Newsletter No. 90, June 2003
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark

From the editors
For some time the Friends’ Society has had its own office in the Airborne Museum, and this is now the home of the Newsletter editorship. The office has a computer with e-mail and internet facilities. The equipment was bought in conjunction with the Renkum municipality Local History Foundation, an organisation that researches the municipality’s history in its broadest sense and disseminates the results of its labours. This foundation also uses the office facilities for editing its own quarterly newsletter.
The Newsletter editorship’s e-mail address is

25th anniversary
On 11 May 1978 Major General R.E. Urquhart opened the new Airborne Museum in Huize Hartenstein. The museum had been housed in a section of Doorwerth Castle since 1949 under the auspices of the Local History Foundation. As the years passed the collection grew to such an extent that the available space was insufficient for displaying all the exhibits. The presentation also ceased to meet the requirements of the time. In 1977 it was decided to re-house the museum in the former Hartenstein hotel in Oosterbeek, for which the new Airborne Museum Foundation was created. So, on 11 May 2003, the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ in its present form celebrated its 25th ‘birthday’.
Berry de Reus began working for the Airborne Museum Foundation in 1978, as did three volunteers, namely Ad van Veggel, administrator, Wim de Ruijter, responsible for all the museum’s photographs, and Els Catersels, cash desk and shop. All still work at the museum.
In the early years Berry carried out the daily running of the museum virtually single-handed, but as time went by the tasks increased so much that delegation of the work became an obvious necessity. Nowadays the museum has a comprehensive staff. Over the last 25 years hundreds of visitors have come to know Berry as the pivotal point of the museum. Many prominent visitors have assisted him in word and deed.
Since the very beginning Wim de Ruijter has taken care of all the photos for the permanent exhibition. In 25 years he has printed more than 2,500 photographs, a thousand for the permanent exhibition and the rest for fourteen theme exhibitions. The above total does not include the photos required for the huge number of publications that have been produced. On top of all this, for many years Wim has been a board member of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum.

9 May 2003. Berry de Reus and Els Catersels are congratulated by Renkum aiderman Chris van Waveren (on the left) on the occasion of the reception held in the Airborne Museum to celebrate their 25 years work at the museum. (Photo: Robert Voskuil)

Since 1978, Ad van Veggel has organised the museum’s financial administration. Originally this was relatively uncomplicated, but over the years it has grown into a complex, computerised bookkeeping system. During the period 1993-1994 he also reorganised the entire administrative arrangements for the renovation of the museum. Els Catersels began at the cash desk as a volunteer. At that time the sale of tickets was still simple. Now there is an advanced cash registering system to

which an extensive shop is linked. Operation of the museum’s various audio-visual systems is also carried out from the cash desk area, as is the manning of the telephone.
A reception was held in the Airborne Museum on 9 May last to honour the four people celebrating their 25th anniversary. Speeches of congratulation were made by, among others, board members Wybo Boersma and Wim Duyts, and aiderman Chris van Waveren. Many people took the opportunity of congratulating the ‘celebrants’ on their 25 years of service to the museum. The Friends’ board was also represented and all four received gifts on behalf of the Society.
(Wybo Boersma)

Farewell to the chairman of the Airborne Museum Foundation
Mr J.W.A.M. Verlinden, chairman of the Airborne Museum Foundation and burgomaster of Renkum, retired on 1 April 2003. The statutes of the foundation allow for a seat on the board for a representative from the Renkum college of burgomaster and aidermen. This was Mr Verlinden, who was also chosen as chairman by the foundation board. The termination of his period as burgomaster also signalled the end of his chairmanship.
He was the face of the museum for almost 17 years. He represented both the municipality and the museum at many official functions including the Airborne Commemorations, with the 50th anniversary in 1994 as highpoint. As chairman he was host to many visitors to the museum, including members of the Dutch and British royal families, ambassadors, military attaches and many others, but, in particular, the veterans. He was ideally suited to hosting such visits.
Many people are unaware of his tremendous efforts behind the scenes on the museum’s behalf. During the fund-raising for the 1.993/1994 renovation, doors were opened to him that would have remained closed to anyone else.
Here and now, we would like to thank the departing chairman for all the work he has done down the years and wish him and his wife a long future together in good health.
Board member Mr J.W. van Slooten was made chairman as of 23 April 2003. Mr P.H. Tirion from Oosterbeek recently succeeded Mr M.D.M. Rutte as treasurer.
(Wybo Boersma)

Opening of exhibition
On Thursday afternoon the 24th of April, the exhibition ‘Vuursteun aan de Airbornes’ (Fire support for the Airborne) was opened by Captain P.W. Wilkinson. During the battle Peter Wilkinson was the Command Post Officer of 3rd Battery, Airlanding Light Regiment, Royal Artillery, and fought near the old church at Oosterbeek-Laag.
The exhibition provides an overview of the deployment of the Royal Artillery during the Battle of Arnhem. In this, the role of the Airlanding Light Regiment R.A., the 1st and 2nd Airlanding Anti-Tank Batteries and the artillery support from the Betuwe by units of 30 Corps are highlighted. The part played by anti-tank units of the Airlanding battalions is also covered as far as possible.
In the compilation of the exhibition particular use was made of the various books about the artillery that have been published over the years. Unfortunately there is still a considerable lack of information on the use of, in particular, 17- pounder and 6-pounder anti-tank guns. However, the compilers have tried to be as complete as possible. Of the photos on show – more than 80 – there is also a number of lesser-known images to be seen.
Once again, several members of the Friends’ Society lent the museum items from their personal collections for the exhibition.
A ‘star’ of the show is the new ‘Polsten gun’, purchased by the museum with financial help from the Friends. Alas, it was not possible to get the gun over from England in time for the opening but it is now set up on the first floor in the room next to the Rijnbrug model. The Reconnaissance Squadron had two of these pieces at their disposal during the battle although it is not certain if they were actually used. A detailed article on this type of gun will appear in the next Newsletter.
The exhibition will run until 4 November 2003.

Excursion to Hamminkeln on 4 October 2003
On Saturday 4 October next, the Friends’ Society is organising an excursion to the area around Hamminkeln in Germany where the last great airborne operation of World War II took place on 24 March 1945. We made our first battlefield tour to this region in May 1995, a region where units including the 6th British Airborne Division were involved in such heavy fighting. We are repeating this trip in response to the many requests.
Programme details and costs will appear in the next issue of the Newsletter.

In Memoriam:
Herman Alexander Roell
Lex Roell passed away peacefully in his sleep at his home in Waalre on 22 November 2002, one week before his 77th birthday.
Over the last few years he had become more and more physically affected by his illness. At times he found this extremely difficult, because there were still so many facets of ‘Arnhem’ that he wished to investigate further.
In his younger days he lived at ‘Bornshoeve’ in Schaarsbergen where, after the airborne landings in September 1944, he was confronted with the horrors of war. Among other things, he and his brothers ensured that the bodies of the airmen and air despatches who lost their lives in the surrounding area were given a decent burial. He was never able to erase completely from his mind his wartime experiences. After a career in Italy he moved to Waalre in the Netherlands, and then went about renewing his many contacts in Arnhem and Oosterbeek. I got to know him through Henk Tiemens from Arnhem, and the three of us spent countless hours on the reconstruction of aircraft crashes, the locating of field graves of the dead, etc. Lex, with passion and unrestrained energy, initially carried out much field work in the province of Noord-Brabant, looking for evidence of identification of the fallen who up till then had remained unknown or of whom information was, to say the least, vague. This later resulted in positive identifications of a number of airmen whose names were recorded in the last Roll of Honour. Lex carried out a thorough study of the Royal Air Force’s air movements during operation Market Garden and the task of air re¬supply that was allotted to the men of the Royal Army Service Corps (RASC), the so-called air despatches. He was therefore closely involved in the raising of the monument for the servicemen who lost their lives during the operation, as well as in the identification of a number of RASC soldiers.
For all this highly appreciated work he was made an Honorary Member of the Arnhem 1944 Veterans Club and the Air Despatch Association. His inspiring personality and friendship will be sorely missed by us all.
(Jan Hey)

New Roll of Honour
In 1999 our society published the fourth, revised edition of the Roll of Honour of the Battle of Arnhem, compiled by Jan Hey. There are still a few copies of this honour list of (allied) fallen for sale, so the true collectors or enthusiasts will need to be quick off the mark. The Friends’ board has decided that a start can be made on the preparations for a fifth edition, and to this end additions and corrections have already been gathered.
Any of our readers who may be able to contribute relevant details to the new edition of the Roll are kindly requested to make the information known. This could be the pointing out of errors found in the fourth edition or, for example, the provision of extra details about the place where, and the circumstances under which, a soldier was killed. Geert Maassen (Jan van Riebeeckweg 39, 6861 BD Oosterbeek; e-mail is looking forward with interest to receiving any such information.

‘B Company arrived’
The book ‘B Company arrived’, written by society member David van Buggenum, was published on 26 April 2003. David, the son of Dutch parents, was born in Perth, West Australia in 1963, and has lived in Arnhem since 1970. His parents lived in Arnhem throughout the war years and were able to tell from first-hand experience what took place around the Gelderland capital during and after September 1944. When, at the age of 16, David began to show interest in the local history of the 1940-1945 period, he concentrated his attention on a relatively small group of just over 100 parachutists. They were the men of B Company, 2nd Parachute Battalion, who had fought at the Rijnbrug and other places during the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944. Through one of them, Sid Fisher, he would meet, interview and write about many of the B Company veterans over the following years. He also obtained information from Dutch civilians who were involved in the events surrounding B Company, and gathered German accounts that highlighted ‘the enemy’ aspect. Interested principally in the personal experiences, David van Buggenum wrote the book ‘B Company arrived’, which is lavishly illustrated with photographs, maps and documents.

David van Buggenum signs copies of his book ‘B Company arrived’ during its presentation.
(Photo: Renkum, 26 April 2003; Bob Gerritsen)

The Book
There is still much to be told about the Battle of Arnhem, and this book relating the experiences of B Company, 2nd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment, – ‘B Company arrived’ – bears this out. It is in English and is written by David G. van Buggenum, a Friend of the Airborne Museum. How the advance to and the battle at the Arnhem road bridge progressed can be found in the books by such people as Urquhart, Frost, Hibbert, Mackay, McKee, Sims, Powell, Kershaw, Peatling, Ryan and Middlebrook, plus a few Dutch authors. However, B Company hardly gets a mention in any of these books in spite of the fact that it accounted for some 13% of the British force at the bridge. This book sets the record straight and tells the whole story!

B Company served as battalion reserve during the advance and had the task of capturing and holding the pontoon bridge. We follow B Company – consisting of Company Headquarters, 4th, 5th and 6th Platoons – from its departure from England on 17 September to its arrival on the dropping zone at Heelsum, followed by its progress to the bridge via ‘Lion route’, the advance route taken by the 2nd Battalion. We witness the skirmishes at Oosterbeek-Laag station, the hold-up at the pontoon bridge, and the fighting at Roermondsplein, in the centre of Arnhem, and around the bridge. We live through the concealment, evacuation, hospitalisation and captivity as POWs of a number of the men. David van Buggenum carries us along via the personal accounts of the parachutists, their German opponents and Dutch civilians, and he portrays the battle, with all its emotions, very ably. By intermingling the stories from the various aspects he provides an excellent insight into the course of the battle seen from the viewpoints of friend and foe alike. We are also introduced to the well-known photographer Sem Presser. The excellent research, analyses and overviews excite admiration. David has written a tense history with great human depth. Wonderful examples of this are Lieutenant Levien’s diary and the stories from Private Izzard and the Dutchman who acted as guide to the company, Jan- Louis Locht.
As is customary, the book is beautifully produced by R.N. Sigmond Publishing, contains many illustrations and good maps, and reads very smoothly. ‘B Company arrived’ comprises 160 pages and costs € 24,50. It is available at the Airborne Museum, in bookshops in Oosterbeek and at the Gelders Archive in Arnhem.
UK members can contact our representative Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs PR4 1BD; 01772 632764; e-mail (Okko Luursema)

Monument to the RAF
We have received the following request from the ‘Arnhem Battle Research Group’.
‘In the course of the exhibition about the Royal Air Force re-supply missions during the Battle of Arnhem that was held in September last year in Oosterbeek town hall, visitors were asked to give their opinion on the possibility of a monument/ memorial stone to the crew members who were involved in these missions. At the moment there is no such monument. 99% of the people who signed the visitors’ book reacted positively to this suggestion, with most adding that a monument should have been erected years ago. Former RAF aircrew or their relatives sometimes ask us where flowers can be placed in memory of the efforts of the British air force at Arnhem. These people have to be referred to the Airborne Monument opposite ‘Hartenstein’ or to the Air Despatch monument near the Airborne Cemetery. There is no special monument to the RAF, while in fact their role was vitally important.
During the Battle of Arnhem a Stirling crashed in Doorwerth at the spot where the Rehoboth School now stands. Last September we placed two posters in the building giving information and showing photos of the aircraft involved. The children can now read what occurred on the site of their school so many years ago. It was during talks with the head teacher that the idea was born of raising a memorial at this spot as a mark of honour to the Royal Air Force. The school board approved the plan, advising that it should be a simple stone pillar of the type to be found at various locations in Arnhem and Oosterbeek.
In the meantime we have approached various organisations, including the Arnhem 1944 Veterans Club, and everyone is very enthusiastic. The plan will now be worked out in detail. Help in any shape or form is welcome. If you would care to assist in this project please contact Philip Reinders, Margrietstraat 4, 6991 XH Rheden.’ (Philip Reinders)
Editor’s note: The board of the Friends’ Society fully supports this initiative for the raising of a memorial to the RAF and has informed Mr Reinders to this effect.

‘315 Troop Carrier Group’
Recently American Friends’ Society member George F. Cholewczynski established Walka Books, a small press publishing house in New Orleans. George is the author of the book ‘Poles Apart’, which appeared in the Dutch language as ‘De Polen van Driel’ in 1990. Walka has recently published the book ‘Airborne Troop Carrier Three-One-Five Group’, by William L. Brinson. This troop transport group of the United States Army Air Force was founded in February 1942, and left for England in November of the same year. The book tells of the period in which the aircraft operated from various British bases and the operations they took part in, such as Sicily, D-Day, Arnhem and the Rhine Crossing. On 18 September 1944 the group’s task included the dropping of the 4th Parachute Brigade on Ginkel Heath; three days later they dropped the Polish Para Brigade near Driel.
Besides general reports the book contains many interesting personal accounts. The book is well worth reading, contains maps and photos (the majority unknown), and is published by Walka Books, P.O. Box 56307, New Orleans LA 70156, USA, The book is on sale in the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’, € 27,50.

Volunteers needed
The Airborne Museum is looking for volunteers who are occasionally prepared to man the museum’s sales stand at events such as Defence Open Days, commemorations, walks etc. The next event is the Airborne Walk on 6 September next. If you are prepared to help and are available on that day, or others, please contact W. Boersma or B. de Reus at the Airborne Museum (026 3337710).

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Newsletter No. 89, February 2003
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764

From the editors
As announced in the previous Newsletter this is a double number, thus enabling us to include most of the copy that was omitted from the last issue due to lack of space.

Miniature Hartenstein.
(photo Berry de Reus)

Hartenstein in Miniature
Miniature models of the Hartenstein building have recently become available. In order to ensure accuracy of detail etc, use was made of the original building drawings and photos. The model measures 8 x 7 x 4 cm and is made from a synthetic material that feels like stone but is unbreakable. ‘Miniature Hartenstein’ is for sale at the museum shop and costs € 8,50.
Diary of events, 2003
Below is a provisional list of events for 2003 that are to be organised by our society (SFAM), and in which the SFAM will be taking part (list subject to change): Friday 7 March: ‘Drop-in evening’ at the Airborne Museum;
Saturday 29 March: SFAM AGM & Theme Afternoon;
Saturday 10 May: Betuwe excursion repeat;
Saturday 24 May: Book fair;
28 May – 1 June inc.: Excursion to Normandy;
20, 21 and 22 June: Weekend in Oosterbeek for British members. A Social Evening will be held in the Airborne Museum on Friday evening 20 June, to which Dutch members of the SFAM are cordially invited;
October/November (exact date to be finalised): Excursion to the 6th British Airborne Division’s battle zone at Hamminkeln in Germany;
22 November: Lecture on the role of the Royal Corps of Signals during the Battle of Arnhem.
Annual Meeting and Theme Afternoon on 29 March
You are invited to attend the 23rd AGM / Annual Meeting of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum on Saturday 29 March 2003. The meeting will be held in the Concert Hall, Rozensteeg 3 in Oosterbeek, starting at 10.30 hours.
The agenda is as follows:
1. Opening
2. Minutes of the AGM of 6 April 2002
3. General Report, 2002
4. Financial Report 2002
5. Budget for 2003
6. Audit Committee Report
7. Management Board election
8. Appointment of reserve member to the Audit Committee
9. Questions
10. Closure of meeting.
Points 3 and 4: You will be given the General and Financial Reports on arrival, and the Audit Committee Report will be available for perusal at the hall entrance half an hour before the opening of the meeting. You can also request copies of the General and Financial Reports by writing to the Treasurer, Mr F. Miedema, Woudstralaan 24, 6862 XE,
Oosterbeek, enclosing a stamped (90 Eurocent stamp), self-addressed envelope.
Point 7: Mr C.C. van den Bosch will be stepping down and does not intend standing for re-election. The board has proposed Mr E. van der Meiden from Oosterbeek as new board member.
Article 8 of the Statutes allows members to propose alternative candidates. Notification of such proposals needs to be made to the secretary (Nachtegaallaan 28, 6713 BZ, Ede), in writing, at the latest ten days before the meeting. Each proposal must be signed by at least ten members and accompanied by a declaration of intent from the candidate, who must be a society member and an adult.
After the AGM the afternoon programme will start with lunch in the Concert Hall, followed by a walking tour of the area around the Old Church, where the 1st Light Regiment, Royal Artillery were positioned in September 1944. This unit comprised three Batteries, each with two Troops, each troop possessing four 75mm Pack Howitzers.
During the afternoon of the excursion it is hoped that one of the original high-trajectory guns will be set up in an actual September 1944 position.
The lunch and participation in the excursion will cost € 25,-, which should be received by the Treasurer before 20 March. As well as covering the lunch and an excursion guide, part of this charge will go towards the costs involved in bringing this original howitzer to Oosterbeek. The maximum number of members participating in the Theme Afternoon is limited to fifty.
A good preparation for the theme afternoon would be to read the book ‘The Gunners at Arnhem’ by Peter Wilkinson. The book is on sale at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’.

Excursion to the battle zone in the Betuwe
As a follow-up to the excursions to the areas of operation of the 82nd and 101st US Airborne Divisions in the south of the Netherlands, the Friends’ Society organised a bus trip to the former battlefields at Nijmegen and in the Betuwe, which took place on 2 November 2002. Eugene Wijnhoud, Geert Maassen and Marcel Anker were the guides. The first visit was to the Jonkerbosch Cemetery near Nijmegen, and it was remarkable how few of the participants had visited this cemetery before, despite the fact that a number of men from the 1st British Airborne Division are buried there. Then, following a trip through Nijmegen, the area around the power station on the south bank of the river Waal was visited. The positions of the artillery that provided support to the troops at Oosterbeek are still recognisable in spite of the new ‘urbanisation’.
A visit to the NUON building, and especially the view from the roof of the spot where the 3rd Battalion of the 504th Regiment, 82nd US Airborne Division crossed the Waal on 20 September 1944, remains spectacular. The area around the southern approach to the Waal bridge was the next subject. Here, too, all traces of the fighting have disappeared under the post war re-development. A good guide is a ‘must’ if one wishes to get an idea of how things were at the time of the events in 1944. For example, how many people know that a German gun can still be seen near the southern approach to the bridge? After lunch the excursion continued with an overview of the battle around Driel. Although this area was rebuilt following the destruction sustained during the war, and many new houses have been built since, it was nevertheless possible to find many historic sites thanks to the excellent guidance of Geert Maassen. The afternoon was rounded off with a visit to the Polish monument in Driel.
Those who missed this day out will have another chance on Saturday 10 May, when the excursion will be repeated in co-operation with the Documentation Group ’40-’45. The excursion costs € 30,- and bookings must be in by 7 April.
The book ‘Operation Market Garden, Then and Now’ by Karel Margry is recommended as preparation for this excursion.
(W. Boersma)

Geert Maassen (second from the left) provides explanation during the excursion to the Betuwe on 2 November last year.
(photo W. Boersma)

‘Drop-in evening’
On Friday evening 7 March next, another ‘Drop-in evening’ for Society Friends is to be held in the Airborne Museum. For the occasion the ‘Hartenstein’ will be open from 19.00 hours. The archives, library and depot will be open to visitors, providing an ideal opportunity for taking a look behind the scenes! The evening is also intended to allow people to come together and exchange ideas over a cup of coffee. Members wishing to bring along documents or material from their personal collection for perusal, are requested to get in touch with W. Boersma beforehand so that sufficient tables or display cabinets can be arranged. We expect a lot of people! (Wybo Boersma)

Exhibition 2003
This year the Airborne Museum’s themed exhibition will feature the deployment of the Royal Artillery at the Battle of Arnhem. The title of the exhibition is ‘Fire Support for the Airborne’. Attention will focus on the role of the 75 mm Pack Howitzers, the 6-pounder and 17-pounder guns, the 2 cm Polsten Gun, and possibly on the fire support provided from Nijmegen, and later from the Betuwe, from 21 September onwards. Members of the Society who have documents or material on this subject and who would like to help with this exhibition are kindly asked to contact W. Boersma by telephone at the museum (026 3337710), private (0318 639633), or e-mail:
The exhibition will open on 25 April next and continue through to 2 November 2003.

