequel, the so-called ‘Farewell Parade’ from Hartenstein to the Town Hall square As usual, our camp at Bilderberg will again be well worth seeing. There will be many participants present with authentic clothing and vehicles and some original wartime tents will be in use on the site. The ABWO camp is located just before the mam entrance to the Bilderberg campsite, in the woods to the right. The way to the camp will be well indicated and everyone is welcome to pay us a
(Dick Timmerman)

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Editors:Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil, C. van Roekel, G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 76, October 1999
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

The Lender of the Pilgrimage, Major General A.J. Deane- Drummond (left) talking to Major Tony Hibbert near the Operation Pegasus I crossing point.
(Photo: C. van Roekel)

From the editors
The 55th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem is
already one and a half months in the past. They were hectic days in which many things happened that are worthy of mention. This naturally means that a major part of this enlarged Newsletter is given over to photos and reports of the events.
Besides these you will of course find the latest on the Society of Friends and the Airborne Museum. It is the future intention to introduce a number of items about the museum into the Newsletter under fixed
headings. Board members of the Airborne Museum Foundation and the museum’s full-time employees will be responsible for these items, and the headings you can expect to come across are: ‘The Museum’ and ‘Museum activities’ by W. Boersma; ‘From the archives and library’ by A. Groeneweg; ‘The Museum on the internet’ and ‘The Museum shop’ by B. de Reus; ‘From the collection’ and ‘Recent acquisitions’ by R. Boekhorst.
Once again, many books on the Battle of Arnhem have been recently published. These will be reviewed in this and the next edition.

Theme afternoon, 20 November 1999
The annual theme afternoon will be held in the Concert Hall, Rozensteeg 1, Oosterbeek on Saturday 20 November next.
The afternoon will concentrate entirely on the Royal Netherlands Army’s Recovery and Identification Service. This service’s responsibilities in the Netherlands include the exhumation and identification of the remains of allied servicemen who died during the war.
The programme is as follows:
13.00 – 13.30 hours: Reception of the members.
13.30 -14.45 hours: Lecture on the general
activities of the Recovery and Identification Service.
14.45-15.30 hours: BREAK.
15.30 -16.30 hours: Lecture on the service’s work
in Renkum Municipality and surroundings.
Approx. 17.00 hours: End of the theme afternoon.

Normandy reunion
A reunion of participants in the spring excursion to Normandy will be held in the Airborne Museum on the evening of Friday 26 November 1999. The meeting room will be open from 19.30 hours. Don’t forget to bring your photographs and videos!

10th Battalion’s Colours donated to the Airborne Museum
During a special ceremony held on Saturday 18 September, the two standards of the 10th Battalion The Parachute Regiment were handed over to the Airborne Museum. Prior to the ceremony a service took place in the Old Church in Lower Oosterbeek during which the Reverend R.F. Bowers, chaplain to the 10th Battalion in 1944, talked of the bond that exists between the battalion and our municipality.

With military ceremony the standards of the 10th Battalion The Parachute Regiment are handed over to the Airborne Museum.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

After the service the Colour Guard marched with the standards to Hartenstein.
The 10th British Parachute Battalion was raised in Kabrit, Egypt, in 1942 and first saw action in Italy. On 18 September 1944 some 600 men of the battalion under the command of Lt Col K.B.I. Smyth landed on Ginkel Heath. The battalion formed part of the 4th Parachute Brigade, whose job it was to occupy the area to the north of Arnhem. During their advance they encountered strong German resistance near ‘De Leeren Doedel’ restaurant, forcing them to alter the line of advance towards Oosterbeek. On arrival in the village they were given orders to occupy positions in a number of houses in Annastraat and Utrechtseweg, east of the Schoonoord Hotel. This sector of the perimeter was defended against German attacks from the east and north-east until the end of the battle. In the night of 25/26 September 1944 the remnants of the battalion crossed back over the Rhine along with the rest of the division. Only 35 men of the 10th Battalion reached allied lines.
After the Second World War the 10th Battalion became a territorial unit (Volunteer Battalion), comparable to the Dutch ‘National Reserve’.
The use of standards by army units goes back a long way in time, and in the 17th century they were already being referred to in the British army as ‘the Colours’. In those days the banners did indeed vary in colour as a means of recognition of the unit(s) concerned. During the 18th century the number of standards per unit was reduced to two. These are the Queen’s Colour, which consists of a British flag bearing the names of the battles in which the unit concerned has been involved (the Battle Honours), and the Regiment’s Colour, which is in the colour of the regiment and bears the regimental badge or emblem.
When the Colours need replacing or if a unit is disbanded, it is usual for the old Colours to be hung in the church to which the unit feels attached.
In 1952 the 10th (Volunteer) Battalion The Parachute Regiment received its Colours. They were replaced in 1983, the old being placed in the Regiment s church, St Lawrence Jewry, near the Guildhall in London. The reorganisation of the British Army in 1999 led to the 10th Parachute Battalion being disbanded. To illustrate its connection with Oosterbeek the battalion wished to have its Colours placed in the Old Church in Lower Oosterbeek, however it is not customary for military standards to be hung in churches in the Netherlands. The battalion therefore decided to present the Colours to the Airborne Museum.
The handing-over of the standards took place on the front lawn of the museum with full military pomp. General Sir Rupert Smith, KCB, DSO, OBE, QGM, deputy commander-in-chief of NATO, attended the ceremony as representative of the British Army. In his address he emphasised the fact that it was 55 years to the day that the 10th Parachute Battalion dropped on Ginkel Heath, and that the battalion, after a week of heavy fighting, was more or less annihilated only a few hundred metres from where the standards were now being handed over. That the standards will be kept in Oosterbeek is unique, because it is virtually unheard of for Colours to be held in countries outside of the British Isles or the Comm o n wea 1 th.
The Colours will be housed in a large showcase that has been built in the hall of the Airborne Museum where they will be on show to the visiting public. (W. Boersma)

just before the start of the memorial service at the Airborne Cemetery, the clergymen who will lead the service make their way to the pulpit with, in front, the Reverend R.F. Bowers.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

4th edition of the Roll of Honour
The presentation of the new ‘Roll of Honour, Battle of Arnhem 1944’ took place during the AGM of the Arnhem Veterans Club on the evening of Thursday 16 September. More than a year of preparation had preceded the event, a year in which Geert Maassen and Chris van Roekel, together with the compiler Ian Hey, worked intensively on the production of this 4th edition. Much new information had been prowded by various sources over the past years and all this has now been included in this new issue The first impression appeared in 1986, followed a year later by the second. In 1993 it was decided to publish a revised edition, and now we have a fourth, completely re-vamped issue. The ‘Roll of Honour’ contains the names and all other information on men of the 1st British Airborne Division, the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group, the Royal Air Force and other military units that were involved in the Battle of Arnhem in the south-west ‘Veluwezoom’ and at Driel, and who lost their lives during or as a result of the fighting in September 1944.
This edition of the ‘Roll of Honour’ is published by the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum and 500 copies have been printed. The reference work is of A4 format, contains 174 pages and is illustrated with photographs and maps. It is available from the Airborne Museum and in Oosterbeek bookshops, price f 40,-.

REME bench unveiled
On Saturday afternoon 18 September 1999, a bench to the memory of the men of the 1st Airborne Workshop Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME) who took part in the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944 was unveiled in the Hartenstein park. The bench was made by men of the present-day REME. Burgomaster Verlinden accepted the bench on behalf of the Municipality of Renkum, and it has been placed close to the spot where the REME held positions in 1944. Mr Don Jacobs, who himself served in the REME and now works part- time for the museum, instigated the setting up of the bench.

Burgomaster Verlinden reads the inscription on the backrest of the recently unveiled REME bench at the rear of the Airborne Museum.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

Purchase of unusual bulldozer
Most people are probably unaware that the 1st British Airborne Division look a small American bulldozer to Arnhem in September 1944. This vehicle, the AMM/Clark CAI ‘Clarkair’, was transported by Horsa glider. The bulldozer was intended for use by 261 Field Park Company Royal Engineers for the clearance of landing zones and the eventual construction of an airstrip. The way the Battle of Arnhem developed rendered this impossible. The machine was driven from the

Mr Mervyn Potter poses beside the Clarkair bulldozer purchased for the Airborne Museum by the Society of Friends. In September 1944 Mr Potter served with 261 Field Park Company Royal Engineers, which took a similar bulldozer to Arnhem.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

landing zone to Oosterbeek, where it was parked in the grounds of the then Sonnenberg Castle.
Earlier this year a collector of military vehicles in Zele (Belgium), a Mr E. Janssens, offered a Clarkair bulldozer for sale. After consulting with the Foundation Board, the Friends’ Society management decided to buy this unique vehicle for the museum, and on Monday 13 September delivery took place. For the time being the little bulldozer will go into storage in Oosterbeek and restoration work will begin in the spring of next year. This work will be led by one of our volunteers, Jaap Jansen, former Adjutant in the Technical Service. Society members who are willing to help with this project are asked to get in touch with the museum, tel. 026-3337710. The restoration is expected to be completed in time for the Airborne commemoration in September 2000. It is also the intention that one of the future ministories will feature the Clarkair.

Commemorative envelope, 1999
A new commemorative envelope was released on 17 September last. This latest issue by the Airborne Museum is the fourth in a series with ‘The monuments of the Battle of Arnhem’ as subject. This new envelope depicts the Airborne Monument in Arnhem, that consists of part of a broken column from the Arnhem Palace of Justice, destroyed in 1944. Arnhem architect J. van Biesen came up with the idea of using this piece of column and, on the advice of Arnhem sculptor Gijs Jacobs, it was placed beside the ramp of the Rhine bridge as a temporary monument. In 1953 a definitive monument was erected on the Kerkplein near Eusebiuskerk, but the ‘temporary’ Airborne monument was retained. In 1954 the column was moved to the Damcircuit at the end of the northern approach to the John Frost bridge. Every September a wreath is laid here to commemorate the Battle of Arnhem.
500 numbered copies of the commemorative envelope have been produced. They bear two 80 cent commemorative postage stamps from 1998 (‘100 jaar inhuldiging Koningin Wilhelmina’ – 100th anniversary of the coronation of Queen Wilhelmina) and have been franked ’17 September 1999′ with the Oosterbeek post office branch stamp. The envelopes are on sale at the Airborne Museum for 7 guilders.

