Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

50 years ago: the first commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem
The 25th of September 1995 will see the 50th anniversary of the first Memorial Service which took place at the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek, then still in the course of construction. The organisation of this commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem was in British/Dutch hands and its origins lay in a chance conversation between the (acting) burgomaster of Renkum, Mr. J. ter Horst, and the commander of the 1st British Airborne Division, Major-General R.E. Urquhart. They decided that a service should be held at the cemetery on the 17th of September of every subsequent year. Up to now that has been the case, with the excep¬tion that the date has changed with the passage of time. It remains 17 September when that date happens to fall on a Sunday, otherwise the service is held on the first Sunday following the 17th of that month.
From the very first commemo-ration, the ‘Pilgrimages’ to Arnhem and Oosterbeek by British and Polish guests were photographed by the Arnhem photo¬grapher Herman Truin. One of his photographs from 1945 accompanies this article. The book ‘We Will Remember Them’, available in two languages and containing Truin’s photographs of the first 25 anniversaries (1945-1969), can still be obtained from the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ in Oosterbeek and from the Airborne Forces Museum in Aidershot. The book comprises 126 pages of A4 format.

25 September 1945. Schoolchildren lay flowers on the graves at the Airborne Cemetery, Oosterbeek.
(photo; Herman Train)

Hamminkeln excursion a great success
On Saturday May 27 1995, 50 members of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum made an excursion to the area around Hamminkeln in Germany where, on 24 March 1945, the last great airborne operation of the Second World War took place. This operation, code-named ‘Operation Varsity’, was a success, due in part to the lessons learned from ‘Operation Market Garden’ in September 1944.
The bus left Oosterbeek at 9 a.m. for Hamminkeln, where we were received an hour later in the ‘Friedeshalle’. During the break for coffee our local guide, Mr. Johann Nitrowski, showed a 1945 film documentary of ‘Operation Varsity’ which gave an idea of the preparations for and the progress of the operation. After this we got under way on our ‘battlefield tour’.
With the aid of photographs and maps Mr. Nitrowski explained the actions which had taken place at seven different locations. Among the places where the excursion paused were the dropping and landing zones, Hamminkeln railway station, the bridges over the Issel, the Rhine at
Wesel plus a number of command posts, such as the Stallmannshof and Kopenhof farms.
Lunch was taken at Gasthuis Constance near the Diersfordter Wald. During the trip our driver, Rob Grotendorst, was given plenty of opportunity to demonstrate his driving skills when negotiating the narrow, winding lanes.

Apart from a few places around villages where building has taken place, the operational area has changed little in 50 years. This enabled the ‘then and now enthusiasts’ to follow the events of 24 and 25 March 1945 with ease, using the maps and photos they had brought along.
There is insufficient space in this Newsletter to allow a thorough appraisal of all the facets of ‘Operation Varsity’ but, I can say to those who are interested, our magnificent guide Mr. Nitrowski will be publishing an extremely detailed book on the subject at the beginning of next year. More information will be provided in the Newsletter nearer the time. Tired but happy, the travellers arrived back in Oosterbeek at about 17.30.
Misters Nitrowski, Gerritsen, Voskuil, Van Roekel and Fennema; on behalf of all the participants, thank you for this fascinating excursion!
(Arie-Jan van Hees)

During the excursion to Hamminkeln on 27 May 1995, Mr. Nitrowski explains, with the aid of photographs, the landings of the 6th British Airborne Division.
(photo; Berry de Reus)

‘De Polen van Driel’ action raises 1,610 guilders
Two years ago Geert Maassen began ‘De Polen van Driel’ action. This meant that part of the sale price of the similarly titled book by the American/Polish author George F. Cholewczynski, sales of which were coordinated by Mr. Maassen, would go towards the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ renovation. The cooperation of the sellers of the book, the Oosterbeek book dealers Romijn and Meijer & Siegers, plus that of our association, was vital to this action.
The final amount raised was 1,610 guilders. This money went towards the purchase of a thermo-hygrograph, an instrument for constantly monitoring the temperature and relative humidity in the museum. Geert Maassen handed this useful piece of equipment over to the Airborne Museum Foundation management during an informal get-together on 8

June 1995. In his capacity as chairman, and on behalf of the management, Mr. J.W.A.M. Verlinden thanked all those who had participated in this action. Contrary to earlier reports, the price of the aforementioned book about the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group has not since been increased; it remains at 25 guilders.

Gift of unusual film-camera
The Airborne Museum received yet another very unusual gift, namely a ‘Cine-Kodak 8’ camera, during the same meeting at which the thermo-hygrograph was presented. This very camera was used by Mrs. Clous and her husband to film events in the vicinity of their house at the corner of Lebretweg/Utrechtseweg in Oosterbeek in September 1944.
This resulted in a unique piece of 8 mm film showing British and German soldiers as well as civilians, a piece of film which has since been used in various documentaries about the Battle of Arnhem. Use has also been made of the Clous film in the videos which are to be seen at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’. Accompanied by her son, Mrs. I.E. Clous-Veen came to the ‘Hartenstein’ in order to present this unusual camera herself. She also used the opportunity to put on record, and once again to emphasise, that she too had played an important part in the making of what is known to many as ‘the film of Clous the dentist’. Duly noted!

‘Light Warning Set’ now almost complete
Since the 1994 renovation the Airborne Museum’s attention has been focused on the two British ‘Light Warning Units’ used by the 1st Airborne Division in September 1944. Last year the Oosterbeek museum obtained the loan of an almost complete ‘A.M.E.S., type 6’ radar set from the Royal Netherlands Army and Weapons Museum in Delft. Following thorough refurbishment it is now on display in one of the upper rooms. The previously missing section of the ‘YAGl TV Type’ aerial has now been added. This three-part item was recently discovered by Mr. W. Boersma in the store-room of the Army museum. Mr. Boekhorst assisted in its restoration. The Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ also managed to get hold of the appropriate frequency meter. The only items now missing are a number of connector cables.

Gift of equipment
For 50 years they lay stored in the attic of a house on the Utrechtseweg in Oosterbeek; a large quantity of original pieces of equipment belonging to British Airborne troops. The Van der Hoop brothers found them in 1945 in the area of Valkenburglaan and Sonnenberg. They reappeared during attic clearing operations, and have since been handed over to the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’.

Great interest in ‘De Bevrijders’ (The Liberators) exhibition
The ’De Bevrijders’ exhibition which opened on April 5 1995 is attracting a lot of visitors. A large number of mannequins wearing the uniforms of the various army units which took part in the liberation of the Netherlands have been set up in the Airborne Museum’s new display room. The uniforms are in perfect condition, as are the associated items of equipment.
Virtually all of this authentic material comes from the private collection of Mr. W. Boersma, who is also responsible for arranging the exhibition. ‘The Liberators’ continues until 1 October 1995.

New conditions for those wishing to consult the archives and library
The conditions laid down by the Airborne Museum management concerning people wishing to consult the library or archives have, in practice, led to the need for further regulations. The somewhat supple wording of the original conditions has been the cause of disappointment and annoyance to some interested parties in the past. The modified regulations are as follows:
1. The library and archives are accessible on working days after first making an appointment with Mr. A.
—Groeneweg.-This.appointment must.be.made at least-
one week before the proposed visit (tel. 085-337710).
2. Archive material and books may be consulted under supervision. Material cannot be taken out on loan. Copies of documents and photographs subject to copyright cannot be provided. Copies of material which, in the view of the management, is not subject to copyright can be supplied within a reasonable timespan at cost price plus postage and packing costs.
3. Authors of a book or article in which use has been made of material lodged at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ are obliged to provide the museum archive with one copy of said book or article, as a gift, on publication. Furthermore, the museum must be mentioned in the list of sources.
(A. Groeneweg)

Monument to the evacuation of Arnhem
Exactly fifty years after the liberation of Arnhem on 14 April 1945, a monument to the evacuation in September 1944 was unveiled in the capital of the province of Gelderland. It is a bronze plaque affixed to the wall of a building on the corner of Jansbuitensingel and Apeldoornseweg. This spot was chosen because many of the 93,000 Arnhem evacuees, forced to flee in the days following 23 September 1944, passed along this way.
The unveiling was carried out by four members of the ‘Comite Gedenkteken Evacues’ (Evacuees Memorial Committee) on 14 April 1995. The money for the monument was raised from private sources, companies and institutions in the Arnhem region. The publication of the book ‘Arnhem Spookstad’ (Arnhem Ghost Town) coincided with the unveiling of the monument. The book contains recollections and photographs of the evacuees, host families and those who stayed behind after the Battle of Arnhem, 1944-’45. It was compiled by Andre Horlings, was published by ELMAR b.v. in Rijswijk and costs 24,95 guilders.

The hand-over of the thermo-hygrograph and the Cine- Kodak 8 camera on 8 June 1995. Left to right; Ceert Maassen, J. W.A.M. Verlinderu A. Groeneweg, Mrs. I.E. Clons-Veen and her son, and Mr. W. Boersma.
(photo; Berry de Reus)

German Order of Battle
During my recent visit to the Imperial War Museum in London my gaze happened to fall on the book ‘German Order of Battle 1944 – The Directory prepared by Allied Intelligence, of Regiments, Formations and Units of German Armed Forces. Originally published, London, British War Office, 1944, Reprint 1994′.
At last the British authorities have given permission for a reprint of this secret book on the order of battle of German forces at the time of the landings in Normandy. To my knowledge this is the only reference work that provides a detailed resume of the German forces up to regimental level. It was also used as a reference by all allied commanders.
It contains details about the organisation, concise information on the divisions and their commanders, the basic structure, identification codes, numbers and nature of the formations and units (divisions, higher formations and lower units). Also included are the ranks and make-up of the Waffen SS up to and including brigade level, help and semi-military organisations, foreign units, information about the higher officer echelons, lists of all regiments and divisions with codename, and an explanation of all abbreviations and codenames.
In short, an extremely useful reference work for those wishing to make a sensible contribution on the German army. It is not a war report but an absolute must for background information.
The book is published by Greenhill Books, Lionel Leventhal Ltd., Parkhouse 1, Russell Gardens, London NW11 9NN, London, the ISBN no. is ISBN 1-85367-170-3 and it costs 15,95 pounds sterling. (Chris van Roekel)

Airborne Museum’s cooperation in the ’50 Jaar Bevrijding’ (50 Years Liberation) event
The great ’50 Jaar Bevrijding’ event took place at the Soesterberg air base between 28 April and 8 May 1995. Various Dutch military museums took part, including the Oosterbeek museum. Mr. Boersma advised on the special exhibition at Soesterberg and the ‘Hartenstein’ provided a large number of uniforms, objects and material for display. Together with the Liberation Museum from

Groesbeek, the Airborne Museum had a large stand at the information market.
The Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum’s sales stall was also present, manned (or ‘ladyed’) by Mrs. De Langen and Mrs. Sandbrink.
Mr. Boersma was also present in a PR role for the museum, and was available to answer questions and provide information.
The event attracted more than 470,000 visitors, due in part to the good weather.

Presentation of the first volume of the book ‘Blik Omhoog’ (Glance Upwards)
The first volume of the book ‘Blik Omhoog 1940- 1945’, by our member Cor Janse, was presented on 14 July 1995 during a well-attended meeting in the ‘Neder Veluwe’ building in the grounds of the Wolfheze Psychiatric Hospital. It is sub-titled ‘Wolfheze en de Zuid-Veluwe in oorlogstijd’ (Wolfheze and the South Veluwe in wartime).
This first book describes in great detail the lot of the inhabitants of the village of Wolfheze during the period 1939 up to and including 16 September 1944. In addition great attention is given to the events in the south western Veluwe area, with Wolfheze as the centre point for the author’s compass.
Volume 2, due out in the autumn of 1995, begins with the preliminary bombardments of Operation Market Garden and deals with the history of the area between Arnhem, Ede and Wageningen up to and including the liberation and rebuilding.
Volume 1 of ‘Blik Omhoog’ contains 400 pages of A4 format.

‘Victory in Europe’
During the year of the 50th anniversary of the liberation many new books appeared, focused on the ending of the Second World War. One of these is ‘The Imperial War Museum book of Victory in Europe’ by Julian Thompson, whose earlier works include ‘Ready for Anything – The Parachute Regiment at War, 1940-1982’.
In ‘Victory in Europe’ Thompson describes the eleven months needed following D-Day for the conquering of Western Europe, seen through the eyes of servicemen in the British land, sea and air forces. He has made use of diaries, letters and taped interviews, all of which are to be found in the Imperial War Museum. The book also includes a chapter on Operation Market Garden.
This well-prepared publication contains over a hundred photographs and colour reproductions of paintings. ‘Victory in Europe’ was published in London by the Imperial War Museum in conjunction with Sidgwick & Jackson, and costs 25 pounds sterling.

A photograph from the Second World War showing the setting up of a ‘Light Warning Set’ aerial, (photo; Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ archives)

For some time one of our members, Philip Reinders, has been engaged in compiling a list of names of all British and Polish servicemen who were involved on the ground in the Battle of Arnhem.
Each soldier will be listed with: name, initial(s), rank and unit (platoon, company, battalion). Philip would also like his survey to include the eventual fate of each individual, i.e. whether or not he returned across the Rhine or was made prisoner-of-war. As the reader will be aware, those soldiers who lost their lives are listed in Jan Hey’s ‘Roll of Honour’ (as far as these are known).
Unfortunately no complete, official list of names per unit exists and the summary now being worked on still contains many blanks. Anyone who thinks he can contribute to this work is asked to contact Philip Reinders, Delftseveerweg 37d, 3134 JG, Vlaardingen, telephone 010-4356704. Heartily recommended!

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NEWSLETTER No. 58, May 1995
Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

From the editors
In publishing the Newsletter, which from this number onwards gets a bit of extra “colour”, we try to keep the Society of Friends up to date with the day-to-day affairs of the society and the Airborne Museum in addition to providing worthwhile information about the Battle of Arnhem.
Generally speaking the editorship has plenty of copy for each number, but that doesn’t mean to say that you cannot make a contribution to the Newsletter.
Should you have news, unusual information, questions about specific aspects of the hostilities in September 1944, or should you possess interesting photographs relating to the society, the museum or the battle, you can send them along to the editors at any time for possible inclusion.

Following the opening of “De Bevrijders” exhibition on 5 April 1995, the chairman of the Airborne Museum Foundation, drs. J.W.A.M. Verlinden, presents Canadian military attache Colonel F.K. Laforge with a “50 jaar bevrijding” (50 years liberation) flag.
(photo; Berry de Reus)

Excursion to Germany
In connection with the 50th anniversary of the liberation of the Netherlands, the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum is organising an excursion this year to the area around Hamminkeln in Germany.
The 6th British Airborne Division’s landings on 24 March 1945 will be the central theme of this trip which will take place on Saturday 27 May 1995. Attention will also be given to the landings by the 17th U.S. Airborne Division as well as to the Rhine Crossing operations at Wesel.
The programme is as follows.
09.00 departure by coach from the car park in front of the Goede Herderkerk (Good Shepherd church, next to the Kleyn Hartensteyn Brasserie), Utrechtseweg, Oosterbeek.
10.00 arrival in Hamminkeln. Coffee and showing of the documentary film “Operation Varsity”.
11.00 start of the excursion in the Hamminkeln and Wesel areas.
13.00 lunch.
14.00 continuation of the excursion.
16.00 start of return journey to Oosterbeek. 17.00 arrival in Oosterbeek.
The trip will be under the guidance of Mr. J. Nitrowski from Hamminkeln who has made an in depth study of the airborne landings in this region. During the excursion explanations will be in German, possibly with English summaries.
The cost is f 62.50 which covers the coach excursion, coffee, lunch and a comprehensive, illustrated guide. There are only 50 places available on the coach so applications will be handled on a first come first served basis. Closing date for applica¬tions is 17 May so, if you’re interested, pay up quickly. The treasurer will inform the lucky (and unlucky) would-be excur¬sionists in plenty of time.

Why an excursion to Hamminkeln?
This year the management of the Friends’ Society is organising an excursion to the area near Hamminkeln in Germany where, on 24 March 1945, the last great airborne operation of the Second World War took place. There are two reasons for choosing this area as subject.
In the first place we would like to investigate with you how the planning and execution of this airborne operation attempted to avoid the mistakes made at Arnhem. Those who are familiar with the course of the Battle of Arnhem will, on studying “Varsity” – the airborne part of the operation – come across certain decisions. They may conclude that, had similar decisions been taken in September 1944, the outcome of Operation Market Garden might have been totally different.
The second reason concerns the fact that this year sees the 50th anniversary of the liberation of our country, and not everyone is aware how the progress of the military operations eventually led to this liberation. It is therefore interesting to visit the areas which played such an crucial role in these military operations.
Furthermore, the Netherlands was liberated in the spring of 1945 by troops operating out of the region that we shall be visiting. They were part of a huge military force under the command of General Dwight D. Eisenhower which, in a gigantic campaign with a front line stretching from the Black Forest to the Netherlands, liberated Europe from German oppression. No fewer than 9 Allied armies were involved in this operation and 87 divisions fought many bitter encounters.
At a time when we shall be commemorating our liberation it is worthwhile pausing and reflecting for a while on this great force of arms, and we can best do this through such an excursion.
(Chris van Roekel)

5 April 1995. Chris van Roekel, compiler of the Schools Project, hands over the first copies to the chairman of the Society of Friends, drs J. Smits (left), and to Mr. Verlinden, chairman of the Airborne Museum Foundation (centre).
(photo; Berry de Reus)

List of members
A list has been drawn up of members who responded to our call to send in their name and field of interest. The list is enclosed with this Newsletter. Those who would still like to be included on the list can simply write in to this effect.

Exhibition “De Bevrijders” (The Liberators)
On 5 April 1995 Colonel F.K. Laforge, military attache to the Canadian ambassador, opened the exhibition “De Bevrijders” (The Liberators) in the Airborne Museum “Hartenstein”.
The exhibits on display include uniforms and equipment of the various Allied army units that took part in the liberation of the Netherlands in the 1944/1945 period. Allied forces from the United States of America, Canada, Great Britain, Poland, Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Norway fought on Dutch soil from 12 September 1944 until 5 May 1945. More than 13,000 servicemen sacrificed their lives for our freedom.
The exhibition at the Airborne Museum lasts until 31 October 1995.