Battlefields Trust Conference
‘The Battlefields Trust’ came into being in England in 1991. Its objective is to publicise and protect historic battlefields both in Britain and on the European mainland. The Trust’s first years of existence were spent listing the existing battlefields in Britain itself. Then it began the work of convincing the local authorities of the importance of these sites in their area, not simply from the historical aspect but also as part of tourist policy. It keeps a close eye on building development plans and looks critically at the construction of new roads. Awareness of the battlefields is promoted by the holding of battlefield tours, lectures, signposting, the supporting of information centres, etc.
Meanwhile the Trust has grown into a society with several hundred members and, thanks to a national lottery grant, has recently taken on a full time employee. The Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ has been a member of the Battlefields Trust since its inauguration.
Every year this body organises a conference, the venues alternating between Britain and the Continent. Last year the meeting was held in the Papendal National Sports Centre in the Netherlands from 24 to 27 October. The subject was ‘Battlefields on the Rhine, Battlefields and Tourism’. A number of lectures were given, the lecturers including Lieutenant Colonel Kinkert of the KMA (Royal Dutch Military Academy) on ‘Battlefield tours as part of military training’, Lieutenant Colonel Brongers (Ret’d) about ‘The Battle for the Grebbeberg’, and Captain Peter Starling from the Royal Army Medical Corps Museum about ‘Schoonoord, a hospital in the Battle’. In addition, detailed visits were made to the Grebbeberg, the battlefield around Arnhem, and the Airborne Museum. The participants laid a wreath at the Airborne Cemetery.
On Friday afternoon the company was the guest of Renkum municipal council. In his welcoming address, the acting burgomaster of Renkum Mr Joop Verheij said how the council supplements the spearhead of its tourist policy, and the significance of the Airborne Museum to the municipality. The conference ended on Saturday evening with dinner in one of Arnhem’s restored medieval cellars. Many sponsors helped in making the conference possible, while the Airborne Museum took care of the organisation. Various members of the Friends Society assisted in the battlefield tours.
The conference was a success, and gave an extra impulse to the promotion of battlefield tourism in the Netherlands, as well as to the Airborne Museum.
(W. Boersma)

Increase in the number of visitors
Last year, 2002, the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ received more than 60,000 visitors, an increase of approximately 7,000 over the previous year’s total.

Arend Langenberg and Joop Bal discuss the text for the Airborne Museum’s new audio-visual presentation, (photo Berry de Reus)

New audio-visual presentation
The audio-visual presentation linked to the scale model in the Airborne Museum’s large room has recently undergone total renewal. Tire old slide projectors were completely worn out so everything is now on DVD. The entire programme, consisting of photos, film fragments and sound, lasts 17 minutes and is projected onto the large screen above the model with the aid of a ‘beamer’.
Berry de Reus, Joop Bal from Bal Bedrijfsvideo in Oosterbeek and Gerrit Bulten from Burst Video in Veenendaal made up the team that carried out this project. The narrator is Arend Langenberg.
It is also the intention to renew the museum’s other three, small video-presentations.
Gift of Sgt. Robinson’s beret badge
Some time ago the Airborne Museum came into possession of Sgt. Robinson’s beret badge. Sgt. Robinson served with the Grenadier Guardsand was commander of the first tank to cross the Waal bridge in Nijmegen on Wednesday 21 September 1944. For this he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.

Battlefield Guide ‘ARNHEM, The Landing Grounds and Oosterbeek’
The latest edition in the series ‘Battleground Europe’ by author Frank Steer recently appeared on the scene. It is referred to as ‘a small guide to one part of operation Market Garden’. It deals with both ends of the Oosterbeek ‘centre’ of the Battle of Arnhem, and this by means of a walk and three car trips. The writer wishes to (perhaps has to) share his consuming interest in the Arnhem story. He makes it almost impossible for the readers to stay at home. Travel advice simplifies the decision to make the journey to Oosterbeek, and once there all sorts of small indications ensure the visit is smooth and enjoyable. During the car journeys the author is there at his ‘listener’s’ side, accurately pointing out the way and the places to park. For the ease of the visitor the maps used are of the current situation on which the ‘then’ situation is added. The route directions are (also) typographically separate from the actual story, although they do ‘intertwine’ here and there.
It is a compelling story, which occasionally places some of the many players in the battle scene in the spotlight. The choice is a personal one, as is the entire story of what took place, using a personal selection of events. In this, and in the choice of those portrayed, one can perhaps recognise something of the writer’s own logistical background.
The accurate responsibilities of the military units mentioned may not mean much to the first-time visitor, but it brings the story alive. The explanation of military terms, and particularly abbreviations, do fall a little short. Against this, a careful effort has been made to eradicate typing errors, with almost complete success. It is not a book that the ‘battle hardened’ students of ‘Arnhem’ have been anxiously waiting for, but who knows, they too may find one thing or another to criticise in the content of the book. The guide does not have such high aspirations; it is intended as a first step towards generating further interest. That first step can now be made with the warm assistance of a dedicated storyteller. It is hoped that it will find its place in abundance between the other books intended for the same public. The book is for sale at the Airborne Museum shop for € 16,50.
(J.W. van Slooten)

German money from England?!
In September 1944 the Castendijk family lived on the Ommershof estate at the north-west corner of Oosterbeek. Nowadays, the area lying roughly between the present day Ommershoflaan and Graaf van Rechterenweg is largely used by the Felixoord Vegetarian Care Home (the only one in the Netherlands).
In October or November 1944,15 year-old Bob Castendijk found many personal possessions of British soldiers who were cared for on math-esses the Ommershof House cellar. Among the find were photos, letters and money, including 1 Mark and 5 Mark banknotes. Indeed: German money, but printed in the United Kingdom!
As the picture of the front of one of the banknotes shows, the money had been issued by the Alliierte Militarbehorde’, the allied occupation force. Therefore, it was likely that the money was intended for later use by the airborne troops in a, by then, defeated Germany.
It is worth noting however that the men of the 1st British Airborne Division already possessed these notes in September 1944. They had not been ordered to push through to the land of our eastern neighbours, had they?
So the story surrounding the occupation money is not yet told. Much is unclear. Who can lighten our darkness? The editorship waits with bated breath: Jan van Riebeeckweg 39, 6861 BD Oosterbeek. (Geert Maassen)

Allied occupation money found in Ommershof House, Oosterbeek in October/November 1944.
(Castendijk collection, Gelders Archief – Arnhem)

‘Arnhem 1944’ by William F. Buckingham
The seventh part – ‘Arnhem 1944, a reappraisal’, written by William F. Buckingham – in the ‘Battles & Campaigns’ series was published recently. As the title suggests, the author wishes to present a re- evaluation of the Battle of Arnhem. He analyses the training of the British parachute units and the 1st Airborne Division in particular, and the command implementation by various commanders at every level, both before and during the battle After an overview of the transition from random parachute units to the fully-fledged ‘Weapon’, and the deployments in North Africa, Italy and Sicily, the leadership and training of the division in 1944 is discussed. Here the writer includes the 1st Polish ndependent Parachute Brigade Group. The Market
plan is then looked at, followed by the fighting in Arnhem and Oosterbeek. In this part the author sometimes refers to events in the American sectors and to the advance of 30 Corps.
The book produces no new viewpoints, and we have read all the criticisms of events before. Nevertheless, everything is brought together again here, with a number of remarkable pronouncements from the British author. The analysis is clear with no ‘benefit of hindsight mud-slinging’.
The printed photos are of moderate quality, and the layout used produces long pages of text which are not very inviting to read. A shame, because the book is well worth reading. The English text is kept simple, making it easy to follow by non-English readers.
Anyone making a serious study of the Battle of Arnhem cannot afford to miss this book.
‘Arnhem 1944, a reappraisal’ by William F. Buckingham, published by Tempus Publishing Ltd. in 2002, ISBN 0 7524 1999 4, 223 pages, illustrated. Price € 23,99. The book is on sale in the ‘Hartenstein’ museum shop.
(W. Boersma)

Normandy excursion 2003
The Airborne Museum will be organising a Battlefield Tour to Normandy to run from 28 May to 1 June 2003 inclusive. During this five-day bus excursion visits will be made to many locations that played an important part on D-day (6 June 1944) and in the weeks that followed. The cost is € 445.
Information and booking via the Airborne Museum.
2002 Annual Report on the Internet
The Annual Report of the Airborne Museum was published in January 2003. The Dutch version can be found on the museum’s website, under the heading: ‘Jaarverslag’.

Roll of Honour
During his search, started many years ago, for information on 1st Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, our member Peter Vrolijk from Rotterdam came across the name of an officer whose participation in the Battle of Arnhem (whether he had fought there) was not entirely clear.
It concerned Lieutenant John T.M. MacFadden, who served originally with the Royal Ulster Rifles. Fie was an Irishman from Belfast. He died from polio in a German prisoner of war camp on 4 October 1944. Lt. MacFadden was 28 years of age and is buried at Hannover War Cemetery.
His name does not appear in the Roll of Honour compiled by Jan Hey. This is an honour list of allies who fell at or as a result of the Battle of Arnhem.
Partly thanks to information supplied by David Truesdale it is now certain that this Irish officer was involved in the fighting in Oosterbeek in September 1944, as a Platoon Officer (9 Platoon) with T Company. He was probably wounded during the night of 17/18, was captured by the Germans, and eventually ended up in ‘Lager XIB’, Fallingsbostel. Lieutenant MacFadden’s relevant details will be included in the next edition of the Roll of Honour.

Radio transmitter-receiver type WS 38, recently excavated near Driel.
(photo Roland Bockhorst)

Radio receiver WS 38 Set Mk. II
Last year a WS 38 Set Mk. Il radio receiver was unearthed during excavation work near the village of Driel. Despite being covered in dirt and rust the set was still easily recognisable when it was handed in at the Airborne Museum. At first sight it seemed fairly complete, but some loose components were missing. The condition of the receiver was remarkably good considering it had spent almost sixty years under the ground.
After it had dried out, the soil was removed and the set was inspected. In order to avoid further damage it was cleaned very carefully, inch by inch, with a small brush, eventually revealing the original green colour. The knobs were easily cleaned with water after which the text on the knobs was visible. We were able to loosen the small setscrews and gently ease off the knobs, which allowed us to grease the small knob spindles so that they were again moveable. We were unable to treat the inside of the set because the housing was dented in such a way that the internals could not be removed. However, we were able to treat the inner surfaces with a special spray that will arrest further deterioration.
This equipment must have been used by the Poles who fought at Driel, either during or immediately after the Battle of Arnhem. With this MK. II set the lead for the throat microphone and the headset was mounted on the edge of the carrying unit. This type of connection was the cause of many cable breakages. Later types were modified, the cable being fitted directly to the set, which reduced cable failures. Actually, this type of radio transmitter/receiver was already out of date by the time the Battle of Arnhem took place. By then most WS 38 sets MK. II had been replaced by an improved type.
The WS 38 set was designed for short distance communication between infantry units as well as between infantry and tank crews. The set was waterproof and consisted of the set itself in a carrying unit, aerials, batteries in a bag, a headset and a throat microphone. The complete unit was carried and operated by one person.
Technical specifications:
System : AM R/T
Frequency : 7.3 – 9 Mhz
Range : 800 metres- 3200 metres
Batteries : HT/LT 150/3V
Weight : MK. Il set in carrying unit: 7 lb (just under 3,5 kilo).
The restored set is on temporary display in the acquisition cabinet in the Airborne Museum’s large room.
(Roland Boekhorst, maintenance staff)

‘News from Niall’
Niall Cherry, our representative in Britain, has drawn our attention to the following.
In the book ‘Remember Arnhem’ by John Fairley, the chapter on Wednesday 20 September 1944 reveals that one of Major Freddie Gough’s last actions at the Rhine bridge in Arnhem was the organisation of a message to be taken to divisional headquarters at the Hartenstein Hotel in Oosterbeek. Corporal Saul of the 2nd Battalion succeeded in reaching Oosterbeek on foot and delivering the message. Not much is known about this, but it seems strange that a courier should be sent at about the same time that the men at the bridge had established radio contact with Major General Urquhart. Bob Peatling, author of the book ‘Without Tradition, 2 Para 1941-1945’, delved further into this case and found the details.
Niall would like to know more about this occurrence, and anyone who may be able to help is kindly asked to get in touch with Niall Cherry, e-mail:

War graves website
Most people who are interested in the Battle of Arnhem and who have access to the Internet, know
set up in 1995 by Andries Hoekstra from Arnhem, and it has now become one of the major digital sources of information about operation Market Garden. Over the years the site has been visited more than a million times, and Andries has received more than 20,000(1) reactions over the same period.
The latest project being worked on by Andries and his colleague Frans Ammerlaan is a website containing the details of all British and Polish servicemen who were killed at Arnhem.
It is the intention that the site will show a photograph of the headstone of each of the dead and, if available, a portrait photo. Andries and Frans believe that by doing this the dead will be given ‘a face’, and therefore be less anonymous. In addition to this, as much information as possible will be included on each person. Frans Ammerlaan has already photographed many of the headstones in the Airborne Cemetery with a digital camera. AU the photographs will need editing before they can be put on the website.
There will be more information on this subject in the next Newsletter.

Frans Ammerlaan busy photographing all the headstones in the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek for the new website on British and Polish servicemen who lost their lives.

(photo via Frans Ammerlaan)

Obituary: Paul Vroemen
We have been informed that Society member Paul Vroemen passed away on 13 November 2002.
Paul was a well-known ‘Arnhem historian’. As a boy he experienced the Battle of Arnhem at close hand, and the events made a deep impression on him. After the war he began collecting books, documents and photographs on the subject. A large part of the personal diaries he collected, was published in the book he wrote in conjunction with journalist C A. Dekkers, called ‘De Zwarte Herfst’ (De Cooise Uitgeverij, Weesp, 1984).
At Paul s request his comprehensive and interesting documentation and photo collection were placed at the disposal of the Gemeentearchief Renkum. This archive is now part of the Gelders Archief in Arnhem. The Paul Vroemen Collection is available for consultation at the address Markt 1.

Philip Reinders shows a German helmet that he found in 2002. The discovery was made during the excavation of a German anti-aircraft artillery site in the Rosandepolder at Oosterbeek.
(photo Berry de Reus)

WW2 and the Rosandepolder
A few months ago the Rosandepolder in Oosterbeek, the flood plain between the river Rhine and Benedendorpsweg, revealed a number of remarkable finds that provide a glimpse into events from the 1940-1945 period.
During the removal by the water company Waterschap Vallei & Eem of a small dike close to the river, the remains of a German anti-aircraft artillery site were uncovered.
Actually, it concerns two Flak positions, both of which are easily recognisable in allied aerial photos taken before 17 September 1944.
At one site the finds included a small paved area, probably made using street paving bricks from the nearby brick factory (incidentally, no longer operational). The water company has left the foundations in place as a sort of small monument.
Shortly after the above-mentioned finds were made, the wreckage of a German fighter aircraft was unearthed during other regular excavation work. This site is relatively close to the houses on the south side of Benedendorpsweg. At first it was thought to be the wreck of a Focke Wulf FW 190, it being known that such an aircraft did crash in the polder, but it turned out to be the remains of a Messerschmitt Me 109. Items found included parts of the cockpit, the propeller and the tail wheel. Eventually, thanks to the excellent co-operation between the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ and the Museum Vliegbasis Deelen, the objects were taken to Hoenderloseweg 10 at the ‘Kop van Deelen’ in Arnhem, the home of the latter museum.
Some historical facts are indeed known about both the above-mentioned subjects, but many details have yet to be discovered. Anyone who thinks he/she may have some information on the Flak sites and the crashed German fighter in the Rosandepolder, is kindly requested to contact Philip Reinders, Margrietstraat 4, 6991 XH Rheden; tel. 026 4954563 (ditto fax) or email (Geert Maassen)

New study group
We have received the following message from our member Frank van Lunteren.
‘On 22 August 2001, Fred Baldino, James McNamara and I established the “American Dutch Airborne Research Group” (ADARG). The chairman is James McNamara, and Fred Baldino is vice-chairman. Fred served as a corporal in A Company, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment. Both the chairman and vice- chairman live in the United States.
The aim of this still-infant group is to research the histories of the 82nd and 101st American Airborne Divisions, the 1st British Airborne Division, and tire 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade.
The group has 11 members, seven in the US and four in the Netherlands.
Anyone wishing to know more about this study group should contact Frank van Lunteren, (email).

‘De Slag om de Ginkelse Heide’ (The Battle for Ginkel Heath)
A book with the above title has recently been published. Its author is historian Carel Verhoef, who lives in Ede.
The battle fought by the British and Polish Airborne at the Arnhem road bridge and in the Oosterbeek perimeter is well-enough known. Far less well- known is what happened during the first few days of Operation Market Garden at Ginkel Heath, just east of Ede. The men of the 4th Parachute Brigade under the command of Brigadier John Hackett landed there on 18 September 1944. This drop lasted little more than nine minutes all told, and was just part of the military activity that took place on and around this Ede heathland.
7th Battalion The King’s Own Scottish Borderers, which landed a day earlier at Renkum and had the job of protecting the dropping zone at Ede, had already reached the heath by the afternoon of 17 September, and became involved with a number of German units and a battalion of Dutch SS in the early evening.
hr most books about Operation Market Garden this episode rarely rates more than a paragraph. Using official Allied, German and Dutch documentation, accounts from participants, literature and situation sketches, Verhoef’s book paints a detailed picture of the contribution made to the Battle of Arnhem by the 7th Battalion The King’s Own Scottish Borderers and 4th Parachute Brigade, before their involvement in the fighting in Arnhem and Oosterbeek. There is also a brief summary of the background to the battle.
The book is based on the similarly named article published in 2001 in the 3rd ‘Bulletin van de Tweede Wereldoorlog’ (Bulletin from the Second World War). The subject is further explored with the aid of the most recent literature, documentation and personal reports.
In his acknowledgements the author is full of praise for the help he received from Dr A. Groeneweg OBE and other Airborne Museum staff, including Mr R.N. Sigmond, whose personal archive was very gratefully consulted by the author.
‘De Slag om de Ginkelse Heide, 17 en 18 September 1944’ by C.E.H.J. Verhoef, was published in 2002 by Uitgeverij Aspekt in Socstcrbcrg. The book comprises 124 pages, is illustrated with photos and maps, and costs € 12,98.

Member John Sliz has sent us the following appeal.
‘I am currently engaged in a research project into the role of the 20th and 23rd Royal Canadian Engineers during operation ‘Berlin’. This was the operation that took place on the night of 25/26 September 1944 in which the remnants of the 1st British Airborne Division were withdrawn from the ‘Perimeter’ in Oosterbeek, and ferried back across the Rhine.
I would like to get in contact with veterans from these engineer units as well as with veterans of the 1st British Airborne Division who took part in this withdrawal. I want to put their stories down on paper. I am also looking for reports and accounts about this operation. I intend publishing the result of this research.’
John Sliz’s address is: 24 Brauburn Avenue, Etobicoke, MGP 273, Ontario, Canada: email

Theme Day: Museum Vliegbasis Deelen
Member Philip Reinders has sent us the following message about his private initiative: T wish to organise a theme day for members of the Friends’ Society in the museum at Deelen on 14 June next. In connection with this I would like to make an appeal to Friends who undertake research into certain aspects of the Battle of Arnhem. This could involve a specific British, Polish or German unit, or it could be into any other subject relating to this military operation.
I have already approached a number of people, and they have promised their support. Of course it would be much nicer if even more people would be prepared to join in. It is a great opportunity to meet others with the same interests, and to let them see what sort of research you’re involved in, and, who knows, perhaps you would be able to exchange information with other researchers. For the non¬researchers among us it is a chance to see what these people do, to talk to one another about it, and maybe answer each other’s questions.
The theme afternoon will cost € 4 for members of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum on presentation of their membership card. This charge includes admission to the museum, a guided tour, and coffee and cake. Among the items to be seen in the Deelen museum is a large exhibition about the gliders used at Arnhem.
Those interested can book with Philip Reinders, Margrietstraat 4, 6991 XH, Rheden, or on the Arnhem Battle Research Group website,’

On Saturday 21 September last year, the honour -as a soldier serving with the Air Mobile Brigade – of taking part in the parachute drop at Ginkel Heath fell to our member Peter Steenhuis.

The photograph was taken prior to departure from Soesterberg airbase.

(photo via Peter Steenhuis)

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Friends of the Airborne Museum
Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 88, October 2002
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764


Airborne Cemetery Oosterbeek, 22 September 2002.

Children place flowers on the graves during the memorial service.

(photo: Berry de Reus)

From the editors
Much of note has happened over the past weeks including the 58th commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem, so many in fact that we are only able to cover a few in this issue due to lack of space. The remaining reports will be published in the next Newsletter.