The standards are lowered during the commemoration at the bridge in Arnhem.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

Backgrounds to an excavated ‘find’
One of the types of radio transmitter used by the 1st British Airborne Division during the Battle of Arnhem was the ‘Wireless set no.22’. The 22 set was developed in Britain in 1941 by the Pye Ltd. company as a replacement for the ageing No. 11 (High Power) set. Normally the set was transported by vehicle, although it could also be used as a portable radio. However, this required a three men team. A modification was introduced halfway through 1944 enabling the set to be tuned using crystals. The ‘WS no. 62’ was a later development of the ‘WS no. 22 MK 1’. Approximately 55,000 no. 22 wireless sets were produced during the Second World War.
The 1st British Airborne Division used the 22 set for such things as brigade to battalion and brigade to HQ communications. The set was also used for communication with the Royal Artillery. Telephonic range was 15 km and 30 km for telegraphy.
Early in the nineties a 22 set that had been used during the battle was unearthed in Oosterbeek at the northern corner of Kneppelhoutweg and Hoofdlaan. It was found between a brick-built pillar and an oak tree. Prior to this, veteran Robert Whelan had told Mrs Beelaerts van Blokland from Oosterbeek that he had buried his radio set there, but Captain John Lee, Troop Commander of ‘A’ Troop, 1st Airlanding Light Regiment, Royal Artillery, had said some years before that it was he who had buried the set there. However, according to John Lee it was near a brick pillar on the south side of the road. When the radio was found he wrote to the late Ed van Dam in 1994, saying: ‘Of course I am fascinated by the story of the 22 set. There was just one in that area and it came from my jeep. I was using a trench to the south of the crossing. I cannot remember if there was one on the north side too. I know for certain that I buried the set at the bottom of the trench on the south side of the road. The name Whelan does ring a bell but I can t bring him to mind. My Gun Position Officer, Lieutenant Tom Barron, thinks that he was one of our people. I am intrigued to know where the information came from that Robert Whelan buried the set and how it came to be on the other side of the road. As far as I can see it will remain a mystery’.
(W. Boersma)

The restoration of the excavated WS 22 radio set
Shortly after the radio set mentioned in the above article was found it came into the hands of the Airborne Museum. First of all it had to be dried out in a heated area, after which restoration work could begin. The front was partially treated with an anti¬rust agent because corrosion had begun to take its toll. Contact corrosion had been caused by the aluminium and copper components and some of the aluminium had been eaten away. After treatment with the anti-rust agent it was once again possible to get some movement in most of the set’s control knobs. The year ‘1942’ was clearly legible on the meter. When removed from its casing the radio set appeared to be complete. The traces of rust and corrosion were removed. The set’s valves were covered with a layer of dirt about 1 cm thick. This was scraped off very carefully and the valves could then be removed from their housings. After a clean-up they were put back in place. The wiring was still mainly intact.
The casing was made completely rust-free but some of it had rotted away. There was also some other damage, probably caused when the unit was dug up. From above one can now see the set’s ‘internals’, while the original colour can still be seen on the outside. All the webbing carrying straps have rotted away.

ine restored zz radio set that teas unearthed at the corner of Kneppelhoutweg and Hoofdlaan almost 50 years after the Battle of Arnhem. J
(Photo: R. Boekhorst)

Although the Airborne Museum possesses an example of all the types of radio set used in the Battle of Arnhem, this is the only original set about which the history is known.
(Roland Boekhorst, preservationist, Airborne Museum)

19 September 1999. In a long column of more than 100 old military vehicles the veterans are driven around the villages of the Municipality ofRenkum (Photo: Berry de Reus)


From the archives and library
The subject of the first article under this heading is the smallest piece of archive material in the museum. It is a pencil-written order from Brigadier P.H.W. Hicks, commander of the 1st Airlanding Brigade that landed around Reyerscamp on 17 and 18 September. The brigade comprised 1st Battalion The Border Regiment, 2nd Battalion The South Staffordshire Regiment and 7th Battalion The King’s Own Scottish Borderers.
The 1st Border battalion took up positions on the western side of what would eventually become the Perimeter. In doing so they were the only unit to follow the original operational order. A, C, D and B companies lay from north to south respectively, from Sonnenberglaan to the then gasworks in the Lower Village. HQ company and Battalion HQ were in Van Lennepweg and D company HQ was located in the long farmhouse halfway along Van Borsselenweg. On 25 September, Corporal Alan Fisher from D company was detailed to collect orders from Battalion HQ. Knowing nothing of the plans for the withdrawal of the division across the Rhine, he was given a small note by Brigadier Hicks. On the way back to his company he came under mortar fire which prevented him reaching his company commander. However, he did come across some men from his own company and took them along with him. Corporal Fisher managed to cross the Rhine but the rest of D company, unaware of the withdrawal, were taken prisoner. Later, Corporal Fisher donated the note to the Airborne Museum. It is written on poor quality paper and the text is faint, too faint to be copied. It reads: ‘Coy: Monument 21.00, P. Hicks, 25-9’. The monument in question was that to Mrs ‘U.M. Kneppelhout, geboren Van Braam, en wijlen haren onvergetelijken echtgenoot. Het dankbare Oosterbeek’- U.M. Kneppelhout, nee Van Braam, and her late, unforgettable husband. A grateful Oosterbeek) and is to be found on the west side of Hoofdlaan on Hemelse Berg. With this note Hicks intended D company to assemble by the monument at 9 ‘o clock in the evening of 25 September and then cross back over the Rhine.
The original note can be seen in the museum by appointment with A. Groeneweg.
(A. Groeneweg)

Airborne Museum website
Http/ / is the internet address of the Airborne Museum’s website. Messrs J. van Slooten, Peter Klaassen and Berry de Reus have been working on the preparation of the site for the past few months. Initially it will contain information aimed at promoting the museum. One will be able to surf to a simple presentation that will provide general information such as opening times, admission charges, etc. The site will also contain a photo page showing a number of pictures of the museum and dioramas. By clicking on the so-called ‘thumbnails’ it will be possible to enlarge a photo and increase its resolution. In addition there is a year overview of activities in and involving the museum. The future intention is to extend the site to include reports on special items and to show what is available for sale in the museum shop. Purchases could then eventually be ordered via the internet. The presentation will be further enhanced by links to other sites. If you would like more information or have any queries you can make use of the museum’s e-mail address:
(B. de Reus)

‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’
A beautifully produced book about the medical services of the 1st British Airborne Division during World War II was published on September 3 this year under the above title. It is written by one of our English members, Niall Cherry (40), who has been researching the subject for many years.
Captain Peter H. Starling (Retd), Curator of the Army Medical Services Museum in Aidershot, had this to say about this new standard work:
‘Many books have been written about the Airborne Forces during World War 2 but very few give justice to or tell the story of the men of the Airborne Medical Services. Here, in a single volume, is the complete story of part of the airborne medical services, that of the 1st Airborne Division, from its beginnings in the early days of the war to the disbandment of 1st Airborne Division in November 1945.
From the early days of airborne forces there was a need for medical personnel, not only to accompany the fighting troops but to become heavily involved in the evolution of airborne forces and the trials of aircraft and equipment and their effect on the human body. Colonel A. Austin Eagger OBE was the first senior medical officer to be posted to the division and was shortly after joined by Captain T.R.B. Courtney as his assistant. These two officers were the founding fathers of the airborne medical services. The author takes us through these early days, fraught with the problems of transporting troops by air, the airsickness that 80% of glider-borne troops suffered from, the lack of lightweight medical equipment, the search for a means of transporting stretchers by wheeled vehicle once on the ground, to name but a few. Over seventy veterans of the divisional medical services have been interviewed and their reminiscences are interspersed with details of these early days.
It was not long before members of the RAMC were in action, accompanying the cross-channel raid on the radar site at Brimeval. Subsequent operations in North Africa, Sicily and Italy are dealt with in great detail and readers can read of the personal experiences of members of the RAMC and ADC and the hardships they suffered whilst trying to bring comfort to their wounded comrades.
The real strength of this book is in its account of the part played by the medical services during the battle for Arnhem & Oosterbeek. This has never before been told in such great detail, with members of the medical services own accounts interspersed with details from official records and reports. The greater part of the battle took place in and around the divisional hospital area with the dressing stations falling in and out of enemy hands constantly and coming under shell and small arms fire with great regularity. When the decision to withdraw the remnants of the division was reached, the medical services were instructed to remain behind with the wounded and endure the subsequent captivity which followed, and here we read of their accounts as POWs. The final chapter of the book takes us into disbandment via a short journey to Norway and the German surrender.
The book is complemented by over 100 illustrations (many published for the first time), maps and tables and will be recognised as the reference work on this subject for many years to come. The author, himself a former member of the RAMC, is to be congratulated for achieving this’.
Captain Peter Starling thus.
‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’ is published by Robert Sigmond in Renkum and printed by Veenman Drukkers in Ede. (ISBN : 890 804718 1 X). The book is available in the Netherlands via the Airborne Museum and from various local bookshops, price 49.50 guilders. In England it can be bought at the Army Medical Services Museum in Aidershot and at the Border Regiment Museum in Carlisle Castle, price 17 pounds 95p.

Niall Cherry, author of the book ‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’, photographed in front of‘De Tafelberg’ in Oosterbeek. He is holding the parachute helmet of Corporal Ken Holdsworth, 181 Airlanding Field Ambulance, who worked there in 1944.
(Photo: R. Voskuil)

Through the lens of De Booys
Last year an exhibition of the work of the well- known Arnhem photographer P.J. de Booys was held in the Arnhem Municipal Archives in celebration of thelOOth anniversary of his birth. Now, due partly to the enormous interest that the exhibition aroused, an extremely interesting book has been published entitled ‘Door de lens van De Booys. Een Arnhem reportage 1944-1954’ (Through the lens of De Booys. An Arnhem report 1944-1954). It was compiled by Drs. P.R.A. van Iddekinge.
Photographer De Booys achieved particular fame for the cold-blooded way in which he secretly took scores of photos of the plundering of the town in the autumn of 1944, when Arnhem had been forcibly evacuated by the Germans. Had the Germans been aware that their activities were being recorded on film, De Booys would almost certainly have paid with his life. These fascinating photographs of the plundering and the evacuation give us a penetrating

The veterans march from the Airborne Museum to the Town Hall to the accompaniment of loud cheers from the local inhabitants during the Farewell Parade on Sunday afternoon, 19 September. (Photo: Berry de Reus)

image of the situation in Arnhem in the autumn of 1944. When the liberation begins in April 1945 De Booys is in Velp, where he records the entry of the allied troops in a series of photographs. After the liberation he returns to Arnhem. He photographs the enormous destruction in the town and surroundings and shows how the populace attempts to re-establish a normal existence. In the years following the war he records on film the rebuilding of the town as well as all manner of festivities.
From the thousands of photos De Booys took, the compiler of the book has selected 212. The result is an absorbing image of one of the most turbulent periods in Arnhem’s history.
‘Door de lens van De Booys’ comprises 160 pages and is published by Matrijs of Utrecht. It costs 39.95 guilders.
‘Capture at Arnhem’
The book ‘Capture at Arnhem, a Diary of Disaster and Survival’ in the series Military Memoirs/World War II has recently been published in England. It was written by Captain H.R. Roberts.
As a Lieutenant during the Battle of Arnhem he was second-in-command of the Advanced Workshop Detachment of the 1st Airborne Workshop, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
Directly after arriving on landing zone ‘Z’ to the south of the Arnhem-Ede railway line on 18 September 1944, Harry Roberts was hit by German machine gun fire. Because of this he took no further part in the battle and the actions of the REME. In his book Roberts describes his personal experiences, first as a casualty during the battle and then as a prisoner- of-war in Germany.
As a casualty he was taken via Wolfheze to the Vreewijk Hotel in Oosterbeek, and after the battle to Stalag XIB in Germany by way of Apeldoorn. At first he concealed is rank, but in spite of this was later taken to a camp for officers, Oflag IX A/Z near