Revised Schools Project presented
The opening of the “De Bevrijders” exhibition coincided with the presentation of the first copy of the revised Schools Project by the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum. The presentation was made by Mr. Chris van Roekel, the man behind the project, who handed over the first copies to the chairmen of the Airborne Museum Foundation and our society.
The revised schools project was made possible with the aid, in part, of the profits from the telephone card action held last year by the regional tourist board: “VW Arnhem, de Zuid-Veluwe & de Liemers”.

Gift of extraordinary press reports
The Airborne Museum “Hartenstein” has been given a number of original typed and handwritten press reports from the Battle of Arnhem.
For 50 years they had been in the possession of the veteran Mr. Butcher, who was a telegraphist in September 1944 attached to the Public Relations Team which went to Arnhem with the 1st British Airborne Division.
Mr. Butcher handed the reports over to his host Mr. Krijger from Oosterbeek while in Arnhem in September 1994 to attend the commemorations. Mr. Krijger in turn passed them on to the Airborne Museum.
The press reports were written by correspondents Alan Wood, Marek Swiecicki and Guy Byam. Before the reports could be transmitted to England they had to be passed by the censors, Captain Brett and
Lieutenant Williams. Their signatures appear on the reports together with the note “Passed for Publication”.
The press reports now reside in the archives of the Airborne Museum.

During the recent September commemorations an inhabitant of the Beneden-Weverstraat in Oosterbeek attached, alas temporarily, a little plate with explanatory text to his war-damaged gate.
(photos; Robert Voskuil)

In memoriam: Marek Swiecicki
Former war correspondent Marek Swiecicki has died in the United States; he passed away on 11 August 1994.
He was the author of the first ever book to be written about the Battle of Arnhem. It was entitled “With the Red Devils at Arnhem” and was published in November 1944. The book, for which Major-General R.E. Urquhart wrote the foreword, very soon appeared in Polish and Dutch versions. The latter was called “Roode Duivels in Arnhem”.
Swiecicki was born in Odessa in 1915 and grew up in the eastern Polish province of Wolyn. On completion of his studies at the University of Warsaw in 1937 he found employment with the Polish Telegraph Agency. He was in Paris at the outbreak of the Second World War.
He joined the Polish army in France, but when that country fell he made his way to Britain where he then worked for the Polish department of the BBC. As a correspondent with the exiled Polish Ministry of Information in London he was a member of the Polish liaison team at the headquarters of the 1st British Airborne Division. On the 18th of September 1944 he landed by glider to the west of Wolfheze. He quickly settled in at the Hartenstein hotel which became the operational base for his daily activities as war correspondent.
After the Battle of Arnhem Swiecicki worked as a press officer for General Anders, commander of the Polish 2nd Corps inTfaly. He accompanied units of the 1st British Airborne Division when they went to Norway in May 1945.
Following his demobilisation he worked first as editor of the “POLISH DAILY” newspaper in London and then as a journalist for Radio Free Europe. He emigrated to the United States in 1950 where he was employed in the Polish section of the “Voice of America” radio station. He had his own programme there until his retirement in 1993.
(George F. Cholewczynski)
Annual glider landings on video
“On The Same Spot” is the title of a new video film recording the landing of gliders during the last five commemorations of the Battle of Arnhem.
The first such flight took place on 22 September 1990 on the initiative of Mr. Luuk Buist from Oosterbeek, the aim being to commemorate the role of the Glider Pilot Regiment during the September 1944 hostilities. On 22 September 1990 two former glider pilots were flown from Terlet airfield near Arnhem to their original landing zones at Wolfheze by members of the local gliding club. Spectators and participants were so enthusiastic about this inaugural flight that it was decided to repeat the event each year up to and including 1994.
The film shows the preparations, the flight and the gliders landing on the zones at Wolfheze. It contains excellent ground and aerial shots.

The procession of old army vehicles carrying veterans to the landing zones also receives wide coverage, as does the wreath-laying ceremony at the Wolfheze monument on 14 September 1994. Sadly the glider part of the event had to be cancelled last year because of the atrocious weather conditions. The film also contains many authentic scenes from September 1944.
“On The Same Spot” was produced by Joop Bal and Luuk Buist. The film lasts thirty minutes, is available in both Dutch and English and can be obtained in the UK by sending £ 20 cash (no cheques) to; Bal Bedrijvsvideo, Rozensteeg 1, 6862 DH, Oosterbeek, The Netherlands.
St. Elisabeths Gasthuis in Arnhem closed
After almost 100 years the most famous hospital in Arnhem, the St. Elisabeths Gasthuis, closed its doors for the last time on 22 February 1995.
During the Battle of Arnhem, when it found itself in the middle of fierce fighting, it became one of the most important of the military hospitals. The 16th Parachute Field Ambulance had already installed itself there by the evening of 17 September 1944, and in the days that followed hundreds of wounded British and German soldiers and Dutch civilians were admitted.
It is not yet known what the future use of the building will be.

“Churchill’s Volunteer”
Reg Curtis is a well-known personality within the British Arnhem veterans group. He is a virtual ever-present at the annual commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem.
He has now written an account of Iris military career – which involved more than just “Arnhem” – and this has recently been published under the title “Churchill’s Volunteer – A Parachute Corporal’s Story”.
Reg Curtis joined the Grenadier Guards in 1937. Fie fought in France in 1940 and was among those who managed to escape from the beaches of Dunkirk. Back in England he volunteered for the Para Commandos, which entailed rigorous training often including extremely realistic military exercises. In November 1942 he went with the 1st Parachute Brigade to North Africa, where much bitter fighting took place at many locations. This was followed by the airborne landings on Sicily on 13 July 1943. In November 1943 his unit returned to his home country via North Africa, and back in England the 1st British Airborne Division began training for the invasion of Europe.
On 17 September 1944 he landed near Arnhem with tire 1st Parachute Battalion. The following day he received a serious leg wound during heavy street fighting in the western suburbs of Arnhem. He was taken to the emergency hospital set up in the Tafelberg hotel in Oosterbeek and there he remained for the rest of the battle. Curbs eventually ended up in a prisoner-of-war camp in Germany following stays in the St. Elisabeths Gasthuis in Arnhem and various hospitals in Apeldoorn. He was liberated by the Americans in 1945.
All these episodes have been described by Curtis in a lively manner, with a good eye for detail, and not without humour.
“Churchill’s Volunteer” contains 335 pages and includes photographs, drawings and appendices. It is published by Avon Books, 1 Dovedale Studios, 465 Battersea Park Road, London SW11 4LR and costs £ 14.95 exclusive of postage and packing.

Telephone cards highly valued by collectors
In 1994 the regional tourist board “VW Arnhem, de Zuid-Veluwe & de Liemers”, in combination with the Airborne Museum “Hartenstein”, issued a set of 4 telephone cards with “The Battle of Arnhem” as their theme.
Since then they have been chosen as no. 2 on the list of the Netherland’s most attractive telephone cards by the Dutch Telephone Card Club. Number one was a card showing the KLM aircraft the “Diver”.
A total of 900 “Battle of Arnhem” cards were issued in the Netherlands in 1994 and the Airborne Museum still has a few sets in stock. They cost 50 guilders per set.

Will “Who was Who” be reprinted?
In 1992 our society published the book “WHO WAS WHO during the Battle of Arnhem – The Order of Battle of airborne officers who fought at Arnhem in 1944”.
Tins reference work contains pertinent information on all 1st British Airborne Division and 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group officers.
Since its initial publication the compiler, Chris van Roekel, has thrice provided interested parties with lists of additions and corrections, but these lists of errata have not made the publication any easier to consult.
Partly because of this, and partly because the book is now sold out, the management is considering issuing a completely revised edition of ‘Who was Who’. To this end it is important that possible devotees let us know, in writing, whether or not they would be interested in such a reissue.
If you are interested drop a line to the society secretary through our British representative. The management will come to a decision on a possible reprint of ‘Who was Who’ based on the response.

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Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
NEWSLETTER No. 54, May 1994
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

From the editors

With the 50th commemoration of operation Market Garden still fresh in our memories, preparations are already under way for the next great anniversary, that of the liberation of the Netherlands in May 1945. Following the failure of the Battle of Arnhem, the Germans forced the inhabitants of the southern Veluwe region to leave their homes. There then followed the construction by the Germans of a formidable defensive line, which included trenchsystems and underground command posts, and the area was systematically plundered. Allied bombardments from the south caused even greater damage than the fighting in September 1944.
When Allied troops entered Arnhem and surroundings in April 1945 they found a destroyed and empty town. The former inhabitants, who had no other choice but to celebrate the liberation elsewhere in the Netherlands, were only able to return to their homes over the next few months.
Our society’s programme of activities for this year will also devote attention to the liberation.

15th General Members Meeting
You are invited to attend the 15th General Members Meeting of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum Oosterbeek. The meeting, which will include the Annual Meeting, will be held in the ZALENCENTRUM LEBRET (Lebretweg 51 in Oosterbeek, tel. 085-333168) on Saturday 1 April next, starting at 2 pm.
The agenda is as follows:
1. Opening
2. Minutes of the General Members Meeting of 9 April 1994
3. General Report 1994
4. Financial Report 1994
5. Audit Committee Report
6. Budget for 1995
7. Election of Officials
8. Appointment of reserve member to the Audit Committee
9. Questions
10. Closure of the meeting.

The curator of the Airborne Museum, Berry de Reus, fits an original sight to the 75mm Pack Howitzer in the relevant diorama in the museum. This sight, the only survivor from the 24 which were taken to Arnhem, comes from a private collection.
(Photo: Robert Voskuil)

Information on agenda point 7. Messrs Chr. van Roekel and A.
-Hofman have come to the end of their term of office but both have declared themselves available for re-election. Article 8 of the statute allows for the proposal of alternative candidates. In this event, a written nomination should reach the secretary (C/O Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ Oosterbeek) at least 10 days before the meeting, signed by a minimum of 10 members and accompanied by a declaration of availability from the candidate. The candidate must be a Society member and an adult.
Papers relating to financial matters will be sent to you separately. The Audit Commission report will be available for perusal half an hour before the meeting begins. After the meeting the film “De Bevrijding van Nederland’ (The Liberation of the Netherlands) will be shown. This documentary, dating from 1945, was made by the Canadian Army Film Service.

General Report 1994
We began the year with 1127 members. During 1994 15 people cancelled their membership, 20 people had their membership withdrawn through non-payment of subscriptions, and eight members died.
Membership was increased by 152, including two British and six Dutch ‘life members’. We ended the year with 1236 members.
Those who passed away were the ladies Mrs. H. van der Vlist, Mrs. J. Klaassen-Opendorp, Mrs. G.H.A. Gouda Quint and Mrs. J.F. van Hasselt, and the gentlemen Mr. H.P. Veenhuysen, Mr. H. van Drumpt, Mr. J. W. Regtering and Mr. H.
Blankenstijn Jr.

Saturday 27 August 1994. After 50 years jeeps once again stand ready to drive through the tunnel under the Arnhem-Utrecht railway embankment. See the account in the previous Newsletter.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

The Newsletter’s new design exceeded all expectations and four issues with associated Ministories were published. To coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Arnhem the 56th edition was given a front page in colour, and contained twice the normal number of pages. The schools project, organised by our society for many years, had to be adapted due to the renovation of the Airborne Museum. Dutch and English versions of the new folder appeared with an exceptional photograph of the Rhine bridge in Arnhem, taken after the Battle of Arnhem, on its cover. The 4,000 photo sheets – each pupil receives a copy with his/her folder – were provided free of charge by our printer, Linders-Adremo of Oosterbeek. Great Dutch and British interest was shown in our schools project in 1994. It appears to be an important tool in informing today’s youth of the events of September 1944.
By far the greatest gift from our society to the Airborne Museum last year was undoubtedly the financing of the new diorama depicting the artillery positions near the Old Church in Oosterbeek. The official hand-over took place on 18 May during the re-opening of the renovated and modernised museum.
Other gifts to the Airborne Museum included a portable overhead projector, protective covers for transportable dioramas, a Royal Enfield motorcycle and a set of original wheels for the Airborne handcart, itself presented by the King’s Own Scottish Borderers.
The society was promised 5,000 guilders for the schools project from the SEMO (Stichting Fondsenwerving Militaire Oorlogs- en Dienstslachtoffers – a trust which acquires funds for military war and service victims). A sum of 10,000 guilders from the profits from the sale of telephone cards will be presented to the museum by the ‘VW Arnhem, de Zuid-Veluwe and de Liemers’ (regional tourist board). This money will also be used for the schools project.
Last year many more propaganda/sales stands were present at various events, partly in conjunction with the 50th anniversary. They were to be seen at such events as the Netherlands Royal Air Force Open Days at Leeuwarden, the Heideweek at Ede, the Airborne Cycle tour at Doorwerth, the ‘Resistance day at Nunspeet, the Airborne Walk at Oosterbeek, the Societies market at Oosterbeek, the gathering of the veterans in Arnhem, the parachute drop on the Ginkelse Heide at Ede, the Polish commemoration at Driel, the veterans march in Arnhem, the Pegasus walk at Lunteren and the commemoration of the liberation of Vucht. Profit for the society and for the museum amounted to more than 25,000 guilders. Every year the society provides a fitting gift for the schoolchildren who place flowers on the graves during the memorial service at the Airborne Cemetery. This year they were given a copy of the booklet ‘De Tommies Komen’ (The Tommies are Coming), a society publication. The British and Polish children who took part each received a Pegasus badge.
Thanks to the sponsorship of R.Z.R. Zorgverzekeraar from Doorwerth (an insurance company), the society was able to present all the participating schools with a copy of the video ‘We’ll See You In September’. Last year the society made a fervent plea for the protection of the allied trenches from 1944 that are still to be found in the Hemelse Berg park and at the Bilderberg in Oosterbeek, and at Papendal in Arnhem. The Arnhem and Renkum municipalities were requested to place these items on the protected list. Renkum municipality reacted positively and took measures to ensure their continued existence; Arnhem municipality thought it sufficient to refer us to the owners of the areas in question.
An excursion was held on 18 June with the role of the 1st Airlanding Light Regiment Royal Artillery as its subject. The fighting that took place at Paasberg in Oosterbeek was also dealt with during the excursion. A theme afternoon was held in the Concert Hall in Oosterbeek on 17 December. Marcel Anker, one of our members, gave a lecture on the fate of C company, 2nd Parachute Battalion, after which the video film ‘We’ll See You in September’ was shown. On reflection one could say that 1994 was a very busy year, but it was also an extremely successful year.
(J.M. de Langen, secretary)

A reminder from the Treasurer
Members who have not paid their 1995 annual subscriptions are now asked to do so as soon as possible. Individual membership costs 20 guilders per year, family membership 30 guilders.
Airborne Museum receives 95,000 visitors
The Airborne Museum received 95,000 visitors during 1994, the year of the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem. Of these, 92,000 were paying visitors, while 2,000 veterans and 1,000 members of the Society of Friends visited the museum free of charge.
The wide publicity given to the anniversary ensured that 1994 was a top year for the museum. September alone saw 22,500 paying visitors, making this the busiest month in the museuni’s history.
Shop and store rebuilt
The total renovation of the Airborne Museum was rounded off in November and December last year when the shop and store underwent extensive rebuilding. The shop, which was housed for a time in the new exposition room in the cellar, has now been given its permanent spot next to the cloakroom on the ground floor.
The Hartenstein’s former wine cellar is now a store. Provisions for ensuring good ventilation and humidity control have been installed.

The Airborne Museum will be exhibiting the paintings and-drawings it received as gifts during the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem in September 1994 from 16 February until 19 March. The museum is also organising an exhibition entitled ‘De Bevrijders’ (The Liberators); it will run from 6 April until 1 October 1995. The exhibition, which is being held in connection with the 50th anniversary of the liberation of the Netherlands, will show Allied uniforms and equipment dating from the 1945 period.

Book Fair
The annual Book Fair will be held in the Airborne Museum on 22 April next, where secondhand books about World War II will be on sale. The experiences of previous years lead us to believe that this too will be a very busy day.

Gift of an extremely rare book
The Airborne Museum recently received a number books on World War II from a private donor. The collection contained one of the rarest books ever written about the Battle of Arnhem, the paperback

‘Five Days in Hell’ by Jack Smyth.
The author, a Reuter correspondent at the time, landed on the Ginkelse Heide with the 4th Parachute Brigade on 18 September 1944. He was wounded during the subsequent fighting and taken prisoner. The book, which incidentally doesn’t always adhere to the historical facts, was published in London in 1956.

‘ARNHEM, The Battle Remembered’
The 50th anniversary of the Battle of Arnhem led to the publication of a number of new books to do with

Former glider pilot Louis Hagen, author of the book ‘Arnhem Lift’, stands in front of No. 8 Stationsweg together with Ans and Sander Kremer. Hagen fought in and around this house in Oosterbeek, the then home of the Kremer family, for several days in September 1944. His visit to Oosterbeck-dtiring September last year was reported in the previous Newsletter.
(Photo: Robert Voskuil)

the battle. One such is the book ‘ARNHEM, The Battle Remembered’, by Robert Jackson. This book not only deals with ‘Arnhem’, it also covers the complete Market Garden operation.
The author begins with an analysis of the military situation in the period prior to 17 September 1944. There then follows a summary of the history of the various British Airborne operations and the lessons learned from them. He goes on to describe the Market Garden operational plan, the German military situation and the preparatory bombardments.
The day to day military operations, both Allied and German, are described in the next nine chapters. Ample attention is given to the daily air operations, including those of the Luftwaffe. Besides the general military story there are a number of eye-witness accounts.
Despite the complicated nature of the operation the author has succeeded in producing a clear and easy to read summary. The book is lavishly illustrated with photographs and maps, although it has to be said that more care could have been paid to some of the captions. The book comprises 184 pages and contains a list of notes and a literature list.
‘ARNHEM, The Battle Remembered1 was published in 1994 by Airlife Publishing Ltd., Shrewsbury, and costs £ 19.95.