Theme afternoon, 2 November 2002
Our society is organising a theme afternoon to be held in Zalencentrum ‘Lebret’ in Lebretweg, Oosterbeek on 2 November next.
The programme is as follows: 13.30 – 1.4.00 hours: Reception of the members.
14.00 – 15.00 hours: Lecture by Marcel Zwarts on the deployment of German armour during the Battle of Arnhem. Marcel has researched this subject for many years and recently published the book ‘German Armored Units at Arnhem, September 1944′. The lecture will be lavishly illustrated with slides.
15.00 -15.45 hours:
15.45 – 16.30 hours: Second part of Marcel Zwarts’ lecture.
16.30 – 17.00 hours: Time for questions, discussions and chats.
Ca. 17.15 hours: End of the theme afternoon.

Patrick Pronk, author of the book ‘Airborne Engineers, The Shiny 9lh’, is busy compiling details on the history of the 1st Parachute Squadron, Royal Engineers. He is looking for documents, personal accounts, photographs etc. People who are interested in helping him, especially veterans from this unit, are kindly asked to contact Patrick Pronk, Doomstraat 279, 2584 AM Scheveningen, Holland, telephone 070 3545581, e-mail:

Obituary: Henry McAnelly, battlefield guide
Arnhem veteran Henry McAnelly passed away at his home in Kortenhoef on 11 July this year. He was 79 years of age. For almost thirty years Henry conducted people around the area of the Battle of Arnhem.
In September 1944 he was a private in a 1st Parachute Brigade mortar platoon. During the advance to Arnhem he was seriously wounded at Mariendaal, an area between Oosterbeek and Arnhem. He lost his left arm and received multiple bullet and shrapnel wounds to his head and body. He was taken to St. Elisabeths Gasthuis and from there to the Koning Willem III barracks in Apeldoorn, where he underwent an operation on his wounds. At the end of October he was transferred to Stalag 7 prisoner of war camp at Freising. There he was given further treatment, this time by German doctors. Shortly before Germany capitulated he was taken to Marseilles via Switzerland and France, where he was put on board a hospital ship bound for Liverpool.

He was hospitalised for long periods after the war. When he had recovered he travelled every year to Oosterbeek in order to visit the former battlefield. In 1954 he moved to the Netherlands where he had found employment. Following his early retirement he began giving guided tours of the Arnhem battle area. He continued to do this for almost thirty years. His experiences were used by the author Edward Monroe-Jones in his book ‘Before I Sleep, A novel about Arnhem’, that was published in 1990.

Commemorative envelope 2002
On 17 September 2002 the Airborne Museum in Oosterbeek issued its annual commemorative envelope. This issue is the seventh in the series: ‘Monuments of the Battle of Arnhem’.
The envelope shows the monument to the 101st US Airborne Division on the Drielse Rijndijk near Heteren.
The 101st US Airborne Division took over the positions between Opheusden and Elst from the 43rd British (Wessex) Division on 4 October 1944. At Opheusden the Americans were involved in bitter fighting with the German 363rd Volksgrenadier Division. The Germans had crossed the Rhine and begun advancing from Kesteren towards Opheusden-Dodewaard, supported by tanks. This ‘Battle of Opheusden’ continued until 15 October. Easy Company, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment – the ‘Band of Brothers’ – was also engaged in this battle.
During the night of 22/23 October, 138 British, 10 Dutch and two Russians left Renkum to cross the Rhine with the aid of the Dutch resistance and Easy Company, and successfully reached the American lines. This action was codenamed ‘Operation Pegasus’.
Six days later six American parachutists carried out a reconnaissance patrol to Ede, and returned the following day with 32 German prisoners, a feat of arms that became known as the ‘Incredible Patrol’.
The Americans were relieved on 29 November. The defence of the Betuwe, also called ‘The Island’, cost the 101st Airborne Division more than 300 dead. The monument on the Rijndijk near Heteren commemorates their deployment. It was erected by members of the ‘101st Airborne Committee Betuwe’ and was unveiled on 15 September 1982.
An issue of 300 numbered copies of the commemorative envelopes have been produced and franked ’17 September 2002′ with the philatelists’ stamp of the Oosterbeek post office.
The first example was presented to the ‘Leader of the Pilgrimage’ 2002 Sir James Cleminson. In September 1944 he commanded 5th Platoon, B Company, 3rd Parachute Batallion.
The commemorative envelopes are for sale in the Airborne Museum Oosterbeek at € 3,00.
Limited numbers from previous years are available at the museum. Refer also to our website:

16 September 2002. Former Friends’ Society chairman Chris van Roekel receives a copy of the book ‘Operation Market-Garden, Then and Now’from author Karel Margry. Chris was given the book in appreciation of all the work he has done for our society over the last twenty years. This gift was promised him during his farewell on 6 April this year, when he received a ‘symbolic book token’ prior to it’s publication.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Operation Market-Garden, Then and Now’
Monday afternoon 16 September 2002 saw the ‘unveiling’ in the ‘Hartenstein’ of the monumental literary work ‘Operation Market-Garden, Then and Now’. After H.R.H. Prince Bernhard had received a copy of the book from the author elsewhere earlier that day, the official first copy was presented to the trustees of the Airborne Museum Foundation for the museum library. This ceremony brought to an end, after more than twelve years, a comprehensive work from author Karel Margry.
For many years Karel, not unknown to the Friends, has edited the magazine ‘After the Battle’, which appears in the Netherlands under the title ‘Toen en Nu’. Therefore, the recently published book naturally follows the style with which we are familiar from the periodical. This, combined with Karel’s almost encyclopaedic knowledge of operation Market Garden, has resulted in an outstanding publication. Neither did the author hesitate to ask many experts their advice on specific battle sectors.
The entire operation, the British, Polish and American airborne landings as well as the advance of the ground forces – including the army corps that provided flank protection – is pictured day by day, sometimes hour by hour, in two volumes containing 2340 photographs. The captions are very detailed and informative. The concept of wartime photographs and photos of the present day situation makes for a ‘Market Garden battlefield tour’ that can be followed from an armchair at home, or in the field with the books as guides.
If we limit ourselves to the ‘Arnhem’ section alone we come across still more previously unknown photographs. These were unearthed thanks to Karel’s intensive detective work in archives, museums, press offices and private collections. Karel has arranged (all) the well known photographs by the British war photographers in the sequence in which they were taken. This sometimes produces surprises. Various photos appear to have been taken at locations other than was generally assumed. The many known photographs from the German Bundesarchiv (National Archive) are presented in the same way. Among other things, Karel also shows which operational plans were found by the Germans in a crashed Allied glider as well as the aircraft in which they were found. Although the reconnaissance photos showing the presence of German tanks in the Arnhem area were not traced, the author provides many new facts on the subject.
These are two volumes to be read at one sitting, although at the expense of some sleep, and then for regular leafing through. The book is only available in English, and the two parts come in a rigid box. Despite the high price it is a must for anyone interested in operation Market Garden. It is for sale in the museum shop.
Karel Margry, ‘Operation Market-Garden, Then and Now’. ISBN 1 870067 39 8. Published by Battle of Britain International Ltd, Church House, Church Street, London, E15 3JA, United Kingdom. The book contains 720 pages and is illustrated with photos, maps and tables. The price: € 130. (Wybo Boersma)
Niall Cherry lecture
On Sunday afternoon of 8 September 2002, around thirty members gathered in the side room of the Schoonoord restaurant in Oosterbeek to listen to three short lectures by our UK representative Niall Cherry. The first subject was the battle for the Van Limburg Stirumschool at the Rhine bridge in Arnhem. According to the speaker the days’ long defence of this building by a small group of men against overwhelming German odds was an act of great courage and bravery. His next story also involved events at the bridge and concerned Leo Hall, ‘Bombardier’ with the 1st Airlanding Light Regiment, Royal Artillery. In his third lecture Niall dealt with the experiences of Doctor Lipmann Kessel and his escape from Apeldoorn.
These three clearly and unambiguously told stories were followed by questions from the floor, most of which Niall was able to answer! One question that had to remain unanswered: ‘Why was the commander of the 1st Airlanding Light Regiment, Royal Artillery, Lieutenant Colonel W.F.K. Thompson, known as ‘Sheriff’ Thompson?’ Reactions please to the editors!
When the presentations were over most of those who attended remained behind chatting for quite a while.
Niall promised he would be back in September 2004 to discuss a number of other subjects. We look forward to it!

8 September last. Niall Cherry gives a lecture in the Schoonoord restaurant in Oosterbeek.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Luchtalarm op de Veluwe’ (Air raid alert in the Veluwe)
The book ‘Luchtalarm op de Veluwe’ (by Wolter Noordman) relates the experiences of the crew of the American bomber 42-52506 (a Liberator) that crashed near Hierden in the Northern Veluwe on 29 April 1944. Some of the crew make contact with the resistance and manage to go into hiding. It is principally their experiences that Noordman describes in minute detail. For this he makes use of various publications, numerous archives and eyewitness accounts.
In November 1944 a few airmen take part in operation Pegasus II, in which an attempt is made to help more than one hundred British Airborne and other allied servicemen to escape across the Rhine to the liberated South Netherlands. That the attempt failed is well known.
Noordman provides a comprehensive account of Pegasus II which includes a list of participants.
The author paints a vivid picture of the resistance in the Northern Veluwe. He highlights the difficulties faced by the helpers and the allied servicemen in keeping out of German clutches. No one will be surprised to learn that luck played a big part in this.
Generally speaking the story is a little fragmented. The author had the choice of a description per person, making repetition inevitable, or following a chronological sequence which could affect the flow. The book is liberally provided with notes, a list of sources and a good acknowledgement of photographs, something which other books often lack. A simple map might have been useful for people not familiar with the Veluwe.
The book is highly recommended. Those interested in the air war as well as the Resistance, and/or operation Market Garden will find their individual tastes well catered for in this publication.
‘Luchtalarm op de Veluwe’, by Wolter Noorman, was published in 2002 by Kok in Kampen (ISBN 90 435 0523 4), contains 172 pages, and is illustrated with photographs. It can be ordered through the regular bookshops and is for sale in the Airborne Museum. Price € 14.95.
(W. Boersma)

New photograph discovered
One of our members, who for reasons best known to himself wishes to remain anonymous, recently came up with an unusual photograph. It is a snapshot taken in the Arnhem region in September 1944. The print shows a German tracked vehicle of a type that was known to have operated at Arnhem but of which there had been no photographic evidence of that fact till now.
The photo was taken by Ruud van der Sijde, who at the time lived at the corner of Utrechtseweg/ Rosandelaan in the western outskirts of Arnhem. Ruud snapped a Jagdpanzer IV on Monday 18 September 1944 as it drove past his house along Utrechtseweg on the way to Oosterbeek.
Our experts are busily arranging all the data regarding (the deployment of) this tank hunter, the unit to which it belonged, and its direct British opponents. We hope to return to this interesting topic in more detail in a future Newsletter.

A Jagdpanzer IV on Utrechtsezveg in Arnhem, at the junction with Rosandelaan, driving in the direction of Oosterbeek, 18 September 1944.
(photo R. van der Sijde)

Addition to the Roll of Honour
According to Jan Hey’s standard work it concerns Dakota No. KG-418 from 512 Squadron, that was piloted by Flight Lieutenant R.S.F. Matthews. Fortunately there were no fatalities when it crashed on 20 September 1944, which, however, makes it difficult if not impossible to determine the exact spot.
An aerial photo on page 733, Volume 2, of the well known book series ‘Blik Omhoog’ by author Cor Janse, shows the Buunderkamp area near Ginkel Heath where a crash-landed Dakota can be seen. The caption identifies the machine as a Stirling, but this fault is corrected on page 1345 of the supplement. Could this have been Matthews’ aircraft?
Contact was made with Canadian Floyd Willston via the Internet and he was prepared to look into what befell the crew of KG-418, now 58 years ago. It transpired that they were captured by the Germans shortly after crash-landing but survived the war. One of them died soon after, on 17 October 1945 to be precise. This was Warrant Officer Peter B. Tonner (from Canada), who, on his return from Germany, had been promoted to Flying Officer.
Floyd traced the Tonner family, and they were able to tell that Peter died at the age of 26 as the result of acute tuberculosis and meningitis contracted during his time as a prisoner of war. The conclusion reached was that Peter Tonner warranted being seen as a victim of the Battle of Arnhem, something with which Jan Hey heartily agrees. Peter’s details (and those of the other crew members and the aircraft) will be included in the next edition of the Roll of Honour.
The Dakota took part in a re-supply mission on Wednesday 20 September 1944 crewed by: Flight Lieutenant R.S.F. Matthews (pilot), Flight Sergeant W.C. Thompson (2nd pilot), Warrant Officer D.W. Bromige (navigator) and Warrant Officer P.B. Tonner (radio-operator). There were also four Air Despatches on board (responsible for ejecting the supplies), but alas their names are not known.
The question remains: is the Dakota in the photo in ‘Blik Omhoog’ that of Matthews and Tonner? In a Canadian report compiled just after Peter’s return, he states that his machine came down about ten miles from Ede. A search of the site where the aircraft in Cor Janse s book ended its career unearthed some ‘finds’, but nothing to prove they were from KG-148. Who has the answer?
(Geert Maassen)
Naturally, a certain amount of research had to be done for the ‘Wings – by air to Arnhem’ exhibition held recently in Oosterbeek town hall. This research was carried out by Philip Reinders and included the history of the aircraft that crashed in September 1944 in missions associated with Market Garden.
The Roll of Honour (an honour list of the fallen) mentions an aircraft whose crash site is unknown.

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Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.

Newsletter No. 87, August 2002
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark

Excursion to Nijmegen and Driel
As already mentioned in Newsletter No. 85, the Society of Friends is organising a bus excursion on 12 October next, the subject being: ‘The allied advance from Nijmegen to Driel and the battle of the Polish Parachute Brigade’. The excursion will be led by Marcel Anker, Geert Maassen, Peter Vrolijk and Luuk Buist.
The programme is as follows:
09.00 hrs: Departure of the bus from the Goede Herderkerk car park in Oosterbeek (corner of J.J. Talsmalaan/Utrechtseweg).
09.30 hrs: Visit to the ‘Jonkerbos’ cemetery at Groesbeek, followed by visits to the 64th Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery positions and the crossing point of 3rd Battalion, 504th Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division near the power station, both in Nijmegen. The capture of the railway bridge and road bridge and the advance of 43rd Wessex Division through the Betuwe will then be highlighted.
12.00-13.00 hrs: LUNCH at Valburg.
13.00 hrs: Continuation along the advance route to Driel. Visit to the Polish Parachute Brigade dropping zone and explanation of the fighting in and around Driel village.
17.00 hrs: Arrival back in Oosterbeek.
The cost of the excursion is € 35 per person. This covers the bus journey, the lunch and the excursion guide. Payment must be received by 28 September at the latest.
Applications will be dealt with in order of receipt and a maximum of 45 seats is available. In the event of over-subscription you will be notified only if you CANNOT make the trip.
Contact Eugene Wijnhoud, telephone 026 3513100, e-mail if you have any questions about the excursion.

Obituary: Dennis Munford
Dennis Munford passed away on 27 February 2002 at the age of 89. In September 1944 Major Dennis Munford was ‘Battery Commander’ of No. 3 Battery, Airlanding Light Battery, Royal Artillery. He managed to reach the Rhine Bridge in Arnhem during the evening of the 17th. From there he directed the fire of his unit’s guns (howitzers) by radio over the next few days. The guns were located near the Old Church in Oosterbeek.
Peter Wilkinson, ‘Command Post Officer’ of
No. 3 Battery in September 1944, presented a number of Dennis Munford’s personal possessions to the Airborne Museum on 31 March this year.

31 March 2002. Peter Wilkinson (left) hands over a number of Dennis Munford’s personal possessions to Airborne Museum director Mr W. Boersma. Dennis Munford died on 27 February this year.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Theirs is the Glory’ video
After being sold out for a number of years, the video of the British film ‘Theirs is the Glory’ has recently become available again in the Airborne Museum. The film, a large part of which was shot in the ruins of Arnhem and Oosterbeek in 1945, is a ‘reconstruction’ of the Battle of Arnhem.
750 Copies of this release have been produced, each contained in a box with a very distinctive cover. It is for sale only in the Airborne Museum, Oosterbeek. The video runs for 82 minutes and costs € 27.

Medal display cabinet
Very shortly after the opening of the Airborne Museum in Hartenstein on 11 May 1978, many veterans expressed the wish that their medals might possibly be displayed. This wish was supported by General Urquhart during the 1984 commemoration with a call to the veterans to bequeath their decorations to the museum. Over the years the ‘Hartenstein’ has received more than sixty medal sets.
Last winter Roland Boekhorst of the maintenance staff and volunteer Dick Knoop stored all the known details of these medal sets and their owners in a computer. In the future visitors will be able to access for themselves the information stored in the computer. A test set-up will be placed in the ‘big hall’ next to the medal display cabinets this summer. It will contain a selection of the stored information. Various other details will be developed further over the coming period.
Help is needed for looking up the details, their inputting and the formulation of the text. Volunteers who would like to work on this project can obtain more information from W. Boersma, per e-mail or via the Airborne Museum (026 3337710).

Lectures on 8 September
On 8 September next, our representative in Britain Niall Cherry will be giving three short lectures at the Schoonoord restaurant in Oosterbeek. The subjects will be
1) ‘The defence of the Van Limburg Stirumschool on the east side of the Rhine Bridge in Arnhem ,
2) ‘Leo Hall, gunner at the bridge’,
3) ‘Dr. Lipmann Kessel and his escape from Apeldoorn’.
This series of informal talks will be in English, will begin at 14.00 hrs and will last approximately two hours. At the end of the lectures Niall will answer questions from the floor.
If you plan to attend the lectures you are kindly asked to contact Eugene Wijnhoud, telephone 026 3513100, e-mail:

Volunteers wanted
The Airborne Museum and the Society of Friends co¬operate closely in the organising of sales stands at various events. Volunteers are needed for the manning of these stands. The next event at which we shall be present is the Airborne Walk on 7 September next. If you are interested in helping would you please contact W. Boersma at the Airborne Museum (026 3337710) or by e-mail:

The previous Newsletter contained a photograph of the interrogation of Dave Morris in front of a villa whose location is not yet known. Unfortunately the printer cut off the top of the picture which showed the half-round window above the door. Since this is an essential detail, and up to now reactions to the appeal have failed to throw any light on the location,the picture appears again in this Newsletter together with another of which we would also like topographical details. It is even possible that both photos were taken outside the same building. Anyone who can help in solving this riddle can contact Geert Maassen, Renkum Municipal Archive, Postbus 9100, 6860 HA Oosterbeek, tel. 026 3348303, e-mail
Airborne Museum website
There is great interest in the Airborne Museum website, with an average of 3,500 hits being registered each month. The site is regularly added to and maintained by webmasters B. de Reus and P. Klaassen. Much attention is paid to updating, enabling photos of activities and visits to be included at short notice. The sale of articles via the website, particularly books, appears to be a great success. Expansion of the selection is under preparation.

Left photo: Dave Morris being questioned by a German at the entrance to a villa. Right photo: Polish Lieutenant-Colonel Marcin Rotter, who was captured at Oosterbeek, talking to a number of German soldiers. Is this in front of the same premises where Dave Morris was photographed?  