Standing on a jeep. Brigadier Mike Dauncey leads the Farewell Parade.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

Rotenburg. His book is based mainly on the diary he kept up to 18 April 1945, the day he was liberated. The story gives a good impression of the lot of more than 6,000 British prisoners-of-war after the Battle of Arnhem. Roberts writes about day-to-day life in the hospitals and the camps. Food is a major subject and, among other things, he describes how he managed to supplement his rations through contact with the civilian population. Roberts ends his book with the story of the 16-day forced march through Germany, his liberation by the Americans and his return home. ‘Capture at Arnhem’ shows another side of the Battle of Arnhem. During the ‘Liberators behind Barbed Wire’ exhibition in the Airborne Museum in 1998, it became clear that there are far more unpublished stories by and about prisoners-of-war than had ever been suspected.
Captain Roberts died in 1992 and his wife has succeeded in having his manuscript published seven years after his death.
‘Capture at Arnhem’ is in paperback and is published by the Windrush Press, Moreton-in- Marsh, Gloucestershire (ISBN 1 900624 27 3). The book consists of 148 pages and is illustrated with photographs and a map. It is available at the Airborne Museum for 35 Guilders.
(W. Boersma)

Video film
Production of a video film about the commemorations on Ginkel Heath and at Driel is under way. The film mainly concerns the veterans who made the parachute drop this year and also incorporates footage from TROS TV and TV Gelderland. The wreath laying at Driel is shown at the end of the video.
Anyone interested in this professionally produced video should contact C.C. van den Bosch, Utrechtseweg 173, 6812 AC, Arnhem. If there is sufficient interest it is expected that the film will be ready at the beginning of next year and cost approx. 25 guilders.
(C. van den Bosch)

Message from your UK representative
A kindly reminder that your subscriptions are due in January 2000. Any outstanding 1999 subscriptions will also be welcome!
(Ted Shaw, UK representative)

Unique commemorative medal
The Airborne Walk, Pegasus Walk and Capitulation Liberation Walk organisation committees have presented a so-called ‘Liberation walk passport’. This gives one the opportunity of obtaining a ‘Wageningen Liberation Town 2000’ commemorative medal. To achieve this one has to ‘do’ each of the above walks once during the period 4 September 1999 to 12 May 2001 inclusive. Successful completion of each walk will be marked with a stamp in the passport, and those eventually managing to collect all three stamps will be considered for the above- mentioned medal.
(B. de Reus)

A Bren-gun carrier was among the old military vehicles displayed to the public by the ‘Airborne Battle Wheels Oosterbeek’ society.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Point Blank, Open Sights’
A booklet entitled ‘Point Blank, Open Sights’, telling the story of the 1st Airlanding Anti-Tank Battery, Royal Artillery, was published on 5 June this year. Its author John C. Howe served with this unit during the war.
The book begins with the fighting in France, the escape via Dunkirk and the unit’s England. Actions in North Africa and Sicily follow the 1st Airlanding Anti-Tank Battery’s attachment to the 1st Airborne Division. It is in fact the first unit to have its guns transported to the battlefield by glider. After returning to England the 1st Anti-Tank Battery is attached to the 1st Parachute Brigade. In September 1944 they take part in the Battle of Arnhem, where they suffer heavy casualties. The last operation in which they are involved is the liberation of Norway.
‘Point Blank, Open Sights’ comprises 118 pages, is illustrated with photos and maps and contains a list of names and a ‘Roll of Honour’. It is published by Hough Publishing, 16 Merrick House, Reigate Road, Reigate RH2 0QH, Surrey. In the Netherlands it costs 35 guilders and can be ordered from Eugene Wijnhoud, Bernhardlaan 41-1, 6824 LE, Arnhem, telephone 026-3513100.
(Eugene Wijnhoud)

Final part of ‘Blik Omhoog’ published
The fourth book in the series ‘Blik Omhoog’ about the wartime history of Wolfheze and the South Vein we and written by our member Cor Janse appeared on 17 September this year. Besides a comprehensive register of 3,100 people and more than 900 placenames, this Supplement (‘S’) contains all manner of additions and explanations relating to the previously published volumes. One of the subjects dealt with is the role of the Dutch SS during the Battle of Arnhem.
Book ‘S’ contains 144 pages and costs 25 guilders. It is available from the Airborne Museum and from the Oosterbeek bookshops.

Decoration for Gerrit Pijpers
On 19 September, Gerrit Pijpers, board member of the Airborne Museum Foundation, was awarded the Order of Oranje Nassau with Swords. Gerrit Pijpers, a major in the Netherlands Royal Air Force, has been involved since 1975 in the organisation of countless activities within the cadre of the Battle of Arnhem commemorations. Since 1994 he has organised the memorial service at the Airborne Cemetery in his capacity as Dutch representative of the Airborne Forces Security Fund. The Friends’ Society board warmly congratulates Gerrit on this well-deserved decoration.
Philip Reinders honorary member of the ‘Arnhem 1944 Veteran’s Club’
At the AGM of the Arnhem 1944 Veteran’s Club held on 16 September, Society member Philip Reinders from Rlieden was nominated honorary member of the Club. He received this award for the huge amount of historical research he has carried out on subjects relating to the Battle of Arnhem.

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Editors: Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil C. van Roekel G.H. Maassen jr.
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764
Newsletter No. 77, February 2000 Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark

A word from the chairman
First of all, and especially with such a memorable start to the new millennium behind us, we, as board of management of the Friends’ Society, would like to wish you all much happiness, prosperity and good health for the future.
We also hope to be able to be of service to you with our many planned activities as well as having the privilege of meeting you regularly on excursions, at lectures and at meetings.
A new millennium has dawned, a beginning we all experienced, but no-one in their wildest fantasies can imagine how it will end! It calls for renewal and fresh ideas, also from us.
One of the changes being made is the organisation of a Society Day that will replace the annual meeting. The first such day will be held this year on Saturday 15 April. We propose combining the AGM with a lunch for all those attending, followed by an interesting excursion by touring coach. Potential participants in the whole day should advise the events commission of their intentions so that the ‘logistical’ side can be organised. Of course, one may simply attend the AGM, but not the other way round; i.e. you cannot have lunch and go on the coach tour if you haven’t attended the AGM (see the loose sheet accompanying this Newsletter).
Our society can take pleasure in its steady growth, and it is both remarkable and gratifying to see the increased interest from young people.
Every quarter, more than 1400 Newsletters (in both Dutch and English) are distributed in the Netherlands and abroad. This places great demands on the editors, our indispensable ‘packing team’ and management, particularly the treasurer, as well as on our UK representative Mr Ted Shaw MC.
The events commission has its hands full converting inventive ideas into realistic plans with perfect implementation as their conclusion. Our publications commission studies manuscripts and provides assistance on the long road travelled by the author and printer that can possibly lead to an addition to your bookshelf!
In short, our industry and enthusiasm continue to generate more members, and with them more work. The policy must therefore be one of attracting active and enthusiastic helpers with whom we can produce and maintain a structure so that the building of an increasingly self-renewing society remains an exciting challenge.
(C. van Roekel, chairman)

‘Over & Over’
On Friday 17 September 1999 a new booklet about the Battle of Arnhem entitled ‘Over & Over’ was presented in the Airborne Museum. It was compiled by one of our society’s youngest members, 13 year- old Peter Alexander van Teeseling from Oosterbeek.
The first copy was handed to the British military attache, Lieutenant Colonel Simon Lloyd, who expressed his admiration at the initiative shown by this young lad from Oosterbeek.

Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ in Oosterbeek, 17 December 1999. Military attache to the British Embassy Lieutenant Colonel Simon Lloyd receives the first copy of the book ‘Over & Over’from the hands of its compiler, Peter Alexander van Teeseling.
(photo: B. de Reus)

Since the age of nine Peter Alexander has been interested in the fighting that took place in September 1944, and in recent years he has corresponded with various veterans, assembling all manner of eye-witness accounts. Ten of these recollections from ex-combatants have been brought together in this booklet. In addition, a number of general chapters have been included, such as ‘Oorlog en Bezetting’ (War and Occupation), ‘De Slag om Arnhem, een kort historisch overzicht’ (The Battle of Arnhem, a short historical resume) and ‘Evacuatie en Terugkeer’ (Evacuation and Return). Also included in the book is the story of Han Kardol from Oosterbeek, who himself experienced the battle as a boy of nine in September 1944.
The title ‘Over & Over’ refers to the fact that, since the end of World War II, many veterans have returned year after year to commemorate the Battle of Arnhem.
The booklet is illustrated with numerous lesser known photographs and comprises 95 pages. ‘Over & Over’ was produced by Lukas Rosing from Kontrast publishers in Oosterbeek. It is available from local bookshops and at the Airborne Museum, price 24 guilders 50. There are plans for an English translation.

Normandy excursion repeat?
The excursion to Normandy organised in April last year was heavily over-subscribed, which led to disappointment for a number of members. Responding to questions from the floor during the AGM and during the reunion on 26 November 1999, the management of the Friends’ Society said it would check to see if enough interest existed for a repeat excursion in the Spring of 2000. If it goes ahead, this will take place on Wednesday 10 May up to and including Sunday 14 May and will cost 850 guilders per person. There will be room for 48 participants, and Mr Jacques Haegens has again agreed to act as tour guide.
If you are interested in making the trip to Normandy, drop a line to this effect to society chairman Mr C. van Roekel, c/o Airborne Museum, Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ, Oosterbeek. You will then receive a booking form plus additional information by return. But don’t wait too long before booking your seat, because the organisers need to have all the details to hand by mid-March at the latest so that the options regarding the bus and the Hotel Campanile in Bayeux (the same as used last April) can be considered.
Members who took part in the April excursion can also apply to go on the proposed May trip, but priority will be given to those members who were unable to make the previous tour.
For more information contact C. van Roekel on 026 3333261.