Special edition of ‘Arnhem de Genoeglijkste’ (Arnhem the Most Pleasant)
Last September the Arnhem Historical Society ‘Prodesse Conamur’ published a special edition of its magazine, ‘Arnhem de Genoeglijkste’, containing articles about the September 1944 period.
In it, W.H. Tiemens has written about Tex Banwell and Hendrika van der Vlist, A.S. Stempher about ‘Een bijzonder weekeinde in September 1944’ (An extraordinary weekend in September 1944), G.H. Maassen about the ‘Poolse para’s op de Johannahoeve, dinsdag 19 September 1944’ (Polish paras at Johannahoeve, Tuesday 19 September 1944), F.R. Ranft about ‘Contacten in oorlogstijd’ (Contacts in wartime), P.R.A. van Iddekinge about the Arnhem bridge and A.S. Stempher about the evacuation of Arnhem.
Copies of this special edition are still available, price 5 guilders.

Last September a plaque was affixed to the wall of the Inland Revenue Office at the Rhine bridge in Arnhem, close to the spot where Lieutenant-Colonel John Frost’s headquarters ivas located in September 1944. (Photo: Berry de Reus)

Disappointing ‘Setback’
It is actually with great reluctance that I do this, but as one of the Newsletter’s editors I feel it my duty to make the readership aware of yet another new book about the Battle of Arnhem.
Some time has passed since Bert Kerkhoffs from Arnhem took it into his head to pick up his pen again and write something about September 1944. He even managed to get hold of a publisher as well, and the book duly appeared under the title ‘ARNHEM 1944 – Slag van de TEGENslag’ (ARNHEM 1944 – Battle of the Setback).
Kerkhoffs is one of those who is not exactly buckling under the burden of an excess of knowledge on the events of 50 years ago, and because of this the book is full of nonsense, flights of fancy, irrelevant facts and, worst of all, he doesn’t always tell the truth. I’ll give a few examples.
The author claims to have spoken to the former ‘Hohere SS-und Polizeifuhrer’ Hanns Albin Rauter after the war, and as proof of this he has published part of the text written by the war criminal himself. This text, however, is lifted direct from the Boeree collection, which is housed in the Arnhem Municipal Archives. It was in fact Boeree who spoke to Rauter, not Kerkhoffs!
According to the author himself he also interviewed the Polish General Sosabowski in 1949: ‘A soldier with dark eyes and a bristling moustache’. The General did indeed wear a moustache in September 1944, but this was not the case five years later. Did Kerkhoffs really talk to Sosabowski? Well of course not, no more than he spoke to Rauter and Eisenhower (Yes, Kerkhoffs even claims to have spoken to the last named as well).
About the Poles who landed at Driel on 21 September 1944, Kerkhoffs writes: ‘at Driel…the Polish parachutists were fired on by the British’… ‘because they wore different uniforms and berets’. There were no British at Driel, neither Airborne nor any other British unit. Besides this the Polish and British uniforms were identical, and at the time in question the Poles were, quite understandably, wearing helmets, NOT their grey berets.
Kerkhoffs’ finest piece of codswallop concerns the ‘American operators of the 1st British Airborne Division’s radio equipment’ who, after 50 years of research and despite assistance from ‘Colleagues in America, England, Canada and Poland’ are, and remain, untraceable. The retired Arnhem journalist obviously smelt an interesting tale somewhere in the far distance, but didn’t have the foggiest idea of where to go looking for the facts. American radio teams were indeed involved in the fighting, but they had nothing to do with the regular British signals troops. Why they were unable to carry out their specific tasks is clearly explained in the brochure “Calling ‘Sunray’! – de verbindingen tijdens de Slag om Arnhem, September 1944” (“Calling ‘Sunray’! – communications during the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944”), which was produced for the like- named exhibition held at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ (1991). The names of these Americans are known.
I could go on like this forever and ever.
In view of all this I, as Renkum municipal archivist, would have liked to discuss this book with Kerkhoffs, but he refuses any discussion on the grounds that I was born after the war . . . Likewise, the inhabitant of Arnhem has no desire to be grilled about his publication by the Arnhem municipal archivist. The reasons are perfectly clear. Let me end by saying that not one of the photographs in the book is accredited. That in itself says enough about the standard of what is written, about the author and about the publisher.
In short, don’t buy the book, but if you do, don’t bother reading it, just consign it to the bookshelf. Should you, however, despite all warnings, still be tempted to acquaint yourself with the contents, then simply take everything you read with a big pinch of salt!
(Geert Maassen)

Download nieuwsbrief


Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
NEWSLETTER No. 54, May 1994
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

From the editors
The 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem is already some way behind us. The days between 14 and 18 September were characterised by a kaleidoscope of happenings. The programme folder listed dozens of events, both big and small.
The official commemoration began on Thursday 15 September with a meeting in the Rijnhal in Arnhem during which the veterans were presented with a special commemorative medal. At the same time a service was held at the Eusebius Church with Prince Willem Alexander as guest of honour. On Friday 16 September some 5,000 British, Poles and local inhabitants sat down together for a veterans/civilians lunch which was laid on for them by 60 catering establishments in Arnhem. The traditional Silent Procession to the Airborne Monument at the Rhine bridge took place later that afternoon.

Airborne Cemetery, Sunday 19 September 1994. From left to right; General Sir John Hackett, Queen Beatrix, Prince Charles, drs. J. W.A.M Verlinden, burgomaster ofRenkum municipality.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

Despite the bad weather on Saturday 17 September, 700 mainly British parachutists made a parachute descent onto Ginkel Heath watched by tens of thousands of spectators, including Prince Bernhard and Prince Charles. Unfortunately, the memorial jump by 70 veterans had to be postponed to the following day, when it went ahead at Teuge airfield. A huge parade along Onderlangs in Arnhem took place on Saturday afternoon. This attracted many onlookers.
The high point was undoubtedly the emotional service of remembrance at the Airborne Cemetery at which Queen Beatrix and Prince Charles were the guests of honour.
This exceptional commemoration not only attracted enormous interest from veterans and civilians but also from the world press. ‘Arnhem’ made the front pages of many newspapers and it received extensive coverage on television.

In this Newsletter we have made a selection from the news surrounding the 50th commemoration and we shall be returning to the subject in the next issue.
‘Theme afternoon’, Saturday 17 December next
The annual Theme afternoon organised by our association will be held on Saturday 17 December next in the Concert Hall, Rozensteeg 3, Oosterbeek (tel. 085-332046).
The programme is as follows:
13.30- 14.00: Reception of the members;
14.00-15.00: Lecture by Marcel Anker from Duiven about ‘The fate of C Company, 2nd Parachute Battalion during the Battle of Arnhem’;
15.00-15.30: Intermission;
15.30- 16.45: Showing of the video documentary ‘We’ll See You In September’ (see elsewhere in this Newsletter);
Approx. 17.00: End of the Theme afternoon.

A busy throng at Oosterbeek town hall during the signing-in of the veterans (September 1994). (photo: Berry de Reus)

Message from your UK representative
Thank you for your support of the Friends and for your generosity.
A kindly reminder that subscriptions are due on the 1st of January 1995. Donations are always welcome. Signed: Ted Shaw, UK representative.

Information morning on 17 December
For a number of years now many of our members have been engaged in historical research into various aspects of the Battle of Arnhem. A number of these have now taken the initiative for organising an information morning on Saturday morning the 17th of December. This will be held in the Concert Hall in Oosterbeek.
The members in question will be there, with part of their collections, to explain about their research and to exchange ideas with other members; Okko Luursema will also be on hand with his bookstall. Subjects under the spotlight will include the Glider Pilot Regiment, the 7th Battalion The King’s Own Scottish Borderers, the Reconnaissance Squadron, the battle around Wolfheze, the 2nd Battalion The South Staffordshire Regiment, the Dorsetshire Regiment, C Company of the 2nd Parachute Battalion etc. The Concert Hall will be open from 10 am for all those interested. Admission is free.

21st Independent Parachute Company again ‘first in’
In September 1944,180 men of the 21st Independent Parachute Company jumped onto landing zones ‘S’ and ‘Z’ and dropping zone ‘X’ half an hour before the main force in order to indicate the zones with marker panels, smoke canisters and Eureka beacons. Now, fifty years later, they were again ‘first in’. They arrived in Oosterbeek in a group on 1 September last. During their stay they visited the Airborne Cemetery, laid a wreath at ‘their’ monument at the comer of Utrechtseweg and Stationsweg, took part in a battlefield tour and visited the individual places where they had fought during the Battle of Arnhem. David Eastwood, one of the former platoon commanders, was interviewed on one of the landing zones for the new video documentary ‘We’ll See You In September’. With the aid of an original marker panel from 1944 he demonstrated how the dropping and landing zones were indicated for the main force.

Tunnel under the railway embankment excavated in historical reconstruction
A few hundred metres east of Wolfheze station is a small tunnel under the railway embankment. The people of Oosterbeek refer to it as ‘de derde duiker’ (the third culvert), since it is one of three intended for the drainage of excessive rainwater. Cyclists and walkers also make extensive use of it for getting from one side of the Arnhem-Utrecht railway to the other. Few people know that this culvert played an important role during the Battle of Arnhem.
When, on 19 September 1944, the attack by the 10th and 156th Parachute Battalions foundered on the strong German defensive line along the Dreijenseweg, Major-General Urquhart ordered these troops to withdraw from Johannahoeve to the area south of the railway line. According to the War Diary of the 4th Parachute Squadron Royal Engineers and to various other personal accounts, some troops in jeeps made use of this culvert under the railway embankment.
However, doubts arose as to whether this could have actually been possible because the tunnel appeared to be far too narrow and low for jeeps to pass through. Besides this, over the years earth had piled up at both entrances, making access appear even more tight. The only real way to prove if the jeeps could indeed have driven through was to restore the tunnel to its original state.
On Saturday 27 August 1994 a number of volunteers assembled at the culvert, bent on clearing the entrances. With the aid of a digger and driver, provided by the Bouwman company of Arnhem, and the muscle power of members from our association and the Keep Them Rolling group, the entrances at both sides of the embankment were opened up. After two hours labour, accompanied now and then by a miserable, drizzly rain, the work was finished and the engines of the six original jeeps that were on hand were started. The first vehicle drove gingerly into the tunnel, followed closely by the others. The culvert did indeed appear to be big enough. With the windscreen laid flat the jeeps could get through. The initiators of the test were satisfied. It had been proved empirically that the reports from 1944 were correct.Thanks are due to Netherlands Railways for their generous cooperation in this investigation.

Monument to the people of Gelderland
On 14 September 1994, in pouring rain, General Sir John Hackett unveiled a monument alongside the eastern driveway of the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’. With this monument the British wish to express their everlasting gratitude to the people of Gelderland for all the help they gave to the 1st British Airborne Division and the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group in September 1944. The inscription reads:
‘To the people of Gelderland.
50 years ago British & Polish Airborne soldiers fought here against overwhelming odds to open the way into Germany and bring the war to an end. Instead we brought death and destruction, for which you never blamed us.
This stone marks our admiration for your courage, remembering especially the women who tended our wounded. In the long winter that followed your families risked death by hiding Allied soldiers and airmen, while members of the Resistance helped many to safety.
You took us into your homes as fugitives and friends, we took you forever into our hearts. This strong bond will continue long after we are all gone.’ The Queen’s Commissioner for Gelderland, Mr. J. Terlouw, thanked General Hackett for this emotive monument. ‘

Unveiling of the monument to the people of Gelderland by Sir John Hackett on 14 September 1994.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

Restored Airborne Monument in Heelsum unveiled
In the previous Newsletter we mentioned that an action had been started to collect funds for the restoration of the Airborne Monument in Heelsum. On Wednesday 14 September 1994, almost 49 years after the original unveiling, the completely restored monument was once again unveiled. Major AJ. Hibbert, Brigade Major of the 1st Parachute Brigade in 1944, made a speech after which Mrs. Van de Poll, widow of the Heelsum blacksmith who put the monument together in 1945, carried out the unveiling ceremony assisted by a number of children. The 6 pounder gun, the centre piece of the monument, is once more as new; even the wheels are back on. The area around the monument has also been given a complete tidy-up.
The fine end result can be attributed to excellent cooperation between private individuals, the business community and the local government.

Plaque and bench seat for the Dorsets
In the morning of Friday 16 September 1994 a group of soldiers from the 4th Battalion The Devon and Dorset Regiment crossed the Rhine near the Westerbouwing in four small boats. The group included a number of veterans from the original 4th Battalion The Dorsetshire Regiment.

It was men from this battalion who, under covering fire from the 5th Battalion of the same regiment, crossed the Rhine during the night of 24-25 September 1944 to provide reinforcement to the beleaguered Airborne Division at Oosterbeek. The crossing that night was carried out under murderous German fire, resulting in many dead and wounded. After the 1994 crossing a small parade took place in the grounds of the Westerbouwing restaurant. There then followed a short service during which Lieutenant-Colonel A. Thorburn presented a wooden bench seat to the Renkum municipality. The bench has been given a place on the western side of the restaurant where it looks out over the crossing point of 50 years ago. A plaque was then unveiled on the south wall of the Westerbouwing in memory of the 4th and 5th Battalions The Dorsetshire Regiment.

New monument at Airborne Square in Arnhem
A new monument in the wall around the sunken part of the Airborne Square (‘de Berekuil’ = the Bear pit) was unveiled on 16 September last on the occasion of the 50th commemoration. It consists of two long stone blocks bearing, as text, the motto of the fiftieth anniversary, ‘Battle of Arnhem, Bridge to the Future’. The monument was made by the Oosterbeek artist Marius van Beek.

Monument to the Air Despatchers
One of the areas where large quantities of supplies were dropped to the British Airborne troops in September 1944 was the area to the north of the Airborne Cemetery. On Sunday afternoon 18 September 1994, a monument was unveiled on the southern edge of this area in memory of the Air

Memorial service at the Eusebius Church in Arnhem on 15 September 1994. From left to right; Dr. J. Terlouw, Queen’s Commissioner for the Province of Gelderland, General Sir John Hackett and Prince Willem Alexander, (photo: Berry de Reus)

Despatchers of the Royal Army Service Corps who were killed 50 years ago. These were the men responsible for dropping the panniers and containers during the re-supply flights.
Many low-flying aircraft fell victim to German anti-aircraft artillery during these flights in the Arnhem area and many lives were lost. Seventy-nine Air Despatchers were among those who died on these re-supply missions.

General Sir John Hackett receives medal of honour from Ede
At a meeting held in Ede town hall on Thursday evening 15 September 1994, the Burgomaster of Ede, Mr. W. Blanken, presented General Sir John Hackett with a medal of honour on behalf of the municipality of Ede. With this presentation the Ede municipal officials wish to honour all Airborne troops who went into hiding in the area fifty years ago.
The badly wounded Brigadier Hackett was hidden for a good four months in the home of the De Nooij family in the Torenstraat, Ede. Early in 1945 he managed to return to the British lines in the south of the Netherlands via the Biesbosch (a watery area of small islands and reed beds to the east of Rotterdam).
Great interest in the photographic exhibition ‘Civilian Images’
This year the annual exhibition held in Oosterbeek town hall concentrated on photographs and films made by the civilian population during the Battle of Arnhem. The exhibition ran from 8 September to 27 October.
This is the first time in 50 years that these ‘civilian images’, as the exhibition is called, have been brought together, and this is thanks to the compilers Geert Maassen and Robert Voskuil.
The search for original pictures from September 1944 brought still more new photographs to light.
Eventually 27 of the photographers could be identified by name, but at the present time ten are still unknown. In total 167 photographs were unearthed, all of which were exhibited whatever their quality.
It was possible to put the original 8 mm film shot by four amateur cameramen onto video, and these were shown during the exhibition.
Many of the people who had wielded the camera in September 1944 were present at the opening of the exhibition on 7 September.
There have been requests from all sides regarding the possibility of putting all the photographs together in a book. As a result both compilers have decided to take a look at what can be done.

Parts of David Lord’s Dakota in the exhibition ‘Final Resting Place in Holland’
An exhibition was held in Oosterbeek public library during September and October to do with the air war over the Netherlands in the period 1939-1945. This exhibition was set up by the Dutch Aircraft Examination Group (DAEG) which has recovered various Allied and German aircraft over the past years.
The exhibits included some remnants of Dakota KG 374 from 271 Squadron. This aircraft, flown by Flight Lieutenant David S.A. Lord, was shot down by German anti-aircraft fire on 19 September 1944 while on a re-supply mission to Arnhem. With the aircraft already on fire and despite the heavy flak, Lord twice circled the supply dropping zone so that the despatches could get the supply panniers away. They managed to drop all the supplies but immediately afterwards a wing broke off and the aircraft crashed near Reijerskamp farm just to the north-west of Wolfheze.
Lord was posthumously awarded the highest British military honour, the Victoria Cross, for his courageous efforts.
The DAEG recovered the remains of the aircraft earlier this year. Parts of other aircraft shot down during the Battle of Arnhem were also on display during the exhibition.

‘The Remains of a Battle’ exhibition gives a view of ‘military archaeology’
Just as they did a few years ago, a number of our association members organised an exceptional exhibition to mark the anniversary in September. It was entitled ‘The Remains of a Battle’ and ran from 12 to 25 September 1994 inclusive at the Westerbouwing. Messrs H.A. Leydecker, M. Hofstede, N. Hulshof, H. van der Velden and M. Clemens exhibited a large part of their personal collections of items that have been found over the years on and under the former battlefield around Arnhem.
Besides pieces of equipment it was the personal belongings of the soldiers which attracted much attention. Everything was well documented and set up in an easy to view manner. Entrance was free but, thanks to the many donations from the visitors, a princely sum could be handed over to the Airborne Forces Security Fund.