(photos: R. Voskuil collection)

Another view of the Battle of Arnhem
Some time ago a book by Society member Peter Berends was published showing the Battle of Arnhem from the German standpoint. In various earlier publications we come across reports, short and long, by German or Dutch servicemen who were involved in the battle. These constitute the author’s principal source of information. The details in the reports are used in the book and accepted as being reliable without any criticism or comment. Use is also made of fairly generally known accounts. The majority was written by Germans during or shortly after the war. The interpretation of, mainly, German photos is also used as a source.
Not many new facts come to light. However, the battle as seen from the German viewpoint is clearly described. Throughout the book we are shown that our eastern neighbours fought fiercely, something that is underplayed in many other publications. For example, the description of the fighting around St. Elisabeth Hospital on 18 and 19 September 1944 clarifies a number of events.
Alas we find a number of historical errors in the book that could easily have been avoided, some of which are now mentioned.
The indication of the dropping and landing zones on the maps is not entirely correct and, in part, wrongly mentioned in the text: pages 80 and 126.
No such unit as an Airlanding Anti-tank Battalion, Royal Engineers existed: page 151.
There are more similar, easily avoidable errors to be found. The wide use of German terms, or translations that are ‘germanisms’, are intended to create a German atmosphere, but they actually disrupt the text. What are we supposed to make of a ‘self-propelling platform’ for instance?
A number of passages are repeated in virtually identical wording: e.g. that British snipers accounted for most of the German dead. That the British shot at German medical corps soldiers. And that German POW’s had to use spoons to dig trenches for their protection – as stated by the author – is nowhere supported by documentation.
The German, British and Dutch ranks are mixed up with one another in an odd way. ‘Colonel’ is translated as ‘Oberstleutnant’ and ‘Lieutenant- Colonel’ as ‘Generalleutnant’, and that creates a strange impression.
It would have benefited the book if a military- minded person had read it through and fished out these errors. Hopefully the text will be viewed more critically in the event of a reprint.
Despite the mistakes it is an interesting book that, more than 57 years after the event, highlights the other, often overlooked side of the Battle. It is certainly worth buying and it makes an interesting read.
Peter Berends, ‘Een andere kijk op de slag om Arnhem: De snelle Duitse reactie’ (Another view of the Battle of Arnhem: the rapid German reaction), Publisher: Aspect (Soesterberg) 2002, (ISBN 90-5911- 008-0), contains 382 pages, and is illustrated with photos and maps. It costs € 26,98.
(W. Boersma)

Burma or Arnhem?
Society member Philip Reinders from the ‘Arnhem Battle Research Group’ sent us the following story about the remarkable result of archive research.
‘Some time ago, while delving into the Arnhem municipal archives, I came across a letter dated 21 November 1945. It was written to the burgomaster by a Mrs E. Robinson from Birkenhead in the UK. In the letter she requested information about her missing son Richard Lawrence Robinson (army number R/81094), Driver with No. 1 Parachute Platoon, 250 Airborne Light Company. Mrs Robinson knew that her son had landed at Arnhem on
17 September 1944 and was reported as missing from the 25th.
In the first place, the name didn’t ring a bell with me, and neither could I find any reference to it in the Roll of Honour. This could mean one of two things: either he had not been at Arnhem or he had not been registered as missing in the Battle. Consulting the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website revealed that he had been reported as missing since 26 September 1944, but in Burma! His name was given on the Rangoon Memorial in Myanmar, the present-day name of Burma. Myanmar is in S.E. Asia, so it was clear that somewhere a mistake had been made.
Arnhem council replied to Mrs Robinson on 10 January 1946 saying that her son was not buried in the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek, but probably at Groesbeek. Why this was said is not clear.
After consulting Geert Maassen I sent the above  information to Jan Hey in Hengelo, asking if lie could do anything with it. He was also of the opinion that an error had occurred and he contacted the British authorities. In the meantime 1 had found a copy of an official document in my own archive dating from just after the Battle of Arnhem, stating that Driver Robinson was reported missing during the battle.
On 19 January 2002 a message from Jan Hey told me that the British authorities had discovered a mistake, and that Richard Robinson had been killed during the Battle of Arnhem.
He will be included in the next edition of the Roll of Honour with the notification ‘No known grave.’

Exhibition in the Town Hall
Two members of the Friends’ Society, Luuk Buist and Philip Reinders, in conjunction with municipal archivist Geert Maassen, are involved in the preparation of an exhibition to be held in Oosterbeek Town Hall. The title of the exhibition will be ‘Wings, by air to Arnhem’, and is about the glider flights, re-supply flights and aircraft crashes during the Battle of Arnhem. The compilers have gathered together a lot of information on the subject, such as documents, photographs as well as excavated artefacts.
The exhibition will run from 5 September until 10 October 2002 inclusive.

De Tafelberg
Over the past few weeks the premises at Pietersbergseweg 46 in Oosterbeek, better known as Huize de Tafelberg, has been much in the Renkum news. The part of the main building that has received monument status (the most northerly portion with the characteristic facade) still stands, but the rest has been demolished (see photo).
Of course the fact that De Tafelberg Hotel was used as an emergency hospital in September 1944 has been regularly reported in the newspapers. And this role in the history of Renkum municipality is the main reason why the burgomaster and aidermen, in joint consultation with the Friends, decided to protect a distinctive part of the building and have it placed on the municipal monument list.
The media also reminds us that many wounded were treated in the building during the Battle of Arnhem. And that numerous helping hands, both (initially) civilians and (later) soldiers, carried out useful and rewarding work at that time.
But it is often overlooked that it was not only soldiers who lost their lives; Oosterbeek townsfolk also died. One such was Agnes Elisabeth (Bijtje) van der Veen, who died of her wounds on 21 September 1944, just 16 years old. Another was Cornelia Maria Aleida (Corrie) Roessingh who helped tend the wounded soldiers, and died four days later at the age of 28 when the building was hit by a shell.
Tafelberg’s main function was not as a British emergency hospital. The municipal council had nominated the hotel as a hospital for the inhabitants of Oosterbeek in time of need. It was in this capacity that the building was taken over by a team led by CP Doctor G.H.O. van Maanen on the first day of operation Market Garden. Later (on Monday evening), the British doctor Colonel Graeme Warrack (Royal Army Medical Corps) arrived at De Tafelberg and asked if his men might be permitted to make use of the building. This was allowed, and so the Oosterbeek emergency hospital received its allied guests.
With thanks to Mrs Annie Pelster (nee Caspers) for the historical facts she provided based on her own experiences as an emergency aid at De Tafelberg. (Geert Maassen)

5 June 2002. Demolition crews have been busy knocking down Huize Tafelberg. Only the front part will remain, having been given monument status.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

Request for assistance
We have received the following call from member Arie-Jan Van Flees.
Tn 2004 I hope to publish a book describing the ‘air aspects’ of the re-supply drops by the RAF at Arnhem. From the more than 600 sorties flown, 91 aircraft failed to return to their home bases in England. The book will describe all the sorties, per day, per airfield and per squadron. At the same time the crashes, premature landings and emergency landings of the aircraft involved will be covered in depth. The fate of the crewmembers, aircrew as well as RASC Despatchers, will also be dealt with.
The supply of information from ‘Brabant sources’ is considerable, but I could still use some extra help from the province of Gelderland.
Anyone with relevant information and who would like to assist on this publication can contact Arie-Jan van Hees, Courtpendu 7, 6245 PE Eijsden, telephone 043 4092279, e-mail:
Finally, it should also be mentioned that De
Thanking you in anticipation!’

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Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.

Newsletter No. 86, May 2002
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark

Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764

6 April 2002. Chris van Roekel receives a book voucher for the standard work ‘Market Garden, Then and Now’ front the hands of Robert Voskuil on the occasion of Chris’s retirement as chairman of the Friends’ Society. The book is due for publication in September this year. On the right is Chris’s successor as chairman, Ben Kolsler.
(photo G.J. Koster)

Chris van Roekel’s farewell
During the AGM of the Friends’ Society on 6 April 2002, Chris van Roekel relinquished his post as Society chairman. He is succeeded by Ben Kolster. Chris served on the board of management for 19 years, and in those 19 years he got through an unbelievable amount of work of an extremely varied nature.
Chris joined the board on 12 March 1983 under Jan Smits’s chairmanship and from the very beginning it was obvious he was full of energy and new ideas. One of his first proposals was the addition to the Newsletter of a so-called ‘Ministory’ in which a specific and independent aspect of the Battle of Arnhem would be explored. Chris wrote the first. It was about the use of carrier pigeons during the Battle of Arnhem and appeared with Newsletter No. 10 of May 1983. Many more Ministories were to flow from his pen.
He also tackled the organisation of theme days with great energy, and under his leadership the first big theme day was held on 2 July 1983. Walking tours, bus tours and even boat trips followed.
Later he proposed the organisation of excursions abroad as well. This resulted in the outstandingly successful trips to Normandy, England and to Hamminkeln, in Germany.
As an ex-headmaster, the passing on of knowledge has always had his special interest. In February 1984 he took the initiative for a ‘Schools Project’ whereby students could learn about the events of September 1944 in a particularly educative manner at the Airborne Museum. It was obviously a hit because the project created a lot of interest and continues to do so. It must have given Chris a great feeling of satisfaction when, on 22 June last year, he was able to welcome the project’s 50,000th participant at the Airborne Museum.
His organisational skills came well to the fore in this project and on many other occasions. Chris knew everyone and therefore had easy access everywhere. Few people could resist his friendly boldness, and once he had an idea fixed in his head it was difficult to remove.
He was the first to entice sponsors into helping with the financing of various society projects, such as the printing of instruction folders for the Schools Project and the issuing of publications. This saved the society considerable amounts of money.
He also played a very active part in the sale of items. For years he and Mieke de Langen took care of the stock in the society shop. Whenever the society had a stall at one or other event he was often to be found nearby.
And another fact that is not generally known. Thanks to his efforts, disabled veterans who were not in a position to meet the costs themselves were able to attend the commemorations of the Battle of Arnhem at the expense of a large Dutch health insurance company. This continued for a number of years. It is a hallmark of his character: he is always there for people who are a little less well off.
In addition to the Schools Project he contributed greatly to the dissemination of knowledge of ‘September 1944’ through the stimulation of publications and by writing books himself.

By 1984 he had already taken the initiative in compiling a number of walking, cycling and motorists guides through the Arnhem battle area. He gave his full support to the publication of the ‘Roll of Honour’ which appeared in 1986 and has been reprinted many times. The booklet ‘De Tommies Komen’ (The Tommies are Coming) followed in 1987. He carried out thorough research for his own publications ‘Who was who during the Battle of Arnhem’, 1992, and ‘Verscheurde Horizon’ (Torn Horizon), published in 1998.
He was a daily presence in the museum for many years. He organised everything, from the building of the plinth for the Sherman tank in 1987 and the painting of the guns, to the planting of flower bulbs around the museum.
When plans for the modernisation of the Airborne Museum were tabled in 1993, he and a team of people implemented the ‘Facelift’ Lottery to help defray the cost of the project. This demanded a great deal of his time and energy, but the profits from this action made it all worthwhile.
A small bulldozer of the type used in the Battle of Arnhem was discovered in Belgium and Chris would not rest until it had been bought by the society. Following a long period of restoration, in which he himself took part, the vehicle is now a showpiece in one of the Airborne Museum’s dioramas.
In March 1999 Chris answered the call to become our society’s chairman, and from that moment his life became much more hectic. Many pleasant as well as less pleasant things had to be dealt with, which he did with great verve because he was always fully behind what had to be done.
For health reasons Chris must now take things a bit easier and has therefore resigned from the board, much to our regret. However, he has said that he still intends doing some work for the society, and that pleases us no end. We very much appreciate it!
The society owes Chris a great debt of gratitude for all the work he has done over the last nineteen years. Chris, A THOUSAND TIMES THANKS!!
(The board of the Friends’ Society)

Walk on 15 June
On Saturday 15 June next the Society of Friends is organising a walking excursion through part of the 1944 ‘Perimeter’.
The walk will begin at 10.00 hours at the Airborne Museum. In the morning a number of points in the northern section of the ‘Perimeter’ will be visited, including the positions of the 7th Battalion The King’s Own Scottish Borderers. Participants will then head for the Schoonoord restaurant for lunch.
After lunch the excursion will continue to Annastraat (10th Battalion), the Dam and the Old Church in Benedendorp, where a number of the Light Regiment Royal Artillery positions will be visited among others. The excursion will then carry on to the Pietersberg and from there to the Tafelberg, where the participants will be able to see for themselves how the demolition work that began at the end of April is progressing.
The walk will end at about 17.00 hours at the Airborne Museum.
If you would like to take part you are kindly requested to contact Eugene Wijnhoud, Bernhardlaan 41/1, 6824 LE Arnhem, telephone 026 3513100, email:, before 10 June. The cost of this walking excursion is € 20, which includes the cost of the lunch and an excursion guide. The number of participant is limited to a maximum of 50 members.
(E. Wijnhoud)

‘Market Garden in miniature’
The exhibition ‘Market Garden in Miniature’ opened in the Airborne Museum on Thursday 18 April last, and will continue until 3 November.
A number of 1 : 76 scale dioramas made by Guy S. DeLillio from America are on display in the exhibition. Guy has been a Friends’ Society member for some years. The dioramas depict various actions that took place during Operation Market Garden, including the liberation of Eindhoven, the Bailey bridge at Son in Brabant, and Hell’s Highway. Items relating to the landings and fighting at Arnhem and Oosterbeek include models of Hartenstein and the Old Church, the advance of British troops under the viaduct in Benedendorpsweg, and the actions of L/Sgt J.D. Baskeyfield in Acacialaan.
Besides the dioramas, objects that relate to the actions shown in the dioramas are also exhibited. Some of these objects were found recently during excavation work.
The opening ceremony was performed by Mr M. van Etten from TWENOT Society. The members of this society build models of military vehicles as well as dioramas.
The publication in America of the book ‘Arnhem:

Model maker Guy DeLillio and his wife Nina at the opening of the Market Garden in Miniature’ exhibition on 18 April 2002.
(photo: Berry de Reus)

Defeat and Glory, A Miniaturist’s Perspective’ coincided with this exhibition. In ten chapters, Guy DeLillio provides an overview of Market Garden. The 160-page book is beautifully produced, contains clear maps and is richly illustrated with colour photographs of the dioramas. Not many new facts are revealed, but that was not the author’s intention. Therefore, clear reference to sources is made at the end of each chapter. Although the exact price is not yet known it is expected to be around € 40. The book will be on sale in the ‘Hartenstein’ before long.
‘Arnhem: Defeat and Glory, A Miniaturist’s Perspective’, by G.S.W. DeLillio, is published by Schiffer Publishing Ltd, 4880 Lower Valley Road, Atglen, PA 19310, USA, ISBN 0-7643-1443-2.
(Wybo Boersma)

News from Niall
Niall Cherry, our representative in Britain, has sent us the following message. ‘Various people who took part in the successful ‘British Weekend’ in June 2001 have asked us when the next such event is to be organised.
The answer is that we intend holding a comparable weekend in June or August 2003. The programme will again consist of a day during which the former battlefields will be explored on foot, and a day visiting a number of other locations by car. It should be noted that the programme will definitely not be the same as that of June 2001.
Any British members interested in this weekend in 2003 are kindly requested to get in touch with Niall Cherry as soon as possible (e-mail: The maximum number of participants is limited to 25.’

Last December, Mr G.R. Castendijk from Rotterdam presented a number of Battle of Arnhem souvenirs to the Airborne Museum via the Renkum Municipal Archive. The souvenirs included a British aircraft recognition instruction booklet, a booklet with information on German uniforms and badges of rank, a booklet entitled ‘The new dictionary for nurses’, various German and British emblems, and a small British tin used for detonators.
Most of the material was found by Mr Castendijk on the ‘Ommershof’ estate in Oosterbeek shortly after the fighting in September 1944. In those days the Castendijk family from Rotterdam used the estate as a summer residence.

In Newsletter no. 84 we reported the death of Dave Morris. In the article we mentioned a German photograph showing Dave being interrogated by a German. We are interested to know where this photo was taken, hence the print in this Newsletter. The question is therefore: by which house (in Oosterbeek, Arnhem, Velp??) was this photo taken? Note in particular the half-round window vaguely visible over the front door. Other information (who else is in the picture and which units do they belong to? When was it taken and who was the cameraman?) would also be very welcome.
If you can help please contact Geert Maassen, Gemeentearchief Renkum, Postbus 9100, 6860 HA Oosterbeek, tel. 026 3348303, email

The interrogation of Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant Dave Morris (11th Battalion) following his capture on 24 September 1944 in Beneden-Weverstraat in Oosterbeek. Where was this (German) photo taken?
(photo: R. Voskuil collection)

Diorama maintenance
Every year during the winter months, one of the Airborne Museum’s dioramas undergoes a thorough servicing. This year it was the turn of the 75-mm Pack Howitzer diorama. During the Second World War the British introduced a number of modifications to this, by origin, American high- trajectory artillery piece. These included an adjustable fixing between the underside of the barrel and the gun axle plus alterations to the towing bracket. These modifications were not to be found on ‘our’ gun because it only arrived from America in 1993, therefore it was not used by the British in the Battle. These changes have now been added to the museum gun with the assistance of Mr Van Vugt from Soest, known from the annual demonstrations with a 75-mm howitzer.
The uniforms were removed from the various diorama figures during the maintenance service, resulting in two remarkable finds. After being cleaned one of the parachutist’s helmets showed a red-green coloured emblem on the side. This indicated that it had belonged to a soldier from tire Pioneer Corps. However, no unit from this corps served with the 1st British Airborne Division. Unfortunately it is no longer possible to trace how and when this helmet came into the museum’s possession.
One of the gas mask cases had also a small identification plate with the same name written on the inside. The gas mask case belonged to Private Frederick William Ment Peacock, No. 4805802, 17 Platoon, C Company, 1st Battalion The Border Regiment. Private Peacock was taken prisoner by the Germans on 25 September 1944. He is shown in the photograph on page 99 of the book ‘When Dragons Flew’, which describes the history of this Border battalion. The case has been in the museum’s possession for more than 30 years, but the name was never really looked at. Only now, through the recording in detail of all the material by Roland Boekhorst of the maintenance staff, has the identity of the original owner become known.

Frank Steer, author of the book ‘Arnhem, The fight to sustain’ – published two years ago – has presented some of the profits from this publication to the Airborne Museum. The total amount is € 1590. It goes without saying that the Airborne Museum Foundation is absolutely delighted with this wonderfully generous gift.

Tiles in the refreshments room
In the past, a number of old Delft Blue tiles had been fixed to the wall of a former storage cupboard on the first floor of the Airborne Museum used by the Friends’ Society. These tiles were removed recently with great care by Henk van de Brand and Chris van Roekel, following consultations with the Renkum council (the owners of Huize ‘Hartenstein’) and with the Tile Museum in Otterlo. After a clean up they were fitted behind the hearth in the museum’s refreshment room. This job was carried out by Bas Sanders from the Zegers’ Tiling Company in Arnhem. The costs for the work were met by the Society of Friends.

Obituary: Richard Bingley
On 26 April 2002 we received the sad news that Richard Bingley, former platoon commander of S Company, 1st Parachute Battalion, had died. With Captain Dick’s passing we lose one of the most colourful of Airborne soldiers. He wrote about his experiences in Ministory IX.
Dick had already completed his parachute training by October 1940 and joined the 1st Parachute Battalion via No. 2 Commando and 11th. SAS. He was involved in all that unit’s actions, during which he was wounded four times. He lost no less than 14 men of his platoon at Arnhem, something he was never able to forget.
After being seriously wounded again in the Korean war, a wound that cost him his left eye, he worked hard and continuously for the benefit of wounded ex-servicemen, including in the BLESMA Foundation (British Limbless Ex-Service Men’s Association). He was always a valued guest of society members Jan and Marian Fogtelo from Wageningen, was among the first to present his impressive set of medals to the museum, and was our first non-Dutch life-member.
We remember him in friendship and with respect. (Chris van Roekel)

Steel Masters No. 11
The French language magazine ‘Steel Masters’, that features tanks and military models, is the publisher of a so-called ‘Hors-serie’. Issue number 6 was entitled ‘Operation Market Garden’, part 1′. Number 11 appeared recently, ‘Operation Market Garden’, part 2. The magazine first shows a number of good photographs of Arnhem (mentioning sources). Then comes an explanation of how to make models of the various vehicles. The text is in French with only the photo captions being in English and French. There are a fair few mistakes in the captions. One need not expect new photographs or viewpoints. Nevertheless, it is quite a nice magazine for the enthusiast and the price is very reasonable.
Steel Masters, Hors-serie No. 6 ‘Operation Market Garden’, tome 1 and Hors-serie No. 11 ‘Operation Market Garden’, tome 2, can be ordered from: Histoire & Collections, 5 Avenue de la Republique, 75541 Paris Cedex 11, France. Tel. 00 31 140 21 18 20, e-mail: price per copy € 10,52 + € 3,98 p&p. Payment can be made by credit card. (Wybo Boersma)

Battle of Arnhem question box on the Internet
Anyone with questions concerning ‘Operation Market Garden’, and in particular about the Battle of Arnhem, can now put his/her question(s) to the ‘Arnhem, The Online Forum’ on the Internet. It is possible that other interested parties can provide answers to such questions.
In order to reach as many people as possible the forum’s English is the language of choice, but questions in Dutch or German are just as welcome. The forum can be found on the Internet at or via the web page of the Arnhem Battle Research Group, or

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Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 85, February 2002
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764

Annual General Meeting
You are invited to attend the 22nd AGM / Annual Meeting of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum on Saturday 6 April 2002. The meeting will be held in the Zalencentrum Lebret, Lebretweg 51, Oosterbeek (tel. 026-3333168), starting at 10.30 hours.
The agenda is as follows:
1 Opening
2 Transfer of chairmanship
3 Minutes of the AGM of 7 April 2001
4 General report 2001
5 Financial report 2001
6 Budget for 2002
7 Audit Committee report
8 Appointment of reserve member to the Audit Committee
9 Questions
10 Closure of meeting

You will be given the General and Financial reports on arrival, and the Audit Committee report will be available for perusal at the hall entrance half an hour before the opening of the meeting. You can also request copies of the General and Financial reports by writing to the Treasurer, Mr F. Miedema, Woudstralaan 24, 6862 XE, Oosterbeek, enclosing a stamped (78 Eurocent stamp), self-addressed envelope.
During the AGM Chris van Roekel will step down as board member and chairman. He will be succeeded by Ben Kolster. It has been decided not to appoint a new member to the board this year.
After the AGM there will be a joint lunch followed by a visit to the Deelen Airfield Museum, cost; € 10,-. This amount should be paid to the SFAM Treasurer in Oosterbeek before 1 April. Those who intend going on the excursion will be given a lunch voucher on arrival at the hall.
You are kindly requested to organise your own transport to the Deelen Airfield Museum. Members without transport can notify E. Wijnhoud, tel. 026 3513100.
Events diary for 2002

The following events are to be organised in 2002: Friday 22 March: Meeting of SFAM members in the Airborne Museum with the aim of exchanging (historical) information and anything new. In short, social contact is the goal and ‘kick off’ is at 19.30 hours.
Saturday 6 April: AGM and afternoon excursion.
Saturday 13 and Sunday 14 April: Museum weekend and Perimeter walk.
Saturday 20 April: Market Garden 2 Excursion in co¬operation with the Documentation Group ’40 – ’45. Saturday 25 May: Book Fair.
29 May to 2 June: Excursion to Normandy, organised by the Airborne Museum.
Saturday 15 June: Walk along part of the Perimeter, organised by the SFAM.
25 August: Airborne Cycle Tour.
Saturday 7 September: 54th Airborne Walk.
Sunday 8 September: Lecture by Niall Cherry (further information to follow).
Friday 20, Saturday 21 and Sunday 22 September: Commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem.
Saturday 12 October: Bus excursion through the part of the Betuwe that played a major role during the Battle of Arnhem. Organised by the SFAM.
Saturday 26 October: Pegasus Walk, Lunteren- Renkum.
Saturday 2 November: Lecture by Marcel Zwarts about German vehicles at the Battle of Arnhem.