Questions from the floor, AGM 1999
As promised during the 1999 AGM, a number of points arising from the questions from the floor have been further discussed and/or implemented.
1. The state of maintenance of the Oosterbeek Airborne Monument opposite the museum (questioner P. Hoek).
The relevant Renkum council employee has been contacted as has the municipal Monument Commission. This has resulted in an annual maintenance plan. In 1999 the Monument was thoroughly cleaned and this year, at the very least, the pointing and the condition of the four small walls at the base of the monument will be checked.
2. A certificate of appreciation for those who have been of service to the Society of Friends (questioner P. Hoek).
Management is of the opinion that retiring board members and those who assist the society will be thanked in an appropriate manner as and when the situation arises. The form these ‘appreciations’ will take is under consideration.
3. Financial benefit from the society’s capital.
After a wide-ranging and thorough investigation by professional banking and financial experts within our society, it would seem that the limited interest benefit coupled with risky transactions involving the society’s money, do not outweigh the security and practical advantages of our existing money deposits. We have therefore decided to accept the recommendations regarding our Dutch accounts and to retain them as they are. At the moment the situation of our bank account in England is being looked at, partly in connection with the coming of the Euro.
(C. van Roekel)

A beautiful, recently fitted antique stove enhances the Airborne Museum’s refreshment room.
(photo: C. van Roekel)

Beautiful stove in refreshment room
In Newsletter no. 74 we reported on the renovation of the Airborne Museum’s refreshment room. The only thing missing from this beautifully restored room was a stove to fit in the fireplace under the splendid mantelpiece. But where do you get hold of a decent coal-burning stove dating from the beginning of the 20th century? It appeared that the 90 year-old Oosterbeek blacksmith Mr Johan Nijhuis, who at that time still worked daily in his smithy, had such a stove in his workshop attic, a stove originating from an Oosterbeek villa similar to Huize Hartenstein.
When Mr Nijhuis heard of our plans he placed the expertly renovated stove at our disposal without a moment’s hesitation.
It had arrived at the smithy quite by chance in the summer of 1944 and, after a thorough overhaul, was put away to await the winter of 1944-1945. There it miraculously survived the war and remained in the attic thereafter.
After our technical team had restored it once more to a pristine condition, and Mr Harry Benter had made a stylish, black marble base plate, this exceptional acquisition was placed in the museum’s refreshment room.
Shortly afterwards I had the pleasure of receiving Mr Nijhuis as a VIP guest in the museum so that he could admire the results of our labours.
In mid-November I paid him a visit in order to give him a photograph of his gift, but the smithy was closed. Johan Nijhuis, the old blacksmith, had passed away on 10 November.
(C. van Roekel)

From the Archives (2)
The beginning.
During his visit to Oosterbeek and Arnhem in 1992 as preparation to the writing of his book ‘Arnhem, The Airborne Battle’, Martin Middlebrook interviewed a number of Dutch eye-witnesses to the battle. With the assistance of the then Arnhem municipal archivist P.R.A. van Iddekinge, he was able to converse with Miss Wilhelmina Schouten, in 1944 deputy headmistress of the Domestic Science school on Rijnkade in Arnhem. She told, among other things, how, on the evening of 17 September 1944, British soldiers knocked on the door of the school and then brought in two wounded soldiers.
One of them died the next day and was ‘secretly’ buried in the back garden by Miss Schouten and other civilians.
I was present during this interview with Miss Schouten and couldn’t help asking if she recalled the name of the dead soldier. She replied: ‘Of course. He was called Maybury, and his mother visited me after the war’. Her son, Corporal Arthur Maybury (30) was a writer, and she gave Miss Schouten copies of two of his books, ‘Thrills with the Paratroops’ and ‘More Thrills with the Paratroops’, both written under the pseudonym ‘Pegasus’. (These books are now in the Arnhem Municipal Archives).
What happened before.
Years earlier, in 1985,1 sent Sir John Killick, former British Ambassador in Washington and Moscow, a photograph of himself taken in Weerdjesstraat in Arnhem on 18 September 1944 by photographer Sem Presser. At the time Presser was in hiding in the town and Killick was Commanding Officer of 89 Field Security Section (Intelligence Corps). In the letter that I received by return he wrote that he had never seen the photo before and – even more important – he said that on that Monday he was looking for his Corporal Maybury, who had gone missing near the ship bridge on Sunday evening. Not surprising that he never found him because Maybury lay dying, or was already dead and buried, 50 metres to the south of Weerdjesstraat. I brought Sir John Killick up to date with the facts in 1992, but I never received a reply. He died last year.
In conclusion.
According to the Roll of Honour Cpl. Maybury’s field grave was found in 1945 ‘in the garden of a bungalow on Utrechtseweg, Oosterbeek’. This probably refers to the garden of the Berghege family, where the ABN-AMRO bank now stands.
Question/riddle. …….
Why would people from Arnhem or Oosterbeek exhume the remains of a British soldier originally buried in a garden on Rijnkade and re-bury them in a garden in Oosterbeek?
A photo-copy of Miss Schouten’s complete diary is available in the archives and can be read in the museum by arrangement.
(A. Groeneweg)

Farewell Parade video
Video producer MFTM from Maastricht have marketed a one hour video of the Farewell Parade that took place on 19 September 1999. The filmed report begins with a brief impression of the previous day’s parachute drop on Ginkel Heath. The major part of the tape concentrates on the tour through all the villages in the Renkum municipality by more than a hundred Second World War military vehicles. Many veterans made the trip in these historic vehicles. The film has no commentary but does include background sounds that occurred during filming.
Those interested can order the video by ringing 043 3433778. The cost is 40 guilders incl. p&p.
The following films are also available: ‘Arnhem 1994’ (60 minutes), ‘Herdenking Market Garden 1989 en 1994’ (90 minutes) and ‘Normandie herdenkingen 1989,1994 en 1999’ (90 minutes).

Together with Wybo Boersma I am gathering material for a publication about the British signals units during the Battle of Arnhem. Wybo will be dealing with the technical aspects and I will provide the storylines.
Anyone with information and/or documents about the Royal Corps of Signals in September 1944 who would like to help with this publication is kindly requested to contact Wybo Boersma (Airborne Museum) or the Arnhem Battle Research Group, c/o Margrietstraat 40, 6991 XH, Rheden.
(Philip Reinders) from 10 am till 4 pm. The dismantling and re¬assembly of a 75 mm Pack Howitzer will also be demonstrated during the Fair.
The subject of the annual exhibition is De histone van de Air Despatch voor, tijdens en na de Slag om Arnhem’ (The history of Air Despatch before, during and after the Battle of Arnhem). The exhibition will run from 20 April until 5 November.
The Airborne Museum is organising battlefield tours of the former battle areas to be held on Saturday 10 June and Saturday 9 September. Anyone may take part, the cost being 55 guilders per person (47 guilders 50 for Friends’ Society members).
(W. Boersma)

Restoration of Clarkair bulldozer
Last December, a group of volunteers led by Mr Jaap Jansen began restoring the Clarkair bulldozer, bought last year by the museum with help from the Society of Friends. After first removing all the plating and disconnecting the wiring, the caterpillar tracks could be dismantled. The engine, gearbox and transmission were then removed. Finally, all that was left was a huge heap of loose components. They will be shot-blasted and then sprayed. Luckily the correct colour green was evident here and there on a number of parts. Eventually the bulldozer will be reassembled in the museum.
The museum has had contact via the Internet with a number of collectors in America who are also restoring Clarkair bulldozers. Hopefully, any missing parts can be obtained through them. Volunteers willing to help with the bulldozer restoration should contact Mr Jaap Jansen at the Airborne Museum. The bulldozer will only be worked on during the day.
(W. Boersma)

Jaap Jansen busy removing the engine of the Clarkair bulldozer.
(photo: W. Boersma)

Events organised by the Airborne Museum
This year the Airborne Museum’s annual Book Fair will be held on Saturday 27 May and will be open

Evader in Mariendaal
Last September the book ‘Jood zonder step (Jew without a star), written by Albert Heymans, appeared in the book stores.
The author, born in 1922, tells how he continually succeeded in avoiding the roundup of Jews during the German occupation. He did not wear a Jewish star and, through his powerful personality and inventiveness, always managed to produce an alibi when faced with dangerous situations, an ability that led to his eventual survival.
From the summer of 1943, following a razzia and a short period in hiding, he spent months wandering through the woods and fields around Arnhem. Then, under the assumed name of Gerrit Kapel, he found work as a farm-labourer on a farm on Amsterdamseweg at the edge of Mariendaal. There he remained until the end of the war.
While the Battle of Arnhem was raging, among the things he saw from his vantage point was the enormous quantity of supplies that were dropped behind the German lines by British aircraft. He also helped with the burial of dead servicemen.
After the battle he did all sorts of odd jobs for the Red Cross in the evacuated town of Arnhem. He describes life in and around the virtually empty town in a penetrating style.
Arnhem was liberated in April 1945, and after remaining there for a little longer he applied himself to helping Dutch Jews emigrate to Israel. Early in 1950 he himself emigrated to that country.
‘Jood zonder ster’ (ISBN 90-75879-04-0) is published by Van Gruting publishers of Westervoort. It is available from bookshops and costs 29 guilders 90.

In the previous Newsletter we made an error in the report on the finding of a radio set at Hemelse Berg It was not the late Ed van den Dam who told us of the location of the set but our own member Ed van Dam, fortunately still alive and kicking. It was he who put us on the track of this remarkable-find via information from Captain Lee.
(W. Boersma)

Download nieuwsbrief


Editors: Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil C. van Roekel G.H. Maassen jr.
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764
Newsletter No. 78, May 2000 Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark


Mr M. Kremer of the Dutch Air Mobile Brigade, and Mr J. Elliott, the youngest British Air Despatcher, press the button simultaneously, to open the ‘Green On’ exhibition in the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ on 19 April 2000.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Green On’ exhibition opened
The exhibition ‘”Green On’, Air Despatchers, the forgotten heroes of Arnhem” opened in the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ on Wednesday 19 April last. The opening ceremony was performed by J. Elliot, the youngest member of the 47th Air Despatch Squadron from England, and M. Kremer, the youngest member of the Dutch Air Mobile Brigade. Although ground units were supplied from the air in a rough and ready manner during the First World War, it was not until the Second World War that this system was applied on a large scale. Weapons and explosives were already being dropped to resistance groups in occupied territory from the very beginning of the war. This early experience showed that the packing of equipment and its dropping from aircraft was a job for specialists, and in order to fulfil this task men of the Royal Army Service Corps were trained to become so-called Air Despatchers.
During the Battle of Arnhem, 600 re-supply sorties were flown by Stirlings and Dakotas between 18 and 25 September. 426 Air Despatchers were involved in these operations, some of them making more than one flight. Eighty-four aircraft were lost and, as far as is known, 78 Air Despatchers were killed. Fifteen hundred tons of material were dropped, with just 7.4 % falling into British hands. Poor communications with Britain meant that the authorities there could not be informed on time that the supply dropping zones were in German hands. After the war much attention was paid to the airmen who risked their lives, but the men who actually had to eject the supplies from the aircraft were virtually overlooked. It was not until 1994 that a monument to the Air Despatchers who died at Arnhem was raised in Oosterbeek.
The history of the British Air Despatchers, including their more recent role in humanitarian operations, is brought to life in this exhibition by means of a diorama, various objects and artefacts, photographs and documents. The ‘Green On’ exhibition continues until 5 November 2000.