Presentation of Middlebrook’s book at the Airborne Museum
Mention was made in the previous Newsletter of Martin Middlebrook’s new book ‘Arnhem, The Airborne Battle’.
The author came over to the Netherlands on the 25th of August 1994 to present both the English and Dutch editions at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’.
During this informative gathering Middlebrook explained to the assembled press how he had gone about writing the book. He began in 1989 by reading through all the official reports held by the Airborne Forces Museum archives at Aidershot.
He next interviewed, personally or by letter, some 500 veterans. Armed with this knowledge he then travelled to Arnhem in order to study the battlefield in detail and to interview a number of civilians who had been caught up in the fighting.
Finally Middlebrook began writing. Originally the publisher allowed him 120,000 words but this was eventually stretched to 160,000 words, resulting in a book of about 500 pages.
‘Arnhem, The Airborne Battle’ is Middlebrook’s last book; from now on he intends concentrating on guiding interested parties around the battlefields of Europe.
Author of ‘Arnhem Lift’ visits Oosterbeek
By January 1945 the first little book about the Battle of Arnhem was already in the bookshops. It was called ‘Arnhem Lift, Diary of a Glider Pilot’. The first edition appeared anonymously for security reasons. The Dutch version, which was published in 1946 under the title ‘Ik vocht om Arnhem, Dagboek van een zweevliegtuig-piloot’ (I fought at Arnhem, Diary of a glider pilot) did indeed carry the author’s name: Louis E. Hagen. Fifty years after the battle he was back in Oosterbeek.
In September 1944, when he fought in houses on the eastern side of the perimeter, he became acquainted with an Oosterbeek family. Mr. and Mrs. Kremer, their 11 year old son Sander and 12 year old daughter Ans, lived at the time in a large villa, no 8 Stationsweg. During the 50th anniversary Louis Hagen stayed at Ans Kremer’s house in Mariaweg, close to Stationsweg. On a walk past the old house, Louis Hagen, Ans and Sander reminisced about September 1944.
Hagen’s book ‘Arnhem Lift’ has been published far and wide and in many languages over the last 50 years, and recently a revised and expanded edition appeared. It includes the story of Major Winrich Behr, who in September 1944 was involved in the battle as Field-Marshall Model’s Adjutant. Winrich Behr and Louis Hagen met each other 45 years after the Battle of Arnhem during a dinner in Germany, and became friends. Hagen decided to include Behr’s story in his book so as to give the German view. This new edition of ‘Arnhem Lift’ is published by Leo Cooper, London, and costs £ 13.95

‘Arnhem, A Tragedy of Errors’
Last September the book ‘Arnhem, A Tragedy of Errors’ appeared, coinciding with the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Arnhem. The author is Peter Harclerode.
In this book the author provides an objective analysis of operation Market Garden in which, as well as looking to existing publications, he makes extensive use of original sources such as the War Diaries from the Public Records Office in London.
He describes the preparations for this gigantic ground and air operation in a systematic manner, and points out where the most important evaluation faults were made.
One of the interesting aspects investigated by Harclerode is the part played by the decoded German messages, under the code name ‘Ultra’. The messages, which were decoded at Bletchley Park near London, provided the Allied high command with exact details of German troop movements, and therefore the movement and strength of the 9th and 10th SS Panzer Divisions in the Arnhem area as well. The author has consulted all these TJItra’ messages for his book.
In the chapters concerning the progress of the battle, the operations of the Airborne Divisions, 30 Corps and of the German units are looked at in turn. In particular, his analysis of 30 Corps’ operations provides an interesting and nuanced picture of the causes for the delays in this Corps’ advance. ‘Arnhem, A Tragedy of Errors’ is published in Britain by Arms and Armour Press, London. It is illustrated with photographs and maps and costs £ 16.99.

‘Nothing is Impossible’
At the beginning of September last a book bearing this title and written by ex-glider pilot Victor (Dusty) Miller made its appearance. In it the writer describes his experiences during the airborne landings on

17 September 1994. Three of General Stanislaw Sosabowski’s grandchildren lay flowers at the Polish monument in Driel. General Sosabowski commanded the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group in 1944. (photo: Berry de Reus)

Sicily in 1943, at Arnhem in 1944, and during the Rhine crossing in 1945. His story is based on diary notes which he began making at the start of his military service. After his demob in 1946 he expanded on his notes.
Now, fifty years after ‘Arnhem’, he and his son have reworked and published the manuscript. The result is an extremely interesting and readworthy book. One hundred and thirty of the 276 pages are devoted to Miller’s lot during the Battle of Arnhem.
He spent the greater part of the battle in the grounds surrounding the British headquarters at the Hartenstein Hotel, and he describes in great detail what happened to him in those days. Fie manages to recapture very vividly the atmosphere during the patrols, the shelling and the fighting around the Hartenstein. The locations where the various events took place are indicated on a map of the area. Miller was among the lucky ones who managed to escape across the Rhine during the night of 25-26 September 1944, and this episode is also dealt with extensively in the book.
Last 17 September Victor Miller was at the Airborne Museum together with his son to sell signed first editions of the book himself.
‘Nothing is Impossible’ is illustrated with photographs and maps. The book is published in England by Spellmount, Staplehurst, United Kingdom (ISBN 1-873376-30-8) priced £ 18.95. It is also available at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ for / 56,-.

‘Without Tradition, 2 Para 1941-1945’
The 2nd Parachute Battalion has without doubt become most well-known as the battalion which, in September 1944 under the command of Lieutenant- Colonel John Frost, defended the Rhine bridge in Arnhem against overwhelming German forces. However, the history of this battalion does not begin and end with ‘Arnhem’, and this history has recently been put together by Robert Peatling in the book ‘Without Tradition, 2 Para 1941-1945’.
The battalion was formed in 1941. Volunteers from all the various regiments of the then British army reported for service with the new airborne units. These units had no military tradition, hence the title of the book ‘Without Tradition’.
The first important operation carried out by this battalion after an intensive training period was the raid on Bruneval in northern France in February 1942. C Company, under Major John Frost, was successful in capturing parts of a German Wurzburg radar installation and returning them to England for examination.
Frost was given command of the entire battalion in October 1942, a command he would hold up to and including the ‘Arnhem’ operation. The battalion took part in operations in North Africa from November 1942 up until July 1943, after which it was sent to Sicily on 13 July 1943, and then to Italy. The 2nd Parachute Battalion returned to England at the beginning of December 1943 to prepare for the invasion of Europe.
On September 17 1944 the battalion, 31 officers and 487 other ranks strong, took off for Arnhem. At the roll-call in Nijmegen after the evacuation on 25 September just 17 men of the 2nd Parachute Battalion answered their name.
The book relates the history of the 2nd Parachute Battalion based on official reports but especially through a multitude of personal accounts from veterans of the battalion.
The book costs £ 16.95 and can be obtained in the UK by ordering direct from the author: Robert Peatling, 36 Park Lane, Wimborne Minster, Dorset BH21 1LD. The book is available in the Netherlands from Mrs. Pelster in Oosterbeek, tel. 085-333479, at/ 50,- including postage and packing.

‘Sprong in de Afgrond’ (Leap into the Abyss)
That is the title of a book written by the Dutch journalist Harry van Wijnen about the failure of Operation Market Garden. Following a study of the available literature, Van Wijnen has produced yet another list of the most important reasons for the failure of the operation.
The book is written in a racy style, but in his analysis of the historical facts the author quite often falls into the trap of making ‘cheap’ generalisations. He regularly makes extremely black/white assessments of people and situations. Field-Marshall Montgomery in particular, but Major-General Urquhart as well, bear the brunt of his criticism.
It would appear from a number of annoying mistakes here and there in the book that the author himself is not exactly infallible. Consequently brigades, landing zones and landing data are mixed up with one another in an irritating manner. Although the book provides a reasonable overall picture you will not find in it ‘this tragedy shown in a surprising new light’ as the text on the back cover would have us believe.
‘Sprong in de Afgrond’ is only available in the Dutch language and is published by Uitgeverij Balans. It contains 161 pages, is illustrated with photographs, and costs f 27,50.
An overall look at 50 years of commemoration

The Open Air Museum in Arnhem organised an exceptional exhibition which ran from the beginning of September until mid-October last. The exhibition was called Van oorlogsherinnering naar monument, 50 jaar herdenken van de Slag om Arnhem’ (From memory of war to monument, 50 years of commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem).
The exhibition was opened on 1 September by Dr. L. de Jong, former director of the State Institute for War Documentation and historian of the Kingdom of the Netherlands during the Second World War.
During the exhibition the book ‘Don’t forget us; we shall not forget you’, written by J.O. van der Heijden, was available for purchase. This book, which is in Dutch and English, gives a survey and analysis of 50 years of commemorations.
The book is illustrated with photographs and is published by the Open Air Museum.

New catalogue of books about the Battle of Arnhem
In 1975 Dr. P.G. Aalbers compiled a bibliography of books about the Battle of Arnhem. A supplement to this bibliography appeared in 1978.
Arnhem Library possesses a large collection of literature to do with operation Market Garden, at the moment some 1,500 titles. Within the framework of the fiftieth anniversary of this operation, the library has published a catalogue of this collection. One difference between the aforementioned Aalbers bibliography and this Arnhem Library publication is that, whereas Aalbers lists literature which is not connected to any particular collection, the new catalogue only contains titles which are in the possession of Arnhem library.
The catalogue, compiled by M.H. Alofs, is available from Arnhem Library, Koningstraat 26, Arnhem, price f 10,-.

Book of photographs of the Battle of Arnhem commemoration
‘Vijftig jaar na de Slag om Arnhem’ (Fifty years after the Battle of Arnhem) is the title of a book of photographs which gives a survey of the commemorations in September 1994.
The book, published by the Arnhemse Courant/the Gelders Dagblad (two local newspapers), contains many colour photographs with captions and an introduction by the paper’s chief editor, G. Dielessen. It contains 32 pages and costs f 15,-.
The proceeds from the sale of this book will be used entirely for the setting up of a monument to the evacuation of Arnhem in 1944 (see elsewhere in this Newsletter).
The book ‘Vijftig jaar na de Slag om Arnhem’ can be purchased from all offices of the Arnhemse Courant, the Gelders Dagblad, the Apeldoornse Courant, the Deventer Dagblad and the Overijssels Dagblad.

Video documentary ‘We’ll See You In September’
In the previous Newsletter mention was made of the preparations for the production of a video documentary about the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem. This documentary, produced by Bal Bedrijfsvideo of Oosterbeek, has recently been completed and is now on sale.
‘We’U See You In September’ gives an impression of the various commemorative meetings and get- togethers during the 50th anniversary. There are reports on events such as the Silent Procession and wreathlaying in Arnhem, the dropping of British parachutists at Ginkel Heath, the wreathlaying at the monuments in Oosterbeek and Driel, the parade of honour in Arnhem and the highpoint, the service of remembrance at the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek.
In addition the film contains many authentic pictures made by British and German film makers and amateurs in September 1944, film of the liberation of Arnhem in 1945 and old cinema newsreels of the first commemorative gatherings just after the war. All is interspersed with interviews with old combatants and with civilians who were involved in the fighting at close range.
There are Dutch and English versions of the film and the running time is 82 minutes. Joop Bal presented the first copies of the video to the burgomasters of Arnhem, Renkum, Ede and Heteren – Mr. P. Scholten, drs. J.W.A.M. Verlinden, Mr. W. Blanken and Mrs. A.E. Verstand respectively – during a festive meeting at the Airborne Museum on 17 October.
Information about this film can be obtained from Bal Bedrijfsvideo, Rozensteeg 1,6862 DH Oosterbeek.

Video for the schools
Thanks to the sponsorship of R.Z.R. Zorgverzekeraar from Doorwerth (an insurance company), the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum was able to present all the schools which took part in the laying of flowers at the Airborne Cemetery with a copy of the video ‘We’U See You In September’.
Each year the Society of Friends provides a fitting gift for the participating pupUs. This year they each received a copy of the Society’s publication ‘De Tommies Komen’ (The Tommies are Coming). Thanks to the donation of this video to the schools, young people will be able to acquaint themselves now and in the future with the things that happened in this region in 1944, and how these events have led to the annual commemoration.

Airborne Museum receives documents from the ‘Ryan Archives’
All the documents, diaries, interviews etc that Cornelius Ryan compiled during the years he was writing Iris books ‘The Longest Day’, The Last Battle’ and ‘A Bridge Too Far’ were handed over by his widow to Ohio University in America on his death in 1974. There they can be consulted for historical investigations.

A large number of copies of the ‘Battle of Arnhem’ reports and interviews have now been placed at the disposal of the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ in Oosterbeek. During an informal meeting held on 8 September, Doug McCabe and Adrie H. Nab, archivist and Vice President for University Relations respectively at Ohio University, presented a small selection of the Ryan Archives for display in the museum. The rest of the documents will follow shortly.

Regimental flags fly in front of the Airborne Museum
During the recent days of commemoration in September 1994, the flags of many of the units which took part in the Battle of Arnhem were flown from the flagpoles in front of the Airborne Museum. Thanks to the initiative and drive of our member Don Jacobs, an employee of the museum, 16 flags from various museums and barracks in the UK were brought over to the Netherlands. Jaap and Bart van Genderen, both Friends, ensured that the flags were raised and lowered each morning and evening, and each evening their mother took care of the hanging out and drying of the flags. Piet Spronk and Cees Wichart, both employed by Renkum council, provided the necessary assistance.

Commemorative envelope
This year sees the 17th issue of an annual commemorative envelope by the Airborne Museum Foundation.
A special drawing was made for this envelope by the Arnhem artist Ben Speijdel depicting various aspects of the Battle of Arnhem. The 90 cent stamp, which was issued to mark the 50th anniversary of Operation Market Garden, was chosen for this envelope and it is specially franked with the date ’17 September 1994′. The envelopes are numbered from 1 to 1,000 and are available from the Airborne Museum at £ 5,- each.
The issue of this 17th commemorative envelope ends the series.

Airborne commemorative art poster
Within the framework of the September commemoration all veterans received a special Airborne poster presented on behalf of the Renkum municipal management. The art poster was produced by the Oosterbeek photographer Henk Gerri tsen.
Other interested parties can also obtain a copy of this handsome poster. It costs just f 5,- and is available from the Oosterbeek town hall Information Department, the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ and the VW tourist offices in Oosterbeek and Arnhem.

During a visit to the Airborne Museum General Sir John Hackett is presented with a small painting of the house in Ede where he was in hiding in the autumn of 1944. Mrs. Urquhart looks on with interest.
(photo: Bern/ de Reus)

Airborne Commemoration Foundation booklet still available
1. At the end of August a jubilee booklet was published by the Airborne Commemoration Foundation to mark the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem entitled ‘The Battle of Arnhem 1944-1994’.
Besides the official programme the booklet contains three articles. The first gives an overall picture of the battle in September 1944, the second deals with the origin and development of the Airborne commemoration and the third is a reflection regarding the future form of the commemoration. The booklet, which is available in three versions, namely Dutch, English and Polish, comprises 52 pages and is illustrated with photographs, including some so far unpublished.
Last September veterans of the Battle of Arnhem received a copy as a gift. For those interested there are still a number of copies available from our society or from the Oosterbeek town hall Information Department.
2. A book, linked to the extensive schools programme, was published in April 1994 entitled ‘Een Brug naar de Toekomst’ (A Bridge to the Future) and written by Jan Durk Tuinier. It is a text book intended for the young and is aimed at ‘building a bridge from the past to the future’. It contains various stories, poems, and the words of the commemoration anthem, comprises 125 pages and is illustrated with 30 photographs.
3. A colour poster (screen print) has also been produced for the school programme giving a symbolic impression of the new style of commemoration.

Market Garden supplement from ‘de Gelderlander’
Free copies of the special edition of ‘de Gelderlander’ newspaper about Operation Market Garden can still be obtained from the Oosterbeek town hall Information Department. Stock of the English version, ‘The never ending story7, is limited but the Dutch edition ‘Het verhaal van toen en nu’ is in plentiful supply.
‘Arnhem, a musical tribute’
A CD and a cassette tape of music and song by Max Bygraves, the children from the Pieter Breughel School, Arnhem, the Les Reed Orchestra and the band of the Parachute Regiment arrived on the market in September under the above title. The CD costs £ 15,- and the cassette £ 10,-. The proceeds from the sale of these items will be presented to the ‘Airborne Forces Appeal’ in Aidershot.
Among the places where the CD and tape can be bought is the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’, the Oosterbeek town hall Information Department and Meijer & Siegers bookshop in Oosterbeek.
Souvenir sales reach record levels
The enormous public interest in the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem also resulted in a tremendous increase in souvenir sales. Not only were the sales extremely good at the Airborne Museum shop and at the sales stand of the V&D (a departmental chain store) exhibition in Arnhem, but the stands set up at the various events in the area also made overtime.
As far as our association is concerned a special mention has to be made of our secretary Mieke de Langen. Together with her trusty colleague Riet Sandbrink she was there with her sales stand at all sorts of gatherings, whatever the weather. Over that period they eventually accounted for some 25,000 guilders worth of souvenir sales!

Generous gift from 7 KOSB
Last year Company Sergeant-Major Jimmy Swanston organised a collection among the veterans of the 7th (Galloway) Battalion The King’s Own Scottish Borderers for the benefit of the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ renovation. Many answered his call, and on Friday afternoon 16 September 1994 the delegation handed over a cheque for £ 1,200 (!) to the Foundation management.
Following a ringing speech from CSM Swanston Mr. Groeneweg thanked all concerned on behalf of the management. He let it be known that he would have to revise his ideas regarding Scottish thriftiness since very few groups have ever collected so much money.

Memorial columns at prominent points from the Battle of Arnhem
For many years now in Oosterbeek memorial columns have marked prominent places from the Battle of Arnhem.
In September and October last and to mark the 50th commemoration, the Cultuur, Educatie en Sport (Culture, Education and Sport) service of the Arnhem municipality, together with the VW (Tourist information service), placed five such memorial columns at locations which played an important part during the battle. Thanks to the cooperation of the Ruimte (Space) sector of the Renkum municipality, which holds the copyright for the design, the granite columns are exact replicas of those in Oosterbeek.
They are located at the Boterdijk, in front of the St Elisabeth’s hospital, at the Town hall, at the ramp up to the John Frost Bridge and at the spot where the Van Limburg Stirum school used to stand.

Colonel Rupert Wallis, vice president of the organising committee, makes a speech during the unveiling of the memorial to the Air Despatchers who lost their lives during the battle (18 September 1994).
(photo: Bern/ de Reus)

General Sir John Hackett presents unusual souvenir
During the period that Sir John Hackett was in hiding with the De Nooij family in Ede he carried a false identity card bearing the name ‘Johan van Dalen’. In those days he wore a badge which bore the letters ‘S.H.’ (Slecht Horend = ‘partially deaf or ‘hard of hearing’). If caught by the Germans he could then act as if he didn’t understand and was therefore not obliged to answer.
Sir John Hackett handed this unusual badge over to the Airborne Museum THartenstein’ during the recent anniversary.