The ‘Market Garden in Miniature’ exhibition will be opened in the Airborne Museum on 19 April 2002. Over the years, Society member Guy DeLillio from the United States has made a great many 1 : 76 scale dioramas relating to operation Market Garden. During a preparatory visit to Oosterbeek by Mr DeLillio in June 2001, fourteen of these dioramas were selected and were shipped to the museum in January.
They were dismantled before sending and museum volunteer Theo Diepenbroek will reassemble them, making additions where necessary. For this Guy has sent a number of loose components, such as trees, soldiers etc. The dioramas will be set up in an original manner in the museum’s exhibition room. Items that are connected with the sites depicted by the dioramas will also be on display.
Photos of DeLillio’s work were published in the November issue of the British magazine ‘Military Modelling’, and some years ago photographs of his models were on show at the Imperial War Museum in London. The exhibition has been made possible by the co-sponsoring of the MBNA bank in America, who met a portion of the high transport costs. Guy DeLillio hopes to publish a book of photographs of his models to coincide with the exhibition, but the exact date of issue is not yet known.
The exhibition will run from 19 April to 3 November 2002 inclusive.

The ‘Mae West’ life jacket worn by Flight Engineer T. Haig during re-supply flights over Oosterbeek. (photo: Roland Bockhorst)

The story of a ‘Mae West’ life jacket
In September 1997, the Airborne Museum was given the ‘Mae West’ life jacket worn by Mr. T. Haig during the Battle of Arnhem when he flew as Flight Engineer with 620 Squadron RAF.
A number of aircraft from that squadron left for Arnhem from Fairford air base on 17 September 1944. One of these was machine no. EF 303, with the following crew: Pilot H.M. McLeod, Navigator R. Newton, Air Bomber H. Bate, Flight Engineer T. Haig, Radio Operator C.C. King, Air Gunner J.R. Thomas and two members of the Royal Army Service Corps.
Two days later the same crew flew on a re-supply mission to Arnhem in a different aircraft, LJ 830. They took off at 13.30 hours together with 35 other aircraft, returning to base at 18.10 hours.
The next mission took place on 21 September. L] 830 left at 18.10 hours on a re-supply flight to the Arnhem area, but failed to return.
Over Oosterbeek the aircraft was attacked by German Focke Wulf fighters and was also damaged by flak. The rear turret was hit and the rear gunner, J.R. Thomas, was thrown out. His body was found in an area west of Van Borsselenweg and north of Van der Molenallee: he was buried there in a field grave. He was later reinterred in the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek (Plot 21.C.15). The Stirling came down in the vicinity of Renkum, the two Royal Army Service Corps soldiers being killed in the crash. These were probably S.L. Churchyard and J.F. Johnston.
The rest of the crew survived. McLeod and Bate were taken prisoner; Newton, King and Haig managed to find cover in the woods between Renkum and Wageningen. Next day they were discovered by a member of the Resistance, who helped them in escaping across the river with Operation Pegasus I. (Roland Boekhorst, maintenance staff)

Photograph of Stirling identified
It would appear from the following that even 57 years after the Battle of Arnhem, associated photographs can still be identified. For years one of our (board) members Cees van den Bosch has been involved (with others) in historical research into a Stirling bomber that crashed in the Planken Wambuis woods at Ede (see Ministory No. 57). He is also interested in the work of the so-called Air Despatchers of the Royal Army Service Corps, who were responsible for the actual dropping of the supplies from the air during the Battle.
All this time Cees had been searching diligently for a ground photo of the crashed machine. He knew of an aerial photo (see above-mentioned Ministory), but of course it showed no real detail.
Two years ago, during the preparation for the “‘Green On’, Air Despatchers, the forgotten heroes of Arnhem” exhibition in the Airborne Museum he saw a photo of the wreck of a Stirling. The caption referred to LJ 883, the subject of Cees’ research. However, the aircraft shown was lying ‘normally’ on its belly, whereas the aircraft in question ended up on its back following the crash-landing. At least, that was said by one of the two surviving crewmembers at that time, Flight Sergeant George Wood, tail gunner.
Cees drew attention to the incorrect caption and it was altered. However, the modified text also raised queries with the researcher, principally concerning the names of the Air Despatchers who died.
The first question was: which Stirling is actually shown in the photo in the Airborne Museum? The originally indicated location points emphatically to Planken Wambuis, and there is only one aircraft known to have come down in that area, LJ 883. Geert Maassen, Renkum municipal archivist had in his possession a series of photographs taken by a British army photographer on 18 April 1945 while on his way from Arnhem to Ede. One of these shows a Stirling wreck photographed from a slightly different position, but absolutely without doubt the same aircraft in the photo in the museum. And, just as in the other photograph, a field grave is also clearly visible, probably that of a member of the crew.
The next photo in the series shows the temporary military cemetery in an area north of the state highway to Ede and west of the Planken Wambuis Restaurant. It is known that the dead crewmembers from the above-mentioned aircraft, with one exception, were given their initial resting-place there. The previous photo in the series was taken a little to the east of the already mentioned restaurant.
Because the series therefore contains a clear line, we could assume that it was the aircraft wreck in (the vicinity of) the Planken Wambuis woods that was photographed.
Accurate study, using a stereoscope and other instruments, of the above mentioned aerial photo and from the subsequent series showed that an enormous shadow of the tail was visible. This would have been impossible if the machine was on its back! Also, partly in view of the angle of the light, Cees and co-editors Geert Maassen and Robert Voskuil concluded that the wreck shown in the two ground photos must (nevertheless) be that of LJ 883. Which means that George Wood had to be mistaken, not surprising when one considers the chaotic and dangerous situation he found himself in immediately after the crash. It also explains the single field grave, because, as written above, the crew was buried in the temporary cemetery with the exception of one man.
The conclusion of this story is that the aircraft in the two wartime photographs (one in the Airborne Museum and one in the Renkum Municipal Archive) is the Stirling with serial number LJ 883 (call sign V8K). The machine from 570 Squadron, Royal Air Force, was stationed at Harwell airfield in Berkshire at that time, and, with pilot Flying Officer William Kirkham at the controls, was one of 13 aircraft from the same unit scheduled to fly a re-supply mission to Arnhem on the Saturday afternoon of 23 September 1944. The outcome is known: the bomber was hit by flak and crashed. The following crewmembers were killed and were eventually buried in the Airborne Cemetery in Oosterbeek.
ASHTON, Harrold; Sergeant (Flight Engineer); RAF 1129447; 22 years of age; grave 4.A.14.
ATKINSON, David H.; Flying Officer (Air Bomber); RAF 133788; 23 years of age, grave 4.A.15.
BROWN, Ernest C.; Flying Officer (Air Bomber); RAF 173296; 20 years of age; grave 21.C.11.
HAND, Morris; Flying Officer (Navigator); RAF 138921; 26 yeas of age; grave 4.A.16.
KIRKHAM, William; Flying Officer (Pilot); RAF 174309; 21 years of age; grave 4.A.17.
REARDON, Gerard; Lance Corporal (Air Despatcher); T/185097; 31 years of age; grave 16.A.3. The survivors were: Flight Sergeant G. Wood (Ait- Gunner) and Air Despatcher S. Badham.
(Cees van den Bosch / Geert Maassen)

‘Arnhem in the Thirties’
Arnhem Municipal Archive has recently issued a CD-rom containing 71 photos from the 1930’s. These pictures are part of a collection of 136 glass negatives showing Arnhem street scenes, made between 1930 and 1940 and acquired not long ago by the Archive. The original principal was Uitgeverij Spaarnestad BV, publisher of illustrated magazines.
The photographs show the capital of Gelderland as it was just before the Second World War, a period wherein the Battle of Arnhem and subsequent acts of war would drastically alter the appearance of the city. The beautiful, ultra-sharp photographs are arranged per subject. Especially the pictures of the Rijnhotel, Onderlangs, the Old Harbour and the Rhine bridge give a good idea of the urbanisation that would have met the British Airborne troops when they entered the city on 17 September 1944.
The CD-rom is available from the Arnhem Municipal Archive, Westervoortsedijk 2, 6827 AS, Arnhem (telephone 026 3773650) and at the Airborne Museum. Price: € 10.

How was the struggle at Arnhem reported in 1944, and who were the reporters? At the moment I am engaged in researching this subject.
As far as the British were concerned, reporting was the task of a ‘Public Relations Team’ consisting of photographers, film cameramen, BBC reporters and the written press.
The Germans had photographers, film cameramen and journalists attached to the so-called ‘Propaganda Kompanien’. There is very little known about the last-mentioned units. Everything about them can be of value to my research. If you have information on this subject and would be prepared to help me, please contact: Bob Gerritsen, Kennedystraat 4A, 6921 CW Duiven, telephone 0316-263743, e-mail:

‘Arnhem’ by A.D. Harvey.
In October 2001, London publishers Cassell & Co introduced the series ‘Cassell’s Fields of Battle’ under the editorship of Richard Holmes. Holmes already has a number of books to his name and is best known in the Netherlands through the BBC TV series “War Walks”, the subject of one of the last in the series being ‘Arnhem’.
In an attempt to find something original to say, the author of the ‘Arnhem’ edition, A.D. Harvey, chose to describe the Battle of Arnhem through the eyes of the commanders. As expected, nothing new came to light. He suggests that the battle was lost mainly due to poor British leadership and to a combination of other factors, the lack of sufficient allied forces in the first few days being the most significant. The rapid German reaction to the landings made it impossible for the British to reinforce Frost’s unit at the Rhine bridge.
For most Dutch people these are not new revelations, perhaps indeed for some British folk. The first two chapters, in which Harvey discusses the concept and the planning, form the best part of the book. In the other chapters describing the progress of the battle, we come across a number of small errors. Sometimes even remarkable statements. A few examples: on page 50 it states that, according to General Urquhart, there were too few street maps of Arnhem available. Harvey says that the British only had the street maps that were given to them by civilians. This is not so, because the Airborne Museum archive and a number of collectors possess Arnhem street plans that were carried by the British troops and that were issued by the military authorities in England in 1944. On page 51 the author claims that the American Air Support Teams were insufficiently trained, his source for this assumption probably being the book ‘A Bridge Too Far’. The museum archive has a letter from one of members of this team that states they were well trained in the use of the type of radio set that was used at Arnhem.
The Germans allegedly shot three civilians near Ede for possession of pamphlets dropped by the Allies. Three civilians were indeed executed in Ede on 16 September 1944 in the woods opposite the Simon Stevinkazerne, but this had nothing to do with the possession of pamphlets.
According to Harvey the British reconnaissance unit was to advance along Amsterdamseweg to Arnhem (page 57). This is not correct: they followed the track alongside and to the north of the Ede-Arnhem railway line. The map on page 60/61 shows Landing Zone ‘Z’ as that of the 1st Airlanding Brigade, and that the Poles landed on 18 September on Landing Zone ‘L’. This is also incorrect.
Field Marshal Model’s headquarters was not in the Hartenstein Hotel as stated on page 64, but in DeTafelberg Hotel. To estimate the strength of Krafft’s unit at ‘more than 300’ men (page 68), is greatly exaggerated. The 1st Parachute Battalion under Dobie did not follow the route of the reconnaissance unit (page 68), but Amsterdamseweg. Contrary to this, the map on page 74 shows that the 1st Parachute Battalion advanced alongside the railway line. On page 75 we read the untrue story of the concrete bunker on the Arnhem Rhine bridge that, in this version, was even destroyed by 6 pounder anti-tank shells! General Urquhart’s sojourn in Zwarteweg in Arnhem is described with little regard for history. In this tale the general was hidden in a bedroom (page 94).
This is just a small selection from a huge number of errors. A shame, because the book provides a pacey read. With a little more care it could have been a much better book about Arnhem. If you buy the book read it with due reservation. In the meantime efforts are being made to have it for sale in the museum.
A.D. Harvey, ‘Arnhem’, Cassell & Co, Wellington House, 125 Strand, London 2001, ISBN 0-304-35699-9, 217 pages, illustrated, price £ 14,99. The price in euros is not yet known. (Wybo Boersma)

Download newsletter

Friends of the Airborne Museum
Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 84, December 2001
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764

23 September 2001. Following the September 1’1 attacks in the United States, the children who laid flowers on the graves in the Airborne Cemetery had made small flags bearing either the word ‘Vrede’ or ‘Peace’. After the memorial service the children gave the flags to the veterans.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

From the Editors
This Newsletter comes to you a little later than usual, the reason being that the bank did not permit distribution of the Giro subscription payment slips that always accompany the autumn issue, until 1 December. And that was due to the forthcoming introduction of the euro. The treasurer will explain more below.
The newsletter is again a double issue so that extra articles and photos could be included.
As in previous years, the commemoration of the Battle of Arnhem was attended by a huge number of people. Besides the usual programme there were a number of informal get-togethers: reports later in the newsletter. The September the 11 th atrocities in the United States made an indelible impression on this year’s commemoration, as can be seen from the above photograph.
For the last few months we have had to get by without our chairman and co-editor, Chris van Roekel. Chris was admitted to hospital with serious heart trouble. He underwent a complex operation, which fortunately he came through very well, and there now follows a, probably lengthy, rehabilitation period. Because of the decline in his health Chris has decided to resign his chairmanship at the AGM early next year. He intends taking things a bit easier but will remain available for a number of activities within the Society. We shall return to this subject in the AGM report in the next Newsletter.

Royal visit
On Wednesday 19 September Crown Prince Willem- Alexander and his bride-to-be, Maxima Zorreguieta, visited the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ in Oosterbeek. This formed part of their Official Visit to the province of Gelderland.
After first visiting Arnhem and Zevenaar, the engaged couple arrived at the Airborne Museum at a quarter past four, greeted by a welcoming crowd of several hundred people. Following an aubade performed by five choirs from the municipality of Renkum, the couple entered the building. The Aidermen and the trustees of the Airborne Museum Foundation were introduced, and this was followed by a word of welcome from Mr Verlinden in his dual capacity as burgomaster of Renkum and chairman of the Foundation board. Museum director Mr Boersma then gave a short explanation of the Battle of Arnhem. He also explained the way in which the museum, together with the Society of Friends, endeavours to keep alive the memory of this Battle. Prince Willem-Alexander mentioned that he had visited the Hartenstein once before, during his school days.
On behalf of the Foundation board the chairman presented a copy of Martin Middlebrook’s 1994 book ‘Arnhem 1944, The Airborne Battle’. Because of the limited time allowed for the visit only a part of the museum could be viewed, that chosen being the diorama section where Mr Groeneweg provided explanation. Meanwhile four veterans, including Ted Shaw, SFAM’s former representative in the UK, and a number of children had arrived in the Hartenstein’s Great Hall. HRH Prince Willem-Alexander and Maxima spent some time talking to them there. As an end to the visit the couple, accompanied by the veterans and the children, appeared on the museum terrace, giving the gathering crowd and press the chance to take photographs. This was immediately followed by a farewell reception at the Kleyn Hartensteyn restaurant, which the Foundation board’s chairman, vice-chairman and Gerrit Pijpers (visit co-ordinator) also attended.
The Airborne Museum can be justifiably proud to have been chosen to welcome the princely couple. The visit received copious media attention and photos of this exceptional afternoon can also be found on the Hartenstein website,
(W. Boersma)

Wednesday 19 September 2001. Willem-Alexander and Maxima arrive al Hie Airborne Museum.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

Shortly before and during the commemorations in September, the Airborne Museum was again the recipient of various sets of medals, belonging originally to the following veterans:
Corporal J. Arkinson, lsl Battalion The Border Regiment;
Private Harry Boardman, 156 Parachute Battalion;
Private Norman Burrell, lsl (Airborne) Division Workshop, Royal Electrical & Mechanical Engineers; Driver Ronald A. Clancy, Air Despatches
63 Composite Company, Royal Army Service Corsp; Fred Mason, Royal Air Force (Volunteer Reserve); Johannes Penseel, Home Forces;
Private Fred Tracey, 156 Parachute Battalion.
The sets were placed in the medal display cabinet by Mr Duyts. One of the museum’s volunteers, Mr Dirk Knoop, has begun compiling a documentation file containing all details of veterans whose medal sets are displayed in the museum.

From the Treasurer
Normally, a Giro payment slip for next year’s subscription payment is enclosed with the November Newsletter. Up till now this has been in guilders. The payment slip that you receive this time is exclusively for payment in euros, and the Post Office Bank would not allow distribution of this slip before 1 December: no Giro slips in euros would be processed before that date. We therefore decided to delay issue of the Newsletter until after 1 December. Further explanation is given in the appendix to the Giro slip.
(Frits Miedema)

On 20 September last a small plaque was unveiled near the ageing lime tree in front of the Old Church. The tree saved the life of Glider Pilot Mark Leaver in September 1944. Mark Leaver, who landed with his glider at Wolfheze on 18 September 1944, subsequently fought in the Lower Village in Oosterbeek. At a certain point he was standing near the church with four other British soldiers when a German shell exploded nearby. Four of the group of five were killed instantaneously. Leaver survived the explosion because he was protected by the tree, and he has always regarded this as a miracle. He was very keen that this fact should be remembered by the placing of a small plaque.
Sadly, Mark Leaver passed away in October last year, but thanks to the efforts of the Visser family from Zelhem, with whom he stayed each year, his last wish has finally been realised. Following consultation with the custodians of the Reformed Church the placement of a small plaque next to the lime tree was permitted. It was unveiled by Mark’s widow, Mrs Muriel Leaver.
Over the years the hole in the tree caused by the shell in 1944 has assumed the shape of a heart.

Ashes of British veterans interred
A short service was held at the Airborne Cemetery on Friday 21 September during which the ashes of two recently deceased veterans – Sergeant Harry ‘Jack’ Spykes (IO111 Parachute Battalion) and William Avery (2nd Parachute Battalion) – were interred. Together with their families the widows of the veterans brought the urns containing the ashes from England to Oosterbeek. In addition to the family members a large number of veterans and others attended the short ceremony, which was led by The Reverend R.A.W. Boyce.