Management changes: ‘A time to come and a time go’.
At the AGM held on 15 April last we had to say out- fond farewells to three people who have meant an awful lot to the society for a very long time: Mrs Mieke de Langen, Mr Wim de Ruijter and Mr Ted Shaw.

Mieke de Langen became our secretary in 1982, a role she fulfilled enthusiastically and meticulously. On top of this she had the job of managing our stocks. On countless occasions, such as Army and Air Force open days and organised walks, she managed to present these wares to the attending public. In her Ex management board members Mieke de Langen, Rinke Fennema and Wim de Ruijter were made Members of Merit during the AGM on 15 April last. Chairman Chris van Roekel presents each of them with a Pegasus statuette as a token of appreciation for their efforts.
(Photo: Mrs H. Kolster)

own inimitable style she earned many a remarkable sum of money for our society. Without this it would have been impossible for us to maintain our contributions at their present level, contributions that go mainly to the museum and the Newsletter.
She made her views known with verve at numerous meetings, and her business acumen and wisdom enabled her to contribute to the decision-making process on several occasions. Over the years all this effort involved a fair few car trips from Hoevelaken. Wim de Ruijter has been of inestimable value to our museum and society. Hundreds of high -quality photographs decorate the walls of the ‘Hartenstein’ and have appeared in our Newsletters. He assisted in the compiling and preparation for posting of thousands of school projects and Newsletters.
Nothing was ever too much for him. In 1984 he became a management board member, and he still travels every Tuesday from Duiven to the museum to carry out odd jobs about the place.
Both board members have been of immense worth to the museum and society, and it was with great pleasure that they were unanimously nominated ‘Member of Merit’ during our 20th AGM. Fortunately, despite the fact that they intend taking things easier, they agreed with our proposal that Mieke should continue to man the ‘shop’ at meetings and on theme days, and that Wim would continue to look after the photographic work.
The third person to whom we say farewell is Mr Ted Shaw, MC. As a lieutenant and troop commander with the 1st Anti-Tank Battery, he won the Military Cross at Arnhem. After the war he remained closely involved with the commemorations in Oosterbeek. For nine years he has represented our society for the British members in his modest but secure manner, but now, at the age of 82, he is handing this job over to Niall Cherry, one of our younger UK members. Niall is the author of the recently published book about the medical service of the 1st British Airborne Division, ‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’.
During the AGM we also had the pleasure of welcoming two new members to the management team. Gerard Gijsberts and Ben Kolster were appointed secretary and board member (duties to include public relations) respectively. We have great confidence in their abilities and wish them an enjoyable time as board members.
It was decided during the 1999 AGM to introduce the title ‘Member of Merit’ for those who have been of particularly special significance to the society. Our retiring chairman Mr Jan Smits was the first to receive this honourable title. However, during the same AGM the board proposed that Mr Rinke Fennema, our treasurer for many years, should still be made ‘Member of Merit’.
(C. van Roekel)







Ben Kolster and Gerard Gijsberts were appointed members of the board of management at the AGM of 15 April 2000. (Photos: Mrs H. Kolster and, through, G. Gijsberts)

New British representative
The Society’s new UK representative is Mr Niall M.G. Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs PR4 1BD, UK. Telephone (home) 01772632764, (work) 0177284593, e-mail address; Our British members are requested to direct all correspondence, orders of goods and payments to him.

Our new UK representative is Niall Cherry, also known for his book about the medical services of the 1st British Airborne Division, that was published last year, ‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’. (Photo: R. Voskuil, September 1999)

‘Silent Invader’
On a recent visit to the Museum of Army Flying in Middle Wallop I came across a remarkable book entitled ‘Silent Invader’. It was written by Captain J.A. Morrison, commander of No. 5 Flight The Glider Pilot Regiment, at the Battle of Arnhem. He came to this regiment as a volunteer, having first served with me Honourable Artillery Company and The Royal Fusiliers Regiment. In a racy manner, and in fewer than thirty pages, he describes his prior history and his training in Horsa gliders. On June 6 1944 he lands in Normandy with a unit of the Ox & Bucks (The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry). Because glider pilots are not expected to take part in the fighting for any length of time, Morrison is back in England by 11 June. He subsequently lands with a unit of an Anti-Tank Battery on landing zone ‘Z’ at Wolfheze on 18 September 1944.
Next day he and a number of other pilots lose contact with the rest of the division. After a few days being hidden by civilians he nevertheless ends up in a German POW camp. Via Stalag 12A and interrogation by the Gestapo he eventually arrives at Stalag Luft 1. More than half of the book is given over to describing life in this camp, full of officers from various countries. With the approach of the Russians the detainees free themselves, even taking over a nearby airfield with the intention of liberating a few more camps.
All in all an exceptional book which shows yet another side of the Battle of Arnhem, and especially what happened afterwards. As the 1998 exhibition ‘Liberators behind Barbed Wire’ said:
6500 prisoners-of-war means 6500 different stories. Without doubt, this is a story worth reading.
‘Silent Invader, A glider pilot’s story of the invasion of Europe in World War IT by Alexander Morrison is published by Airlift Publishing Ltd., 101 Longden Road, Shrewsbury SY3 9EB, England. The book is illustrated with photographs, comprises 160 pages, costs 19 pounds 95p, and the ISBN no. is 1 84037 058 0. (W. Boersma)

Ordering Newsletter back issues
We regularly receive requests from many members in the Netherlands for back issues of the Newsletter and Ministory. Up until now we have maintained a fixed price of 50 guilders per complete set. Having in the meantime reached numbers 78 and 66 respectively, we consider it time for a price review, partially due to increased printing costs. Therefore, from now on a Newsletter plus Ministory will cost 1 guilder 50. You can indicate the issue number(s) required and fill in the necessary amount on your cheque. An extra 5 guilders should be added to cover postage and packing.
If the Dutch edition of a specific issue is no longer available we reserve the right to send you the English version.
(C. van Roekel)

Subscription to ‘ The Eagle’
For many years the Glider Pilot Regimental Association has published its own magazine, ‘The Eagle’. Till now this periodical was only sent to ex-glider pilots and those having a special link with this regiment.
However, since 1 January this year anyone with an interest in this subject can take out a subscription to
‘The Eagle’. A subscriber in the Netherlands will pay 18 pound per annum, and for this he/she will receive three copies per year of this excellent magazine, each containing articles on the use of gliders both during and shortly after the Second World War. Each copy pays great attention to the landings in Normandy, Arnhem and Hamminkeln. The history of pilot training also receives extensive cover. The magazine is printed on glossy paper, is beautifully presented and well illustrated with photographs, maps and drawings.
If you are interested in a subscription to ‘The Eagle’, send a cheque for 18 pounds (British currency please!) to Mr David Brook, Birds Hill, Gt. Bealings, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP13 6NR, England. Tel. 01394 382285.

In memoriam: Corporal Tom Italiaander
Tom Italiaander passed away at his home in Bilthoven on 28 March 2000. Tom was born in Rotterdam on 29 April 1914. He is working for BPM in South America at the outbreak of the Second World War, and after terminating his contract volunteers for service with the Dutch army in Canada on 29 October 1941. He eventually joins No.
2 (Dutch) Troop No. 10 (Inter Allied) Commando via the Prinses Irene Brigade. Following training in Scotland, Port Madog in Wales and Eastborne in South England, he and No. 2 Troop leave for India. By August 1944 he is again back in England. Along with twelve other Dutch commandos he is attached to the 1st British Airborne Division.
On 17 September 1944 he lands at Wolfheze with the 1st Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron. Next day, he and fellow commando Van der Meer are photographed by AFPU photographer Dennis Smith meeting two Wolfheze ladies in Duitsekampweg. This photo has been used many times in publications about the Battle of Arnhem. (Editor’s note: most recently in ‘Blik Omhoog IT by Cor Janse, page 798). During the battle Italiaander acts mainly as courier between the various British units. One of his jobs is the daily passing on of radio frequencies. When the evacuation takes place he manages to cross back over the Rhine along with the remnants of the division.
He takes part in the Walcheren landings in November 1944, and leaves military service in 1945 with the rank of sergeant. For his part in these two actions in the Netherlands he receives the decoration of the Bronze Lion.
Tom Italiaander visited the Airborne Museum on numerous occasions. Last year he and his wife were guests of the museum on our society’s boat trip. The management of the Airborne Museum Foundation and Friends’ Society wish his wife, children and granddaughter much strength and courage on the sad loss of a husband, father and grandfather.
(W. Boersma)

Workgroup ‘ Westgruppe’
Because, compared to the allied side, there is still very little known about the history of the German army units that were involved in the Battle of Arnhem under General Von Tettau, Geert Maassen, Hans Timmerman and Peter Vrolijk have decided to work together on a research project into the so-called ‘Von Tettau Division’, also known as the ‘Westgruppe’. Their eventual aim is to publish their findings in book form.
The Von Tettau Division consisted of all the German units that attacked the British and Polish positions from the west, while the remainder of 9th SS Panzer Division, plus a large number of other units that had been placed under its command, attacked from the east and north.
Anyone who may be able and willing to provide information on this subject, such as stories, documents, eye-witness accounts, newspaper reports, magazine articles, photographs or books are kindly asked to contact Geert Maassen during office hours on 026 3348303. You can also write to: The Renkum Municipal Archives, f.a.o. G.H. Maassen, PO Box 9100, 6860 HA, Oosterbeek.
(Peter Vrolijk)