Medal sets
Recently the Airborne Museum have been given various personal medal sets. We shall be giving a summary of these medal sets in this and the next Newsletter.
1. Dr. M.C.J. Pilaar, former surgeon in Apeldoom: King’s Medal for Courage in the Cause of Freedom. Mr. Pilaar died on 8 September 1965.
2. Flight Engineer Malcolm Mitchell, RAF: 1939/45 Star, France and Germany Star, War Medal with Mentioned in Despatches, General Service Medal with Palestine clasp 1945-1948.
3. Lt. P.J. Brazier, Glider Pilot Regiment: 1939/45 Star, Italy Star, France and Germany Star, Defence Medal, War Medal with Mentioned in Despatches.
4. L/Cpl T. McEwan, ‘D’ Coy 10th Parachute Battalion: 1939/45 Star, Africa Star with 8th Army clasp, Italy Star, France and Germany Star, Defence Medal, War Medal.

Veteran presents oak tree to Renkum municipality
For the first time in 50 years, 74 year old veteran Mr. Les Seviour from Chippenham, Wiltshire in England visited the place where his comrades fought in September 1944. He brought with him an oak sapling as a gift to the municipality of Renkum.
After consultation it was decided to plant the sapling in the Hartenstein Park, close to the deer park. The planting took place on 21 September 1994.
Pegasus Walk attracts record number of participants
The 11th Pegasus Walk which was held this year on Saturday 22 October attracted almost 2,500 participants. Last year the figure was almost 1,750. The journey, which started from the Floor cafe in Lunteren, keeps alive the memory of the Pegasus I and II operations.
During operation Pegasus I on 22 October 1944 almost 150 military personnel, who had gone into hiding in the Veluwe following the Battle of Arnhem, were taken across the Rhine to the liberated part of the Netherlands aided by the underground movement.
Within a month operation Pegasus II took place, but this failed. Of the 120 men who attempted to reach the Rhine in this operation only eight eventually managed to cross to the far bank.
Next year the Pegasus Walk will be held on Saturday 28 October.

Monument commemorating the evacuation of Arnhem
It is well known that directly after the battle was lost, Arnhem and a number of surrounding villages were evacuated by order of the Germans. More than 95,000 people were driven out of Arnhem alone. Only after April 1945 were they allowed to return to their totally plundered town.
An exhibition about the evacuation was held in the Visitors’ Centre at the Watermolen (the Water mill) in Sonsbeek Park from 17 August up until 23 October. This exhibition attracted an enormous number of visitors, and very quickly the idea was mooted of setting up a monument to commemorate what was, for Arnhem and surroundings, a terribly traumatic period.
It is intended that the new ‘evacuation’ monument in honour of the evacuees will be unveiled on or about the 14th of April 1995, exactly fifty years after the liberation of Arnhem. It will probably stand on the Apeldoornseweg at the entrance to Sonsbeek Park.

Colonel Paddy de Burgh is interviewed for the video documentary ‘We’ll See You In September’ at the place in the Hartenstein Park where artillery headquarters was located in September 1944.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

House once again bears the historic name ‘Monty’
During the fighting in Oosterbeek in September 1944 the Kardol family sheltered in the cellar of their house at no. 17 Paasberg. The British soldiers who fought in and around the house told them that Field Marshall Montgomery, whom they called ‘Monty’, would soon be here to relieve the Airborne soldiers at Arnhem.
Although the operation eventually failed, the name ‘Monty’ made such an impression on Mr. Kardol Sr. that, after the liberation, he decided to call his house ‘Monty’, and he made and fixed a nameboard to the house bearing that name.
However, when the house was extended in the seventies the board disappeared from the front wall. Now, fifty years after the Battle of Arnhem, Mr. Han Kardol, son of the original owner, has royally restored the original nameboard and re-fixed the name ‘Monty’ to the wall of the house on the Paasberg.

Download nieuwsbrief

Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
NEWSLETTER No. 54, May 1994
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

From the editors
Regular reports are already appearing in the news media, both here and abroad, regarding the forthcoming commemorative events.
After the great remembrances of D-Day around the 6th of June in Normandy, attention will focus on operation Market-Garden.
Thousands of veterans and their family members will be coming to the Netherlands in September. But it is not only the days surrounding the 17th of the month which will be given over to the commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem. The period of September 1944 will also be brought to life in the weeks prior to and following the 17th by means of exhibitions, lectures and the publication of new books, to mention but a few.
The next (August) edition of the Newsletter will be enlarged by the addition of a number of extra pages so as to include as much news as possible regarding the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem.

Renkum burgomaster Verlinden and wine importer Briinning raise a glass during the presentation of the ‘Airborne Wine’ on 17 March 1994.
(Photo; B. de Reus)

Walking excursion on Saturday 18 June next
This year the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum’s excursion will, to a large extent, concentrate on the part played by the 1st Airlanding Light Regiment – Royal Artillery, after its three batteries had taken up their positions around the Old Church in Lower Oosterbeek. In addition, attention will be paid to the fighting which occurred in the Paasberg area.
The programme for this walking excursion, which will take place on Saturday 18 June next, is as follows: 10.30-11.30; reception with coffee at the Airborne Museum, a look at the new diorama of the 75mm Pack Howitzer in the museum cellar, followed by the division of the participants into groups.
At 11.30; departure of the groups for a walk to the Lower Village via the Paasberg.
At the Paasberg, Mr. J. Kardol will give a talk on the fighting which took place in this part of Oosterbeek, with emphasis on the role of the 21st Independent Parachute Company. From 12.30 pm;
LUNCH in the Concert Hall in the Lower Village. 13.30 hours; a short lecture about the artillery at Arnhem, given by Mr. W. Boersma.
From 14.00 hours; departure of the groups for a walk to the former positions of Nos. 1,2 and 3 batteries in the area of the Old Church.
An explanatory talk will be given at these positions by the guides, messrs C. van Roekel, H. Duinhoven and R. VoskuiL
From approximately 16.00 hours; the groups will return on foot to the Airborne Museum. Approximately 16.30 hours; conclusion of the excursion.
The total length of the route is about 3.5 km and the walk will go ahead whatever the weather. Adequate rainwear should therefore be taken. Chris van Roekel will lead the excursion and the cost for participating is 27.50 guilders. For this sum you get a cup of coffee on arrival at the Airborne Museum, lunch in the Concert Hall and an excursion guide. The number of participants will be limited to around a hundred with applications to take part being handled on a first come first served basis. Closing date for enrolment is the 4th of June.
On the occasion of the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem, the wine importers Briinning from Bemmel have brought a special ‘Airborne Wine’ onto the market.
Part of the profit from the sale of this wine is destined for the Airborne Museum. When the wine was presented on the 17th of March last, Mr. Briinning handed over the first thousand guilders for the museum renovation.
The wine is available at liquor stores in Arnhem, Oosterbeek and Ede, and at the Airborne Museum. The cost is 8.95 guilders per bottle.

Accommodation sought for veterans
As you know, a record number of veterans wishing to attend the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem is expected here next September. The ‘Lest We Forget’ foundation, which takes care of the reception of the pilgrims, estimates the number to be at least three thousand.
A lot of people have already offered accommodation but many more lodgings are still needed. Should you be able to offer accommodation to veterans and members of their family next September, just ring 08380-19239 or 085-437938.

Exhibition September 1944
From Thursday 8 September up to and including Thursday 27 October 1994, an exhibition will be held in Renkum town hall, Oosterbeek to do with the Battle of Arnhem.
The Renkum Municipal Archives Department, in collaboration with the Arnhem Archives Department and the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’, is putting together an exhibition of photographs taken by civilians in September 1944.
The compilers are looking for photos that were not necessarily taken in Arnhem, Oosterbeek or Driel but, of course, do have a connection with the battle. The photos could be something like; Germans on the way to the battle area, wounded being transported to the hospitals, Airborne soldiers or aircrew from transport or fighter aircraft shot down over the battle zone, who are in hiding or have been taken prisoner. Because it seems that even now, previously unknown photographs often come to light which have been kept somewhere in attics, drawers or wallets, the exhibition compilers make this appeal to the readers of this Newsletter.
If you think that you can help in one or other way, by making a temporary loan of photos or perhaps with a relevant tip, please don’t hesitate to contact the Renkum Municipal Archivist, Geert Maassen, PO Box 9100, 6860 HA, Oosterbeek, telephone 085-348303 (during office hours), or 085-340142 (evenings).

A short time ago the biography ‘Urquhart of Arnhem, The Life of Major-General R.E. Urquhart C.B. D.S.O.’, written by John Baynes, appeared in the bookshops.
General Urquhart’s name has become most famous because of his role in the Battle of Arnhem. Seven of the 22 chapters in Baynes’ book deal, therefore, with September 1944. Nevertheless, the other periods of his life also provide historically interesting reading. Urquhart spent 34 years of his life in the army. He began his military career as a young officer in the Highland Light Infantry and thereafter served in India in 1938 and 1939.
During the Second World War, and before being appointed commander of the 1st British Airborne Division, he was among other things a staff officer with the famous 51st Highland Division from the Battle of El Alamein up to the end of the fighting in the North African desert. Following this he commanded a Brigade in Sicily and Italy.
At the beginning of the fifties he played an important part in the battle against Communist terrorists in the then British Malaya. His last function was that of commander of British troops in Austria.
He ended his military service in 1955 and held an important position in the British steel industry up until 1969. Urquhart died on 13 December 1988.
This hardback book, which is in English, comprises 272 pages and is published by Brassey’s, London – New York, ISBN 0-008-041318-8. Because of the extremely high post and package charges the book will not be available for purchase from the Airborne Museum.

Unknown soldier identified
Shortly after the Battle of Arnhem, Mr. AJ. Gieling from Oosterbeek was ordered, along with other civilians, to bury dead British soldiers alongside the Utrecht-Arnhem railway line, to the north of Oosterbeek-Hoog railway station.
Among the dead was an officer. All personal possessions had to be handed over to the SS, but Mr. Gieling took the opportunity of hiding a gold and diamond brooch, photograph and Pay Book, all of which he had found on the officer’s body. In the end only the brooch survived the Second World War, and later Mr. Gieling presented this to the Airborne ‘ Museum.
After the liberation, two soldiers and a lieutenant from the Parachute Regiment could not be identified from this mass grave at the Dreijenseweg. They were interred in the Airborne Cemetery in Plot 6 row B under headstones 18,19 and 20. ‘
Registered as missing on the Groesbeek Memorial is: WATLING Stanley E„ Lieutenant, 301782 BEM 28 years, 19 September 1944,156th Battalion The ” Parachute Regiment. Major R.L.J. Pott, the then commander of A Company of the 156th Battalion,
states that Lt. Watling was mortally wounded to the east of the Dreijenseweg.
In 1992 the brooch was recognised by Lt. Watling’s widow, and on the 31st of October that year I asked the Commonwealth War Graves Commission if they would carry out an investigation to see whether the Lieutenant in grave 6.B.19 could be the missing Stanley E. Watling.
It was made known last December that, based on the well founded evidence, everything pointed to this being the case. At the beginning of January it was a great surprise to find that the grave had already been provided with a new headstone bearing the inscription, ‘Believed to be’, at the top.
Mrs. Watling was extremely grateful that the matter had been brought to a satisfactory conclusion. She wrote, ‘It is a great comfort to know that the most precious person in my life now lies at rest among his friends’.
This heartening result was achieved through the close cooperation of the following gentlemen; Mr. AJ. Gieling, Mr. H. Tiemens, Mr. W. Tiemens, Major Pott and Mr. H.L. Roell.
(J.A. Hey)

Where was this photo taken? Information requested
Although it is known where most of the photographs of the Battle of Arnhem were taken, there are nevertheless still a few where the location remains a mystery.
The photo published in this Newsletter was taken by the AFPU photographer Smith on 19 September 1944, and shows supplies being dropped from Stirling bombers. Smith probably took the photo in the western part of Oosterbeek.

Who recognises the place where this photo was taken, or who thinks they may be able to provide snippets of information? All reactions can be put through to Geert Maassen, Renkum Municipal Archives, telephone 085-348303 (during office hours), or 085-340142 (evenings).

Special commemorative stamps available
On the occasion of the 50th commemoration of operation Market-Garden, the Dutch ‘Ermnofilie’ Society (a society which specialises in the issue of commemorative stamps, envelopes etc) will be issuing a number of commemorative stamps. These are not postage stamps but real ‘commemorative stamps’. In addition the society will be bringing out a small number of special commemorative envelopes which will be franked and bear the Market-Garden stamp.
Information regarding these issues and subscription forms can be obtained from the Airborne Museum, telephone 085-337710.

Obituary: Lieutenant Wolters
According to the obituary announcement in the Dutch daily newspaper the NRC/Handelsblad of last April the 8th, Arnoldus Wolters passed away, aged 81, ‘after a trying old-age’.
Wolters fled to Great Britain following the German invasion in 1940.
As a Lieutenant 1st Class in the Royal Netherlands Navy, he landed by glider to the west of Reijerskamp near Wolfheze on the first day of operation Market- Garden. Had the airborne operation succeeded, he was to have been assistant to the town commandant of Arnhem as a Military Commissioner on behalf of the Dutch Military Authorities.
In the end he operated as an interpreter and interrogator of prisoners-of-war. He also established how reliable the civilians were. He accompanied Graeme Warrack, the divisional doctor, to Arnhem to arrange the evacuation of British wounded with the Germans, a perilous task for a Dutchman.
So convinced was he of victory, he took a teddy-bear with him from England as a present for his child, who had remained behind in the Netherlands. When he managed to escape across the Rhine during the night of 25 September 1944, the bear went back with him.
He ended his career as Chief Commissioner of Polite in Rotterdam. Wolters visited the museum at the opening in 1978 as well as on a number of occasions later.
The modest account of his experiences in September 1944 is lodged in the museum’s archives.

The Poles of Driel
An action has been in progress since April 1993 in which the distributers and sellers of the book ‘De Polen van Driel’ (‘The Poles of Driel’) collect money for the renovation of the Airborne Museum. Each copy of the publication sold produces 5 guilders for this worthy aim.
Up to last January 135 copies had been sold, and in view of this success those involved (including the Oosterbeek bookshops Romijn and Meijer & Siegers, and not forgetting our society) have decided provisionally to continue with the action. The book will be for sale at the reduced price of 25 guilders up until the end of this year.
The 152 page book, which contains many photos, mainly tells (in Dutch) the story of the part played by the soldiers of the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group in the Battle of Arnhem.
After 1 December 1994 this standard work, which was written by our member George F. Cholewczynski, will cost 30 guilders.

Schools project in a new guise
It goes without saying that the museum renovation also has consequences for the set-up of the schools project, which has been run by the Friends Society on behalf of the museum for many years. During these years, thousands of children have been made aware of the events in 1944 through this project.
The introduction section of the project has been modified and will be offered to the pupils in a new way. The intention is that each class or group will be split up into workgroups, each being given a special assignment. Preparatory work will be done at school with the aid of reading material.
In the museum the groups take the dioramas as the starting point of their visit, since these give the best impression of the reality. Following this, the parts of the collection associated with the subject are visited and steered by means of assignments. The new video films will play a role here. The pupils are then given the time to visit the whole museum.
Back at school the teacher now has at his disposal a number of groups, each with different information. It is then the intention to exchange experiences through mutual discussions. The knowledge thus obtained can then be used for the actual set task.
The Society has a folder available for all participants which includes an exceptional aerial photograph of the Rhine bridge at Arnhem, taken in November 1944. Because so many schools are expected this year the Society has ordered 4,000 such folders.
Thanks to a generous gesture by our printer, Linders- Adremo from Oosterbeek, we have received the photo sheets with photographs of the Battle of Arnhem as a gift!
In the meantime the first groups have already been in touch, most probably including a group of more than 1,000 English schoolchildren who will be here in July. An English version of the project is available for this. At the same time a start will be made this year on the reception of pupils with special learning needs.
Should there be any among you who could offer a helping hand, particularly with the large English group, you would be most welcome. You can contact C. van Roekel, telephone 085-333261.

Human remains unidentified
Lieutenant H. Jongen of the Royal Netherlands Army Burials Unit recently announced that the remains of an unknown British soldier will shortly be re¬interred in the Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery. The remains were found by the Sonnenberglaan in Oosterbeek and exhumed in January 1991, Unfortunately no skull was found, thus making identification difficult. Because of this and other things, it was only possible to ascertain that it concerned a soldier of the Royal Engineers.

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Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
NEWSLETTER No. 53, February 1994
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

14th General Members Meeting
You are invited to attend the 14th General Members Meeting of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum, Oosterbeek.
The meeting, which will include the Annual Meeting, will be held in the ZALENCENTRUM LEBRET (Lebretweg 51 in Oosterbeek, tel. 085-333168) on Saturday 9 April next, commencing at 2 pm. The agenda is as follows:
1. Opening
2. Minutes of the General Members Meeting of 3 April 1993
3. General Report 1993
4. Financial Report 1993
5. Audit Committee Report
6. Budget for 1994
7. Election of Officials
8. Appointment of reserve member to the Audit Committee
9. Questions
10. Closure of the meeting Information regarding agenda point 7.