Captivating lecture by Stuart Eastwood
On the Sunday afternoon of 7 October, 35 members of the SFAM gathered in the back room of the Schoonoord Restaurant in Oosterbeek to listen to a lecture by Stuart Eastwood on the history of the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment. The speaker told a clear and extremely informative story, illustrated with a series of interesting slides.
At the end Mr Eastwood invited questions, of which there were many. Long after the lecture was over many of those present stayed behind discussing the subject.
From the enthusiastic reactions of the audience it would seem that the initiative for holding such ‘mid-term’ lectures has fallen on fertile soil. Perhaps we shall organise more of these specialised talks in the future on subjects connected directly or indirectly with the Battle of Arnhem. One can think of all manner of less well-known aspects of Operation Market Garden; of the history of the various British Airborne units and the Polish Brigade, the Royal Air Force, and of the role of certain German units. One can also imagine more technical subjects, such as weapon systems.
Any member wishing to give a similar lecture on a specialised topic before a limited audience is welcome to contact Eugene Wijnhoud, Bernhardlaan 41-1, 6824 LE Arnhem; telephone 026 3513100, e-mail

Oosterbeek, the Schoonoord restaurant, 7 October 200’1. Stuart Eastwood receives a bottle of Airborne beer from Eugene Wijnhoud as a ‘thank you’ for his interesting lecture on the history of the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment.
(Photo: Wybo Boersma)
(Robert Voskuil)

Members evenings
On Fridays 11 January and 22 March 2002, the Airborne Museum will be organising evenings for members of the Society of Friends. If possible the archive and depot will be open during these evenings.
The aim is to allow members to meet one another and exchange ideas in a relaxed atmosphere. Extra tables can be provided on request on which members can lay out documents and/or material that may be of interest to others.
The ‘evenings’ will begin at 19.00 hours.
(Wybo Boersma)

New information boards
During walking holidays in England I couldn’t help noticing how well the routes were indicated. Furthermore, in many places excellent information boards were provided. Over the years, during various British Battlefield Trust conferences, I have seen how battlefields can be signposted. It had long been a cherished wish of mine to improve the battleground indications and the information provided along the walking routes in Oosterbeek that have to do with the Battle of Arnhem.
Years ago the Society of Friends set out two walks indicated by small marker posts. A simple folder was available containing information about the events in September 1944 and a small map. The project was later taken over by the local tourist board.
Some years ago Renkum council appointed a person to deal with tourism policy, Pieter W. Zwaan. Among other things he took a close look at the walking routes in the municipality. There were more than forty. Around the Hartenstein alone there were at least five different routes, each overlapping the other in places. Revision of all these routes provided a good opportunity to realise the need for better information.
The various walks in Oosterbeek relating to the Battle of Arnhem have now been reduced to one ‘Perimeter Route’, indicated with uniform signposting. A clear information board at the Airborne Museum gives an overview of this and other walks in the vicinity. A total of eight information boards have been placed along the route, each with a photograph of the local situation as it was in 1944 and explanatory text in Dutch and English.
The boards are located at the following places: the Airborne Museum, the REME bench and tennis court behind Hartenstein, the Border Regiment mortar pit at Van Lennepweg, the hill at Benedendorpsweg with the view over the Rhine, along Kerkpad by the flood plains, at De Tafelberg and at the Schoonoord restaurant.
A board has been in place at the Old Church in the Lower Village for some years.
The texts were prepared and translated by museum staff and the boards were designed and manufactured by a professional body. Final checking of the texts was done by Geert Maassen, and Renkum council met all costs. The entire project, which was led by Mr Zwaan in close co-operation with Renkum council, the Airborne Museum and the Friends’ Society, was brought to a successful conclusion. The next project to be tackled is an improved Airborne Cycle Route.
(Wybo Boersma)

Successful theme afternoon
The theme afternoon announced in the previous Newsletter took place on Saturday 3 November. It was held in the hall of the ‘Overdal’ care home in Oosterbeek due to double booking of the large hall at Zalencentrum ‘Lebret’.
Before the break Patrick Pronk, using slides and overhead sheets, gave an overview of the part played by the 9″’ (Airborne) Field Company, Royal Engineers during the Battle of Arnhem. Patrick dealt with the subject in a brisk tempo before answering questions from the floor.
After the break the BBC documentary on Operation Market Garden from the series ‘Battlefields of the Second World War’ was shown. The documentary was compiled last year by Professor Richard Holmes.

On 3 November Patrick Pronk gave a lecture on the 9lh (Airborne) Field Company Royal Engineers in ‘Overdal’ care home, Oosterbeek.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

Normandy Excursion 2002
For those interested, the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’ is organising an excursion to Normandy that will run from 29 May to 2 June 2002 inc. It will be led by Society member Jacques Haegens.
The programme will be virtually identical to that of the excursion organised by the Friends’ Society in 1998. Places visited will include Arromanches, the coastal battery at Longues-sur-Mer, the American Cemetery at St. Laurent, Omaha Beach, Point du Hoc, Utah Beach, St. Mere Eglise,
La Fiere, the German Cemetery at La Cambe, Pegasus Bridge, Ranville, the coastal battery at Merville, the Sword, Juno and Gold invasion beaches, the monument to Field Marshal Montgomery, Luc-sur-Mer, Courseulles, the invasion museum at Bayeux, Tourville, Cote 112, Falaise, St. Lambert-sur-Dives, Moissey, Corridor of death and Mont Ormel.
The tour costs 387 euros per person, which cover the five-day bus journey including excursions, four nights’ accommodation in the Campanile Hotel, Bayeux in double rooms (two people sharing) based on half-board (two lunch packets included), admission charges to four museums and a comprehensive documentation folder. The surcharge for a single room is 80 euro. Travel and cancellation insurance need to be arranged by the participants themselves.
Profits from this excursion will go towards the furnishing of the new ‘Frost Room’ in the Airborne Museum in which the Rhine Bridge in Arnhem will form the focal point.
For information and bookings contact the Airborne Museum, Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ Oosterbeek: telephone 026 3337710, fax 026 3391785, e-mail A booking form will then be sent to you. Conditions of payment: 87 euro on application, 300 euro before 1 April.
(Wybo Boersma)

Video: The Animated Military History Series, “Arnhem”
A new video about Arnhem has been released by Cromwell productions in the ‘Line of Fire’ series. The ‘Arnhem’ episode was recently shown on the British History Channel, and it is now available on video. Among those who worked on the production are the well-known Colonel Robert Kershaw (author of the book ‘It Never Snows in September’), Lloyd Clark, lecturer at Sandhurst Military Academy, and staff from the Airborne Forces Museum in Aidershot. Aad Groeneweg provided support from the ‘Hartenstein’ museum.
Despite this august body of experts, the video is somewhat strangely put together. The majority of the film has nothing to do with Arnhem, probably because it was too expensive to incorporate more original scenes. There is even a clip of a Norwegian commando taken on Walcheren in November 1944! A number of animations are included in the video and these too have little to do with Arnhem. Many scenes are often repeated; for example, the WS 22 radio transmitter in the museum in Aidershot is shown three times. Furthermore, the story does not always match historical fact.
All in all a shame, and a missed opportunity for this new production. Sadly, the previously produced videos ‘Theirs is the Glory’, ‘A Bridge Too Far’ and ‘Arnhem 1944′ are no longer available, so we just have to make do with this documentary. Seeing what it offers, the video is quite pricey. The film is in English, is not sub-titled and, for the time being, is on sale at the Airborne Museum.
The Animated Military History Series “Arnhem”, released by Cromwell Productions, England. Duration, 50 minutes, in English (not sub-titled). Price 55 guilders.
(Wybo Boersma)

Commemorative envelope
On September 17 2001 the Airborne Museum Hartenstein’ issued the latest in its series of commemorative envelopes, this being the sixth in the series featuring ‘Monuments of the Battle of Arnhem . The envelope shows the monument to the British and Canadian Engineers who carried out the successful evacuation of the remnants of the 1st British Airborne Division during the night of 25/26 September 1944.
The monument is located on the south bank of the Rhine on the Drielse Dijk, opposite the Old Church in Oosterbeek, and was unveiled on 15 September 1989. It was designed by Society member H. van der Brand from Arnhem.
When it became clear that the bridgehead at Oosterbeek could not be held, the British high command decided on 25 September 1944 to evacuate what remained of the T‘ British Airborne Division. More than 2000 survivors gathered on the river flood plains under cover of darkness. That night, British 260 and 553 Field Companies Royal Engineers equipped with rowing boats, and 20 and 23 Field Companies Royal Canadian Engineers in boats with outboard engines, ferried 2398 servicemen back across the Rhine. All the wounded, most of the medical personnel and the clerics remained behind and were taken prisoner.
Nine engineers lost their lives during the operation. The monument on the Rijndijk commemorates the efforts of all engineers involved.
The issue of this envelope is connected with the ‘Airborne Engineers, the Engineers during the Battle of Arnhem’ exhibition that was held in the Airborne Museum this year.
Five hundred numbered envelopes were produced and they were franked with the Oosterbeek post office branch stamp on 17 September 2001.
As tradition demands, envelope number 001 was presented to the leader of the Pilgrimage, Mr Jasper Booty.
The commemorative envelopes are on sale at the Airborne Museum in Oosterbeek at 7 guilders each.
If you wish to complete your series, a limited number of envelopes from previous years are still obtainable at the museum. You can also visit our website:

Obituary: Dave Morris
We have been informed by the Controller of the Airborne Forces Security Fund that Dave Morris passed away on 24 October 2001.
In September 1944 David Morris was Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant in HQ Company, 11″’ Parachute Battalion. He landed at Ginkel Heath on the second day of the Battle of Arnhem and arrived in Oosterbeek with a few other soldiers during the evening of 18 September. They spent the night there in the Hartenstein.
Next morning they were sent via Utrechtseweg to Arnhem where they became engaged in heavy fighting in the vicinity of Oranjestraat. Dave and a number of other men managed to advance along Utrechtseweg and Bovenover to beyond Arnhem station, but the German superiority in numbers forced them back to the Rijnhotel via Rijnstraat and Onderlangs. They then continued their withdrawal to Oosterbeek.
Next day, among other tasks, Dave helped with the transport of wounded to the emergency hospitals in Vreewijk, Schoonoord and de Tafelberg.
On 21 September he was ordered to go to Benedendorp. There, together with other soldiers, he defended the house ‘Vredehof’ until 24 September. The house was the home of the De Soet-Hupkes family and stood at the corner of Weverstraat and Fangmanweg.
In 1945 Mr Frans de Soet recorded his experiences in the story ‘The last days of the house Vredehof’ that was published in the book ‘Not in Vain’ (Arnhem 1946). David is mentioned a number of times in the book.
After Dave Morris was taken prisoner on 24 September, along with his mates Pte Jimmy Kerr and L/Cpl Harold Cook (both from the 11th Parachute Battalion), they were marched off along Weverstraat, De Dam and Fangmanweg. As they walked with their hands up along Weverstraat, before turning right into De Dam, they were photographed by a German war photographer. This picture appeared in several publications, thereby becoming very well known.

At the point where the men had crossed De Dam and turned left into Fangmanweg, the group was filmed by a German film cameraman. Dave is recognisable in this film clip by his mop of black hair without beret. Near the small white house, the home of the Esmeijer family, he turns around briefly and then continues walking on.
Another, less well known, German photo of Dave Morris exists that was taken while he was being questioned near the entrance to an unidentified house, with a few arrogantly laughing Germans looking on.
After the war Dave returned regularly to Oosterbeek, staying mostly with the De Soet-Hupkes family with whom he had forged close links in September 1944. In 1989 he assisted in the making of Joop Bal’s video documentary ‘Blijvend in Herinnering’, in which he retraced part of the route he took on 24 September 1944, only this time under peaceful circumstances. For years David was chairman of the Arnhem 1944 Veterans Club. He spent his final years in Chelsea Hospital, London. David was a sympathetic, modest man and he will be greatly missed.
(Robert Voskuil)

Major & Mrs Holt’s Battlefield Guide
On Wednesday 12 September the new Holt’s Battlefield Guide to Operation Market Garden was presented in the Airborne Museum.
Major & Mrs Holt will not be strangers to most readers. Their excellent Battlefield Guide to Normandy has been used for many years by scores of visitors to that area. A similar format guide to the Operation Market Garden area has now been published.
The name Holt is synonymous with good work. After years of leading the battlefield tours themselves, during which time they were always very welcome guests at the museum, the Holts now concentrate more on writing guides. As well as the Normandy guide they have written guides to the WW I battlefields at Ypres and the Somme. In general, the layout of all the books is similar.

12 September 2001. Major and Mrs Holt pose hi front of the Airborne Museum with their new Operation Market Carden guide.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

The ‘Operation Market Garden’ Battlefield Guide first gives an historic overview followed by an explanation of how the visitor, principally from England, can get to Leopoldsburg in Belgium, where the tour begins. Then, in five consecutive chapters, tours are described in the Leopoldsburg to Eindhoven region, from Eindhoven to Nijmegen, the surroundings of Groesbeek, the area of Nijmegen and the Betuwe, and finally, the battlefields at Arnhem, Oosterbeek and Driel. The individual tour sections can be undertaken separately, but they do connect with one another. However, anyone wishing to take in the entire tour in one go would need to set aside several days.
Each chapter contains a route description showing the locations of monuments, cemeteries, museums and other important sites. The text is interspersed with the recollections of veterans. There is also much useful information for the tourist, such as addresses of hotels, good restaurants and places of special interest in the close vicinity. More than two hundred colour photos give the visitor a good idea of what to expect in the region. No less than 300 monuments are described, and an accompanying map pinpoints all important locations.

The battlefield guide took two years to complete, during which time the Holts received a lot of help from people who are well-informed on local events. The final result is a guide that will certainly find its way to a wide group of users.
The well-known Pitkins guide is suitable for a short visit where one only requires simple information, while Colonel Waddy’s battlefield guide is intended for the more military-orientated visitor. However, the Holt’s guide is written for the true ‘battlefield tourist’, an ever-growing band of visitors. On page 38 the Holts state how they interpret the term ‘battlefield tourist’.
Now that the number of veterans is rapidly diminishing, ‘battlefield tourism’ will have to make a major contribution to keeping the memory of the Battle of Arnhem alive. This book, written by people who know their subject, has therefore appeared at exactly the right moment.
The Holt’s Battlefield Guide is for sale at the Airborne Museum.
Major & Mrs Holt’s Battlefield Guide, Operation Market-Garden-Leopoldsburg-Eindhoven- Nijmegen-Arnhem-Oosterbeek; Leo Cooper, Pen & Sword Books Ltd., 2001; ISBN 0 85052 785-6; 288 pages; illustrated; in English; price 55 guilders inc. map; loose maps 15 guilders.
(Wybo Boersma)

Urgent request
In one of the previous Newsletters we referred to the rules applying to the sale of articles during SFAM theme days and excursions. It would appear that some lack of clarity still exists, therefore this summary of the regulations.
Anyone wishing to sell books or other items, or to advertise the same, at a theme afternoon, AGM or excursion, is kindly requested to seek permission to do this well in advance of the function concerned. Requests by letter or e-mail can be made to Eugene Wijnhoud, Bernhardlaan 41-1,6824 LE Arnhem: tel. 026 3513100, e-mail
(Eugene Wijnhoud)

‘De Zwarte Omroep’ and the Airborne
Even during the Battle of Arnhem, copies of the illegal Oosterbeek news-sheet ‘De Zwarte Omroep’ (chief editor and publisher H.W. Alferink, teacher) were being printed and distributed. It is not clear how many editions were produced, but according to the editor they were still being printed up until 19 September 1944.
He also reports (in the last paper to appear on 9 June 1945) that ‘the editions of the last two days did not reach the readers because delivery had become impossible and due to the fact that our Airborne troops were crazy about the ‘underground press’ and begged for, and were given, the lot!’
The whole issue probably amounted to ‘just’ 20 copies, but, from the above, one can well imagine that numbers of ‘De Zwarte Omroep’ could possibly still be about within the circle of (families of) veterans. And perhaps there are still former British or Polish soldiers who have something to say on this. Or maybe they have already done so and their story is lying somewhere, patiently waiting for us!
If anyone should have any tips on this topic he/she is kindly asked to get in touch with Geert Maassen, Gemeentearchief Renkum, Postbus 9100,6860 HA Oosterbeek: tel. 026 3348303, e-mail

Nijmegen Excursion, 6 October 2001. From the roof of the NLION building Marcel Anker points out the spot where the 3rd Battalion of the American 504 Parachute Infantry Regiment crossed the Waal on 20 September 1944.
(Photo: Eugene Wijnhoud)

Market Garden 2 excursion
On Saturday 20 April 2002 the Documentation Group ’40-’45 will be repeating the excursion held by the Society of Friends on 6 October. The area to be visited is that around Nijmegen, where the 82nd American Airborne Division fought in September 1944. Members of the Society of Friends who were unable to make the first trip now have another opportunity. Once again our guide will be Jacques Haegens.
The excursion starts at 09.30 hours from ‘s-Hertogenbosch railway station. Cars can be parked at the Transferium. Lunch, which is included in the excursion price, will be taken at Groesbeek. We shall arrive back in ‘s-Hertogenbosch at about 17.00 hours. The cost of the trip is € 30 (/ 66.11). Places will be allotted in the order of booking and one will only be notified if all seats are taken.
For more information contact W. Boersma, tel 0318 639633, e-mail w.boprsma@wx« nl (Wybo Boersma)

News from the Airborne Forces Museum
The curator of the Airborne Forces Museum in Aidershot has informed us of the new regulations regarding the charges for using photographs from their collection and for consulting the archive. At present the costs for reproducing and printing a photo are £ 10.50, and this applies to photos exclusively for personal use. If the picture is intended for use in a publication the cost per print is £ 60. The copyrights of the photos remain the property of the Airborne Forces Museum.
The charge for a non-commercial consultation of the museum archive is £ 15 per day. If the material is to be published this charge rises to £ 15 per hour.
The major reason for levying these charges is to generate income for keeping the archive and photo collection up to scratch. Charging a higher rate for material that is to be published is because income from publications using material from the Airborne Forces Museum archive rarely benefits ‘Aidershot’. One can contact the museum staff for more information.

Before the opening of the Dorset Terrace at De Westerbouwing on 20 September, veteran Walter Smith was brought across the Rhine by boat, as he was in September ‘1944.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

Dorset Terrace
On Thursday 20 September the official opening of the new Dorset Terrace took place at De Westerbouwing near Oosterbeek. The terrace is named after the 4,h Battalion The Dorsetshire Regiment, which crossed the Rhine at the Driel ferry crossing point during the night of 24/25’September under heavy German fire. The aim was to help the isolated Airborne troops in Oosterbeek. Part of the battalion tried to take the German-occupied Westerbouwing hills, and suffered heavy losses in the attempt.
The Dorset Terrace was opened in the presence of Dorset veteran Lance Corporal Walter Smith from Ramsgate.

Remains of a fallen serviceman found at Driel
On Monday 4 September the remains of a soldier were uncovered during excavation work to the south east of Driel. Over the next ten years this 450-hectare area of land, that lies between the Arnhem-Nijmegen railway embankment and the village of Driel, will become the new Arnhem district of ‘De Schuytgraaf where approximately 6,500 houses are scheduled to be built.
Between September 1944 and the end of the war this part of the Over-Betuwe was in the front line. The Polish Parachute Brigade landed here on 21 September 1944, and there followed days of heavy fighting. The area was also under continuous Allied and German fire during the winter of 1944-1945.
The terrain is being systematically searched because it is still thought to conceal much explosive material. It was during this search that the remains were discovered. According to Adjutant F. Bolle of the Recovery and Identification Service of the Royal Netherlands Army the remains are probably those of a British soldier. A rapid start has been made on an investigation that could possibly lead to an identification.

Exhibition at Deelen
Hoenderloseweg 10 in Deelen has for years been the home of the ‘Deelen Airfield Museum’. It was set up by a group of enthusiastic members of the ‘Dutch Aircraft Examination Group’ Foundation.
At the moment the museum has four different exhibitions. Firstly, the history of Deelen airfield between 1910 and 1995 is shown. Then there is a large exhibition, ‘Recover and Preserve’, in which the focus is on the history of the air war over the Netherlands, 1939-1945. Exhibits include flying clothing, navigation material, aircraft weaponry and many remains of recovered aircraft wrecks.
All material in the ‘Gliderborne’ exhibition has been provided by Paul Hendriks from Wolfheze. Over the years Paul has built up a huge collection of documentation about and material from Horsa, Hamilcar and Waco gliders. The majority originates from the former landing zones at Wolfheze. It is fascinating to see what has been found of these gliders.’
A large selection of the photographs used in the ‘Green On’ exhibition about the history of the British Air Despatches held in the Airborne Museum in 2000 is now on show in Deelen.
The Deelen Airfield Museum (tel. 026 3531434) is open on Saturdays and Sundays from 11.00 to 17.00 hours. Thoroughly recommended!