Comment on: ‘ From the archives (2)’
In the previous Newsletter Mr A. Groeneweg, BA, the Airborne Museum archivist, wrote an article which included a piece about Corporal Arthur Maybury (89th Parachute Security Section, Intelligence Corps), who was killed on 17 September 1944. The following comments might be worth noting.
Among other things, Groeneweg states that, according to the Roll of Honour, Maybury’s field grave was found in 1945 “‘in the garden of a bungalow on Utrechtseweg, Oosterbeek.’ This probably refers to the garden of the Berghege family, where the ABN-AMRO bank now stands”. In addition he recalls an interview with Miss Wilhelmina Schouten, deputy headmistress of the Domestic Science School on Rijnkade in Arnhem in 1944. She says that Maybury was buried in the back garden of the school. Archivist Groeneweg then asks himself: ‘Why would people from Arnhem or Oosterbeek exhume the remains of a British soldier originally buried in a garden on Rijnkade and re¬bury them in a garden in Oosterbeek?’ Mr Groeneweg is on the wrong track.
In the first place, the latest edition of the Roll of Honour has the following to say about Maybury: “‘The original FB was in the garden of the Huishoudschool, Rijnkade, Arnhem, map 40-23-6. His body was removed later by the Germans and taken to an undisclosed location. The CWGC (Commonwealth War Graves Commission) registers read ‘in garden of bungalow along Utrechtseweg'”. This information comes from the following sources. The Arnhemse Koerier of 8 May 1996 says about Maybury: ‘German SS demand the body of the dead
British soldier buried in the school garden . The Arnhemse Courant (19 September 1998) also reports: ‘The Germans arrived later and demanded that the body be handed over’. Miss Schouten herself says (in the magazine ‘De Tweede Wereldoorlog – Met eigen ogen’, 1996 [The Second World War – With my own eyes]) that there was a loud hammering on the back door of the school on Monday 18 September, and that there stood a German who asked if there was a dead Englishman in the school. Wilhelmina denied that there was, but her story makes it clear that the enemy was probably well aware of Maybury’s death. The CWGC made available copies of the relevant Graves Registration Report Form and the Graves Concentration Report Form. From these it would appear that Maybury’s remains were exhumed from his field grave on 10 September 1945, and re-interred in the Oosterbeek war cemetery. The field grave location is given as: Tn garden of bungalow’, with 693783 as the associated map co-ordinates. The names of Gunner W.N. Howard, Lieutenant C.E.P. Sankey, Private A.H.A. Boland and Private W.H. Reeve are noted on the above form at the same field grave location and map co-ordinates.
A problem now arises because the map co-ordinates point to a house along Utrechtseweg in Oosterbeek, near the Hartenstein estate. And we know that Private Reeve fought at the bridge in Arnhem (see photo on page 65 of the Roll of Honour). There is also a photo of Sankey’s grave (page 17 of the Roll), and this location can be found in the front garden of the Berghege house mentioned by Groeneweg. Are you still with me?
In any case, based on the above, and as co-producer of the new Roll, I came to the conclusion that Maybury was originally buried in the back garden of the Huishoudschool, and that the Germans exhumed the body and took it elsewhere. Where exactly is not known, since according to me the CWGC forms contain errors in this case, and are unreliable.
On top of this, Groeneweg’s article states that Maybury belonged to the 89th Field Security Section. The Roll of Honour talks of the 89th Parachute Security Section (page 53) and the 89 Parachute Field Security Section (page 3). Finally, the ‘Who was Who’ mentions the 89th Parachute Field Security Section as well. Which is correct?
(Geert Maassen)

Mr Groeneweg informs us that, contrary to that written in his article ‘From the Archives (2)’, Sir John Killick is, happily, not dead. A report from England tells us that he is very much alive, albeit in poor health.

A German photo
Some years ago one of our members began researching details on the German war photographer Oberscharfiihrer Peter Josef Adendorf. The investigation led to many places, including the Frihedsmuseet in Copenhagen. One of the photos sent to the Netherlands from Denmark is printed here. The original caption reads:
Der deutsche Widerstand im Westen verstarkt. Die entschlossene Gegenwehr der deutschen im Westen eingesetzten Truppen, hat die von den Anglo-Amerikanern unternommene Offensive, die zur schnellen Eroberung Deutschlands fuhren sollte, zum Stehen gebracht. Selbst nach eigenen Aussagen des Feindes sind seine Verluste uber Erwarten hoch. Die Enttausschung von Arnheim. Grenadiere des Heeres marschieren als Verstarkung nach vorn, wahrend gefangene Briten die Strassen von den Trummern voraufgegangener Kampfe saubem.
SS-PK-Adendorf – 3482 Orbis 1 E.M.

[The determined resistance of the Germans deployed in the West brought to a halt the Anglo-American offensive that should have led to the rapid defeat of Germany. Even according to the enemy’s own reports, their losses were higher than e,xpected..
The setback of Arnhem. Army grenadier reinforcements advance while captured British clear the streets of the aftermath (rubbish/rubble) of battle.

SS-PK-Adendorf – 3482 Orbis 1 E.M.] Assuming that the photograph was indeed taken in the Arnhem/Oosterbeek area, we would like to know precisely where. Does anyone recognise something or somebody? And what does 3482 Orbis 1 E.M. mean?

SS-PK-Kriegsberichter Adendorf used his camera in the Arnhem region in September 1944.
In the foreground, German soldiers on the way to the fronK?); behind them and to the left, British prisoners-of-war clear iip/collect(?) material (including a supply container).
Who knows exactly where this photo was taken?
(Photo: Frihedsmuseet, Copenhagen)

Your reactions would be received with interest by the editors via Geert Maassen (c/o Gemeentearchief Renkum, PO Box 9100, 6860 HA, Oosterbeek; tel 026 3348303).

In Memoriam: Mr P.R.A. van Iddekinge BA
News has reached us that Mr P.R.A. van Iddekinge BA passed away on 29 April last at the age of 66. Piet van Iddekinge started work in the Arnhem Municipal Archives in 1959. Thirty years later he became municipal archivist, a position he held up to his retirement in May 1999.
Piet was a great expert on the history of the Second World War, and in particular the Battle of Arnhem. He wrote various publications on this subject including the well-known books ‘Arnhem, September 1944’ (1969) and ‘Arnhem 44/45, evacuatie, verwoesting, plundering, bevrijding, terugkeer’ [Arnhem 44/45, evacuation, destruction, plundering, liberation, return] (1981). Last year, to mark his farewell, the booklet ‘Arnhem Sextet, opstellen voor drs P.R.A. van Iddekinge’ (Arnhem)
Sextet, essays for drs P.R.A. van Iddekinge) was published. At the back is a list of no less than 52 titles of publications that he wrote.
The archivist was greatly interested in the Airborne Museum and the Friend’s Society. We made many appeals to him over the years, appeals that were never refused. The last time was in August last year. Then he wrote the chapter, ‘German war photographers in September 1944’ in Ministory No. 63 (appendix to Newsletter No. 75).
It is difficult to believe that Piet van Iddekinge is no more. We shall miss him, and we wish his family the strength to cope with their tragic loss.
(Robert Voskuil)

De Tafelberg (conclusion?)
Since 1998 we have been keeping an eye on the developments that could lead to the complete demolition of Huize ‘de Tafelberg’, and the building in its place of luxury apartments.
The management strongly advocated that an historic part of the original building should be retained, namely the part that still recalls the Battle of Arnhem, when it served as an emergency hospital. In common with the Airborne Museum Foundation, the ‘Stichting voor Heemkunde’ and the ‘Vereniging Vijf Dorpen in ‘t Groen’, we wrote to the local authority in January 1998 requesting that the building be placed on the municipal monuments list. Three months later, and as a result of this request, the Municipal Monuments Commission recommended to the B&W (Burgomaster and Aidermen) college that the front elevation and hall should be declared monuments.
After an extremely long period, during which time much was discussed and written about this internationally famous site, also partly due to the film ‘Theirs is the Glory’ (1946), the local authority decided on 16 February 2000 to accept this recommendation. Since that day, the front section of the building (the front elevation, hall, staircase and wainscoting) have been protected. This will include the windows in the front elevation, which will be restored to their 1944 state.
The terrazzo floor which, because of the still-visible bloodstains it bears, is of tremendous emotional value, resulted for a while in a difference of opinion between the project developer and the Friends. The authorities had understanding for our viewpoint on this as well, but from the ‘building-technical’ aspect, following consultation with national experts, the cracks and other damage could not be repaired to the satisfaction of the present owner. A compromise was arrived at regarding the retention of this historical artefact. A reasonable part of the floor, 2 m x 1.5 m, bearing the characteristic marks about which we are talking, will therefore be included in the wall next to the staircase.
Confronted with the facts, we had no alternative but to go along with this. At the same time we offered to put forward proposals for highlighting the historical significance of De Tafelberg when it is furnished. Everything considered, and taking into account the much time and energy it cost, we think we achieved an acceptable result.
C. van Roekel)

Keevil Website
The village of Keevil in Wiltshire, England, now has its own internet website. It is from Keevil Airfield that many gliders left to take part in operation Market on September 1944, and numerous re-supply missions were flown from Keevil to the Arnhem area during the course of the operation. Keevil was also one of the airfields used for operation Overlord in June 1944.
Although the site principally features the village, one of the prettiest in the region, it also contains a detailed section on the airfield itself, from its construction to its present day use.
Keevil can be found on:http: /1
(P. Clark)

‘ White Raven’ sought
In our operating account for 1999 you will have come across the heading ‘diverse incomes’. As you will have been able to see, this relates to a not inconsiderable part of the society’s income. Actually, it is the sum that allows us to achieve a healthy-running business. Much of the sum is earned by the sales stands that we have at various events. A few examples are: the Airborne and Pegasus Walks, Resistance Day and the various armed forces Open Days. We then sell our goods, and those of the museum, in our ‘little shop’, and provide information about both concerns.
Up until now, Mieke de Langen, till recently our secretary, has run these activities with great elan, ably assisted by a lady friend and with help from Friends and the Museum. Sadly she is no longer able to carry on doing this due to health reasons.
We are therefore looking for volunteers who are willing and able to man our little shop. It mainly involves selling and accurate keeping of the financial accounts. It is thus responsible and, to be honest, somewhat tiring work, and requires men and women on whom we can rely. But it is also nice work, and gives a lot of satisfaction.
This year we would like to be present at the Resistance Day (at the Oranje Barracks in Schaarsbergen on 31. August), the Airborne Walk (2 September in Oosterbeek), The Royal Dutch Air Force Open Day (at Volkel, also on 2 September) and at the Pegasus Walk in Lunteren (on 28 October). We ask you, kindly but urgently, to consider taking part in these activities in which enthusiasm counts more than experience. If you feel you would like to help our and your society on one or more of the above occasions, don’t hesitate, and get in touch with C. van Roekel (026 3333261 or e-mail to:
I am certain that helping in this project will offer you a great deal of satisfaction.
(C. van Roekel)

Birthday we drank a festive cup of surrogate tea by candlelight. My Father sat at his desk. Suddenly, an enormous bang. A shell fired from the Betuwe had exploded nearby. Shrapnel flew about my Father’s head, into his desk, onto the floor, but he was unhurt. From that moment we took to living in the north side of the house.