Mrs. J.M. de Langen and Mr. W.T. de Ruyter have reached the end of their term of office but both have put themselves forward for re-election. Article 8 of the statute allows for the proposal of alternative candidates.
In this event, a written nomination should reach the secretary (Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ Oosterbeek) at least 10 days before the meeting, signed by a minimum of 10 members, and accompanied by a declaration of availability from the candidate. The candidate must be a Society member and an adult. Papers relating to financial matters will be sent to you separately. The Audit Commission report will be available for perusal half an hour before the meeting begins.
A film will be shown after the meeting has ended. (The management)

Artist Huub Milder puts the finishing touches to the rear wall of the diorama.
(photo: B. de Reus)

General Report 1993
Membership numbers have increased from 1014 to 1127, partially thanks to the new enrolment folder and despite the fact that 9 members cancelled their membership, 18 Dutch and 13 British members were expelled through non-payment of subscriptions, and 14 members died. In total the society is richer by 167 members, of which 10 are life members. The deceased are Mrs. J.M. van Kooten-van Brummelen, and the following gentlemen: Mr. A. van Maanen, Mr. G.J.J.M.
van Vaessen, Mr. F.P.K. de Jong, Mr. P.H. Jolink, Mr. J.W.H. Klein, Mr. H.
Braam, Mr. H. Bruggeman, Mr. G. Shepherd, Mr. J.P. Barnett, Mr. F. Young, Mr. J.E. Nicolson, Mr. W. Wright and Mr. E.
Coleman. Four Newsletters and Ministories appeared with, from issue 50 on, a completely new format. The excursion of 3 July and the theme afternoon of 12 December were extremely well attended. The Schools Project continued to run well in 1993. Thanks to the insurance company “Het Zilveren Kruis” (The Silver Cross), ten severely handicapped veterans could again be invited to attend the September commemoration. The society had a promotional/ sales stand at the Airborne Walk, the Pegasus Walk, the 80th anniversary of the Royal Netherlands Air Force at Eindhoven air base (2 days), the Dutch underground reunion in Nunspeet, the veterans’ reunion in Oosterbeek and the Aviation Exhibition at the Exhibition Centre in Utrecht (2 days). The total proceeds for the Airborne Museum and for the society were 3887,15 guilders and 3654 guilders respectively.

The society published two new books. In April, the Dutch and English versions of “Een Regimental Aidpost” (Cloud over Arnhem) by the late Mrs. Kate ter Horst appeared and on 12 December, the revised version of the “Roll of Honour”, by Mr. J.A. Hey, saw the light of day. The society donated a Panasonic Video Presenter to the Airborne Museum. This will also be used on our sales stands for showing video films of the Battle of Arnhem. Because of the museum renovations, the promised purchase of a display cabinet was postponed until 1994. The lottery and the sale of “square decimeters” of the rear wall of the new diorama, both in aid of the renovation, have been a success.
(J.M. de Langen)

Appeal from the treasurer
Members who have not paid their 1994 subscription are asked to do so as soon as possible.
Individual membership costs 20 guilders per year, and family membership for a year is 30 guilders.

Facelift lottery
On December the 15th 1993, the Oosterbeek solicitor Mr. Docter made the final draw in our lottery. As you know, all paid for and received lottery tickets were included in this final draw, which meant that 153 prizes found a home.
These have, in the meantime, been sent by post or delivered personally, in itself no mean task for the workgroup members. The lottery was rounded off with the presentation of the bonus prizes to those who had sold more than one book of tickets. More than sixty members managed to pull off this not inconsiderable feat. The top guns were Mrs. Rieken (220) and Mrs. Feith (137), and Mr. Purmer, with an unbelievable 433 tickets sold.
Without wishing to belittle the efforts of the other sellers, because we know what a time consuming business ticket selling can be, we would like to say an extra thank you to these “champion sellers”. A total of 7607 tickets were sold, making the gross proceeds 38,035 guilders. Total overheads (prizes, printing, postage) amounted to about 5,000, which means that we shall soon be able to hand over some 33,000 guilders to the management of the Airborne Museum Foundation.
This fine result was achieved through the communal efforts of virtually all the membership. In addition the lottery spread the name of the museum and friends far and wide, which itself resulted in a notable increase in membership. The star prize, a beautiful wall clock with a shop value of 800 guilders, was won by Mrs. Van Tongeren from Oosterbeek.
All that remains for us to do now is wind up affairs and present an account of our financial “dealings” to the Renkum council. However, we can already say: “It was a mammoth task, but it was worth all the effort and we did it with pleasure”, but nobody need ask us to organise another lottery for the coming 25 years!

Presentation of the “Roll of Honour”
The new edition of the “Roll of Honour” was presented to society members during the theme afternoon held on 12 December last.
So many new facts have come to light since the first impression in 1986 that it was high time to modify the existing text. Thanks to the sterling efforts of Jan Hey, Chris van Roekel and Truus Oosterhaar, this task was brought to a satisfactory conclusion.
A future Ministory will expand on a number of the new details which have been included in this “Roll of Honour”. The book comprises 230 pages and contains, among other things, information on all the Allied servicemen who lost their lives as a result of the Battle of Arnhem. It is available at the Airborne Museum, price 20 guilders.

Berry de Reus and Joop Bal work on the audio-visual presentation for the refurbished Airborne Museum in the Bal Bedrijfsvideo studio.
(photo: Jenneke Bal)

53,000 guilders from the Airborne Runners
At the beginning of 1993, Mr. Harm Altena from Heelsum came up with the idea of raising money for the Airborne Museum renovation by means of a sponsored run, and the New York marathon was chosen for this purpose.
Thirty sportsmen from Oosterbeek and district decided to take part and, following nine months of intensive training, they left for America to run the marathon, which took place on the 14th of November. All thirty succeeded in completing the 26 mile, 285 yard course. In doing so they managed to raise a total of 53,000 guilders, the amount having been pledged by various sponsors.
A cheque for this amount was presented to the Airborne Museum Foundation on 17 December 1993 amid much festivity. The foundation chairman, Mr. J.W.A.M. Verlinden, thanked the Airborne’ Runners for this fantastic action through which they amassed this tremendous sum for the rebuilding and refurbishment of the Airborne Museum, in an original and sportive way.

Museum weekend and book fair
The annual museum weekend will be held on the 16th and 17th of April next. On these particular days, the Airborne Museum will focus attention on the restoration of the musealogical objects which have come into its possession in the recent past.
A book fair will be held in the museum on Saturday the 7th of May. Many old and new books about the 2nd World War will be on sale, especially books to do with the Battle of Arnhem.
Fifty years ago
Every week during this special commemorative year, the Airborne Museum will exhibit British, German and Dutch newspapers from the corresponding week(s) in 1944.

Foxholes to be protected
In various locations in the woods throughout the municipalities of Renkum and Arnhem, foxholes from the Battle of Arnhem can still be found. Although the majority have become filled with leaves and earth over the last fifty years, they are still often easy to recognise. These foxholes are of great historical importance, since they are among the few tangible items remaining from September 1944. Their positions give an insight into the strategy and progress of the struggle. Of course the foxholes consist of natural material, and are extremely vulnerable. In order to prevent their total disappearance, the Society of Friends wrote to both councils in the Autumn of 1993 requesting protection for these remaining trenches. The locations in question are at the Hemelse Berg and the Bilderberg in Oosterbeek, and at Johannahoeve (Arnhem). Renkum council have come back with a positive reaction. The foxholes will be indicated on the so- called “woods layout” so that employees whose job it is to care for and maintain the woods are aware of their positions. In this way the risk of them being filled in by accident will be avoided. However, it is certainly not the intention to re-excavate the trenches and turn them into a sort of tourist attraction. Alas, up to now there has been no response from Arnhem.

A remarkable find
A recent tip-off from an acquaintance brought the Airborne Museum into contact with a builder who was carrying out work on a house in Arnhem. A number of German documents had been found under the floorboards of the ground floor. Mr. Boersma investigated the space under the floorboards and found, amongst the thousands of glass splinters, rubble and rubbish, what appeared to be part of the administration from an SS Dental post. The find consisted principally of dental cards and X- rays relating to German servicemen.
Unfortunately the unit is not often mentioned alongside the patient’s name, but closer study has revealed that they mainly concern soldiers from the “SS Ausbildungs- und Ersatz Bataillon 12”, who were stationed in the Coehoom barracks in Arnhem. There were also a few documents from the “SS Ausbildungs- und Ersatz Bataillon 16”, units of which were stationed in Oosterbeek in September 1944. An English newspaper dating from April 1945 was also found among the rubbish, so one can conclude from this that, when the house was cleaned up after the war, this material was dumped under the floorboards. The most interesting item to be found was the card and X-rays of SS Sturmbannfiihrer Sepp Krafft, commander of the above-mentioned 16th battalion. It was this unit which caused such problems for the 3rd Parachute Battalion and the Reconnaissance Squadron during their attempts to push through to the roadbridge in Arnhem on Sunday 17 September 1944. Whether or not he was suffering from toothache at the time is difficult to determine. His card, and the other documents, are now residing in the museum’s archives. A small selection from this find is on temporary display in a cabinet in the first exhibits room.

Lieutenant Jongen of the Burials unit uncovers the remains of a British soldier.
(photo: B. de Reus)

Book news
A short time ago, the book “History of the Polish Parachute Badge – Polish Airborne Forces in World War II”, written by J.J. Lorys, was published. It consists of an historical introduction followed by a list of 6,200 names of Polish and Allied servicemen who earned the right to wear the Polish para badge during World War II.
The Dutch readers can order this book by sending a Eurocheque for 10 pounds sterling to: The Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum, 20 Princes Gate, London SW7 1PT, England.

The Airborne Commemorations Foundation
In July 1992 the Airborne Commemorations Foundation became an official fact. This foundation has been set up with the aim of establishing and coordinating the official programme for the annual commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem. Besides this, the legal and financial aspects of the various commemorative activities must be coordinated and streamlined. The foundation is set up as follows. There is a general management board which consists of representatives from the various organisations which participate in the commemorations, and the activities surrounding them. The chairman of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum is also a member of this general management board. The municipal councils involved have each appointed an adviser who will attend the general board’s meetings.The daily management board will consist of a chairman, a vice-chairman, a secretary and a treasurer. The Queen’s provincial commissioner and the burgomasters of Arnhem, Ede, Heteren and Renkum have seats on the Steering Committee, which is primarily concerned with the broad outlines and official aspects of the programme.
The Coordinating Committee 1994 has been set up for this year’s commemoration. It is made up of the daily management board of the Airborne Commemorations Foundation, the council advisers and a representative from the Provincial Military Commander and from the (regional) Police. Professional help has been engaged to provide secretarial and organisational support for the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem. The secretariat is located in Renkum town hall: Mrs. M. van Tilburg, PO box 9100,6860 HA Oosterbeek, tel. 085-348220. It may be superfluous to mention to our members, particularly those who are Arnhem veterans, that entry tickets are required for certain events, among which the Memorial Service at the cemetery. If necessary, further information can be obtained from the above mentioned secretariat.
(Margriet van der Velden, Information Office, Renkum Municipality).

Reaction to Ministory No. 40
At the end of his extremely interesting Ministory no. 40, about the (clearance of) minefields in and around Oosterbeek, I fear that the author may have fallen victim to a misunderstanding which prevailed at that time. He writes that, after 5 May 1945, minefield clearance was carried out by German pioneer prisoners-of-war under the supervision of the Royal Engineers, and states that they “were made to walk line abreast across the field after it had been declared ‘clean’ by their commander”.
Accepting that this checking method was indeed not unusual, it should be born in mind that it was only effective in relation to anti-personnel mines…
My objection is to the use of the phrase “prisoners-of- war”. As you know, article 32 of the 1929 Geneva Convention, applicable at the time in question, emphasises that it is forbidden to use prisoners-of- war for dangerous work. The situation then was somewhat different however: by virtue of point 3 of “The Instrument of Surrender” dated 4 may 1945, which included German troops surrendering in the Netherlands, the German high command was „ obliged to carry out any further Allied orders “on any subject”, “without argument or comment”. In our country, certain items received further detailing under the rulings of the Wageningen capitulation: the German high command was given the task of nominating a German pioneer brigade for the clearing of (German) minefields in the Netherlands, which would be carried out under German control and Allied supervision. The “Pionier Brigade Draeger” from the “Festung” Hook of Holland was nominated for this task.
The personnel of this brigade thus received the unregulated status of “surrendered” as opposed to “prisoners-of-war”. In practice, the rules of the 1929 convention were applied to them insofar as this was possible. That the population of our country regarded these German servicemen as prisoners-of- war after 5 May 1945 is understandable: however, that they certainly were not!
I worked with these people from July 1945 up until July 1946 – in the provinces of Limburg, Noord Brabant and Gelderland – and I therefore consider myself qualified to correct this misunderstanding. (Mr. F.J.N. Engel, Haarlem).

Mortal remains unearthed
On Thursday the 20th and Monday the 24th of January this year, the mortal remains of two British servicemen were recovered by the Burials unit of the Royal Netherlands Army.
The remains were found in an area in northwestern Oosterbeek (previously the Sonnenberg estate in the area between the Utrechtseweg and the Valkenburglaan). Lieutenant H.J.R. Jongen and his men were called in when Flans van der Velden from Renkum came across human remains during excavation work. In line with the council’s policy of checking all future building sites and the like for ammunition and explosives, Flans swept the area with his metal detector, the ban on the transportation of such equipment having been temporarily lifted by the Burgomaster and Aidermen.
The experts from the Burials unit also found a Glider Pilot Regiment badge, a wallet, a gold signet ring with initials, an officer’s whistle, a silver cigarette case, a wristwatch, a Lee Enfield rifle complete with attached bayonet and a parachutist’s fighting knife. Only one skull, with a complete set of teeth, was found. With the aid of the British authorities and others, Lieutenant Jongen hopes that positive identification can be made before the 50th commemoration. Members of our society who think they can provide relevant information are asked to contact the editorship of this newsletter; Geert Maassen, Jan van Riebeeckweg 6861 BH Oosterbeek.

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Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
Representative in Great Britain
Mr. E.E. Shaw 298 Totnes Road
Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD

NEWSLETTER No. 52, November 1993

Obituary; H. Bruggeman
Colonel H. Bruggeman (retd.) passed away recently following a short illness. He was a member of the committee of the Airborne Museum Foundation from 13 December 1977 up to 1 June 1986 (from 1 April 1980 as treasurer), and from 17 July 1990 up until his final days, also as treasurer. He was indefatigable, particularly during the period when sponsors were being sought for the extension and renovation of the museum, and even though he often met with disappointment when definite promises of contributions were suddenly withdrawn without reason. He controlled the finances with an iron hand, and rightly so. It must also be said that he was a little aloof in his dealings with his fellow committee members and colleagues, reticent and purely businesslike. Happily, a year or so ago this began to change and he gradually became a warm, attentive and humorous colleague who gave us much pleasure during meetings and during his many working visits to the museum each week. His standard, quipped greeting ran something like “Good morning gentlemen, you lucky so and sos”. His cup of coffee was always ready and waiting for him because we always saw his car approaching. He would also run through any bills which needed paying and ask pointed questions where possible lack of clarity existed. He and his pipe, which was always going out, were inseparable and his lighter was always missing. He would then ask “Where is your flamethrower?” and after much grumbling and laughter he would leave, satisfied, for the town hall where he would make what arrangements were necessary with Ad van Veggel, the administrator. Berry de Reus, Wybo Boersma and I have the fondest memories of these meetings with the completely thawed Henk. Our chairman’s farewell eulogy to him was very emotional. It was very sensitive and did credit to Henk. Fortunately we were able to inform him, as he lay in hospital, that the target sum for the museum renovation would be reached. It is a great pity that he will not see the results, at least not in body.

Memorial service at the Airborne Cemetery, Sunday 19 September 1993.
(photo: B. de Reus)

“Theme afternoon” on Sunday 12 December next
In accordance with tradition our society is once again organising a “theme afternoon”. This year it will not be held on a Saturday but on SUNDAY afternoon, 12 December. In doing this we are accommodating the wishes of members who have repeatedly asked if a theme afternoon could be occasionally organised on a Sunday since, because of their work or for other reasons, they are never able to attend such meetings on a Saturday. This year the afternoon will again be held in the Concert Hall, Benedendorpsweg, opposite the Old Church in Oosterbeek (tel. 085-332046). This time the programme differs slightly from that of previous years. The society has succeeded in hiring the documentary “Krieg am Niederrhein” (Battle at the Lower Rhine) from The Museum of Liberation in Groesbeek. This German film (without subtitles) paints a penetrating picture of the battle during operation Market Garden and in the following film consists of three parts, each lasting more than an hour. We have decided to show just two of the three parts this time with a break between each part.
The new edition of the “Roll of Honour” will also be presented to the members during this theme afternoon. The afternoon starts at 2 pm and will end around 5 pm.

The new “Roll of Honour”
During our theme afternoon in December the latest edition of the Roll of Honour of the Battle of Arnhem will be presented. This edition has been completely revised and updated and was a mammoth task for those who were involved with its technical implementation. It took a tremendous amount of time before the manuscript was ready to hand over to the printer. Alas, it was not possible to have the new edition ready for the commemoration in September, but we chose quality before speed. The new, completely revised 3rd edition is published in the format employed by the society since last year (see also “Who was who”), and is on purpose printed in a distinct typeface which the elderly will find easier to read.
The book will be on sale from the 12th of December at the theme afternoon, price 25 guilders, which is extremely cheap for a book of this quality containing about 250 pages with lots of photographs and several maps. The society sees this as an idealistic- publication and intends to stick to a price that will suit everyone’s pocket.

New translator for the Newsletter
Since May 1984 the English translation of the Newsletter has been taken care of by Mrs. A.G. (Toos) Meeuwsen from Den Haag. Toos put a tremendous amount of care and time into this work which she did for the society completely free of charge. In most cases it was only a few days after the Dutch text had been sent to her that the editorship received the English translation in the letter box. The editor then had to do the necessary cutting and pasting to prepare the text and photos for the printer. In the meantime we have gone over to the computer for processing the Newsletter and Ministory text. Because of this, Toos Meeuwsen has handed the translation work over to other society members, Cathrien and Peter Clark. Together they run the translation service “Double Write” in Deurne. Peter and Cathrien also carry out the translation work free of charge and the speed with which the floppy containing the translated text is returned to the editorship leaves little to be desired. Although a little late (they have already translated two numbers of the Newsletter), the editorship extends a cordial welcome to them both. In the near future a small group will bid Toos Meeuwsen farewell in an appropriate manner. Happily, it should be noted that Toos will remain available for incidental translation work.