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Friends of the AIRBORNE MUSEUM
Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 83, August 2001
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764

‘British weekend’ a great success
Thanks to an initiative of Niall Cherry’s, the Friends’ Society’s UK representative, twenty-four British members travelled to Oosterbeek at the end of June to take part in a unique, three-day battlefield tour. On Friday morning 22 June the party assembled in the Airborne Museum where it was welcomed by a number of Dutch members. This was followed by a guided tour, which included a visit to the new archive on the top floor. The first walk began after lunch in wet, stormy weather. We left in two groups in a northerly direction, visiting in turn Stationsweg, the Airborne Cemetery, the Dreyeroord Hotel, Dreyenseweg and ‘Hackett’s Hollow’ alongside Valkenburglaan.
An evening reception was held in the museum, and one was able to visit the storage area and the workshop where items are restored and preserved. The weather on Saturday 23 June was much more pleasant for walking. Starting from the museum, we walked along the Border Regiment positions from Hoofdlaan to the Westerbouwing, where we enjoyed a delicious and welcome lunch.
After lunch we visited the Driel ferry and walked to the Old Church via Kerkpad, passing Kate ter Horst’s house on the way. A short break and then back to the Hartenstein, past the spot where Van Hofwegen’s laundry once stood and past ‘de Tafelberg’, which is likely to be demolished with, hopefully, the front elevation being spared.
Sunday 24 June we assembled in the museum car park where we were ‘distributed’ among a number of original wartime jeeps and other military vehicles. We then left for a trip to the landing zones, making use of roads not suitable for ordinary cars. This was followed by a journey along the route taken by the Reconnaissance Squadron in their attempt to reach Arnhem. We saw the place where this unit ran into a German ambush and, after the jeeps had been driven through the tunnel under the railway embankment, we returned to Wolfheze.
The afternoon programme was taken up with visits to the Polish glider landing zone at Johannahoeve, Acacialaan, the railway bridge, St Elisabeths Gasthuis, the house in Zwarteweg where General Urquhart hid, the Rhine Bridge and Driel.
On behalf of the group I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to our Dutch hosts:
Eugene Wijnhoud, Jaap Korsloot, Robert Sigmond, Erik van der Meiden, Martijn Cornelissen and Martin Peters for the time they invested in increasing our knowledge of the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944.
I think I can speak for all members of the party when I say that the weekend was an enormous success.
If a similar event is arranged some time in the future I shall be at the head of the queue to ‘sign up’.
(Paul Hanson, Coventry, United Kingdom)

Participants in the ‘British Weekend’ of 22 to 24 lune 2001 pose in front of the Airborne Museum.
(Photo 23 June 2001: Berry de Reus)

‘British weekend’ 2003
I would like to thank everyone, the Dutch organisers as well as the group members, for their participation in the ‘British weekend’. A further battlefield tour with an entirely different programme will be prepared for 2003. Anyone who is interested, and perhaps has ideas or suggestions for the make-up of the programme, can get in touch with me.
(Niall Cherry)

Excursion in the Nijmegen area
On Saturday October 6 next our society is organising a coach tour through the area around Nijmegen. Fifty-seven years ago this was the central section of the ‘Corridor’ and the operational area of the 82nd American Airborne Division. The excursion will be led by Jacques Haegens. Marcel Anker will provide an informative explanation at the last point.
The programme will be largely as follows: 09.00 hours: Departure by coach from the Goede Herderkerk car park in Oosterbeek (east of the Airborne Museum) to Grave, where the actual excursion will begin. We go via the Maas bridge to the landing zones at Overasselt to visit the (former) canal lock bridge in Heumen, and the place where the 82nd American Airborne Division’s temporary cemetery was located. Following this we will take a look at a number of sites on the landing zones, such as the 508th Regiment’s DZ and the ‘De Bruuk’ area where Lieutenant General Frederick A. M. Browning landed with his headquarters (1st Airborne Corps). We will also visit the spot in the woods behind the Wolfsberg hotel where Brigadier General James M. Gavin (commander of the 82nd) had his HQ. Approximately 13.00 hours: LUNCH at the ‘Oude Molen’ in Groesbeek.
14.00 hours: Depart for Nijmegen. Visit to the Canadian Cemetery. Via Sionshof, we pass the school building in Heyendaalseweg that served as a reception point for some of the Airborne soldiers who withdrew from Oosterbeek on 26 September 1944. We then go to the Waalkade via Keizer Karelplein, Oranjesingel and Valkhof. From here one has an excellent overview of the Waal bridge.
Next stop the NUON office at the power generating station by way of the Hezelpoort and Waterkwartier. From the roof we have a magnificent view of the point where, on 20 September 1944, Major J Lilian Cook crossed the Waal with the 3rd Battalion, 504th Regiment, in the face of withering German fire. Price of participation is 65 guilders per person, which includes the coach trip, lunch and an excursion guide. This sum must be paid by 27 September next at the latest, mentioning ‘Corridor Excursion’. Booking applications will be dealt with in order of receipt. There is a maximum of 47 seats available; you will be notified on payment if you are one of the unlucky ones.

in July 1943. Admission is free, but because of the limited space available (seating for approx. 60), anyone wishing to attend is kindly requested to put forward his/her name before 27 September to Eugene Wijnhoud, Bernhardlaan 41-1, 6824 LE Arnhem, telephone 026 3513100; e-mail
Theme Afternoon, 3 November 2001
Our society is organising a theme afternoon on
3 November 2001. It will be held in Zalencentrum ‘Lebret’, Lebretweg, Oosterbeek.
The programme is as follows:
13.30 – 14.00 hours: Welcoming of members.
14.00 – 15.00 hours: Slide-illustrated lecture by Patrick Pronk on the 9lh (Airborne) Field Company Royal Engineers. Patrick is the author of the book ‘Airborne Engineers, The Shiny 9″’, an illustrated history of the 9th (Airborne) Field Company Royal Engineers 1939-1945’, published this year.
15.00 – 15.45 hours: INTERVAL.
15.45 – 16.30 hours: Showing of a film about the Battle of Arnhem.
17.00 hours (approx.): End of theme afternoon.

On Hie 22 lune 200’1, the 50,000th student visited the Airborne Museum within the cadre of the Schools Project. He received a number of presents from the hands of Society Chairman Chris van Roekel as reminders of this day.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

Lecture on The Border Regiment
On Sunday afternoon 7 October next, the curator of ‘The Border Regiment and King’s Own Royal Border Regiment Museum’ at Carlisle Castle, Mr Stuart Eastwood, will give a lecture at the Schoonoord restaurant (Pietersbergseweg 4) in Oosterbeek.
The lecture will begin at 14.00 hours. Mr Eastwood is co-author of the book ‘When Dragons Flew, an illustrated history of the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment 1939-1945’, published in 1994.
In his presentation, which will of course be in English, he will cover a number of aspects of the battalion’s history, including its involvement in Sicily Friday the 22nd of June 2001 was a special day for the Airborne Museum, for on that day the museum welcomed the 50,000th student to have visited the ‘Hartenstein’ in connection with the ‘Schools Project’. This project was developed 17 years ago by Chi is van Roekel on behalf of the Society of Friends with the aim of familiarising schoolchildren with the Battle of Arnhem in an educative and responsible manner. It is put together in such a way that teachers can tailor the subject to suit their personal teaching situation, and so provide the students with structured preparation prior to visiting the museum.
The entire project has been available on the internet for some time, from where it can be downloaded. The 50,000th student was Patrick Meijer, a pupil at Arendhorst primary school in Ermelo. Patrick was given VIP treatment together with some of his classmates, with Chairman Chris van Roekel in the role of host.

Frost’s hunting horn returned
The previous Newsletter was already at the printers when news came in that John Frost’s hunting horn, stolen from the Airborne Museum in August 1998, had been returned.
John Dutton Frost, born in 1912, followed his military training at Wellington and Sandhurst. He was attached to The Cameronians (Tire Scottish Rifles) and served in England and Palestine. In June 1938 he was seconded to the Iraq Levies, a unit made up of Assyrians, Kurds and Arab nomads. Their job was to guard RAF airfields and installations, and eventually keep open the supply lines to Jordan. Their base was an RAF airfield at Habbaniyah in present-day Iraq. As a captain, Frost had command of Landing Ground No. 5.
Tire British officers had formed a hunting club at the base called ‘The Royal Exodus Hunt’. In 1940, after two years service in the Middle East, Frost’s secondment came to an end and he was transferred back to England in December of that year. At his farewell party the members of the hunting club gave Frost a copper hunting-horn with silver mouthpiece. The horn is engraved as follows: ‘Capt. J.D. Frost, with best wishes from the members of the Royal Exodus Hunt’. In his book ‘A Drop too Many’ Frost describes the hunting-horn as ‘One of the best presents I have ever received’. On returning to England he rejoined his old regiment, The Cameronians (The Scottish Rifles), for a short period, after which he volunteered for the newly-formed Parachute Regiment. On 27 February 1942 he led the attack on a German radar station at Bruneval on the north coast of France. After this, as commander of the 2nd Parachute Battalion, he took part in the fighting in North Africa. On landing at Oudna in Tunisia on 29 December 1942, Frost used his hunting-horn to let his troops know where he was: ‘Having landed, 1 made for a small mound at the edge of the dropping-zone and sounded a note or two on my hunting-horn (the one which 1 had been given when 1 left Habbaniyah) to let people know where I was.’
Frost landed with his battalion at Wolfheze on 17 September 1944. Here, too, he used his hunting-horn to call his troops together. He was wounded during the fighting at the Rhine bridge and was taken prisoner by the Germans. At this point he lost his hunting-horn.
In July 1945, Mr E. R. Oosterwijk, as member of the Nijmegen Air Defence Service, was supervising the clearance work at the Rhine bridge in Arnhem. While a lorry was being loaded with rubble he noticed something glinting in the sun among the bricks.
On picking it up he saw that it was a dented hunting-horn. Oosterwijk took the object home, cleaned it up and managed to beat out some of the dent.
He saw an inscription on the horn from which it appeared that it had belonged to Captain J. D. Frost. He kept the horn at home for many years, but in September 1997 he contacted the Airborne Museum. He had decided to present this exceptional item to the museum, where it was exhibited in the ‘new acquisitions’ display cabinet.
During the night of 13/14 August 1998, the museum curator was awoken by the sound of the burglar alarm. The museum had been broken into and the hunting-horn stolen. Despite intensive investigations the horn remained Tost without trace’ for more than two and a half years. At some point an inhabitant of Arnhem tracked down the whereabouts of the horn, and thanks to his mediation this priceless treasure was eventually returned to the Airborne Museum at the end of May this year.
(W. Boersma)

Frost’s recently returned engraved hunting-horn.
(Photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Old soldiers never die’
From 7 September to 4 November 2001 inclusive, the Airborne Museum will be holding an exhibition of portrait photographs of British veterans under the title ‘Old soldiers never die’. The photographs were taken by Pirn Limbeek from Veenendaal. Some years ago, during the commemorations of the Battle of Arnhem, Pirn was struck by the characteristic faces of the veterans. It was the annual parachute drop at Ginkel Heath near Ede in particular that gave him the opportunity of recording these faces on film.
Over the years this has led to an impressive archive of portrait photos. Limbeek began looking for somewhere to exhibit his photographs in September so that veterans and other interested parties might become familiar with his work. The Airborne Museum has now provided him with the chance to do this and more than thirty photographs will be on display. Not all the names of the veterans depicted are known to the photographer, so should any visitor recognise a face (or faces), he/she is kindly asked to complete a name-card.

‘German Armored Units at Arnhem’
A new title, ‘German Armored Units at Arnhem, September 1944’, has recently been added to the ever-growing list of books about the Battle of Arnhem. The book was compiled by society member Marcel Zwarts. Marcel is an expert in the field of German armoured vehicles, and through the years he has assembled an extensive collection of photos and information. Most of the photographs from his collection showing vehicles that took part in the Battle of Arnhem, 166 in all, are reproduced in his book. Many are previously unpublished.
The vehicles illustrated are first arranged per unit and then by time and place. The photos were shot in 1944 and 1945.
The captions, which contain many technical details of the vehicles shown, bear witness to Marcel’s encyclopaedic knowledge of the subject. In addition to the photographs there are sixteen beautiful colour drawings of German armoured vehicles of the types deployed at Arnhem. An exceptionally informative publication!
The book comprises 72 pages and is published by the Concord Publications Company of Hong Kong in the series ‘Armor at War’.
The ISBN number is 962-361-691-0 and the book is on sale at the Airborne Museum, price f 37.50.
(Robert Voskuil)

‘Battlefields of the Second World War’
Battlefield tourism is no new phenomenon. Thousands of people had already begun visiting the battlefields of Belgium and northern France shortly after the First World War ended, hr England it was Major and Mrs Holt who, in the seventies, introduced a commercial approach to battlefield trips throughout the entire world. Many tour operators have since followed their lead.
The BBC locked onto this trend with a series of broadcasts on First World War battlefields. This was followed by a series on the Second World War. Richard Holmes, professor in ‘Military and Security Studies’ at Cranfield University and the Royal Military College of Science, presents the broadcasts. This autumn, attention will be focused on the fighting at El Alamein, Monte Cassino and during Operation Market Garden, as well as on the Royal Air Force’s bombing of Germany. The book accompanying this series, also written by Richard Holmes, appeared recently under the title ‘Battlefields of the Second World War’.
We shall limit ourselves to the chapter on Operation Market Garden, which occupies 40 of the 224 pages. There are no really new facts, but that is hardly surprising. However, Holmes does examine in detail the controversy between the various allied commanders. The choice of these commanders is also discussed, and in this Field Marshal Montgomery is not spared. The radio communications, giound-to-air communications, Browning’s headquarters, the unexpected strength of the German troops and General Sosabowski are also reviewed. Neither do the ignoring of the information provided by the Dutch Resistance and the problems for the ground forces caused by the narrow advance route escape , attention. Wide coverage is given to the Americans’ successful efforts in the south.
It is difficult to make a summary because much is dealt with in few words, and that is precisely the chapter’s strong point. Despite the limited space, Holmes provides an excellent analysis of the operation. The description of the actual tour of the battlefield confines itself in general to a number of bridges, from the Joe Mansbrug over the Maas-Scheldecanal to the bridge in Arnhem, plus visits to the Airborne Museum, the landing zones and the Airborne Cemetery. The book is not intended as a true battlefield guide; John Waddy’s book ‘A Tour of the Arnhem Battlefield’ is much more appropriate.
The publication is clearly written but unfortunately it contains a few irritating errors. For example, it is incorrect that the Dutch Resistance made it possible for the port of Antwerp to fall undamaged into allied hands. This honour goes to the Resistance Movement of our southern neighbours.
‘Battlefields of the Second World War’ by Richard Holmes contains 224 pages, is illustrated with photographs and maps, and is published by BBC Worldwide Limited, Woodlands, 80 Woodland Lane, London W12 OTT, (ISBN 0-563-53782-5).
The book costs £ 17.99.
(W. Boersma)

Pegasus Walk
This year’s Pegasus Walk, the 18th, will take place on 22 October. The greater part of this journey follows the route taken by operation Pegasus 1 during the night of 22/23 October 1944. In this operation a substantial number of allied servicemen succeeded in crossing back over the Rhine with the help of the Dutch Resistance. They were then taken to the liberated area of the Netherlands.
For information and registration ring the VW: 0318 614444.
Messages from our UK representative

To all interested UK members.
Copies of the books ‘Airborne Engineers’ and ‘The Torn Horizon’ are available from me, price £ 10 plus £1 p&p.
1 would be pleased to hear from any of our UK-based members who might have information, stories etc that could be suitable for inclusion in the Newsletter and/or Ministory.
(Niall Cherry)

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Friends of the Airborne Museum
Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 82, May 2001
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764

23 April 2001. Author Chris van Roekel hands the first copy of the book ‘The Torn Horizon’ to Mr Jan ter Horst, (photo: Ben Kolster)

‘The Torn Horizon’
In 1998 our Society Chairman Chris van Roekel published a book about the British clergy who took part in the Battle of Arnhem entitled ‘Verscheurde Horizon’. This book generated a lot of interest in the United Kingdom and it was therefore decided to produce an English version under the title ‘The Torn Horizon, The Airborne Chaplains at Arnhem’.
All expenses for this issue were met by the Ter Horst family from Oosterbeek. During an informal meeting on 23 April last, the author presented the first copy to 96-year-old Mr Jan ter Horst. The Ter Horst family has decided that all profits from the book should go to the Anti-Landmine Foundation, an organisation that lobbies for the worldwide banning of landmines.
‘The Torn Horizon’ consists of 134 pages with 71 illustrations, and costs 35 guilders. Post and package (if required) cost 5 guilders extra. The book is on sale at the Airborne Museum ‘Hartenstein’.

New treasurer
At the AGM on 7 April 2001, Erik van der Meiden relinquished his post as Friends’ Society treasurer. He has held this position for the last four years and is succeeded by Frits Miedema.
For a temporary period Erik has offered to provide help and advice to the new treasurer and to our British representative Niall Cherry on a number of activities, because the financial administration of a large society, with members here and abroad, is extremely demanding both in time and effort. We thank Erik for all the work he has carried out with such care and accuracy over the past four years and for his readiness to continue assisting the society.
(Chris van Roekel, on behalf of the Board)

Many thanks!
During the AGM of 7 April last I handed over my function as treasurer in the management board of the Friends’ Society to Frits Miedema.
1 would like to take this opportunity of thanking everyone for the wonderful co-operation I have received over the last four years. My special thanks go to the volunteers who, through their efforts, keep society expenses as low as possible, and to Niall Cherry our British representative, who single-handedly and in addition to his hectic job, carries out all manner of tasks for our 400 members in the United Kingdom. For a short period 1 hope to be able to support Niall in financial matters.

I would also like to express the wish that your new treasurer, Frits Miedema, can depend on your continued co-operation. Once again, my heartfelt thanks!
(Erik van der Meiden)

Social Evening
A number of British members of the Friends’ Society will be visiting Oosterbeek during the weekend of 22, 23 and 24 June 2001. To mark this occasion a Social Evening will be held in the Airborne Museum on Friday evening 22 June. Dutch members are also invited to come along and make the acquaintance of some of their English colleagues and exchange views. During the evening, which begins at 7.30 pm, the library and depot will be open for ‘inspection’. Refreshments are at one’s own expense.
To assist the organisation, Dutch members wishing to attend this Social Evening are requested to notify Eugene Wijnhoud (Bernhardlaan 41-1, 6824 LE, Arnhem; tel. 026 3513100) before 18 June next.

From the AGM: the lift
You will doubtless be aware that your board has expressed strong views regarding the plans to fit a glass lift, for the less mobile among us, to the outside of the Airborne Museum.
You all know that some time back we made a plea in favour of retaining the front elevation of ‘De Tafelberg’ and part of the railway bridge over Klingelbeekseweg. It was here that Frost’s batallion suffered its first heavy losses in its advance into Arnhem on 17 September 1944. Traces of the hail of bullets they encountered are still clearly visible. It is in this light that our objections should be considered.
The issuing of a joint statement in an attempt to prevent the difference of opinion with the Airborne Museum Foundation from escalating into a situation that could sour the general co-operation regarding the museum has not, up to now, led to full consensus between the respective management boards.
A few days before the AGM it seemed that varying views on the declaration written by one of our board members still existed, but that the differences of opinion had largely been solved. Therefore our only alternative was simply to give you a declaration of the state of affairs as seen from our viewpoint. The following declaration was read out by Mr Ben Kolster at the AGM and should be regarded as an end to our ‘contribution’ in the matter, and to the discussion.
‘At present the Airborne Museum in Oosterbeek provides only limited access for the less able. The present provisions no longer meet today’s requirements, and so an improvement plan was compiled.
The management board of the Airborne Museum Foundation asked the newly formed Airlift Foundation (specially set up for the task) to look into the possibilities of accessibility for the less able and then to implement the necessary provisions. However, the management of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum sees the Airlift Foundation’s proposed design of a glass lift on the outside of the Airborne Museum as an impermissible tarnishing of the value as a monument of these historic premises. For this reason the management of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum came up with an alternative: a below-ground extension of the museum that would include a lift facility.
The plans led to heated discussions between the management boards of the Airborne Museum Foundation and the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum regarding the path to follow. Each board was made aware of the other s arguments and motives, but nevertheless differences remained over the option to be implemented. The Airborne Museum Foundation’s board eventually decided to go ahead with the Airlift Foundation’s proposal of a glass lift on the outside of the building. They feel that a below-ground extension could not be realised within a reasonably foreseeable time, which itself would lead to a delay in the provision of facilities for the disabled. The museum board places much value on making the museum accessible within a very short time, something that seems possible with the Airlift Foundation’s proposed plan.
The museum board certainly recognises that a future below-ground extension is desirable for the quality of the museum. They also realise that, in the eyes of the Friends’ management, a glass lift as originally proposed would be a disproportionate blemish on the face of the ‘Hartenstein’ building.
Meanwhile, the lift design has been modified. The lift shaft will continue below ground level to such a depth that connection to a future extension under the ground will be a simple matter. The top floor of the building, that houses the documentation centre, offices and store room, will not be made accessible by lift. This will mean a shorter lift shaft that, as the museum board sees it, will make it less visually dominating.
The board of management of the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum regret that their proposal was not subjected to an expert feasibility study and that their objections were only taken into account through a modification to the original plan. They remain opposed to the planned external lift, while at the same time recognising the responsibility and power of decision of the Airborne Museum Foundation, and therefore respect the decision that has been taken.
In mutual consultation, both boards have concluded that a facility for making the museum more easily accessible to the less able is of major importance for the museum, and the way this is achieved must not lead to a rift between them. The prime objective is that everyone works towards a qualitatively high- value museum with a clear message and accessibility for all. The discussion is therefore closed.’
Individual members wishing to help with the lift project can make a contribution to the Airlift Foundation in Oosterbeek.

Royal Engineers Exhibition
An exhibition dedicated to the British sappers during the Battle of Arnhem opened in the Airborne Museum on 23 April last. The opening ceremony was conducted by Mr E.C. O’Callaghan In September 1944 Mr O’Callaghan held the rank of captain in command of the 2nd Platoon, 9th (Airborne) Field Company Royal Engineers. This platoon fought at the Rhine Bridge in Arnhem from 17 to 20 September 1944.
Using photos, documents and artifacts, the exhibition gives a well laid out and interesting picture of the part the sappers played. The opening ceremony coincided with the official handing over to the Airborne Museum of the completely renovated Clark Air Bulldozer. The vehicle, which was paid for by the Society of Friends, has been given a place in one of the dioramas.
This occasion also saw the arrival of the book ‘Airborne Engineers, The Shiny 9th’ by Patrick Pronk (see below) and the brochure ‘De genie tijdens de Slag om Arnhem’ (The engineers during the Battle of Arnhem) by Martin Peters and Jaap Korsloot. In 16 pages the latter publication tells the story of the engineer units of the 1st Airborne Division during the Battle of Arnhem. The booklet follows the stages of the exhibition. It forms a useful addition to Patrick Pronk’s book and is published by R.N. Sigmond Publishing, and costs 7.50 guilders. The ‘Airborne Engineers, the sappers during the Battle of Arnhem’ exhibition continues until
4 November 2001.