The Heijbroek family, 25 June 1943 (the parents’ 26th wedding anniversary), in the garden of ‘Valkenburg’. Left to right: Father, Daan, Netje, Flans, Mother and Noor. (Mrs J.T. Carp-Heijbroek collection)

Our cross-roads appeared to be of strategic importance. There was a lot of German military traffic, and it was shelled regularly from the Betuwe. Many Germans were stationed at the Westerbouwing and Duno which often came under fire, especially at night. We could see the tracers to the south.
The plan was for the ‘Jans’ to try and swim across the Rhine near Driel on 20 October. My brother would accompany them to the river foreshores. First he carried out a reconnaissance.
He went through Hemelse Berg where he discovered the Beelaerts family in the catacombs; Mr Beelaerts was wounded and being cared for by his son and daughter. They could provide lots of information about the conditions in the woods. My brother returned via Oorsprong where the stream was hard to find because of the destruction in the woods.
On 20 October the ‘Jans’ had their last dinner with us and three cigarettes. They were given razors in order to shave. They wrote a letter for us, and signed their names on two bank notes.
They left at 00.30 am on a dark and rainy night. I now hand over to my brother for his recollections.
Daan’s story.
‘Next day I went up on the roof with Tall Jan to spy out the terrain and mark out the route. He agreed to head directly south through the valley of the Oorsprong stream, to follow the stream and, at Benedendorpsweg, to continue through the brook on their own.
They make swimming trunks from parachute silk and take their uniforms wrapped in gas capes.
We will travel with a distance of 10 metres between each man; Tall Jan, who is a good swimmer, takes the lead. They decide to cross the Rhine roped together. I strongly advise them not to swim against the current but to make their way nice and steadily to the other side.
It was terrible, raw weather that night. We wait until half past twelve at night, and then we leave.
We are not yet out of the back door when things go wrong. I have gone but 10 metres when 1 hear a noise and a suppressed curse. 1 turn around and see a luminous compass. 1 hear a hiss on the other side and see the luminous dial of a watch; both should have been covered. The ‘Jails’ have bumped into a cart and lost their direction. The idea of keeping 10 metres apart is obviously impossible. J take Tall Jan by the hand and the four of us creep on through the garden. We agree in a whisper that each will squeeze the other’s hand in the event of danger. Once through the garden we climb over a broken hedge and descend into the stream valley. It rains and blows and there are the continual flashes of exploding shells, just like thunder and lightning, repeatedly lighting our way. There is a small path running alongside the stream. I try to follow it. A huge beech lies across the path. We have to go around it and end up in the stream itself. We slosh on downstream. Then I bump into a small footbridge and am able to get back onto the little path.
We creep on and suddenly I squeeze the hand I’m holding. We stop. I see a dark shape sitting there in silence, seemingly crouched on the ground with a rifle between his knees. We stand dead still and our doubled up position begins to get painful. Therefore something has to be done, so 1 stretch out my hand And touch a metal container
that is held upright by its parachute tangled in the trees. We continue.
The stream valley broadens out and there are a couple of large ponds that we have to go around. Once more we lose the way, consult the compass and stumble on further, until 1 recognise a point where the path exits the wood and gently meanders between a meadow and a hedge with lots of tall weeds before coming out on Benedendorps-weg.
Tall Jan has decided to wade through the tunnel under the road and to follow the stream until it enters the Rhine. I hope this works. We shake hands, wish each other ‘Good luck’, and I go, alone now, back through the dark wood. Once again a fearful journey. I continually lost the way, fell in slit trenches full of unexploded ammunition. Eventually I arrived back in our garden. 1 tapped on the shutters. ‘It’s me’. My sisters opened them and my mother stood sobbing in the passage. A half-hour journey had taken me four hours.’
Next day it dawned on us that we no longer needed to worry about the ‘Jans’. Calm returned to our lives. We began to think of our own situation. We began to consider the possibility of evacuation. Oosterbeek had become a ‘Forbidden Area’; the people had to leave. Because we lived on the outskirts we had heard nothing official.
There were still people in Oosterbeek who were able to continue living in their houses. Because of this, neighbourhoods grew up. One of these people was the baker, Mr Riksen, in Mariaweg. We could take flour to him (wheat milled in an old coffee grinder) and have bread baked. He taught us how to bake bread ourselves, but it didn’t work very well because the little oven in the stove flue was never hot enough. One night the artist Anton Markus and his wife stayed overnight with us and were picked up next day by their daughter Aline. The Beelaerts family came past our house, the injured in a wheel barrow. The Frowein family brought us a small dog that they were unable to take with them. A kitten turned up, and we had a goat again.
We hid everything of value. We buried the remaining porcelain in a slit trench in the garden. My Mother and sister went to Mr van Leeuwen’s house in Van Lennepweg and buried the majority of the old glass collection, which was later recovered.
We experienced one more tense moment. There was a knocked out Renault tank at the cross roads (we thought it was a Tiger tank).
Later, my Father wrote this about it. ’30 metres from my house was a tank that had been knocked out by the English. It was covered with an orange parachute. The English Major MacNeil told us later that he had destroyed it with a PIAT from behind the large plane tree in my garden. The tank was still able to get off one shot which hit the tree, wounding the major and killing two of his men. Some time after, they were buried in my garden and eventually transferred to the Airborne cemetery. The tank was later used for target practice with a so-called “Panzerschreck”‘.
My diary describes it as follows:
At one point we were on our way out of Oosterbeek when we saw a group of German soldiers under the command of a sergeant. They stood at our front door practising firing at the tank with repaired Panzerfausts. They put the broken ones in our hall. We were all ordered to go to the cellar, which of course we didn’t, but just looked on in secret.
Another time it became evident that 13 Germans were buried just outside our front door. My brother buried the body of Lieutenant Kiaer, a close friend of Tall Jan, and placed a wooden cross over his grave. On Friday 27 October we took some flour to baker Riksen, and picked up 13 loaves of bread in the evening. The rye bread would be ready on Monday, but we never got it. Saturday afternoon the ‘Feldgendarmerie’ (Field Police) arrived. We had to be out of our beloved house by 4 pm. The house that, according to the Germans, was a fortress whose thick walls had afforded us such protection.
With a little wicker cart, a small English handcart and a big three-wheeled cart we left for Ede. Accompanied by goat, cat and little dog, and with hearts heavy with disappointment, we went forward into the long hunger winter.
It is now 55 years ago.
As I write it down it is as if all this happened yesterday.
It was a time of dreadful deep points and enormous highs – a time of unexpected potential in people – also a time of horror and sorrow – a time of courage and fear – of friendship and solidarity – a time of living and of dying.
But it was also a time we had to get through in order finally to regain our freedom. A freedom for which I have been grateful every day of those 55 years.
NB. Older inhabitants of Oosterbeek will recall ‘De Valkenburg’.
One might wonder why the Englishmen remained in our cellar. We do not know either, and we never asked them why.
Twice the two medical corps soldiers took away wounded, returning both times.
We met the officer during the conference with other officers in our cellar. He was the only one who stayed behind; perhaps he had a special mission. He eventually became separated from his regiment. According to me he indeed took part in the fighting. His sten gun had come apart, and he had set about repairing it. I heard later that he had fought at our coach house.
All three were overwhelmed by the influx of civilians and the sudden German attack.
They could not risk the entire cellar-full of people by revealing themselves.
These are questions we no longer ask ourselves. We were overtaken by the situation, and the main tiling was to save as many lives as possible.
In the end we didn’t succeed. After the war we were informed that Tall Jan and Medium Jan had been listed as missing, presumed drowned. Little Jan was washed up on the river bank unconscious, and taken prisoner. He survived the war.
It was only years later that he talked about it with my parents.
The three English soldiers in our cellar were: Lieutenant John Howard (Tall Jan), 10th Battalion The Parachute Regiment, and two men of the Royal Army Medical Corps, Private R. Pitcher (Little Jan) and Private James O. McLean (Medium Jan).
Editor’s notes
]) This was Private August M. Bakhuis Roozeboom, a Dutch commando who was killed on 19 September 1944.
2) General Miles C. Dempsey was commander of the British 2nd Army.
3) This would appear to be Arie van Veelen, a brother of Mr H. van Veelen, the author of Ministory No. 64.
4) Paulus Johannes Ooms lived at Bilderberg 1 at the time (now Sportlaan 1). Pie died on 9 October 1944, aged 53 years.

Download nieuwsbrief


Editors: Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil C. van Roekel G.H. Maassen jr.
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764
Newsletter No. 79, August 2000 Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark

”Corridor’ excursion
On Saturday October 7 next our society is organising a coach excursion along part of the ‘Corridor’, the advance route of British Army 30 Corps through Brabant that would become known as Hell’s Highway, and along which the objectives scheduled to be secured by the American 101st and 82nd Airborne Divisions lay. The trip will be led by society member Jacques Haegens, who will arrange to stop at selected spots on the way in order to provide explanations.
The programme is as follows:
09.00 hours: Bus leaves for Neerpelt in Belgium from the car park at the ‘Goede Herderkerk’ in Oosterbeek, east of the Airborne Museum. On the way a short stop will be made at Grave to pick up any possible excursionists from the south of the Netherlands. This pick-up point is the car park at the bus station before ‘Het Wapen van Grave’ on the N324, south of the Maasbrug.
11.00 hours: Arrival in Neerpelt and start of the journey along Hell’s Highway. Excursion points include the Schelde-Maaskanaal bridge, the market place in Valkenswaard (where coffee can also be taken), the bridge over the Wilhelminakanaal in Son and the Joe E. Mann monument in Best.
13.00 – 14.00 hours (approx.): Lunch in Best.
14.00 hours: Departure for the second part of the excursion. Locations visited will include the landing zones north-west of Son, the monument to the 501st Parachute Infantry in Eerde, the bridge over the Zuid-Willemsvaart in Veghel and the Maasbrug in Grave.
If time permits a visit will also be made to the (former) sluice bridge in Heumen.
The excursion costs 70 guilders per person, which covers the bus trip, lunch and excursion guide. This amount must be received by 20 September at the latest and bookings will be dealt with on a first come first served basis. There is a maximum of 48 seat available and you will be notified if you ‘make the cut’. If you wish to be picked up in Grave will you kindly indicate this when booking.

The monument to the American 501st Parachute Infantry in Eerde is one of the sites that will be visited during the ‘Corridor’ excursion oil 7 October 2000.
(photo: Eugene Wijnhoud)

Call to members in the UK
Plans are afoot to organise a theme weekend about the Battle of Arnhem in June 2001 in Oosterbeek, especially for our members in the United Kingdom. The programme, spread over two days (e.g. a Friday and Saturday), will probably consist of a coach and walking excursion, a lecture, a visit to the Airborne Museum accompanied by an English-speaking guide, and a dinner. Everything will be arranged by our representative in England Niall Cherry, in conjunction with the Friends’ Society excursion committee. Travel to the Netherlands and overnight accommodation in Oosterbeek or surroundings will need to be organised by the participants themselves, although help can be provided from the Netherlands if necessary. Of course, whether or not the plans go ahead depends on there being sufficient people wishing to take part. Therefore, we ask any of our UK members who may be interested in such a theme weekend in Oosterbeek to get in touch with Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD, UK: telephone numbers; home 0177 2632764, work 0177 2854593: e-mail,
We’ll keep you informed.