Our member Mrs. G.J.H. (Trims) Oosterhaar receives the insignia of the MBE (Member of the British Empire) from the hands of the British Ambassador Sir David Miers on the 19th of September 1993 (see also Newsletter No. 50). On the left is the British Military Attache Lt-Col. John Young.
(photo: B. de Reus)

Facelift lottery
Since the appearance of the previous Newsletter three further Facelift Lottery draws have taken place; our Dutch members will find the lists of winning numbers enclosed with this edition.
Of the 10,000 tickets, 7001 have already been returned and paid for and the workgroup still has 100 tickets at its disposal. A simple calculation reveals that there are 2899 unsold tickets still in the hands of the membership, meaning that about 290 of you have not yet responded. This is OK provided that some use is made of these tickets. It would be a pity, however, if they were to lay unused and forgotten in a drawer somewhere. In that case it would be far better if they were sent back to us in the freepost envelope which was sent out along with the tickets. Up to now our facelift lottery has yielded a total of 35,005 guilders, a princely sum of which we can be very proud. Nevertheless, it would be a shame if lottery tickets were lost through negligence or forgetfulness. Because of the short time at our disposal between now and the main draw on 15 December next, we make one final appeal to you: do your best to ensure that all tickets are sold before 31 November 1993 so that we achieve maximum return from the action!
Unsold lottery tickets can be returned to: “Facelift Lottery” Workgroup, Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ Oosterbeek. New books of tickets can be ordered from C. van Roekel: 085-333261. Many thanks on behalf of the “Facelift Lottery” workgroup.
(C. van Roekel)

The Airborne Museum renovation
Building work began in the museum cellar on the 1st of September last. The former boiler room will be prepared for the new diorama while at the same time new cellar space will be excavated underneath the conservatory. This space is to be used for various purposes but is primarily intended for exchange expositions. Midway through November the Arnhem artist Huub Milder will make a start on painting the diorama wall. Some years ago Mr. Milder did the wall painting in the diorama with the jeep and the 6 pounder gun.
The painting will be finished by the end of January after which further fitting out of the diorama can commence. The painting and refurbishment of the exposition rooms will start at the beginning of November and three months have been allotted for this task. Other jobs will be carried out as soon as possible at the start of the new year, 1994. The renovation is under the supervision of W. Boersma (Airborne Museum Foundation committee member) who has also detailed out the planning. The museum will remain open during the renovation. It is unavoidable that visitors to the museum will be inconvenienced by the renovation work, but every effort will be made to keep this inconvenience to a minimum. Part of the work will be carried out by volunteers and an appeal for these appears later in this Newsletter. Should anyone have any questions or suggestions he can always contact Mr. Boersma during the day at the museum, where he can usually be reached (085-337710).

The Airborne Museum renovation (supervised by the Gerritsen Bouwgroup B.V.from Renkum) progresses steadily.
(photo: B. de Reus)

Volunteers and the Airborne Museum
Some time ago an appeal appeared in the Newsletter for members who were prepared to carry out voluntary work for the Airborne Museum. This appeal produced a variety of reactions. Although not all wishes could be met, various members are busy working for the museum at the moment. Below is a survey of the work the volunteers are doing at present as well as the work already completed.
Mr. Vastenhout from Schaarsbergen has updated the photographic archives. Mr. Van der Kwast from Oosterbeek is correcting the photo albums and re-typing the texts where necessary. Mr. De Ruyter from Arnhem is going through all the negatives and making new contact prints where necessary.
Mr. Jacobs from Spijkenisse has already been busy for two years putting a photographic archive of more than 2,000 photographs on computer.
Translation and correction of the German texts for the new layout is in the hands of J. Wieringa from Doorwerth, H. Becher from Bocholt in Germany and P. Geers from Zutphen. A. Groeneweg from Doorwerth and J. van Slooten from Oosterbeek are making additions to and correcting the English texts. Eugene Wijrthoud is cutting and pasting the new photographs and texts. A number of people are helping Mr. De Reus with the wiring for the new videos. In the past months Mr. Jansen has cleaned and re-lubricated all the weaponry. With the cooperation of the Museum of Liberation at Groesbeek, Mr. J. van Ommeren from Budelsloot has made a copy of a breech block housing for the 75mm Pack howitzer which is virtually indistinguishable from the real thing. Jasper Oorthuys from Dieren is at present making new figures for the model of the Horsa glider and a number of these have already been put in position. Mr. Wandel from Oosterbeek is making a survey map, with photos, which will be on display in the coffee room. This survey will show the various cycling and walking routes over the battlefield. The descriptions of these routes are on sale in the museum.
Mr. Van Riet from Arnhem is engaged in the restoration of the WS no. 18 radio set casing which was found some time ago at the spot where a former communications post was located. It is intended that the model of the Rhine bridge will undergo a maintenance programme this winter. This will be carried-oubby-a-model builders club-in Friesland- under the supervision of P. van Kempen from Reduzum (Roordahuizen to other Dutch people).
However, there are still tasks outstanding for which volunteers are sought. Below is a short summary of (a) what the work comprises, (b) where it can be done and (c) when it must be finished.
1. Legends have to be made for three maps.
a. Paintwork with transfer letters, b. At home, c. End of January 1994.
2. The making of large texts for the new expositions.
a. Sticking adhesive letters onto a PVC background,
b. At the museum and at home, c. End of December.
3. Help with the placing of new photographs.
b. Evening work in the museum,
c. November, December.
Volunteers can contact W. Boersma at the museum, tel. no. 085-337710, or at home, tel. no. 08380-39633.

Who can lend a hand?
As you already know, for many years the society has taken care of the artillery pieces and the tank which stand outside the Airborne Museum. By virtue of the hard work carried out by so many of us the tank as well as the 17 pounders were saved from a sad fate, and in all respects are still worth seeing. Many of you will recall the spontaneous “Give a tile” action during one of our annual meetings. This resulted in so many tiles and promises that the tank could be placed on the existing platform as well as on tiles.

Besides this we were able to honour the liberators of the Veluwe region with a beautiful marble tablet bearing the coat of arms of the Canadian Lord Strathcona Horse Regiment, which liberated large areas of our country in 1945.
Sadly, however, we have not escaped the scourge of vandalism and the black marble tablet has been damaged because gravel has been thrown at it. In order to prevent such unpleasant occurrences in the future it is planned to remove the gravel and to have the area paved. Already generous benefactors have made bricks and pavement edging available. There will be enough red sand left over from the rebuilding work which can be used for the paving.
What we need now are people who are prepared to lend a hand on one or two Saturdays. Of course it would also be nice if a few paviours could be found among these people because as well as needing support troops for the “coolie work”, somebody who could lay a nifty bit of paving would also come in very handy.
This work has to be done in the spring of 1994, but we are asking now; are there members or friends or acquaintances of members who would be willing to help us? This would be a splendid complement to the internal renewing of the museum. Further
information and notification can be obtained from C. van Roekel, telephone 085-333261.

The reinterment of two missing soldiers
In January of this year the remains of two soldiers of C Company The Border Regiment were discovered in a garden in Oosterbeek. The unit concerned with burials in the Royal Netherlands Army, represented by 1st Lieutenant Jongen, Warrant Officer Bolle and Sergeant 1st Class Van de Vliet, did an excellent job in very quickly identifying these soldiers. Their details were confirmed via the British Embassy in the person of Lieutenant-Colonel John Young and concern Private Ernest Ager and Private Douglas Lowery, up until now recorded as missing in action. They were reinterred in the Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery (Airborne Cemetery) in Oosterbeek on the 8th of October. Seventeen “old comrades” came over at the British Ministry of Defense’s expense, and they carried the coffins to the graveside. Others present at the ceremony included the British Military Attache and his wife, Brigadier-General James Howard (secretary of the Border Regiment) and his wife, Major Charles Gray of the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment and Stuart Eastwood, curator of the Border Regiment Museum.
It was a worthy mark of honour to two fighters for our freedom. Sadly it will be about a year before the graves are provided with headstones, but until then temporary listings (plots 25 C 1 and 25 C 4, Lowery * and Ager) will be placed over the graves.
Of special interest is the fact that the Last Post was played on the same bugle that was used during the first commemoration in 1945, and which can now be found in the Border Regiment Museum in Carlisle. (A.G.)

The remains of the two Border Regiment soldiers found in January this year were reinterred in the Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery on the 8th of October 1993. (photo: B.de Reus)

Poles Apart
At last the full English version of the book “De Polen van Driel” has appeared under the title “Poles Apart – The Polish Airborne at the Battle of Arnhem”.
The Dutch version was published in the Netherlands in 1990. Originally, given the available space, Jan Bouman from the publishers Lunet in Naarden had to prune the original text by some 30%. At the same time he re-wrote the translation of the English text into popular Dutch.
The number of photographs in the English/American version has been drastically reduced, but the text is now complete and contains additional information that the Polish/American author (our member George F. Cholewczynski) has obtained since 1989.
The book comprises 318 pages and tells the story of the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade. From the birth of Stanislaw Franciszek Sosabowski (who later formed and commanded the brigade) on 8 May 1892 up to and including a parade of veterans through the streets of Warsaw (1992), a vivid picture of the ups and downs of Polish soldiers abroad is drawn, namely during the period 1940 to 1945. Fifteen (209 pages) of the 23 chapters concern operation Market Garden, in particular the events in Driel and Oosterbeek.
Sarpendon (New York) and Greenhill Books (London) have brought this publication into the world together, and it is for sale in the Airborne Museum (as well as from other suppliers) at 52,50 guilders. For our members abroad who wish to obtain a copy the ISBN numbers are 1-85367-165-7 (UK) and 0-9627613-5-4 (USA).

We have received the following correction to Ministory XXXVI from Mr. J.J. Lorys of London. In the third sentence on page 3 is written “as new Commander in Chief of the Polish army Kosnkowski”; this should read “K. Sosnkowski”.

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Utrechtseweg 232 6862 AZ Oosterbeek The Netherlands
Newsletter No. 60, October 1995
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

Theme day, Saturday 9 December 1995
Every year in the Autumn our Society organises a ’theme afternoon’. From this year the event is to be extended to last the whole day following a request from a number of our members. This means that those living far away will find making the trip to Oosterbeek much more worthwhile.
This year’s theme day will be held on Saturday 9 December next.
The morning programme is as follows: 09.30-10.30: reception of members in the Schoonoord Restaurant, Pietersbergseweg 4, Oosterbeek (tel. 026- 3333150). There one can obtain refreshments at one’s own expense. The restaurant is open from 9.30 am (and not before)! 10.00-12.00: walk to and through the area of the Pietersberg and Hemelse Berg estates in Oosterbeek. There the military actions which took place in September 1944 around the two sequential headquarters locations of the 1st
Airlanding Brigade will be looked into. The Airlanding Brigade was commanded at the time by Brigadier Ph. ‘Pip’ H.W. Hicks.
This part of the theme day is being organised by our members Philip Reinders and Peter Vrolijk from Vlaardingen and Rotterdam respectively, both members of the ‘Arnhem Battle Research Group’.
12.00-13.30: break for lunch in Oosterbeek, again at one’s own expense.
The afternoon programme will be held in the Concert Hall, Rozensteeg 3, Oosterbeek (tel. 026-3332046).
The programme contains the following: 13.30-14.00: reception of members. 14.00-15.15: lecture by Eug&ne Wijnhoud from Arnhem on ‘The role of the 1st and 2nd Airlanding Anti-Tank Batteries Royal Artillery during the Battle of Arnhem’.
15.15-15.45: intermission.
15.45-16.45: showing of the British video documentary ‘The Battle for Arnhem’ The film has Dutch subtitles.
17.00 approx.: end of Theme afternoon.

A new ‘Who was Who’
The book ‘Who was Who during the Battle of Arnhem – The Order of Battle of Airborne Officers who fought at Arnhem in 1944’ which was published by our Society in 1992 is sold out and will not be reprinted in its current form. It has been decided to prepare a new, enlarged edition which, in addition to tire existing data, will include all manner of new information.
The intention is to set up a workgroup of people with a good working knowledge of the subject. The group will be led by Chris van Roekel.
Any member wishing to assist in the project can contact Chris at Benedendorpsweg 119, 6862 WE Oosterbeek, telephone 026-3333261.


Saturday 16 September 1995. This year’s Pilgrimage Leader Colonel John L. Waddy congratulates veteran Ted Shaw on his successful parachute jump al the Ginkelse Heide near Ede. Ted Shaw is the Friends Society’s representative in Creat Britain.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

To the editors’ great chagrin the Ministory accompanying the August issue of the Newsletter was given the number 48 in error. This should have been 47 and, so as to ensure continuity in the numbering system, the Ministory accompanying this Newsletter will be: ‘No. 47’.
Compilation of 50 Ministories?
Since 1983 the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum’s Newsletter has consisted of a ‘newspaper’ of announcements and a ‘Ministory’ in which a specific aspect of the Battle of Arnhem is covered. The editorship hopes to publish the fiftieth Ministory in the Spring of 1996. There is a possibility of collating the first 50 Ministories in a book but before starting a project of this nature the Society’s management would wish to know if there is sufficient interest in such a publication.
Drop a line to the Society if you are interested in a book of collected Ministories.

The Reverend R.F. Bowers holds his congregation spellbound with an impressive, emotional and often humorous sermon during the memorial service at the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek on 17 September 1995. (photo: Berry de Reus)

5-day Spring excursion to England?
If financially and organisationally feasible, the Society’s management is considering arranging an excursion to England in the Spring of 1996. Visits to various museums and places of historical interest relative to the 1st British Airborne Division are on the programme. The museums would include the Airborne Forces Museum at Aidershot, the Museum of Army Flying at Middle Wallop and a number of military museums in London.
Also under consideration for a visit are the British ‘Parachute Training Schoo! and associated museum at Brize Norton, plus one or two former airfields from which units of the 1st British Airborne Division left for the Netherlands in September 1944.
The trip will be by touring coach and will last five days. We want to make the excursion as inexpensive as possible and for this reason we are trying to arrange accommodation in one or other military barracks. During the last Airborne commemoration our friends among the British authorities agreed to look into this possibility.
In any case the excursion would have to take place in April or May 1996 and we must emphasise that this is just a preliminary announcement. The excursion is by no means certain to go ahead and it is therefore too early to put your name forward for a place at this stage. We’ll keep you posted.

Message from your UK representative
Thank you for your support of the Friends and for your generosity.
A kindly reminder that subscriptions are due on the 1st of January 1996. Donations are always welcome. Signed: Ted Shaw, UK representative.
(298 Totiies Road, Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD. Telephone: 0803-553616)

Unusual gift for the Airborne Museum
Last August one of our English members, Mr. Ken Greenough, presented the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ with three unusual objects from the Battle of Arnhem.
They are German in origin and are: a large swastika flag, an armband and a leave pass. Ken was given these souvenirs in 1988 by Arnhem veteran Sid Davies who in turn had been given them in 1945 by Michael Fitzgerald, HQ Company, 2nd Parachute Battalion.
Fitzgerald became separated from his unit during the landings on 17 September 1944 and therefore never got to the bridge.
He eventually reached divisional headquarters at the Hartenstein Hotel in Oosterbeek where he took up a foxhole position close to the tennis courts where German prisoners-of-war were housed. There he relieved a German POW of the armband and leave pass, with a Military Policeman’s blessing it has to be said.
The swastika flag probably originates from the Hartenstein or De Tafelberg. When operation Market Garden began both hotels were being used by German Field Marshal Walter Model’s staff. Model was commander of German Army Group B.
A special detail of the flag worth mentioning is that a large piece of material has been removed from its lower edge. Apparently Sid Davies’ mum cut the strip from the bottom of the flag and mended her red curtains with it!

In Memoriam: Jan Lourens
Jan Lourens, inhabitant of Oosterbeek, passed away on 6 September 1995 at the age of 89.
During the Second World War he was an active member of the Resistance where his knowledge of transmitters and receivers was of tremendous value. Airborne troops also made use of his expertise during the Battle of Arnhem.
Every year from 1945 onwards he looked after the sound equipment for the memorial service at the Airborne Cemetery. This equipment also did sterling service during the so-called Battlefield Tours. Jan was to be found wherever sound had to be recorded and amplified.
As time went by the company name ‘ATOOM’ became a synonym for the owner himself.
His tale of the war years is included in the book ‘Zes Dorpen in Oorlog en Verzet’ (Six Villages in Wartime and Resistance) which was published in 1984.

Large gift of money for the Airborne Museum
Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ has received a cheque for 7,000 guilders from ‘Woningbeheer Renkum’ (a local housing association).
The motivation behind the gift of this princely sum (collected during the opening of its new office in Renkum) is the housing association’s belief in the value of the museum in the Renkum municipality and the importance of its continued-existence.
Veterans parachute jump a great success
On Saturday 16 September 1995, again watched by a huge crowd, the annual parachute drop took place on the Ginkelse Heide at Ede.

The unveiling of a plaque at ‘de Hazehof farm in Kesteren on 3 May last. The plaque commemorates the 16 British parachutists and one American airman who were hidden there by the Resistance from 18 to 23 Septembei 1944. From left to right: Sergeant A.E. Spring, Private ]. Westbury and the American, 2nd Lieutenant E. Fulmer, (photo: Patrick Pronk)

The dropping of around 300 men of the British 10th Parachute Battalion was followed by the long- awaited jump by a number of Arnhem veterans. Unfortunately the jump had to be cancelled last year, the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Arnhem, due to bad weather, but luckily this year the weather behaved itself. Fifty-one years after the events of September 1944 almost thirty ex-servicemen jumped once more from an aircraft above the former dropping zone.
They had practised for this day for 2 years and the drop was a great success. One of the veterans to make this historic jump was our Great Britain representative Mr. Ted Shaw.

Plaque in Brummen
On 23 September 1944, after the battle around the Rhine bridge at Arnhem was over, a number of British prisoners-of-war were driven off in open lorries towards Zutphen.
At Brummen Major Tony Hibbert and Major Dennis Munford managed to escape by leaping from one of the trucks. During the ensuing mayhem an SS trooper fired his machine pistol into the group of prisoners crammed into the back of the truck. Six British soldiers died.
During an emotional gathering on 15 April this year, Tony Hibbert unveiled a memorial plaque to the six murdered servicemen. The plaque is attached to the walLof the-PosL Office in Brummen, close to the spot where the drama was played out.
The idea for the plaque came initially from one of our members, Piet Willemsens, who describes the shooting incident in one of the chapters of his book ‘Oorlog in een dorp aan de IJssel, Brummen – Eerbeek 1940 -1945’ (War in a village on the IJssel, Brummen – Eerbeek 1940 -1945). Another chapter in the book deals with the time Tony Hibbert spent in hiding in Brum men.
The book is available from the author, Stationsweg 6, 6971 BX Brummen.