The author of the book ‘Airborne Engineers, The Shiny 9fh‘ Patrick Pronk and veteran Mr E.C. O’Callaghan study the exhibited photos during the opening of the Royal Engineers exhibition on 23 April last, (photo: Berry de Reus)

‘Airborne Engineers, The Shiny 9th’
There is still much to be told about the Battle of Arnhem. At least that is the conclusion we can draw from the ‘The Shiny 9th’, the book about the 9th (Airborne) Field Company Royal Engineers by Patrick Pronk, a Friend of the Airborne Museum. The 9th Field Company RE was, and still is, exceptional. Already a long-standing unit-raised in 1787 – it was one of the first Airborne units and is still ‘airborne’.
In the book we follow the company in the Second World War from its battles in France via Dunkirk, the ‘Home Army’, the beginning of its Airborne role, its part in the attack on the heavy water plant in Norway, North Africa, Sicily, Arnhem and, again, Norway. The compilers of the Royal Engineers Battlefield Tour and the authors Mackay, Pakenham- Walsh, Purves and Henniker have already written books about the Royal Engineers at Arnhem. Pronk’s book, in English, makes a nice addition to this list. The tasks allotted to the company at Arnhem were the support of the Reconnaissance Squadron’s Coup de Main force on its way to the Rhine Bridge, the removal of any demolition charges there (and at the railway bridge in Oosterbeek), followed by any job that might be expected of an engineers unit. In many instances this turned out to be an infantry role. After the landings we see (parts of) the company in the battle against Krafft’s SS Panzer Grenadier Battalion in Wolfheze, at the railway bridge in Oosterbeek, at the Rhine Bridge in Arnhem, around Huize De Sonnenberg and at the Old Church in Oosterbeek, at the Driel ferry, in the laying of white tapes marking one of the two routes for the withdrawal across the Rhine, and in captivity.
Pronk’s book is somewhat more personal than Purves’ ‘The 9th’ and has therefore more depth. The book is beautifully presented by Sigmond Publishing and is an easy read. ‘The Shiny 9th’ comprises 109 pages and costs / 27,50.
(Okko Luursema)

Rules for using the library
The Airborne Museum’s archive and library were recently transferred to their new location in the refurbished top floor of the ‘Hartenstein’.
In order to avoid any confusion it might be a good idea to repeat the regulations applying to use of the library and archive. These are open for everyone to consult after making a prior appointment with Mr A. Groeneweg. Books and documents cannot be taken out but copies can be ordered (at cost) provided they do not infringe copyright.
(A. Groeneweg)

Medal set
Recently, and for the first time, the Airborne Museum came into possession of a set of medals belonging to an ex-Royal Army Service Corps Air Despatcher, veteran Ronald Arthur Clancy, who died on 31 October 2000 at the age of 76.
As an R.A.S.C. Air Despatcher attached to the 6th British Airborne Division (63 Composite Company 6th Airlanding Brigade), Ron Clancy was involved in the re-supply of British troops in Normandy in June 1944. On 19 September 1944, during the Battle of Arnhem, he flew on a re-supply mission from Keevil to Oosterbeek. Next day he was again scheduled for a re-supply flight but his group was stood down at the last minute and replaced by another.
Ron Clancy was a co-instigator of the Air Despatch monument at Van Limburg Stirumweg in
Oosterbeek, which was unveiled in 1994. (Cees van den Bosch)

Director of the Airborne Museum Wybo Boersma receives ex-Air Despatcher Ron Clancy’s medals from the hands of Cees van den Bosch. Ron Clancy passed away in October last year.
(photo via Wybo Boersma)

Fulbeck Hall
Fulbeck Hall in Lincolnshire, former headquarters of the 1st British Airborne Division, was, until recently, home to an exhibition on the Battle of Arnhem.
Following the death of its lady owner Mrs Mary Fry, the house has been closed and the exhibition dismantled. The material has been returned to the people from whom it was loaned.
A few veterans decided to donate their items to the Airborne Museum, and these include an inscribed metal plate that once stood in front of the Military Police nissen hut at Fulbeck Hall. The museum was also given a collection of photos and documents. (W. Boersma)

Fie received this major British decoration in recognition of all the work he has done in compiling the ‘Roll of Honour, Battle of Arnhem’ and for his research over many years resulting in the re-identification of around 40 dead servicemen who, until then, had no known grave. On top of all this he has been engaged for years in compiling the many ‘Rolls of Honour’ of all the British and Canadian divisions and their supporting units that took part in the liberation of Western Europe from D-Day onwards. These Rolls of Honour are to be found in the Memorial Hall of the Liberation Museum in Groesbeek.
The Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum would like to offer Jan Hey its warmest congratulations on receiving this well-deserved honour.

Another of our members, David Truesdale, is currently working on a book about the experiences of Irish servicemen during the Battle of Arnhem. The book will be called ‘The Brotherhood of the
Up to now he has approximately 300 names of soldiers who were attached to the 1st British Airborne Division. He has the complete life story of some of these men, but of some of the others he has only a name.
David is therefore making an appeal to members of the Friends’ Society. Anyone who has any information about Irishmen who served with the division are kindly asked to contact David Truesdale, 16 Shiralee Drive, Newtownards, County Down, BT23 4BA, Northern Ireland; e-mail

Excavated finds
For more than twenty years, Society member Hans van der Velden from Doorwerth has been engaged in searching the former battlefields with a metal detector for remains of equipment from the Battle of Arnhem. Of course this is done with the permission of the owners of the land concerned.
Over the years Hans has come across some really exceptional items. In the past some of these finds were given to the ‘Hartenstein’ on loan. Now, thanks to generous financial support from the Friends’ Society, the Airborne Museum has been able to purchase the major part of Hans’ collection of excavated items, some of which have been included in the Royal Engineers exhibition.
Over the coming year Roland Boekhorst from the museum’s maintenance staff will preserve the other items so that they remain in good condition.
MBE for Jan Hey

Friends’ Society member Jan Hey has been awarded the MBE.

The Airborne Monument
Following a request at the AGM, the management of the Friends’ Society re-contacted Renkum council with regard to the state of the Airborne Monument opposite Hartenstein.
It appears that the council is well aware of what needs to be done to the monument. A repair and maintenance plan has been made which will be carried out in a number of stages. Money has been put aside for this purpose. An encouraging message.

The previous Ministory carried the number 68, oddly enough the same as the edition before. Obviously something went badly wrong.
Alas, this is not the first time that such an error has occurred, but fear not. The culprit(s) will be severely dealt with!!
Would you please be so good as to alter the ‘second’ Ministory 68 to 69. You will see that the Ministory accompanying this Newsletter has the number 70. Our sincere apologies for any inconvenience!
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Friends of the Airborne Museum
Drs. R.P.G.A. Voskuil
C. van Roekel
G.H. Maassen jr.
Newsletter No. 81, February 2001
Translated by Cathrien and Peter Clark
Representative in Great Britain: Niall Cherry, 3 Church Road, Warton, Lancs, PR4 1BD Tel. home 0177-2632764

Friends for twenty years
The Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum is twenty years old! That means two hundred management meetings, eighty Newsletters, fifty lectures and excursions, fifty thousand schools’ projects and more than 300,000 guilders for our museum. And that’s not bad! Observant readers will translate this effort into hours of work. How many unpaid hours does it involve? How many words have been spoken and decisions taken? I’m afraid these are questions I am unable to answer, but I am certain that you and I would have a shock if a sum were made.
hi short, many board members, together with other enthusiastic members, have worked hard to keep our Society going and to expand it. And to give you the feeling that you belong to a fine organisation which, in conjunction with the museum, wishes to keep alive the memory of the Battle of Arnhem.
A club with 1400 members, here and abroad, ensures a lot of work for us, and every day of the year I am proud to think that there are so many people helping us with positive advice and action. Most board members have full-time jobs and do society work in their spare time. Because of this things sometimes go slightly amiss, such as when certain activities take more time than expected. But, luckily, in most cases a solution can be found. For instance, in all these years only once have 1 heard that two members found the late appearance of the Newsletter ‘scandalous’. In the view of the amount of work that goes into producing this publication I found that remark totally unfitting.
The new year promises to be interesting and exciting. The second Market Garden excursion, with the Grave-Driel sector as its subject, is under preparation. This trip will be a sequel to last year’s Neerpelt-Grave battlefield tour. Partially in connection with this, and as a finale to our AGM next April 7, a visit will be made to the recently re-opened Liberation Museum. As was the case last year, lunch will be taken in Zalencentrum Lebret prior to the bus journey to Groesbeek.
This year the preparations and ‘reconnaissances’ will be carried out for a possible extended tour of the Ardennes region in 2002. Naturally you will be kept informed.
A number of you will already be aware of the discussion that has taken place between the Society of Friends of the Airborne Museum and the Stichting Airborne Museum (Airborne Museum Foundation, AMF) about the building of a lift for disabled persons. The Stichting Airlift (Airlift Foundation) was created for this purpose, made up of representatives from the AMF and the Stichting Gehandicapten Overleg Renkum – a body serving the interests of the disabled. Our Society is totally behind any initiative to make the building more accessible, not only for wheelchair users and those less fleet of foot, but also for people with vision and hearing difficulties.
However, a difference of opinion has arisen regarding the way in which the lift project could be realised. Should it be built inside the building, or should it be a glass lift shaft on the outside? Your board prefers the inside solution, assuming it is architecturally possible. We feel that everything possible should be done to avoid affecting the external appearance of the historical Hartenstein building, a listed National monument. The AMF and the Stichting Airlift go for the external option.
To make things absolutely clear it must be said the AMF, which by right has prime responsibility for the museum, has decided to set in motion the building plan for an outside lift. Despite this, the often fiery, but always constructive, discussion between the Friends and the board of trustees of the AMF is still in full flow. You will be informed of the latest developments during the next AGM.
Recently, it became possible for schools to download our entire schools project from our website, a fact of which we can be justifiably proud.
Thanks to the enthusiastic efforts of our British representative Niall Cherry, a group of British members will be making a battlefield tour in our area on 22, 23 and 24 June 2001.
You will find all other events listed in an appendix to this Newsletter. It promises to be another busy year, one that I hope we shall be able to look back on with satisfaction in 2002.
(C. van Roekel)

Dutch Commando Tom Italiaander’s uniform, recently donated to the Airborne Museum by his widow. Corporal Italiaander took part in the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944. See Ministory No. 68 (with Newsletter No. 80). (Photo: Berry de Reus)

The bottom of the pages of the previous Newsletter had not been cropped, making it necessary to cut these through before you could read the contents. The printer has offered his apologies to us in writing, with the promise to do better in future.

‘Friends’ get their own room
Up until mid 2000 the museum’s attic apartment was the home of Curator Berry de Reus. The Airborne Museum Foundation has pul a room and storage facility at the disposal of the Friends’ society in the space that has now become available. Very soon we shall have a large conference room, and we shall be able to store our papers and stock in a neat and tidy manner. If desired we will also be able to leave items temporarily on the table without fear that the public will help themselves. The re-location and inventory will take a little time, and because of this the ordering of back numbers of the Newsletter will not be possible until the end of April. Thereafter we hope to provide you with an even better service than before.
(C. van Roekel)

Airborne Museum certificate
On 11 November 2000 the Airborne Museum, along with fourteen other Gelderland museums, was included in the Nederlands Museum Register. The museum received this ‘seal of approval’ during the Gelders Oudheidkundig Contact contact day held in the Open Air Museum in Arnhem. The certificate is awarded to all Dutch museums that satisfy certain quality requirement levels. As far as we know, ‘Hartenstein’ is the first military museum to be given this certification. Among other things, the requirements are that the material must be well ordered, and the collection registered. Quality requirements are placed on the staff, who must be well educated, as well as on the volunteers. The aim of this mark of quality is to promote the further improvement in the standard of Dutch museums.

New medal display cabinet
On 15 September last year a new display cabinet for the medals of soldiers who took part in the Battle of Arnhem was unveiled by Captain (Ret’d) Z.R. Gasowski, President of the Polish Airborne Forces Association. A second cabinet was badly needed because the number of medals given to the Airborne Museum continues to increase. In the year 2000, medals were donated by the following veterans and others: Colour Sergeant P. Banks, 10th Battalion, The Parachute Regiment; Lieutenant Colonel K.B.I. Smyth OBE, Commander 10th Battalion, The Parachute Regiment; Strzelec (Private) T. Soskow, 3rd Battalion, 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group; Sergeant H.W. Walker, Royal Army Ordnance Corps; Lance Corporal G. Ward, 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment.

The museum recently acquired a copy of the well- known German propaganda magazine, the ‘Signal’. This issue dating from 1944 (No. 19) contains a report on the Battle of Arnhem. However, this is no ordinary copy but a smaller version in English. These were ‘delivered’ to England by way of VI ‘Doodlebugs’. Copies of these ‘Signals’ are very rare. At the end of the war there was also another flyer in existence called ‘The Other Side’. These too were sent courtesy of the VI. The museum obtained a copy of this publication some time ago.
(W. Boersma)

BBC documentary
In last October’s Newsletter mention was made of the filming of a television documentary about operation Market Garden. The museum was involved in the filming for four days, from seven in the morning till nine in the evening. The finished product is due for transmission by the BBC in May this year as one of a series of four. The presenter Dr Richard Holmes told the producers/directors, David Wilson and Julian Hudson, that the episode dealing with Arnhem is the best he has ever made. He had appeared previously in the ‘War Walks’ series that was broadcast on BBC and Belgian TV. This Arnltem section of the series is unusual in that it includes film shot for the first time in the attic of Zwarteweg 14 in Arnhem. It was here that General Urquhart, Captain Taylor and Lieutenant Cleminson were isolated and hid out from Monday afternoon the 18th until Tuesday morning the 19th of September. There are also interviews with Major Tony Hibbert, Moffat Burris (who took part in the crossing of the river Waal), and the above-mentioned Lieutenant, now Sir James, Cleminson.
After transmission by the BBC the museum will be given a tape which can eventually be shown at one of the Friends’ theme afternoons. The film lasts forty minutes.
It is not certain if all the footage is authentic. The credits mention that reconstructions are included. Keep an eye on your TV programme guide. (A. Groeneweg)

Our representative in Britain
One of our members in Britain, Mr Gary Jucha, whose father fought with 4 Company, 2nd Battalion, Polish Parachute Brigade in Driel in 1944, is the co¬ordinator of a small group of family and friends of Polish veterans who regularly exchange information on matters relating to this former unit. Contact is maintained via e-mail and letter. There are members of this group living in England, France, Poland, Canada, the USA and the Netherlands. Those interested can contact Gary Jucha, e-mail address: home address: 160 Crown Street, Peterborough, Cambs, PEI 3HZ, England.
Gary also informed us that Major/Doctor Stanislaw Janusz (‘Staszek’) Sosabowski, son of the late Major General Stanislaw Sosabowski, passed away in England on 6 November 2000 at the age of 83. Staszek was blinded by German shellfire during the Warsaw uprising. There is a Sosabowski family website:
(Niall Cherry)

List of names
In the previous Newsletter I made an appeal regarding the compilation of a list of names of all servicemen of the 1st British Airborne Division who took part in the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944. I would like to thank all of you who responded. I hope to publish the list this year if possible. The following information will be included: name, army number, age (if KIA), unit, escaped or taken prisoner (POW). The names will be listed in alphabetical order, not per unit thus.
The list will be published in book form and not on CD-Rom. I will keep you up to date with the progress of the project via the Newsletter.
(Philip Reinders)

organised by ‘Airborne Battle Wheels Oosterbeek’ and the gun crew came from the ‘Living History Group Holland’. Various people wanted to know about the technical aspects of firing the howitzer, and Dick Timmerman provided some background information.
During the demo 5×5 shots were fired. Approximately 250 grams of gunpowder were used for each shot, this being packed in an ordinary plastic sandwich bag, and placed in a prepared 75 mm shell case. By prepared we mean that a live 9 mm firing cartridge was positioned at the bottom of the case. This firing cartridge replaced the original detonator, which had been removed. In order to increase the visual impact, shredded paper was also packed into the shell case. In view of the huge interest generated by this spectacle a repetition is possible!

A demonstration of the firing of a 75 mm Pock Howitzer on 15 September 2000 nt the Westerbouwing in Oosterbeek.
(Photo: Kees Smulders)

The sale of publications
Although this has already been mentioned in the March 1999 Newsletter No. 69, the management board of the Society of Friends would again like to emphasise that the sale of one’s own publications at AGMs, theme days and other meetings is not allowed unless permission to do so has been obtained from the board. A written request for permission should be sent to the board, accompanied by a sample copy of the publication in question.
Depending on the price of the publication, the author will be asked for a small contribution in order to help reduce the cost of the theme day or excursion concerned. For questions regarding this ruling, write to or ring Eugene Wijnhoud, Bernhardlaan 41-1, 6824 LE, Arnhem, tel. 026 3513100, e-mail
(E. Wijnhoud)

‘Unknown, not forgotten’
A demonstration of the firing of a 75 mm Pack Howitzer was given on Friday afternoon 15 September 2000 in the grounds of the Westerbouwing in Oosterbeek. The event was The unknown photo in the previous Newsletter stirred a number of members into action, eight responses being received in all. Doubtless many more Friends have been poring over the question.
The first person to ring got no further than the revealing and uplifting message, ‘It is not Heelsum!’, but subsequent letters and phone calls have been of increasingly substantial content.
Put all together the following conclusions and questions are not illogical.
1. The photo was not taken in the Arnhem region. No one recognises the topographical situation and/or the people.
2. The location seems to be in the Netherlands, even in the province of Gelderland, in view of the houses, small garden gates and tramline poles (but where are the rails?!). Others say they are German village houses.
3. The servicemen concerned have not been photographed in a combat situation. They walk as if on an exercise or a march. No personal weapons, ammunition pouches hand grenades or helmets are to be seen. The only weapon visible is a Vickers machine gun being carried on the shoulder of one of the men. Could they be prisoners-of-war being marched away? Is the man at the rear far right a German serviceman, perhaps from the Field Police?
4. The shadows (position of the sun) show that the men are going in a westerly direction.
5. The leaves on the trees, sharp light and thick scarves being worn suggest springtime.
With all facts set down we come to the vital question: are they men of the 6th Airborne Division in Germany in April 1945?
Reactions to the above would be most welcome, and I would like to thank sincerely those who have made their views known. To be continued (probably).
(Geert Maassen)

Battlefield tour ‘Market Garden 1’
On Saturday 19 May next, the Documentation Group ’40-’45 will be repeating the ‘Market Garden 1′ battlefield tour as organised by the Society of Friends on 7 October last year. Members of the Society of Friends and the Documentation Group can take part, and our guide will again be Jacques Haegens. The excursion will start from the NS railway station in’s Hertogenbosch, and bookings should be made before 15 April. All bookings will be dealt with in order of receipt, and you will only be notified if the excursion is fully booked. Contact W. Boersma for more information, tel. 0318 639633, e-mail
(W. Boersma)

Normandy excursion
Society member Mr Jacques Haegens, who led the Friends’ Society excursion to Normandy in 1999, has informed us that he will again be making a five-day tour to the area in conjunction with Kupers travel agency in Weert. The excursion will take place from 22 to 26 August, the programme will be more or less the same as that of 1999, and the price will be 795 guilders per person. Members (and non¬members) who are interested in making this trip can contact Jacques Haegens on 046 4517065.

Appeal, 11th Parachute Battalion
I would like to make contact with veterans, families or others who may be able to help me with information regarding my research into the history of the 11th Parachute Battalion. I am not only interested in the Arnhem operation, but also other operations in which this unit was involved. Details of life in the battalion and training would also be welcome. Furthermore, I would like to invite veterans of the 11th Battalion and their families, planning to attend the Airborne commemoration this September, to a reunion on Wednesday 20 September 2001. This will be held in the Dreyeroord Hotel in Graaf van Rechterenweg, Oosterbeek, commencing at 2 pm. Entry for veterans and their family members is free, but others will be asked for a contribution of 17.50 guilders to help cover costs. Prior reservation is necessary, after which you will be given further information. Please make your reservations before 1 May with Peter-Alexander van Teeseling, Margrietstraat 30, 6862 GP, Oosterbeek, e-mail:
(Peter-Alexander van Teeseling)

‘Tugs and Gliders to Arnhem’ (II)
In the previous Newsletter the publication of the book ‘Tugs and Gliders to Arnhem’ by Arie-Jem van Hees was announced. The following information is intended for members in the UK wishing to order a copy.
The book costs 69.95 guilders plus 16 guilders p&p per copy to the United Kingdom, making a total cost in the UK of 85.95 guilders (39.00 Euros).
The following methods can be used for trouble-free payment:

Eurocheque in Dutch guilders
Send a Eurocheque for 85.95 guilders, made out to AJ van Hees, Courtpendu 7, 6245 PE, Eijsden, The Netherlands. It should be pointed out that only Eurocheques bearing the EC logo are free of additional charges to the beneficiary. And don’t forget to write your name and telephone number on the back of the cheque.
Direct payment into my bank account in Euros
You can ask your bank to transfer your remittance of 39 Euros directly into my ABN bank account number at the ABN Bank, Eijsden, The Netherlands. Please advise your bank that payment must be made ‘free of all charges to the beneficiary’. If this is not done, I shall be charged a 9.43 Euro administration fee by my bank. In addition, please ensure that your bank notifies my bank of your address and telephone number.
Payment by banker’s cheque or International Money Order will result in additional charges. For more details on these methods of payment please contact the author: A.J. van Hees, Courtpendu 7, 6245 PE Eijsden, The Netherlands.
(A.J. van Hees)

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