Commemorative envelope 2000
This year’s traditional Airborne Museum commemorative envelope has the Air Despatchers monument as its theme. This envelope is the fifth in the series ‘Monuments of the Battle of Arnhem’ and will be on sale in ‘Hartenstein’ from 17 September onwards, price 7 guilders. It can also be obtained by post. A limited number of envelopes from previous years is still obtainable at the museum.
See also our website,
Gift of rare book of photographs
Via Wybo Boersma, the Airborne Museum has obtained a virtually perfect copy of photographs of the Battle of Arnhem, compiled in the autumn of 1944. Only ten copies were ever produced on photographic paper, the compilers being the Photography Department of the 1st British Airborne Division. The book mainly contains pictures taken by the photographers of the Army Film and Photographic Unit in the September month of 1944.

Wallet back in museum
Many years ago the museum was given a wallet originally belonging to Private Edward Emmanuel Hird, who served with the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment. Private Hird died on 23 September 1944, but liis body has never been found. When, some time later, it came to light that his mother was still alive, the wallet was handed over to her through the good offices of the British Embassy. Following her recent death the family decided that this personal souvenir should be returned to the museum. And this has happened.
(W. Boersma)

Engraved fighting knife
A recent exchange deal has enabled the Airborne Museum to add a fine example of the Fairbairn-Sykes Commando dagger to its collection. This brass¬handled dagger originally belonged to Captain C.C. Chidgey, second-in-command of the 1st Airborne Ordnance Field Company, Royal Army Ordnance Corps. While in England he had the REME engrave his name on the dagger.
Captain Chidgey was severely wounded during the Battle of Arnhem and taken prisoner. He cannot remember if he lost the knife in England or during the Battle of Arnhem.

‘Witnesses to the Battle’
A small exhibition entitled ‘Getuigen van de Slag’ (Witnesses to the Battle) is to be held in the Airborne Museum from 25 November 2000 to 18 February 2001. Following the success of the 1999 exhibition ‘Graven in het Verleden’, the museum wishes to stage a winter exhibition again this year in conjunction with members of the Friends Society. Many of these members have objects, documents and photos, often with their own background story, that other people hardly ever get the chance to see. ‘Hartenstein’ would therefore like to give these members the opportunity to exhibit these items. In 1999 there was a lot of interest in helping to realise the exhibition, and the Airborne Museum Foundation management assumes that this will also be the case this time. Those willing to assist with the forthcoming exhibition, and who are prepared to make material available, should contact W. Boersma, tel. (home) 0318 639633, e-mail, or during the day at the museum (026 3337710).
(W. Boersma)

Exhibition 2001
Next year it is intended to devote the traditional exhibition in the Airborne Museum to ‘The Royal Engineers of the 1st Airborne Division’. Society member Patrick Pronk has pointed out to us that this unit will be celebrating its 60th anniversary in 2001. At the moment Patrick is working on a book about the Airborne Engineers which will probably be published in September next year, and he has already offered to help with the exhibition. Other members who would like to assist with the make-up and building of this exhibition, or can make available material, photos and/or documents, should contact the undersigned.
(W. Boersma)

Due to a regrettable misunderstanding between the printer and the publisher, the quality of the previous edition of our Newsletter was not quite what you have come to expect from us. The pages were not printed in the correct order, or cut and folded in the accustomed manner. The editors would like to offer their apologies for this error.

Registration of museum items
Museum staff employee Roland Boekhorst, together with volunteers Theo Diepenbroek and Jaap Jansen, have recorded all the items in the Airborne Museum storage depot. It would seem that a total of some 2,700 articles require storing.
At the moment they are busy with the registration of all items that are to be exhibited in the museum. It is expected that the project can be completed this year.

‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’ (II)
Perhaps one of the pleasures of being an ‘amateur’ author is the fact that, when undertaking the research and the writing of the story, you can spend the time trying to get the facts right! Having spoken to other enthusiasts, it seems to annoy a lot of us when we look at a book and find photographs incon ectly captioned or basic facts wrong! It is even more annoying when you write to the authors and they either don’t respond or say they will change things but don’t. We decided to put my home address inside the book in the hope that new infoi mation would come to light and so that people could easily contact me. I also hope that my book ‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’ has got the story just about right.
The book was launched on an unsuspecting public in September 1999, and just over seven months later the first edition has been sold out. A second edition is now on sale and is going fast. One of the nicest letters I have received was from an Arnhem veteran by the name of Roland MacFarlane. We have corresponded and spoken to one another over a number of months and an interesting story has come to light. Roland was a member of the RAMC attached to GHQ 1st Airborne Corps and flew from Harwell on 17 September 1944, intending to go to the Groesbeek Heights with General Browning.
However, he did not arrive in Holland that day, the glider crash-landing near Melksham in Wiltshire. It was reported the following day in a local newspaper as follows: ‘There was one glider that never made the crossing. It broke adrift near a Home County town but made a perfect landing in a field by a village. From the glider emerged a number of fully equipped sky troops, who stood around smoking cigarettes while a cordon of police kept.the sightseers away.’ Roland kindly lent me a scrapbook he put together soon after the war in which he says the Horsa’s load consisted of one jeep, one trailer, two motor-cycles, two bicycles, nine men complete with full kit, kit bags, sleeping bags and loads of food and medical supplies. A picture was taken at the time, which is reproduced here. It seems the cordon of police was, in Roland’s words, the village’s special constable and there was only one local present. Both can clearly be seen in this photograph. Roland also says that after unloading the jeep and trailer, the sleeping bags were placed on top of the trailer and roped off. The trailer
in the photograph is certainly well laden.
Roland managed to get to Holland on the 18th, but landed at Renkum rather than Nijmegen, didn’t know what he was doing there and ended up working in the Tafelberg, but that’s another story.
I would be interested in hearing from any member who has more information on this crash – who were the glider pilots and the other passengers? Also, on the back of the photograph is a stamp saying ‘No 1 Mobile Photographic Enlargement Section (Airborne).’ Has anybody any information on this unit?
Other new information has been forthcoming on the piano playing at the Schoonoord on 26 September 1944 and, perhaps more importantly, on the murder of Brian Brownscombe, the Medical Officer of the South Staffordshire Regiment. Indeed, Dutch Society member Bob Gerritsen is hoping to produce a booklet on the subject soon.

If any member of the Society would like a copy of ‘Red Berets and Red Crosses’ before it becomes a collector’s item and virtually unobtainable, the Museum shop has some copies left and I also have some. Price in the shop is 49.50 guilders, or direct from Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD, at 17 pounds 95p plus 4 pounds postage.
I also sell ‘Off at Last’ by Robert Sigmond, the story of the 7th Battalion The King’s Own Scottish Borderers in the Second World War, including their time in the 1st Airlanding Brigade. This costs 20 pounds plus 4 pounds postage.
(Niall cherry)

The Horsa glider which made a premature landing near Melksham in Wiltshire, England on 17 September 1944. (photo: via Niall Cherry)

The stamp on the back of the photo of the Horsa. Does anyone have any information about this unit? (photo: via Niall Cherry)

Battlefield Tour
Next Saturday 9 September the Airborne Museum is again organising a general battlefield tour over the former battlefields. Anyone may take part, the costs being 55 guilders per person, 47.50 guilders for Friends’ Society members.
(W. Boersma)

Filming for BBC documentary
At the end of last July a BBC television team was in the Netherlands for the making of a documentary on Operation Market Garden. The film presenter is Professor Richard Holmes, known among other things for his appearances in the documentary series ‘War Walks’ and ‘The Western Front’, shown on British TV over recent years. The series now under production will be broadcast next year.

Professor Richard Holmes in front of the camera in the meadow near the Oude Kerk in Oosterbeek during filming of the BBC documentary on Operation Market Garden, (photo: Robert Voskiiil)

‘Arnhem Ghost Town’ on Internet
In 1995, Arnhemse Courant journalist Andre Horlings wrote the book ‘Arnhem Spookstad, Herinneringen en foto’s van evacues, gastgezinnen en achterblijvers na de Slag om Arnhem, 1944-’45’ (Arnhem Ghost Town, Recollections and photos of evacuees, host families and those who remained behind after the Battle of Arnhem, 1944-’45).
A ‘monument to the evacuation’ in the form of a plaque placed at the beginning of Apeldoornseweg in Arnhem was paid for out of the profits.
The book has been out print for some years, but the author has put the entire publication on the Internet. The address is: capitolhill/1557/arnhemO.html.

Burial of unknown soldier
On Tuesday 11 July 2000, the simple burial service of an unknown British soldier took place at the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek. His remains were discovered in late 1995 during excavation work near Westerbouwing, Oosterbeek. The Recovery and Identification Service of the Royal Netherlands Army together with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission did everything in their power to identify the remains, but the sad lack of any items of reference made this impossible. It was therefore decided that he should be laid to rest as an unknown soldier.

‘A Hell of an Education’

Mr Doug F. Willies from England has recently written a book about the military career of Private Jack Hewitt entitled ‘A Hell of an Education. The Story of a British paratrooper signaller 1942-1947.’ The author describes Hewitt’s training, the actions in North Africa, Italy and Arnhem, deployment m Denmark Malaya, Java and Palestine, and his eventual demobilisation in 1947.
The two chapters on the Battle of Arnhem tell of Hewitt’s experiences during the fighting around Hartenstein and the escape across the Rhine.
The book also contains an overview of the radios used at Arnhem, complete with technical details. This publication can be ordered from the Airborne Museum (contact person, W. Boersma), and because the books have to be imported from England one should take into account a fairly lengthy delivery time.
‘A Hell of an Education’ is published by Interprint, Norwich in a simple, ring-bound format, comprises 140 pages, is illustrated, and costs 27.50 guilders plus p&p.
One pound sterling from each copy sold will go to the Airborne Forces Security Fund.
(W. Boersma)

Second-hand books sought
Visitors to the Airborne Museum often ask the cash desk staff about books on the Battle of Arnhem. It is well known that there are very few Dutch-language books on this subject, so one has to fall back on the second-hand book market. Friends’ Society members have the book service at their disposal, which is always well stocked.
Now, in order to help non-members in their quest as well, the museum is building up a stock of the most popular books on the Battle. If any members have spare books, or have managed to get hold of such at flea markets, car-boot sales etc, the museum would be pleased to have them. However, it is certainly not the intention to introduce a competitor to Okko Luursema s outstanding book service Contact A. Groeneweg at the museum for further information.
(W. Boersma)

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