Fulbeck Hall
In 1944 the headquarters of the 1st British Airborne Division in England was located at Fulbeck Hall, a country house in Lincolnshire.
The house was built in 1733 and has remained in the hands of the Fane family since that time. After the war the house, which had suffered considerably at the hands of the military, was completely refurbished, with the exception of the map room. In 1994 the present owner Mary Fry (ne<5 Fane) restored this room to how it was in 1944. The Airborne Museum in Oosterbeek provided advise in this venture as well as the loan of certain material. Last 15 and 16 July a weekend was organised in the grounds of Fulbeck Hall with ‘The Forties’ as its theme. There were a number of old army vehicles on display, arms dealers were present exhibiting their wares and various bands played tunes from the forties. There was also a fly-past of veteran aircraft, including a Dakota. Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ was present in the form of a stand manned by Wybo and Nanna Boersma.
Fulbeck Hall receives regular visits from Arnhem veterans who often present the collection with interesting objects and documents. The Airborne Museum in Oosterbeek has been given copies of a number of these archive documents.
Fulbeck Hall will be open to the public again in 1996 and it is well worth a visit. It is situated 3 miles south of the A17 and about 9 miles east of the Al and can be reached via the A607. House and gardens are open to the public from 30 June to 28 July between the hours of 2 pm and 5 pm. They are also open during the Whitsun break and on the May and August Bank holidays.
The exhibition can be visited daily by appointment. Arnhem veterans are admitted free of charge.

Plaque unveiled in Kesteren
On 18 September 1944 a Dakota on its way to Arnhem with men of the 10th Parachute Battalion on board crashed near Opheusden.
Most of the occupants were able to escape from the aircraft by parachute but three did not survive the crash: two men of the American 43 Troop Carrier Squadron and one British parachutist.
The survivors were hidden from the Germans for five days by members of the Resistance in ‘de Hazehof farm in Opheusden before being escorted to the Allied lines.
A plaque attached to the wall of ‘de Hazehof farm recalling this event was unveiled on 3 May 1995. The unveiling ceremony was carried out by a former member of the American crew and two ex-parachutists.

Decorations for Dutch people
A number of Dutch people recently received decorations in recognition of their efforts for the annual Airborne commemorations.
Mr. T. Pieterse received the MBE (Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) for the tremendous amount of work he has done over the past 20 years for and on behalf of the Lest We Forget Foundation. Mr. P. Meulendijk, chairman of the Airborne Commemorations Foundation, was awarded an OBE for the organisation of the 50th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem (he becomes an Officer in this order).
Mr. A. Baltussen from the Driel-Poland Committee acquired the ‘Officierskruis in de Orde van Verdienste van Polen’ (Officers Cross in the Polish Order of Merit). In addition a number of people were presented with a brooch bearing the Polish Parachute Brigade emblem by the leader of the Polish pilgrims Mr. Z. Gasowski.
As a ‘thank you’ for his work in organising the annual service at the Airborne Cemetery, Mr. J.Rudolphie was presented with a small silver Pegasus figure by the Arnhem Veterans Club.

Lectures on Oosterbeek in 1945
As part of the events marking 50 Years Liberation, the Renkum Municipality ‘Stichting voor Heemkunde’ (Local History Foundation) is organising two lectures on ‘Oosterbeek in 1945’. Both lectures, accompanied by many photographic slides, will give an idea of the damage suffered by the village during, and particularly after, the hostilities of September 1944. Other topics covered will include the left behind military material, ammunition, field graves, trench systems and other matters characteristic of Oosterbeek in the first year of liberation.
The first lecture will be given by Mr. G.H. Maassen jr. on Friday 27 October 1995 and will deal with the ‘Bovendorp’ (Lipper village). The second, covering the ‘Benedendorp’ (Lower village), will be on Wednesday 22 November 1995 when the lecturer will be Mr. R.P.G.A. Voskuil.
The TJ October lecture will be held in ‘Zalencentrum Lebret’ and the 22 November lecture will be in the Concert Hall, both commencing at 8 pm.
Admission is free for ‘Heemkunde’ members and 5 guilders for non-members.

Fulbeck Hall in Lincolnshire, 1st British Airborne Division headquarters in 1944, photographed during ‘The Forties’ weekend held on 15 and 16 July 1995.
(photo: Wybo Boersma)

British G.P.O telephone box back in place
Last year an original red G.P.O. telephone box was placed at the corner of Utrechtseweg and Weverstraat in Oosterbeek, a gift from the Arnhem Veterans Club.
Unfortunately within a few weeks it was hit by a skidding car and so badly damaged that it had to be removed. Shortly before the 51st commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem, on 23 August to be exact, a British telephone box was once more back in position.


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Newsletter No. 61, February 1996
ISSN 1383-3413
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Mr. E.E. Shaw, 298 Totnes Road Paignton – Devon TQ4 7HD Tel. 0803-553616

16th General Members Meeting, 27 April 1996
You are invited to attend the 16th General Members Meeting of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum, Oosterbeek. The meeting will be held in the Concert Hall, Rozensteeg 3, opposite the Old Church in Benedendorp Oosterbeek on Saturday 27 April next starting at 2 pm, and will include the Annual General Meeting.
The agenda is as follows:
1. Opening
2. Minutes of the General Members Meeting of
1 April 1995
3. General Report 1995
4. Financial Report 1995
5. Audit Committee Report
6. Relationship to the museum
7. Budget for 1996
8. Election of Officials
9. Appointment of reserve member to the Audit Committee
10. Questions
11. Closure of the meeting
Information on agenda point 8.
Messrs J. Smits and R.P.G.A.
Voskuil have reached the end of their term of office but both have declared themselves available for re-election.
Article 8 of the Statutes allows for the proposal of alternative Financial reports and information on point 6 will be sent to you separately. The Audit Commission report will be available for perusal half an hour before the meeting begins.
After the meeting a film about the Battle of Arnhem will be shown.

General Report 1995
We began the year with 1236 members. During 1995 10 people cancelled their membership, 33 Friends had their membership cancelled through non-payment of subscriptions and 15 members died.
Membership was increased by 80, including one British and seven Dutch ‘Life Members’. Those who passed away were Mrs Bosman-Nijenes and the gentlemen F.J.N. Engel, J.A. de Baat, B.M.F. Verschoor, M. van der Graaf, J. Figg, E.J. Hetherington, B.E. Cornell, B. Facey, C. Simpson,
S.A.J. Daw, W.T. Simpson, BJ. Mullerlove, W.J. Marquand and Mr and Mrs L.D. Tapp. The management met 11 times during the year. There was an excursion to Hamminkeln in the Spring and a Theme Day was held in the Autumn As in previous years, four Dienstslachtoffers en Aanverwante Doeleinden’ (a trust which acquires funds for military war and service victims and related purposes) and the 10,000 guilders raised by the VVV (tourist office) in 1994 as a result of the Telephone Card action were received in 1995 and, as agreed, devoted to the updating of the project.
A number of members presented the management with proposals aimed at making certain changes within the Society. Two meetings took place between these members and management in which the proposals were explained and discussed. Various ideas were accepted by the management with the remaining items being scheduled for further discussion at a later date.

The HAMILCAR glider in the Museum of Army Flying at Middle Wallop, one of the museums to be visited during the trip to England.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

The Society presented the Airborne Museum with the following gifts:
1. A stereo projector for the showing of stereo slides, including the cost of producing the slides;
2. A crate for the transportation of the large HORS A glider model which is always a great attraction at the various promotional/sales stands;
3. A perspex display cabinet which allows books to be exhibited safely;
4. Two large (3 x 2.25 metres) photo display boards for the information stand;
5. Payment of the costs for the provision of Polish text for the audio-visual presentations in the museum;
6. A contribution to the costs for the realisation of a German Schools Project.
Society information and sales stands were to be found at various 1995 festivities including the two Royal Netherlands Air Force Open Days at Volkel, the nine days of events celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Liberation of the Netherlands, the Resistance Day at Nunspeet, the Airborne Walk in Oosterbeek and the Pegasus Walk in Lunteren. Profits for the museum and the Society amounted to a total of 13,500 guilders.
(Mieke de Langen)

Airborne Museum Foundation chairman Burgomaster Verlinden thanks EefVellinga for the work he has do ne for the museum over the past 17 years al the latter’s reception in ‘Har tonstein’ on 12 January last; right, Nelie Vellinga- Nijholt.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

Message from your UK representative
Thank you for your support of the Friends and for your generosity.
A kindly reminder that subscriptions were due on the 1st of January 1996. Donations are always welcome.
Ted Shaw, UK representative.

Excursion to England, 17 to 21 April 1996
In the last Newsletter mention was made of a planned trip to England for our Dutch members. Thanks to the enthusiastic cooperation of the Parachute Regiment in Aidershot this excursion will indeed go ahead from Wednesday 17 up to and including Sunday 21 April. An information sheet with application coupon is included with the Dutch edition of this Newsletter. Those interested should return the completed coupon as soon as possible and should deposit the required participation fee in the specially opened Giro bank account.

Well attended Theme Day
The Theme Day held in Oosterbeek last 9 December generated tremendous interest. The morning programme was organised by our members Philip Reinders and Peter Vrolijk, a programme that they had prepared with great thoroughness. Messrs Reinders and Vrolijk conducted the ‘Theme Dayers’ on a tour of the Pietersberg and Hemelse Berg estates where, among other things, 1st Airlanding Brigade headquarters was situated during the battle. The events of September 1944 were gone into in great detail. The presence of Mr Albert Jansen, who lived in the gardener’s house at the Pietersberg in those days more than 50 years ago and had his own story to tell, added an extra dimension to the tour.
In the afternoon Eugdne Wijnhoud gave a gripping lecture to a crowded Concert Hall on the role of the 1st and 2nd Airlanding Anti-Tank Battery Royal Artillery during the Battle of Arnhem. The lecture was illustrated with numerous slides.
The afternoon ended with the showing of the video-documentary ‘The Battle for Arnhem’.
Many people asked if details of the research into the day’s subjects could one day be put down on paper, a request which was positively received by the three theme organisers.

Members’ proposals
As you will have read in the General Report, a number of members have put forward various proposals to the management of which the following have been accepted:
1. Expansion of the theme afternoons into a full Society day. In consultation with the management these additional half days can be used by Society members for presentations, lectures and suchlike.
2. The facility for members to place short appeals in the Newsletter regarding research into specific aspects of the Battle of Arnhem. (‘Can you help?’)
3. Future, new Society publications costing 30 guilders or more will be available to Society members at a discount.
4. Management will endeavour to fix the dates of the Society’s events for the whole year.

Obituary: Leo Heaps
News has been received of the death in Canada some time during September 1995 of Canadian Arnhem veteran Leo Heaps. Lieutenant Heaps served as an officer in the British army from May 1944. He was attached to the 1st Parachute Battalion and landed with tills unit at Arnhem on 17 September 1944. At the end of the fighting, during which he exhibited great courage and initiative, he was made prisoner- of-war. He managed to escape, however, and was involved in Operation Pegasus I in October 1944. In this operation more than 200 allied servicemen who had been in hiding in enemy-held territory since the battle escaped across the Rhine to the safety of the liberated region of the Netherlands.
Heaps described his experiences in the books ‘Escape from Arnhem’ (Toronto, 1945) and ‘The Grey Goose of Arnhem’ (London, 1976).

New Airborne Museum Foundation management board members
Two new members have been appointed to the management board of the Airborne Museum Foundation. Oosterbeek economist Drs J.M. Kingma becomes treasurer, effective from 1 January this year, with the second appointee, as ordinary member to the board, being Mr G. Pijpers, also from Oosterbeek. Gerrit Pijpers, a Squadron Leader in the Royal Netherlands Air Force, has been involved in the organisation of the memorial service at the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek since 1976. From 1 January 1995 he took over the management of this annual highpoint in the commemorations. In this task he is assisted by many volunteer helpers.

Eef Vellinga says goodbye
On 12 January 1996, 72 year-old Eef Vellinga took leave of his post as Airborne Museum assistant curator.
A farewell reception was held in his honour on the same day which was attended by a large number of people. To mark his leaving the Airborne Museum Foundation and the Society of Friends presented the Veil ingas with a holiday trip to England. In addition Eef received an inscribed crystal wine carafe from the Foundation plus a wristwatch from the personnel, also inscribed.
Eef Vellinga worked at the Hartenstein museum from the day of its opening in 1978, and in the ensuing 17 years put in an unbelievable amount of work.
Eef experienced the Battle of Arnhem at close quarters in September 1944. He was one of the small group of Dutchmen who offered assistance to the British during the initial stages of the battle. This group would later become known as the ‘Oranje Bataljon’ (the Orange Battalion).
One of Eef’s hobbies is painting and a small selection of his work was exhibited in the Airborne Museum from 10 November 1995 to 7 January 1996.

Oosterbeek, 13 December 1995. Lieutenant Jongen and Warrant Officer Bolle of the Graves Unit during the exhumation of the remains of a British serviceman at Westerbouwing.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Battle of Arnhem’ now on Internet
Modern technology increasingly allows the spread of information via the computer, including of course information on historical subjects.
One of our members, Mr H. Hoekstra from Arnhem, is working on a programme on the Internet about the Battle of Arnhem which enables all manner of information on the operation to be called up. The data files are still being perfected with the help of many people worldwide, and extensive information about the Airborne Museum is included. The programme can be called up on the computer under: HTTP://WWW.UNIVERSAL.NL/USERS/HOEKST RA/PEGASUS.HTM

‘Sluimerend Gevaar’
(Insidious Danger)
An exhibition to do with the clearance of munitions left behind after the Battle of Arnhem is to be held in the Airborne Museum from 1 March to 12 May 1996 under the title ‘Sluimerend Gevaar’. Particularly in the years just after the war enormous quantities of explosive material were cleared, but even today there are almost weekly finds of dangerous munitions in the area around Arnhem.

The opening of the Airborne Museum in Hartenstein in 1978 was photographed and filmed by many of those who attended the ceremony. The management of the Airborne Museum Foundation would like to obtain prints of the photographs and copies of the films made on the day, both at the Hartenstein and in the Goede Herderkerk (Church of the Good Shepherd). If you possess any such material and have no objection to it being copied please contact the Airborne Museum, Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ, Oosterbeek, telephone 026 – 3337710.

Remains of a British soldier unearthed
On 13 December 1995, during the excavation of a telephone cable trench opposite the entrance to the Westerbouwing in Oosterbeek, the remains of a British serviceman killed during the Battle of Arnhem were discovered. The Graves Unit of the Royal Netherlands Army was alerted immediately and Lieutenant H.J.R. Jongen and Warrant Officer F. Bolle were quickly on the scene. There they recovered the soldier’s remains with great care. The remains were found at a depth of 65 cm and were well preserved, even after more than 51 years, and Lieutenant Jongen was able to recover the almost complete skeleton without any difficulty. Investigation of the remains at the Graves Unit laboratory in Bussum will concentrate initially on the man’s teeth. Comparison with old dental records held in the British Ministry of Defence archives will most probably lead to a positive identification.
At present there are still 429 allied servicemen missing in the Arnhem area. A total of 286 unknown soldiers lie buried in various cemeteries who, as far as is known, were involved in the Battle of Arnhem. The remains of the two servicemen found in the Sonnenberg area in Oosterbeek in January 1994 are still under examination by the British authorities. This means that there are still some 140 unknown graves of allied soldiers in the south ‘Veluwezoom’ region.

Book fair at theAirborne Museum
This year’s annual book fair will be held in the Airborne Museum on 1 July. A wide selection of books about World War II will be on sale at the various stands.

Bronze statuette of parachutist recovered
More than a year ago the 70 cm tall bronze statuette ‘The Parachutist’ by Jits Bakker was wrenched from its pedestal and stolen. Last September, shortly before the commemorations, the sculptor placed his own example of the statue at our disposal. Since it appeared that the original would never be found, fund-raising began to enable this second statue to be purchased from Jits Bakker.
Imagine the amazement one morning at the beginning of December last year when the badly damaged original statuette was found on the steps of the Airborne Museum, left by a person or persons unknown.
The damaged statue will now be repaired and returned to the spot where it had stood for five years: opposite the entrance to the Airborne Museum.

‘To Save a Life’
A book entitled ‘To Save a Life, Memoirs of a Dutch Resistance Courier’ has been brought to the attention of the editors by Mrs Pelster from Oosterbeek. In this book Elsa Caspers, a Dutch lady, describes the work of the Dutch Resistance groups in the ‘Utrechtse Heuvelrug’ region, work which included looking after people who had gone ‘underground’ and hiding allied aircrew. Elsa herself was just 18 years of age when she began to take part in these risky activities as a courier. Among other things she was involved in the then Brigadier Hackett’s escape following his period in hiding in Ede after the battle of Arnhem. General Hackett has written the foreword to the book as a mark of respect to Elsa Caspers and to the Dutch Resistance.
This 176 page illustrated paperback is published by Deirdre McDonalds Books, 128 Lower Richmond Road, London SW15 1LN and costs 9.95 pounds. (ISBN number: 1 898094 10 1)

Booklet about crashed C-47
As a round-off to his research into a C-47 that was shot down over the Betuwe on 18 September 1944, Society member Patrick Pronk has produced a booklet on the subject. This publication, entitled ‘De 697 tijdens de Slag om Arnhem’ (The 697 during the Battle of Arnhem), describes the lot of the aircraft’s crew and the parachutists of the 10th Parachute Battalion it was carrying. The survivors of the crash were brought to safety by the Dutch Resistance. This illustrated booklet in the Dutch language comprises 22 pages.

In Newsletter no. 60 it was mistakenly reported that Mr J. Rudolphie was presented with a silver statuette by the Arnhem Veterans Club during last September’s Airborne commemorations in appreciation of his great efforts on their behalf. In fact Mr Rudolphie received the statuette from the Airborne Forces Security Fund: the Arnhem Veterans Club actually presented Mr Rudolphie with a glass goblet, engraved with the AVC coat of arms, the presentation being made by Arnhem Veterans Club chairman David Morris.


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